Wisconsin's Model Academic Standards for Social Studies — Grade 9

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Use various types of atlases and appropriate vocabulary to describe the physical attributes of a place or region, employing such concepts as climate, plate tectonics, volcanism, and landforms, and to describe the human attributes, employing such concepts as demographics, birth and death rates, doubling time, emigration, and immigration


Analyze the effect of cultural ethics and values in various parts of the world on scientific and technological development


Describe scientific and technological development in various regions of the world and analyze the ways in which development affects environment and culture


Assess the advantages and disadvantages of selected land use policies in the local community, Wisconsin, the United States, and the world


Give examples and analyze conflict and cooperation in the establishment of cultural regions and political boundaries


Analyze information generated from a computer about a place, including statistical sources, aerial and satellite images, and three-dimensional models


Construct mental maps of the world and the world's regions and draw maps from memory showing major physical and human features


Analyze the short-term and long-term effects that major changes in population in various parts of the world have had or might have on the environment


Use a variety of geographic information and resources to analyze and illustrate the ways in which the unequal global distribution of natural resources influences trade and shapes economic patterns


Collect and analyze geographic information to examine the effects that a geographic or environmental change in one part of the world, such as volcanic activity, river diversion, ozone depletion, air pollution, deforestation, or desertification, may have on other parts of the world


Collect relevant data to analyze the distribution of products among global markets and the movement of people among regions of the world


Identify the world's major ecosystems and analyze how different economic, social, political, religious, and cultural systems have adapted to them


Identify and analyze cultural factors, such as human needs, values, ideals, and public policies, that influence the design of places, such as an urban center, an industrial park, a public project, or a planned neighborhood


Explain different points of view on the same historical event, using data gathered from various sources, such as letters, journals, diaries, newspapers, government documents, and speeches


Select instances of scientific, intellectual, and religious change in various regions of the world at different times in history and discuss the impact those changes had on beliefs and values


Compare examples and analyze why governments of various countries have sometimes sought peaceful resolution to conflicts and sometimes gone to war


Analyze the history, culture, tribal sovereignty, and current status of the American Indian tribes and bands in Wisconsin


Analyze examples of ongoing change within and across cultures, such as the development of ancient civilizations; the rise of nation-states; and social, economic, and political revolutions


Explain the origins, central ideas, and global influence of religions, such as Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism, Judaism, and Christianity


Identify a historical or contemporary event in which a person was forced to take an ethical position, such as a decision to go to war, the impeachment of a president, or a presidential pardon, and explain the issues involved


Describe the purpose and effects of treaties, alliances, and international organizations that characterize today's interconnected world


Identify historical and current instances when national interests and global interests have seemed to be opposed and analyze the issues involved


Explain the history of slavery, racial and ethnic discrimination, and efforts to eliminate discrimination in the United States and elsewhere in the world


Analyze primary and secondary sources related to a historical question to evaluate their relevance, make comparisons, integrate new information with prior knowledge, and come to a reasoned conclusion


Recall, select, and analyze significant historical periods and the relationships among them


Assess the validity of different interpretations of significant historical events


Gather various types of historical evidence, including visual and quantitative data, to analyze issues of freedom and equality, liberty and order, region and nation, individual and community, law and conscience, diversity and civic duty; form a reasoned conclusion in the light of other possible conclusions; and develop a coherent argument in the light of other possible arguments


Select and analyze various documents that have influenced the legal, political, and constitutional heritage of the United States


Identify major works of art and literature produced in the United States and elsewhere in the world and explain how they reflect the era in which they were created


Recall, select, and explain the significance of important people, their work, and their ideas in the areas of political and intellectual leadership, inventions, discoveries, and the arts, within each major era of Wisconsin, United States, and world history


Select significant changes caused by technology, industrialization, urbanization, and population growth, and analyze the effects of these changes in the United States and the world


Identify the sources, evaluate the justification, and analyze the implications of certain rights and responsibilities of citizens


Identify ways people may participate effectively in community affairs and the political process


Evaluate the ways in which public opinion can be used to influence and shape public policy


Explain the United States' relationship to other nations and its role in international organizations, such as the United Nations, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, and North American Free Trade Agreement


Describe and evaluate ideas of how society should be organized and political power should be exercised, including the ideas of monarchism, anarchism, socialism, fascism, and communism; compare these ideas to those of representative democracy; and assess how such ideas have worked in practice


Explain and analyze how different political and social movements have sought to mobilize public opinion and obtain governmental support in order to achieve their goals


