Illinois Learning Standards for English Language Arts — Grade 8


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CC.8.L.1

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

CC.8.L.1.a

Explain the function of verbals (gerunds, participles, infinitives) in general and their function in particular sentences.

CC.8.L.1.b

Form and use verbs in the active and passive voice.

CC.8.L.1.c

Form and use verbs in the indicative, imperative, interrogative, conditional, and subjunctive mood.

CC.8.L.1.d

Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in verb voice and mood.*

CC.8.L.2

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

CC.8.L.2.a

Use punctuation (comma, ellipsis, dash) to indicate a pause or break.

CC.8.L.2.b

Use an ellipsis to indicate an omission.

CC.8.L.3

Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.

CC.8.L.3.a

Use verbs in the active and passive voice and in the conditional and subjunctive mood to achieve particular effects (e.g., emphasizing the actor or the action; expressing uncertainty or describing a state contrary to fact).

CC.8.L.4

Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words or phrases based on grade 8 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

CC.8.L.4.a

Use context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence or paragraph; a words position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.

CC.8.L.4.b

Use common, grade-appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., precede, recede, secede).

CC.8.L.4.c

Consult general and specialized reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning or its part of speech.

CC.8.L.4.d

Verify the preliminary determination of the meaning of a word or phrase (e.g., by checking the inferred meaning in context or in a dictionary).

CC.8.L.5

Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.

CC.8.L.5.a

Interpret figures of speech (e.g. verbal irony, puns) in context.

CC.8.L.5.b

Use the relationship between particular words to better understand each of the words.

CC.8.L.5.c

Distinguish among the connotations (associations) of words with similar denotations (definitions) (e.g., bullheaded, willful, firm, persistent, resolute).

CC.8.L.6

Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain- specific words and phrases; gather vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.

CC.8.L.R.2

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing

CC.8.L.R.3

Apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions in different contexts, to make effective choices for meaning or style, and to comprehend more fully when reading or listening.

CC.8.L.R.4

Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases by using context clues, analyzing meaningful word parts, and consulting general and specialized reference materials, as appropriate

CC.8.L.R.5

Demonstrate understanding of word relationships and nuances in word meanings.

CC.8.L.R.6

Acquire and use accurately a range of general academic and domain- specific words and phrases sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.

CC.8.R.H.1

Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources.

CC.8.R.H.10

By the end of grade 8, read and comprehend history/social studies texts in the grades 68 text complexity band independently and proficiently.

CC.8.R.H.2

Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.

CC.8.R.H.3

Identify key steps in a texts description of a process related to history/social studies (e.g., how a bill becomes law, how interest rates are raised or lowered).

CC.8.R.H.4

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies.

CC.8.R.H.5

Describe how a text presents information (e.g., sequentially, comparatively, causally).

CC.8.R.H.6

Identify aspects of a text that reveal an authors point of view or purpose (e.g., loaded language, inclusion or avoidance of particular facts).

CC.8.R.H.7

Integrate visual information (e.g., in charts, graphs, photographs, videos, or maps) with other information in print and digital texts.

CC.8.R.H.8

Distinguish among fact, opinion, and reasoned judgment in a text.

CC.8.R.H.9

Analyze the relationship between a primary and secondary source on the same topic.

CC.8.R.I.1

Cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports an analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

CC.8.R.I.10

By the end of the year, read and comprehend literary nonfiction at the high end of the grades 68 text complexity band independently and proficiently.

CC.8.R.I.2

Determine a central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to supporting ideas; provide an objective summary of the text.

CC.8.R.I.3

Analyze how a text makes connections among and distinctions between individuals, ideas, or events (e.g., through comparisons, analogies, or categories)

CC.8.R.I.4

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including analogies or allusions to other texts.

CC.8.R.I.5

Analyze in detail the structure of a specific paragraph in a text, including the role of particular sentences in developing and refining a key concept.

CC.8.R.I.6

Determine an authors point of view or purpose in a text and analyze how the author acknowledges and responds to conflicting evidence or viewpoints.

CC.8.R.I.7

Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of using different mediums (e.g., print or digital text, video, multimedia) to present a particular topic or idea.

CC.8.R.I.8

Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient; recognize when irrelevant evidence is introduced.

CC.8.R.I.9

Analyze a case in which two or more texts provide conflicting information on the same topic and identify where the texts disagree on matters of fact or interpretation.

CC.8.R.L.1

Cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports an analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

CC.8.R.L.10

By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, at the high end of grades 68 text complexity band independently and proficiently.

