New Hampshire Curriculum Framework Social Studies — Grade 3


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SS:CV:3

The Nature and Purpose of Government Students will demonstrate an understanding of the nature of governments, and the fundamental ideals of government of the United States.

SS:CV:3:1.1

Explain the ideal of the United States system of government, e.g., equal rights or tolerance for others. (Themes: A: Conflict and Cooperation, B: Civic Ideals, Practices, and Engagement, C: People, Places and Environment)

SS:CV:3:1.2

Analyze how government addresses social, political, and geographic issues. e.g., local land use decisions or decisions involving human rights. (Themes: 1: Conflict and Cooperation, B: Civic Ideals, Practices, and Engagement, C: People, Places and Environment)

SS:CV:3:2.1

Identify the individual functions of the three branches of government and the organization of New Hampshire state government. (Themes: A: Conflict and Cooperation, B: Civic Ideals, Practices, and Engagement)

SS:CV:3:2.2

Explain how laws and/or policies are made at local and state levels. (Themes: A: Conflict and Cooperation, B: Civic Ideals, Practices, and Engagement, H: Individualism, Equality and Authority)

SS:CV:3:4.1

Describe the rights of citizens as outlined by the Constitutions of New Hampshire and the United States. (Themes: A: Conflict and Cooperation, H: Individualism, Equality and Authority)

SS:EC:3

Economics and the Individual Students will learn about their role in a free market, how decisions that they make affect the economy, and how changes in the economy can affect them.

SS:EC:3:1.1

Identify the factors of production and explain how businesses use these to produce goods and services. (Themes: D: Material Wants and Needs, G: Science, Technology, and Society)

SS:EC:3:1.2

Describe what markets are and define individual roles as consumers and producers in a market economy using circular flow models. (Themes: D: Material Wants and Needs, G: Science, Technology, and Society)

SS:EC:3:1.3

Explain how decisions by consumers and producers affect and are affected by the economy. (Themes A: Conflict and Cooperation C: People, Places and Environment D: Material Wants and Needs)

SS:EC:3:1.4

Describe why most jobs today require greater specialization and result in greater productivity. (Themes: G: Science, Technology, and Society)

SS:EC:3:2.1

Explain why needs and wants are unlimited while resources are limited. (Themes: C: People, Places and Environment, D: Material Wants and Needs)

SS:EC:3:2.2

Explain why scarcity requires individuals, households, businesses and governments to make economic choices and how economic choices always involve an opportunity cost. (Themes: A: Conflict and Cooperation, D: Material Wants and Needs)

SS:EC:3:2.3

Describe different ways individuals, households, businesses and governments make economic decisions, e.g., developing alternative choices or budgets. (Themes: A: Conflict and Cooperation, D: Material Wants and Needs, G: Science, Technology, and Society)

SS:EC:3:2.4

Define supply and demand and describe factors that can cause a change in supply and demand. (Themes: D: Material Wants and Needs, F: Global Transformation)

SS:EC:3:2.5

Explain how prices of goods and services are set in the United States and describe different factors that affect price. (Themes: D: Material Wants and Needs, F: Global Transformation)

SS:EC:3:3.1

Illustrate cycles of economic growth and decline, e.g., New Hampshire manufacturing or agriculture. (Themes: D: Material Wants and Needs, F: Global Transformation, G: Science, Technology, and Society)

SS:EC:3:3.2

Describe how changes in the business cycle can impact peoples lives. (Themes: C: People, Places and Environment)

SS:EC:3:4.1

Describe different methods people use to exchange goods and services, e.g., barter or the use of money. (Themes: D: Material Wants and Needs) Institutions and the Government Students will understand how financial institutions and the government work together to stabilize our economy, and how changes in them affect the individual.

SS:EC:3:4.2

Identify good and services provided by local government, e.g., police cars or fire protection. (Themes: A: Conflict and Cooperation, C: People, Places and Environment, G: Science, Technology, and Society)

SS:EC:3:5.1

Describe that countries have different kinds of resources. (Themes: C: People, Places and Environment, D: Material Wants and Needs

SS:EC:3:5.2

Explain why some countries resources are in greater demand than others, e.g., colonial New Hampshires mast trees or petroleum. (Themes: C: People, Places and Environment, D: Material Wants and Needs, F: Global Transformation)

SS:EC:3:5.3

Explain that trade between countries involves imports and exports and the reasons why countries trade. (Themes: C: People, Places and Environment, D: Material Wants and Needs, F: Global Transformation)

SS:GE:3

The World in Spatial Terms Students will demonstrate the ability to use maps, mental maps, globes, and other graphic tools and technologies to acquire, process, report, and analyze geographic information.