Describe and analyze the origins and consequences of slavery, genocide, and other forms of persecution, including the Holocaust


Describe the evolution of movements to assert rights by people with disabilities, ethnic and racial groups, minorities, and women


Describe how different political systems define and protect individual human rights


Trace how legal interpretations of liberty, equality, justice, and power, as identified in the Constitution, the Bill of Rights, and other Constitutional Amendments, have changed and evolved over time


Explain the multiple purposes of democratic government, analyze historical and contemporary examples of the tensions between those purposes, and illustrate how governmental powers can be acquired, used, abused, or legitimized


Analyze different theories of how governmental powers might be used to help promote or hinder liberty, equality, and justice, and develop a reasoned conclusion


Identify and analyze significant political benefits, problems, and solutions to problems related to federalism and the separation of powers


Describe how past and present American political parties and interest groups have gained or lost influence on political decision-making and voting behavior


Locate, organize, analyze, and use information from various sources to understand an issue of public concern, take a position, and communicate the position


Identify and evaluate the means through which advocates influence public policy


Explain how decisions about spending and production made by households, businesses, and governments determine the nation's levels of income, employment, and prices


Analyze the ways in which supply and demand, competition, prices, incentives, and profits influence what is produced and distributed in a competitive market system


Explain how interest rates are determined by market forces that influence the amount of borrowing and saving done by investors, consumers, and government officials


Compare and contrast how values and beliefs, such as economic freedom, economic efficiency, equity, full employment, price stability, security, and growth, influence decisions in different economic systems


Describe and explain global economic interdependence and competition, using examples to illustrate their influence on national and international policies


Analyze the economic roles of institutions, such as corporations and businesses, banks, labor unions, and the Federal Reserve System


Use basic economic concepts (such as supply and demand; production, distribution, and consumption; labor, wages, and capital; inflation and deflation; market economy and command economy) to compare and contrast local, regional, and national economies across time and at the present time


Analyze and evaluate the role of Wisconsin and the United States in the world economy


Explain and evaluate the effects of new technology, global economic interdependence, and competition on the development of national policies and on the lives of individuals and families in the United States and the world


Explain how federal budgetary policy and the Federal Reserve System's monetary policies influence overall levels of employment, interest rates, production, and prices


Use economic concepts to analyze historical and contemporary questions about economic development in the United States and the world


Compare, contrast, and evaluate different types of economies (traditional, command, market, and mixed) and analyze how they have been affected in the past by specific social and political systems and important historical events


Explain the basic characteristics of international trade, including absolute and comparative advantage, barriers to trade, exchange rates, and balance of trade


Explain the operations of common financial instruments (such as stocks and bonds) and financial institutions (such as credit companies, banks, and insurance companies)


Summarize research that helps explain how the brain's structure and function influence learning and behavior


Describe a particular culture as an integrated whole and use that understanding to explain its language, literature, arts, traditions, beliefs, values, and behaviors


Illustrate and evaluate ways in which cultures resolve conflicting beliefs and practices


Explain current and past efforts of groups and institutions to eliminate prejudice and discrimination against racial, ethnic, religious, and social groups such as women, children, the elderly, and individuals who are disabled


Compare the ways in which a universal theme is expressed artistically in three different world cultures


Use the research procedures and skills of the behavioral sciences (such as gathering, organizing, and interpreting data from several sources) to develop an informed position on an issue


Identify the skills needed to work effectively alone, in groups, and in institutions


Identify and analyze factors that influence a person's mental health


Examine and describe various belief systems that exist in the world, such as democracy, socialism, and capitalism


Explain how such factors as physical endowment and capabilities, family, gender, ethnicity, religion, socioeconomic status, attitudes, beliefs, work, and motivation contribute to individual identity and development


Compare and describe similarities and differences in the ways various cultures define individual rights and responsibilities, including the use of rules, folkways, mores, and taboos


Analyze the role of economic, political, educational, familial, and religious institutions as agents of both continuity and change, citing current and past examples


Describe the ways cultural and social groups are defined and how they have changed over time


Analyze the means by which and extent to which groups and institutions can influence people, events, and cultures in both historical and contemporary settings


Use scientific methods to assess the influence of media on people's behavior and decisions


Analyze issues of cultural assimilation and cultural preservation among ethnic and racial groups in Wisconsin, the United States, and the world


Defend a point of view related to an ethical issue such as genetic engineering, declaring conscientious objector status, or restricting immigration