Utah Core Standards Social Studies — Grade 8


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UT.SS.8.1

Students will interpret the role of geography in shaping United States history.

UT.SS.8.1.1.a

Identify the five themes of geography; i.e., location, place, human-environmental interaction, movement, and region.

UT.SS.8.1.1.b

Apply the five themes of geography as they relate to the development of the United States.

UT.SS.8.1.2.a

Locate the major physical features, including the plains, major rivers, bodies of water, mountain ranges, and continents.

UT.SS.8.1.2.b

Locate the major political features, including countries, regions, and states.

UT.SS.8.1.2.c

Apply map and globe skills to the study of United States history; e.g., direction, legend, scale, grid coordinates.

UT.SS.8.10

Students will understand the development of the American West following the Civil War.

UT.SS.8.10.1.a

Examine why peoples came to the West; e.g., farmers, ranchers, miners, American Indian nations, immigrants, adventurers.

UT.SS.8.10.1.b

Investigate the impact of mining and ranching on the land and people.

UT.SS.8.10.1.c

Assess the impact of the railroad on western development.

UT.SS.8.10.2.a

Examine the changes of the landscape due to settlement patterns.

UT.SS.8.10.2.b

Investigate the development of cities in the West.

UT.SS.8.10.2.c

Assess the impact western settlement patterns had on the Native American Indians.

UT.SS.8.10.3.a

Determine the reasons and groups involved in conflict during the settlement of the West; e.g., ranchers, miners, farmers, American Indian nations, immigrants.

UT.SS.8.10.3.b

Examine the consequences of conflict in the settlement of the West.

UT.SS.8.2

Students will investigate the relationship between events of different time periods.

UT.SS.8.2.1.a

Use print and broadcast media to acquire an awareness of current events.

UT.SS.8.2.1.b

Recognize the difference between fact and opinion, and discern bias in the media.

UT.SS.8.2.2.a

Apply knowledge of historical events to recent major events.

UT.SS.8.2.2.b

Utilize contemporary news to discuss past events.

UT.SS.8.3

Students will understand the changes caused by European exploration in the Americas.

UT.SS.8.3.1.a

Identify the major regional American Indian nations of North America.

UT.SS.8.3.1.b

Examine the cultures of American Indian nations; e.g., languages, beliefs, traditions, and lifestyles.

UT.SS.8.3.2.a

Explain the economic reasons behind exploration; e.g., trade routes, discoveries of fine goods in the East, search for raw materials.

UT.SS.8.3.2.b

Examine the political reasons behind exploration; e.g., empire building, European rivalries.

UT.SS.8.3.2.c

Investigate the social reasons behind exploration; e.g., spreading ideas and beliefs, seeking religious freedoms.

UT.SS.8.3.2.d

Identify key individuals who contributed to European exploration; e.g. Columbus, Cartier, Cabot, Hudson.

UT.SS.8.3.3.a

Examine the reasons for slavery in the New World; e.g., cotton, sugar, tobacco.

UT.SS.8.3.3.b

Trace the beginnings of the slave trade in the Americas.

UT.SS.8.3.3.c

Investigate the transportation of African slaves to the Americas; i.e., triangular trade routes, the Middle Passage.

UT.SS.8.3.3.d

Explore the impact of the Europeans and the resulting destruction of American Indian cultures; e.g., the Spanish Conquistadors, disease brought by Europeans, European settlement.

UT.SS.8.4

Students will analyze European colonization and settlement of North America.

UT.SS.8.4.1.a

Identify motives for exploration; e.g., religion, expansion, trade, wealth.

UT.SS.8.4.1.b

Locate the geographical regions of European settlement.

UT.SS.8.4.1.c

Investigate the contributions and influences of the major European powers.

UT.SS.8.4.2.a

Compare the reasons for settlement in the New England, Middle, and Southern colonies.

UT.SS.8.4.2.b

Explain the contributions of key individuals in the settling of the English colonies; e.g., John Smith, Lord Baltimore, William Bradford.

UT.SS.8.4.2.c

Identify key groups involved in the settlement of the English colonies; e.g., Virginia Company, Pilgrims, Puritans, Quakers.

UT.SS.8.4.2.d

Determine the reasons for conflict between the European powers in North America.

UT.SS.8.4.2.e

Examine the causes and outcomes of the French and Indian War.