SS:GE:3:1.1

Identify and describe the characteristics and purposes of geographic tools: maps, globes, graphs, diagrams, photographs, satellite-produced images, and other technologies. (Themes: C: People, Places and Environment, F: Global Transformation)

SS:GE:3:1.2

Display spatial information on maps and other geographic representations, e.g., home-to school routes or settings in appropriate children's literature. (Themes: C: People, Places and Environment, G: Science, Technology, and Society, J: Human Expression and Communication)

SS:GE:3:1.3

Locate major physical and human features in the United States and on Earth, e.g., mountain ranges, principal parallels or meridians. (Themes: C: People, Places and Environment, G: Science, Technology, and Society)

SS:GE:3:1.4

Illustrate that places and features are distributed spatially across Earth's surface, e.g., community grid maps or population density maps. (Themes: C: People, Places and Environment, F: Global Transformation, I: Patterns of Social and Political Interaction)

SS:GE:3:1.5

Recognize the causes and consequences of spatial interaction on Earths surface, e.g., the origin of consumer goods or transportation routes. (Themes: C: People, Places and Environment, D: Material Wants and Needs, F: Global Transformation)

SS:GE:3:2.1

Describe the physical and human characteristics of places, e.g., landforms or where people live. (Themes: C: People, Places and Environment, E: Cultural Development, Interaction, and Change, G: Science, Technology, and Society)

SS:GE:3:2.2

Recognize how physical and human processes together shape places, e.g., the relationship between elevation and population density in a region or the characteristics of regions along the same latitude. (Themes: C: People, Places and Environment)

SS:GE:3:2.3

Generalize the concept of region as an area of Earth's surface with unifying geographic characteristics, e.g., neighborhoods or climate regions. (Themes: C: People, Places and Environment)

SS:GE:3:2.4

Illustrate the ways in which regions change, e.g., changes in local neighborhoods or changes to the United States through westward expansion. (Themes: C: People, Places and Environment, E: Cultural Development, Interaction, and Change, I: Patterns of Social and Political Interaction

SS:GE:3:2.5

Compare and contrast the ways in which different people perceive places, e.g., drawings and sketch maps of familiar places or examples from children's literature. (Themes: J: Human Expression and Communication)

SS:GE:3:3.1

Illustrate the components of Earth's physical systems, e.g., a climate or a model of the water cycle. (Themes: C: People, Places and Environment)

SS:GE:3:3.2

Demonstrate how physical processes shape features of Earth's surface, e.g., weather or tectonic forces. (Themes: C: People, Places and Environment)

SS:GE:3:3.3

Describe how the Earth-Sun relationship affects conditions on Earth, e.g., seasons at different locations on Earth, length of daylight. (Themes: C: People, Places and Environment)

SS:GE:3:3.4

Recognize the components and distribution of ecosystems, e.g., the location of certain plants and animals or the food chain. (Themes: C: People, Places and Environment) SS:GE:4:3.5: Investigate how humans interact with ecosystems, e.g., forest management or impacting wetlands. (Themes: C: People, Places and Environment, D: Material Wants and Needs, F: Global Transformation)

SS:GE:4:3.1

Illustrate how people modify the physical environment, e.g., irrigation projects or clearing land for human use. (Themes: C: People, Places and Environment, D: Material Wants and Needs)

SS:GE:4:3.2

Examine the ways in which the physical environment provides opportunities or limitations, e.g., natural resources that first attracted settlers or natural hazards that threaten life. (Themes: C: People, Places and Environment, D: Material Wants and Needs)

SS:GE:4:3.3

Evaluate the effects of migration on the characteristics of places, e.g., cultural awareness or food choices. (Themes: E: Cultural Development, Interaction, and Change)

SS:GE:4:3.4

Analyze the spatial patterns of settlement in different regions of the world, e.g., urbanization along rivers or nomadic movement patterns. (Themes: E: Cultural Development, Interaction, and Change, I: Patterns of Social and Political Interaction)

SS:GE:4:3.5

Compare how people in different regions use the same resource, e.g., water or wood.(Themes: D: Material Wants and Needs, G: Science, Technology, and Society)

SS:HI:3

Political Foundations and Development Students will demonstrate an understanding of the major ideas, issues and events pertaining to the history of governance in our state and nation.