CC.8.R.L.2

Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to the characters, setting, and plot; provide an objective summary of the text.

CC.8.R.L.3

Analyze how particular lines of dialogue or incidents in a story or drama propel the action, reveal aspects of a character, or provoke a decision.

CC.8.R.L.4

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including analogies or allusions to other texts.

CC.8.R.L.5

Compare and contrast the structure of two or more texts and analyze how the differing structure of each text contributes to its meaning and style.

CC.8.R.L.6

Analyze how differences in the points of view of the characters and the audience or reader (e.g., created through the use of dramatic irony) create such effects as suspense or humor.

CC.8.R.L.7

Analyze the extent to which a filmed or live production of a story or drama stays faithful to or departs from the text or script, evaluating the choices made by the director or actors.

CC.8.R.L.9

Analyze how a modern work of fiction draws on themes, patterns of events, or character types from myths, traditional stories, or religious works such as the Bible, including describing how the material is rendered new.

CC.8.R.R.1

Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make logical inferences from it; cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions drawn from the text.

CC.8.R.R.10

Read and comprehend complex literary and informational texts independently and proficiently.

CC.8.R.R.2

Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their development; summarize the key supporting details and ideas.

CC.8.R.R.3

Analyze how and why individuals, events, and ideas develop and interact over the course of a text

CC.8.R.R.4

Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings, and analyze how specific word choices shape meaning or tone.

CC.8.R.R.5

Analyze the structure of texts, including how specific sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of the text (e.g., a section, chapter, scene, or stanza) relate to each other and the whole.

CC.8.R.R.6

Assess how point of view or purpose shapes the content and style of a text.

CC.8.R.R.7

Integrate and evaluate content presented in diverse formats and media, including visually and quantitatively, as well as in words.

CC.8.R.R.8

Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, including the validity of the reasoning as well as the relevance and sufficiency of the evidence.

CC.8.R.R.9

Analyze how two or more texts address similar themes or topics in order to build knowledge or to compare the approaches the authors take.

CC.8.R.ST.1

Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts.

CC.8.R.ST.10

By the end of grade 8, read and comprehend science/technical texts in the grades 68 text complexity band independently and proficiently.

CC.8.R.ST.2

Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; provide an accurate summary of the text distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.

CC.8.R.ST.3

Follow precisely a multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks

CC.8.R.ST.4

Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 68 texts and topics.

CC.8.R.ST.5

Analyze the structure an author uses to organize a text, including how the major sections contribute to the whole and to an understanding of the topic.

CC.8.R.ST.6

Analyze the authors purpose in providing an explanation, describing a procedure, or discussing an experiment in a text.

CC.8.R.ST.7

Integrate quantitative or technical information expressed in words in a text with a version of that information expressed visually (e.g., in a flowchart, diagram, model, graph, or table).

CC.8.R.ST.8

Distinguish among facts, reasoned judgment based on research findings, and speculation in a text.

CC.8.R.ST.9

Compare and contrast the information gained from experiments, simulations, video, or multimedia sources with that gained from reading a text on the same topic.

CC.8.SL.1

Prepare for and participate effectively in a range of conversations and collaborations with diverse partners, building on others ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.

CC.8.SL.1.a

Come to discussions prepared, having read or researched material under study; explicitly draw on that preparation by referring to evidence on the topic, text, or issue to probe and reflect on ideas under discussion.

CC.8.SL.1.b

Follow rules for collegial discussions and decision-making, track progress toward specific goals and deadlines, and define individual roles as needed.

CC.8.SL.1.c

Pose questions that connect the ideas of several speakers and respond to others questions and comments with relevant evidence, observations, and ideas.

CC.8.SL.1.d

Acknowledge new information expressed by others, and, when warranted, qualify or justify their own views in light of the evidence presented.

CC.8.SL.2

Integrate and evaluate information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.

CC.8.SL.3

Evaluate a speakers point of view, reasoning, and use of evidence and rhetoric

CC.8.SL.4

Present information, findings, and supporting evidence such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning and the organization, development, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.

CC.8.SL.5

Make strategic use of digital media and visual displays of data to express information and enhance understanding of presentations.

CC.8.SL.6

Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and communicative tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.

CC.8.W.1

Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.

CC.8.W.1.a

Introduce claim(s), acknowledge and distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims, and organize the reasons and evidence logically.

CC.8.W.1.b

Support claim(s) with logical reasoning and relevant evidence, using accurate, credible sources and demonstrating an understanding of the topic or text.

