Georgia English Language Arts Standards of Excellence — Grade 8


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ELAGSE8L1

Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

ELAGSE8L1a

Explain the function of verbals (gerunds, participles, infinitives) in general and their function in particular sentences

ELAGSE8L1b

Form and use verbs in the active and passive voice

ELAGSE8L1c

Form and use verbs in the indicative, imperative, interrogative, conditional, and subjunctive mood

ELAGSE8L1d

Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in verb voice and mood.*

ELAGSE8L2

Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

ELAGSE8L2a

Use punctuation (comma, ellipsis, dash) to indicate a pause or break.

ELAGSE8L2b

Use an ellipsis to indicate an omission.

ELAGSE8L3

Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.

ELAGSE8L3a

Use verbs in the active and passive voice and in the conditional and subjunctive mood to achieve particular effects (e.g., emphasizing the actor or the action; expressing uncertainty or describing a state contrary to fact).

ELAGSE8L4

Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words or phrases based on grade 8 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.

ELAGSE8L4a

Use context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence or paragraph; a words position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.

ELAGSE8L4b

Use common, grade-appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., precede, recede, secede).

ELAGSE8L4c

Consult general and specialized reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning or its part of speech.

ELAGSE8L4d

Verify the preliminary determination of the meaning of a word or phrase (e.g., by checking the inferred meaning in context or in a dictionary).

ELAGSE8L5

Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.

ELAGSE8L5a

Interpret figures of speech (e.g. verbal irony, puns) in context.

ELAGSE8L5b

Use the relationship between particular words to better understand each of the words.

ELAGSE8L5c

Distinguish among the connotations (associations) of words with similar denotations (definitions) (e.g., bullheaded, willful, firm, persistent, resolute).

ELAGSE8L6

Acquire and accurately use grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases; gather vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.

ELAGSE8RI1

Cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports an analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

ELAGSE8RI10

By the end of the year, read and comprehend literary nonfiction at the high end of the grades 6-8 text complexity band independently and proficiently.

ELAGSE8RI2

Determine a central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to supporting ideas; provide an objective summary of the text.

ELAGSE8RI3

Analyze how a text makes connections among and distinctions between individuals, ideas, or events (e.g., through comparisons, analogies, or categories).

ELAGSE8RI4

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including analogies or allusions to other texts

ELAGSE8RI5

Analyze in detail the structure of a specific paragraph in a text, including the role of particular sentences in developing and refining a key concept.

ELAGSE8RI6

Determine an authors point of view or purpose in a text and analyze how the author acknowledges and responds to conflicting evidence or viewpoints.

ELAGSE8RI7

Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of using different mediums (e.g., print or digital text, video, multimedia) to present a particular topic or idea

ELAGSE8RI8

Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient; recognize when irrelevant evidence is introduced.

ELAGSE8RI9

Analyze a case in which two or more texts provide conflicting information on the same topic and identify where the texts disagree on matters of fact or interpretation.

ELAGSE8RL1

Cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports an analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

ELAGSE8RL10

By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, at the high end of grades 6-8 text complexity band independently and proficiently

ELAGSE8RL2

Determine a theme and/or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to the characters, setting, and plot; provide an objective summary of the text.

ELAGSE8RL3

Analyze how particular lines of dialogue or incidents in a story or drama propel the action, reveal aspects of a character, or provoke a decision.

ELAGSE8RL4

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including analogies or allusions to other texts.

ELAGSE8RL5

Compare and contrast the structure of two or more texts and analyze how the differing structure of each text contributes to its meaning and style.

ELAGSE8RL6

Analyze how differences in the points of view of characters and the audience or reader (e.g., created through the use of dramatic irony) create such effects as suspense or humor.

ELAGSE8RL7

Analyze the extent to which a filmed or live production of a story or drama stays faithful to or departs from the text or script, evaluating the choices made by the director or actors.

ELAGSE8RL8

(Not applicable to literature).