SS:HI:3:1.1

Explore biographies of key political figures who helped shape our community, state, and country, e.g., Franklin Pierce or Sandra Day O'Connor. (Themes: E: Cultural Development, Interaction, and Change, G: Science, Technology, and Society, I: Patterns of Social and Political Interaction)

SS:HI:3:1.2

Trace the political development of New Hampshire governance, e.g., self government in early settlements or the development of current forms of local government. (Themes: A: Conflict and Cooperation)

SS:HI:3:1.3

Describe the significance of national and New Hampshire celebrations, monuments, symbols and documents, e.g., Veteran's Day, the Statue of Liberty, Old Man of the Mountain, and the preamble to the New Hampshire Constitution. (Themes: B: Civic Ideals, Practices, and Engagement, C: People, Places and Environment)

SS:HI:3:2.1

Describe the interconnectedness of the world developed using examples., e.g., the contact between Native Americans and European settlers or the location of family members serving in foreign countries. (Themes: A: Conflict and Cooperation, C: People, Places and Environment, D: Material Wants and Needs)

SS:HI:3:3.1

Explore how individuals' ideals have profoundly affected life in the United States, e.g., Martin Luther King Jr.'s belief in nonviolence or John Stark's statement Live Free or Die. (Themes: H: Individualism, Equality and Authority, I: Patterns of Social and Political Interaction, J: Human Expression and Communication)

SS:HI:3:3.2

Explore how art, music and literature often reflect and/or influence major ideas, values and conflicts of particular time periods, e.g., colonial life or industrialization in New Hampshire. (Themes: J: Human Expression and Communication)

SS:HI:3:3.3

Explore how groups have enhanced the art, music and literature of our nation, e.g., Latinos or Franco Americans. (Themes: E: Cultural Development, Interaction, and Change, F: Global Transformation, J: Human Expression and Communication)

SS:HI:3:4.1

Explore major developments and changes in economic productivity, e.g., adoption of Native American crops or use of mass production. (Themes: C: People, Places and Environment, F: Global Transformation, G: Science, Technology, and Society)

SS:HI:3:4.2

Explore the impact of important technological inventions, e.g., new forms of transportation or housing. (Themes: E: Cultural Development, Interaction, and Change, G: Science, Technology, and Society)

SS:HI:3:4.3

Investigate the evolution of the United States economy, e.g., the transition from farms to factories or the trend from small local stores to shopping malls. (Themes: D: Material Wants and Needs, G: Science, Technology, and Society)

SS:HI:3:5.1

Explain the unique contributions of different ethnic and religious groups to New Hampshire history and culture, e.g., the Shakers or the French Canadians. (Themes: E: Cultural Development, Interaction, and Change, I: Patterns of Social and Political Interaction, J: Human Expression and Communication)

SS:HI:3:5.2

Describe the impact of major national and state events on everyday life, e.g., the American Revolution or the terrorist attacks on 9.11.2001. (Themes: B: Civic Ideals, Practices, and Engagement, I: Patterns of Social and Political Interaction)

SS:HI:3:5.3

Trace the changes in the roles and lives of women and children and their impact on society, e.g., the family or the workplace. (Themes: B: Civic Ideals, Practices, and Engagement, I: Patterns of Social and Political Interaction)

SS:HI:3:5.4

Explore attitudes towards diversity, e.g., segregation or inclusion. (Themes: E: Cultural Development, Interaction, and Change, I: Patterns of Social and Political Interaction)

SS:HI:3:5.5

Describe the reasons why various groups have come to the United States, e.g., enslavement or economic opportunity. (Themes: C: People, Places and Environment, F: Global Transformation, H: Individualism, Equality and Authority)

SS:WH:3

Political Foundations and Developments Students will demonstrate an understanding of major events, ideas and issues pertaining to the history of governance.

SS:WH:3:1.1

Explain that people of different countries create social and political systems, e.g., a family or a government. (Themes: A: Conflict and Cooperation, B: Civic Ideals, Practices, and Engagement, I: Patterns of Social and Political Interaction)

SS:WH:3:2.1

Explain how events or global issues affect interactions between countries, e.g., the Olympics or the war on terrorism. (Themes: B: Civic Ideals, Practices, and Engagement, F: Global Transformation, G: Science, Technology, and Society)

SS:WH:3:3.1

Describe ways that societies around the world express themselves artistically through forms, e.g., architecture or folk tales. (Themes: J: Human Expression and Communication)

SS:WH:3:4.1

Explore how improvements in agriculture enhance human survival using examples, e.g., the exchange between Native Americans and early colonists or feeding the hungry of the world today. (Themes: F: Global Transformation, G: Science, Technology, and Society)

SS:WH:3:5.1

Describe different ways that societies around the world express their values and beliefs through practices, e.g., festivals or dress. (Themes: B: Civic Ideals, Practices, and Engagement, E: Cultural Development, Interaction, and Change, I: Patterns of Social and Political Interaction)