CC.8.W.1.c

Use words, phrases, and clauses to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among claim(s), counterclaims, reasons, and evidence.

CC.8.W.1.d

Establish and maintain a formal style.

CC.8.W.1.e

Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented.

CC.8.W.10

Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.

CC.8.W.2

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content.

CC.8.W.2.a

Introduce a topic clearly, previewing what is to follow; organize ideas, concepts, and information into broader categories; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.

CC.8.W.2.b

Develop the topic with relevant, well-chosen facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples.

CC.8.W.2.c

Use appropriate and varied transitions to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts

CC.8.W.2.d

Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.

CC.8.W.2.e

Establish and maintain a formal style.

CC.8.W.2.f

Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented.

CC.8.W.3

Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, relevant descriptive details, and well-structured event sequences.

CC.8.W.3.a

Engage and orient the reader by establishing a context and point of view and introducing a narrator and/or characters; organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally and logically.

CC.8.W.3.b

Use narrative techniques, such as dialogue, pacing, description, and reflection, to develop experiences, events, and/or characters.

CC.8.W.3.c

Use a variety of transition words, phrases, and clauses to convey sequence, signal shifts from one time frame or setting to another, and show the relationships among experiences and events.

CC.8.W.3.d

Use precise words and phrases, relevant descriptive details, and sensory language to capture the action and convey experiences and events.

CC.8.W.3.e

Provide a conclusion that follows from and reflects on the narrated experiences or events.

CC.8.W.4

Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific expectations for writing types are defined in standards 13 above.)

CC.8.W.5

With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on how well purpose and audience have been addressed. (Editing for conventions should demonstrate command of Language standards 13 up to and including grade 8 on page 53.)

CC.8.W.6

Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing and present the relationships between information and ideas efficiently as well as to interact and collaborate with others.

CC.8.W.7

Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self- generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions that allow for multiple avenues of exploration.

CC.8.W.8

Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation.

CC.8.W.9

Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

CC.8.W.9.a

Apply grade 8 Reading standards to literature (e.g., Analyze how a modern work of fiction draws on themes, patterns of events, or character types from myths, traditional stories, or religious works such as the Bible, including describing how the material is rendered new).

CC.8.W.9.b

Apply grade 8 Reading standards to literary nonfiction (e.g., Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient; recognize when irrelevant evidence is introduced).

CC.8.W.HST.1

Write arguments focused on discipline-specific content.

CC.8.W.HST.1.a

Introduce claim(s) about a topic or issue, acknowledge and distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims, and organize the reasons and evidence logically.

CC.8.W.HST.1.b

Support claim(s) with logical reasoning and relevant, accurate data and evidence that demonstrate an understanding of the topic or text, using credible sources.

CC.8.W.HST.1.c

Use words, phrases, and clauses to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among claim(s), counterclaims, reasons, and evidence.

CC.8.W.HST.1.d

Establish and maintain a formal style.

CC.8.W.HST.1.e

Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented.

CC.8.W.HST.10

Write routinely over extended time frames (time for reflection and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences

CC.8.W.HST.2

Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/ experiments, or technical processes.

CC.8.W.HST.2.a

Introduce a topic clearly, previewing what is to follow; organize ideas, concepts, and information into broader categories as appropriate to achieving purpose; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.

CC.8.W.HST.2.b

Develop the topic with relevant, well-chosen facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples.

CC.8.W.HST.2.c

Use appropriate and varied transitions to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts.

CC.8.W.HST.2.d

Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.

CC.8.W.HST.2.e

Establish and maintain a formal style and objective tone.

CC.8.W.HST.2.f

Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented.

CC.8.W.HST.4

Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.

CC.8.W.HST.5

With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on how well purpose and audience have been addressed.

CC.8.W.HST.6

Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing and present the relationships between information and ideas clearly and efficiently.

CC.8.W.HST.7

Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions that allow for multiple avenues of exploration.

CC.8.W.HST.8

Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation.

CC.8.W.HST.9

Draw evidence from informational texts to support analysis reflection, and research.

CC.8.W.R.10

Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of tasks, purposes, and audiences

CC.8.W.R.2

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.

CC.8.W.R.3

Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well-chosen details, and well-structured event sequences

CC.8.W.R.5

Develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach

CC.8.W.R.6

Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing and to interact and collaborate with others.

CC.8.W.R.7

Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects based on focused questions, demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation

CC.8.W.R.8

Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, assess the credibility and accuracy of each source, and integrate the information while avoiding plagiarism.

CC.8.W.R.9

Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.