Arkansas English Language Arts Standards — Grade K


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RF.K.1

Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print.

RF.K.1.A

Follow words from left to right, top to bottom, and page by page.

RF.K.1.B

Recognize that spoken words are represented in written language by specific sequences of letters and that print carries meaning

RF.K.1.C

Understand that words are separated by spaces in print.

RF.K.1.D

Recognize and name all upper- and lowercase letters of the alphabet.

RF.K.2

Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes).

RF.K.2.A

Recognize and produce rhyming words orally.

RF.K.2.B

Count, pronounce, blend, and segment syllables in spoken words.

RF.K.2.C

Blend and segment onsets and rimes of one-syllable spoken words.

RF.K.2.D

Isolate and pronounce the initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in three-phoneme (consonant-vowel-consonant or CVC) words. (This does not include CVCs ending with /l/, /r/, or /x/.)

RF.K.2.E

Add or substitute individual sounds (phonemes) in simple, one-syllable words to make new words

RF.K.2.F

This standard begins in Grade 1.Add or substitute individual sounds (phonemes).

RF.K.2.G

This standard begins in Grade 1.Delete individual initial and final sounds.

RF.K.3

Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words

RF.K.3.A

Demonstrate basic knowledge of one-to-one letter-sound correspondences by producing the most frequently used sound for each consonant.

RF.K.3.B

Associate the long and short sounds with the five major vowel graphemes (a,e,i,o,u), using open and closed syllable types ( e.g., open-go, closed-got).

RF.K.3.C

Read common high-frequency words by sight (e.g., the, of, to, you, she, my, is, are, do, does).

RF.K.3.D

Distinguish between similarly spelled words by identifying the sounds of the letters that differ (e.g., hat, fat, rat; cap, cup, cop; him, hip, hit).

RF.K.3.F

Decode one-syllable words (open and closed).

RF.K.4

Read grade-appropriate texts with purpose and understanding.

RF.K.4.A

This standard begins in Grade 1.Read grade-appropriate texts with purpose and understanding.

RF.K.4.B

This standard begins in Grade 1. Read grade-appropriate text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression.

RF.K.4.C

This standard begins in Grade 2. Use context in grade-appropriate text to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary

RI.K.1

With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text.

RI.K.10

Actively engage in teacher-led reading activities with purpose and understanding

RI.K.2

With prompting and support, identify the main topic and retell key details of a text.

RI.K.3

With prompting and support, describe the connection between two topics (individuals, events, ideas, or scientific concepts).

RI.K.4

With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about unknown words in a text.

RI.K.5

Identify the front cover, back cover, and title page of a book.

RI.K.6

Name the author and illustrator of a text and define the role of each in presenting the ideas or information in a text.

RI.K.7

With prompting and support, describe the relationship between visual images and the text in which they appear (e.g., what person, place, thing, or idea in the text a visual image depicts).

RI.K.8

With prompting and support, identify the details an author gives to support points in a text

RI.K.9

With prompting and support, identify basic similarities and differences between two texts on the same topic (e.g., in illustrations, descriptions, or procedures).

RL.K.1

With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text.

RL.K.10

Actively engage in teacher-led reading activities with purpose and understanding

RL.K.2

With prompting and support, retell familiar stories, including key details.

RL.K.3

With prompting and support, identify characters, settings, and major events in a story.

RL.K.4

Ask and answer questions about unknown words in a text.

RL.K.5

Recognize common types of text (e.g., storybooks, poems).

RL.K.6

With prompting and support, name the author and illustrator of a story and define the role of each in telling the story.

RL.K.7

With prompting and support, describe the relationship between illustrations and the story in which they appear (e.g., based on this picture, what is happening?).

RL.K.8

RL.K.8 is not applicable to literature based on anchor standard CCRA.R.8. Analyze and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, including the validity of the reasoning as well as the relevance and sufficiency of the evidence.

RL.K.9

With prompting and support, compare and contrast the characters (e.g., adventures and experiences) in familiar stories.