Georgia English Language Arts Standards of Excellence — Grade 1


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ELAGSE1L1

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

ELAGSE1L1a

Print all upper- and lowercase letters

ELAGSE1L1b

Use common, proper, and possessive nouns.

ELAGSE1L1c

Use singular and plural nouns with matching verbs in basic sentences (e.g., He hops; We hop).

ELAGSE1L1d

Use personal, possessive, and indefinite pronouns (e.g., I, me, my; they, them, their, anyone, everything).

ELAGSE1L1e

Use verbs to convey a sense of past, present, and future (e.g., Yesterday I walked home; Today I walk home; Tomorrow I will walk home).

ELAGSE1L1f

Use frequently occurring adjectives

ELAGSE1L1g

Use frequently occurring conjunctions (e.g., and, but, or, so, because).

ELAGSE1L1h

Use determiners (e.g., articles, demonstratives).

ELAGSE1L1i

Use frequently occurring prepositions (e.g., during, beyond, toward).

ELAGSE1L1j

Produce and expand complete simple and compound sentences in response to questions and prompts (declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory)

ELAGSE1L1k

Print with appropriate spacing between words and sentences

ELAGSE1L2

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

ELAGSE1L2a

Capitalize dates and names of people

ELAGSE1L2b

Use end punctuation for sentences.

ELAGSE1L2c

Use commas in dates and to separate single words in a series.

ELAGSE1L2d

Use conventional spelling for words with common spelling patterns and for frequently occurring irregular word

ELAGSE1L2e

Spell untaught words phonetically, drawing on phonemic awareness and spelling convention

ELAGSE1L4

Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 1 reading and content, choosing flexibly from an array of strategies

ELAGSE1L4a

Use sentence-level context as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.

ELAGSE1L4b

Use frequently occurring affixes as a clue to the meaning of a word

ELAGSE1L4c

Identify frequently occurring root words (e.g., look) and their inflectional forms (e.g., looks, looked, looking).

ELAGSE1L5

With guidance and support from adults, demonstrate understanding of word relationships and nuances in word meanings.

ELAGSE1L5a

Sort words into categories (e.g., colors, clothing) to gain a sense of the concepts the categories represent.

ELAGSE1L5b

Define words by category and by one or more key attributes (e.g., a duck is a bird that swims; a tiger is a large cat with stripes).

ELAGSE1L5c

Identify real-life connections between words and their use (e.g., note places at home that are cozy)

ELAGSE1L5d

Distinguish shades of meaning among verbs differing in manner (e.g., look, peek, glance, stare, glare, scowl) and adjectives differing in intensity (e.g., large, gigantic) by defining or choosing them or by acting out the meanings.

ELAGSE1L6

Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading and being read to, and responding to texts, including using frequently occurring conjunctions to signal simple relationships (e.g., I named my hamster Nibblet because she nibbles too much because she likes that).

ELAGSE1RF1

Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print.

ELAGSE1RF1a

Recognize the distinguishing features of a sentence (e.g., first word, capitalization, ending punctuation).

ELAGSE1RF2

Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes).

ELAGSE1RF2a

Distinguish long from short vowel sounds in spoken single-syllable words.

ELAGSE1RF2b

Orally produce single-syllable words by blending sounds (phonemes), including consonant blends

ELAGSE1RF2c

Isolate and pronounce initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in spoken single-syllable words.

ELAGSE1RF2d

Segment spoken single-syllable words into their complete sequence of individual sounds (phonemes)

ELAGSE1RF3

Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words

ELAGSE1RF3a

Know the spelling-sound correspondences for common consonant digraphs.

ELAGSE1RF3b

Decode regularly spelled one-syllable words

ELAGSE1RF3c

Know final -e and common vowel team conventions for representing long vowel sounds.

ELAGSE1RF3d

Use knowledge that every syllable must have a vowel sound to determine the number of syllables in a printed word.

ELAGSE1RF3e

Decode two-syllable words following basic patterns by breaking the words into syllables

ELAGSE1RF3f

Read words with inflectional endings.

