West Virginia Next Generation Content Standards and Objectives for Social Studies — Grade 5

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illustrate the rights, responsibilities, duties and previleges of a patriotic citizen within authenticate situations (e.g., election, food drive, jury duty, etc.) and defend these actions as examples or non-examples of good citizenship.


assume a role (e.g., judge, juror, prosecutor, etc.) in a mocking proceeding (e.g., John Brown, Dred Scott, etc.) to acquire the understanding of the trial by jury process and justfiy its effectiveness in solving conflicts in society both past and present.


research how government and non-government groups and institutions work to meet the individual needs for the common good.(e.g., Red Cross, Freedman's Bureau, Hull House, etc.)


compare the functions of each level of the government (local, state and national) and apply that knowledge to a function set aside for citizens of the United State (e.g., Town Hall Meeting, Project Citizen, debate, etc.).


simulate the process of making a law at the state and national level.


outline the process in which ammendments are made; interpret their meaning, and apply it to their daily life, live of others and lives of people throughout history.


summarize the provisions of the Thirteenth, Fourthteenth and fitfteenth Ammendments to the Costitutions, including how the ammendments protected the rights of African Americans and sought to enhance their political, social and economic opportunities


investigate the roles of consumers and producers in the United States and apply the information to a real life event ( e.g., bake sale, sporting events, booth at a fair, snack machines, etc) using the concepts of: sales (e.g., advertising and competition), expenses, profits, supply and demand.


explain the concept of supply and demand to specific historic and current economic situation in the United States (e.g., slavery, oil, gas, Industrial Revolution, etc.).


critique the economic reason for immigration and migration throughout the United States during specific times in history and relate the information to the present (e.g., Great Migration, Ellis Island, etc.).


asses the resources (e.g., oil, land, gas, etc.) of the geographic regions (e.g., Midwest, Middle East, etc.) of the United States and the world and explain their impact on global economic activities.


evaluate the role of agriculture and the impact of industrialization on the economic development of the United States.


compare the industrial North and the agricultural South prior to the Civil War, The geographic characteristics and boundaries of each region and the basic way of life in each region.


explain the economic problems that forced former slaves to continue to live in servitude even after slavery was officially abolished by the Thirteenth Ammendment.


compare the economic and social effects of Reconstruction on different populations, including the move from farms to factories and the change from the plantation system to sharecropping.


explain the social and economic effects of Westward Expansion on Native Americans, including changes in federal policies, armed conflicts, opposing views concerning land ownership and Native American displacement.


expalin how aspects of the terrain (e.g., the principal mountain ranges, rivers, vegetation and climate of the region, etc.) affected westward travel and settlement.


summarize the significance of large-scale immgration and the contributions of immigrants to American in the early's 1900s, (e.g., the countries from which they came, the opportunities and resistance they faced when they arrived and the cultural economic contributions they made to this nation, etc.)


illustrate the effects of settlement on the environment of the West (e.g., changes in the physical and human systems, etc.).


measure distances in latitude and longitude using a scale on a variety of maps and globes, and transfer the concept of cardinal and intermediate directions to describe the relative location of countries by hemisphere and proximity to the equator.


locate, identify and compare the major rivers, landforms, natural resources, climate regions, major soil regions, and deserts of the United States.


compare and contrast the various regions of the United States; locate each of the fifty United States and correlate them with their regions.


identify the characteristics and purposes of maps, globes, GIS and other geographic tools.


read and interpret information from photographs, maps, globes, graphs, models and computer programs.


displays information on maps, globes, geographic models and in graphs, diagrams and charts (e.g., designing map keys and legends, etc.).


research the roles and accomplishments of the leaders of the reform movements before and during the Civil war (e.g., abolition movement, Underground Railroad and other social reforms, etc.).


explain how specific events and issues led to the Civil War (e.g., sectionalism fueled by issues of slavery in the territories, states' rights, election of 1860 and secession.


summarize key battles, strategies and turning points of the Civil War (e.g., Fort Sumter, Antietam, Gettysburg, other regional battles and the surrender at appomattox).


compare the roles and accomplishments of historic figures of the Civil War (e.g., Abraham Lincoln, Emancipation Proclamation, Gettysburg Address, Ulysses S. Grant, Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee, Clara Barton and Frederick Douglass, etc.).


explain the impact of the Civil War's physical destruction on the nation and the people (e.g., soldiers, women, African Americans, and the Civilian population, etc.).


explain the effects of Abraham Lincoln's assassination and the goals of Reconstruction.


characterized the effects of Reconstruction on African Americans (e.g., rights and restrictions, Thirteenth, Fourthteenth, Fifteenth, Ammendments rise of discriminatory laws and groups (Klu Klux Klan), motivations to relocate and the actions of the freedmen's bureau etc.).


illustrate how railroads affected development of the West (e.g., ease of travel, influence on trade and impact on environment, etc.).


compare and contrast conflicts between various groups in the West (e.g., miners, ranchers, cowboys, Native Americans, Mexican Americans and European and Asian immigrants, etc.).


summarize key events and political leaders surrounding the Spanish-American War and the annexation of new territory.


explain the role played by the United States involvement in Latin America and the building of Panama canal.


describe how the need for new markets led to the buildup of the Navy and the need for naval bases in the pacific.


examine how the Industrial Revolution was furthered by new inventions and technologies (e.g., light bulb, telegraph, automobile, assembly line, etc.).


identify prominent inventors and scientists of the period and summarize their inventions or discoveries (e.g., Thomas Edison, Alaxander Graham Bell, the Wright Brothers, Henry Ford and and Albert Einstein, etc.).


explain the causes and effects of immigration and urbanization on the American Economy during the Industrial Revolution (e.g., role of immigrants, the growth of cities, the shift of industrialization, the rise of big business and reform movements, etc.).


reconstruct the economic, social and political history of West Virginia through the use of primary source documents.


compare and contrast the roles and functions of the government (e.g., legislative, executive and judicial branches) at the local, county and the state levels.


take and defend a position as to why fulfilling one's civic responsibilty is important (e.g., debate, round-table discussion, etc.).


sequence the events that led to the formation of the state of West Virginia ( e.g., timeline, etc.).


identify and explain the significance of historical experiences and geographical, social and economic factors that have helped to shape both West Virginia's and America's Society.


analyze the moral, ethical and legal tensions that led to the creation of the nwe state of West Virginia and how those tensions were resolved.