ELAGSE8RL9

Analyze how a modern work of fiction draws on themes, patterns of events, or character types from myths, traditional stories, or religious works such as the Bible, including describing how the material is rendered new.

ELAGSE8SL1

Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 8 topics and texts, building on others ideas and expressing their own clearly.

ELAGSE8SL1a

Come to discussions prepared, having read or researched material under study; explicitly draw on that preparation by referring to evidence on the topic, text, or issue to probe and reflect on ideas under discussion.

ELAGSE8SL1b

Follow rules for collegial discussions and decision-making, track progress toward specific goals and deadlines, and define individual roles as needed

ELAGSE8SL1c

Pose questions that connect the ideas of several speakers and elicit elaboration and respond to others questions and comments with relevant evidence, observations, and ideas.

ELAGSE8SL1d

Acknowledge new information expressed by others, and, when warranted, qualify or justify their own views and understanding in light of the evidence presented.

ELAGSE8SL2

Analyze the purpose of information presented in diverse media and formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) and evaluate the motives (e.g., social, commercial, political) behind its presentation.

ELAGSE8SL3

Delineate a speakers argument and specific claims, evaluating the soundness of the reasoning and relevance and sufficiency of the evidence and identifying when irrelevant evidence is introduced.

ELAGSE8SL4

Present claims and findings, emphasizing salient points in a focused, coherent manner with relevant evidence, sound valid reasoning, and well-chosen details; use appropriate eye contact, adequate volume, and clear pronunciation.

ELAGSE8SL5

Integrate multimedia and visual displays into presentations to clarify information, strengthen claims and evidence, and add interest.

ELAGSE8SL6

Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate. (See grade 8 Language Standards 1 and 3 for specific expectations.)

ELAGSE8W1

Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.

ELAGSE8W10

Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.

ELAGSE8W2

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content.

ELAGSE8W2a

Introduce claim(s), acknowledge and distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims, and organize the reasons and evidence logically.

ELAGSE8W2b

Support claim(s) with logical reasoning and relevant evidence, using accurate, credible sources and demonstrating an understanding of the topic or text

ELAGSE8W2c

Use words, phrases, and clauses to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among claim(s), counterclaims, reasons, and evidence

ELAGSE8W2d

Establish and maintain a formal style

ELAGSE8W2e

Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented.

ELAGSE8W2f

Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented.

ELAGSE8W3

Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, relevant descriptive details, and wellstructured event sequences.

ELAGSE8W3a

Engage and orient the reader by establishing a context and point of view and introducing a narrator and/or characters; organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally and logically

ELAGSE8W3b

Use narrative techniques, such as dialogue, pacing, description, and reflection, to develop experiences, events, and/or characters

ELAGSE8W3c

Use a variety of transition words, phrases, and clauses to convey sequence, signal shifts from one time frame or setting to another, and show the relationships among experiences and events.

ELAGSE8W3d

Use precise words and phrases, relevant descriptive details, and sensory language to capture the action and convey experiences and events.

ELAGSE8W3e

Provide a conclusion that follows from and reflects on the narrated experiences or events.

ELAGSE8W4

Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific expectations for writing types are defined in Standards 13 above.)

ELAGSE8W5

With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on how well purpose and audience have been addressed. (Editing for conventions should demonstrate command of Language Standards 13 up to and including grade 8.)

ELAGSE8W6

Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing & present the relationships between info and ideas efficiently as well as to interact and collaborate with others.

ELAGSE8W7

Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a selfgenerated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions that allow for multiple avenues of exploration.

ELAGSE8W8

Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation.

ELAGSE8W9

Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

ELAGSE8W9a

Apply grade 8 Reading Standards to literature (e.g., Analyze how a modern work of fiction draws on themes, patterns of events, or character types from myths, traditional stories, or religious works such as the Bible, including describing how the material is rendered new).

ELAGSE8W9b

Apply grade 8 Reading Standards to literary nonfiction (e.g., Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient; recognize when irrelevant evidence is introduced).