ELAGSE1RF4

Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.

ELAGSE1RF4a

Read on-level text with purpose and understanding.

ELAGSE1RF4b

Read on-level text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings.

ELAGSE1RF4c

Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.

ELAGSE1RF4d

Read grade-appropriate irregularly spelled word.

ELAGSE1RI1

Ask and answer questions about key details in a text.

ELAGSE1RI10

With prompting and support, read informational texts appropriately complex for grade 1.

ELAGSE1RI2

Identify the main topic and retell key details of a text.

ELAGSE1RI3

Describe the connection between two individuals, events, ideas, or pieces of information in a text.

ELAGSE1RI4

Ask and answer questions to help determine or clarify the meaning of words and phrases in a text.

ELAGSE1RI5

Know and use various text features (e.g., headings, tables of content, glossaries, electronic menus, icons) to locate key facts or information in a tex

ELAGSE1RI6

Distinguish between information provided by pictures or other illustrations and information provided by the words in a tex

ELAGSE1RI7

Use illustrations and details in a text to describe its key ideas.

ELAGSE1RI8

Identify the reasons an author gives to support points in a text.

ELAGSE1RI9

Identify basic similarities in and differences between two texts on the same topic (e.g., in illustrations, descriptions, or procedures).

ELAGSE1RL1

Ask and answer questions about key details in a te

ELAGSE1RL10

With prompting and support, read prose and poetry of appropriate complexity for grade 1.

ELAGSE1RL2

Retell stories, including key details, and demonstrate understanding of their central message or lesson.

ELAGSE1RL3

Describe characters, settings, and major events in a story, using key details.

ELAGSE1RL4

Identify words and phrases in stories or poems that suggest feelings or appeal to the senses.

ELAGSE1RL5

Explain major difference between texts that tell stories and texts that give information.

ELAGSE1RL6

Identify who is telling the story at various points in a text.

ELAGSE1RL7

Use illustrations and details in a story to describe its characters, setting, or events.

ELAGSE1RL8

(Not applicable to literature).

ELAGSE1RL9

Compare and contrast the adventures and experiences of characters in stories.

ELAGSE1SL1

Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about grade 1 topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups.

ELAGSE1SL1a

Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions (e.g., listening to others with care, speaking one at a time about the topics and texts under discussion).

ELAGSE1SL1b

Build on others talk in conversations by responding to the comments of others through multiple exchanges.

ELAGSE1SL1c

Ask questions to clear up any confusion about the topics and texts under discussion.

ELAGSE1SL2

Ask and answer questions about key details in a text read aloud or information presented orally or through other media

ELAGSE1SL3

Ask and answer questions about what a speaker says in order to gather additional information or clarify something that is not understood.

ELAGSE1SL4

Describe people, places, things, and events with relevant details, expressing ideas and feelings clearly.

ELAGSE1SL5

Add drawings or other visual displays to descriptions when appropriate to clarify ideas, thoughts, and feelings.

ELAGSE1SL6

Produce complete sentences when appropriate to task and situation. (See grade 1 Language standards 1 and 3 for specific expectations

ELAGSE1W1

Write opinion pieces in which they introduce the topic or the name of the book they are writing about, state an opinion, supply a reason for the opinion, and provide some sense of closure.

ELAGSE1W2

Write informative/ explanatory texts in which they name a topic, supply some facts about the topic, and provide some sense of closure.

ELAGSE1W3

Write narratives in which they recount two or more appropriately sequenced events, include some details regarding what happened, use temporal words to signal event order, and provide some sense of closure.

ELAGSE1W5

With guidance and support from adults, focus on a topic, respond to questions and suggestions from peers, and add details to strengthen writing as needed.

ELAGSE1W5a

May include oral or written prewriting (graphic organizers).

ELAGSE1W6

With guidance and support from adults, use a variety of tools to produce and publish writing, including digital tools and collaboration with peers.

ELAGSE1W7

Participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., exploring a number of how-to books on a given topic and use them to write a sequence of instructions).

ELAGSE1W8

With guidance and support from adults, recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question.