UT.SS.8.4.3.a

Contrast the economies of the three major Colonial regions: New England, Middle, and Southern.

UT.SS.8.4.3.b

Assess the impact of geography on the economies of the three major regions.

UT.SS.8.4.3.c

Explain the development of self-government in the colonies.

UT.SS.8.4.3.d

Investigate the lifestyles and cultures of the New England, Middle, and Southern colonies; e.g., education, slavery, religion.

UT.SS.8.5

Students will understand the significance of the American Revolution in the development of the United States.

UT.SS.8.5.1.a

Explore the events leading to the outbreak of armed conflict between the American colonies and Great Britain.

UT.SS.8.5.1.b

Analyze the origin of the ideas behind the revolutionary movement and the movement toward independence; e.g., social contract, natural rights, English traditions.

UT.SS.8.5.1.c

Explain the major ideas expressed in the Declaration of Independence.

UT.SS.8.5.2.a

Examine how the Revolutionary War affected the colonists.

UT.SS.8.5.2.b

Explain the events that brought European aid to the American cause.

UT.SS.8.5.2.c

Examine the advantages and disadvantages of the Continental Army against British resources.

UT.SS.8.5.3.a

Identify the contributions of colonial leaders; e.g., George Washington, Thomas Paine, Alexander Hamilton, Sam Adams, John Adams

UT.SS.8.5.3.b

Analyze the role various political groups played in the Revolutionary movement; e.g., Sons and Daughters of Liberty, Committees of Correspondence, 1st and 2nd Continental Congress.

UT.SS.8.5.3.c

Examine the contributions of various social groups to the Revolutionary movement; e.g., women, free and enslaved blacks, American Indians.

UT.SS.8.5.4.a

Analyze the terms of the Treaty of Paris of 1783.

UT.SS.8.5.4.b

Determine the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.

UT.SS.8.5.4.c

Investigate the problems that faced the emerging nation; e.g., debt, lack of unified central government, international relations.

UT.SS.8.5.4.d

Explain the effect the Revolution had on people; e.g., Native American Indians, slaves, European immigrants.

UT.SS.8.6

Students will understand the structure and function of the United States government established by the Constitution.

UT.SS.8.6.1.a

Analyze the factors involved in convening the Constitutional Convention.

UT.SS.8.6.1.b

Investigate the ideas and documents that became the foundation for the United States Constitution; e.g., Magna Carta, Iroquois Confederation, European philosophers.

UT.SS.8.6.2.a

Compare the Federalists and Anti-Federalist ratification debates.

UT.SS.8.6.2.b

Examine the Constitution ratification compromises; i.e., 3/5 Compromise, Great Compromise, Bill of Rights.

UT.SS.8.6.3.a

Identify the major elements of the United States Constitution.

UT.SS.8.6.3.b

Explain the purpose of the Constitution as outlined in the preamble.

UT.SS.8.6.3.c

Explore the role and functions of the three branches of government.

UT.SS.8.6.3.d

Examine the Constitutional principles of separation of powers and checks and balances.

UT.SS.8.6.3.e

Determine the role of the Constitution as a living document.

UT.SS.8.6.4.a

Identify the responsibilities of citizenship to secure liberties; e.g., vote, perform jury duty, obey laws.

UT.SS.8.6.4.b

Examine the Bill of Rights and its specific guarantees.

UT.SS.8.7

Students will explore the territorial growth of the United States before the Civil War.

UT.SS.8.7.1.a

Explain Manifest Destiny and its role in American expansion; e.g., land acquisition, economy, immigration.

UT.SS.8.7.1.b

Examine the background and consequences of the Louisiana Purchase.

UT.SS.8.7.1.c

Investigate the role of explorers in the expansion of the United States; e.g., Lewis and Clark, Pike, Fremont.

UT.SS.8.7.1.d

Examine the groups of people that came West; e.g., mountain men, Mormon pioneers, California 49ers, Asian and Irish immigrants.

UT.SS.8.7.2.a

Investigate the causes and results of the War of 1812.

UT.SS.8.7.2.b

Analyze government policies toward and treaties with American Indian nations; e.g., relocation, removal, assimilation, and sovereignty.

UT.SS.8.7.2.c

Investigate the impact of the Mexican War on the land and people of the American Southwest; e.g., Mexican Cession, Texas, Gadsden Purchase.

UT.SS.8.7.3.a

Research the impact of inventions on expansion; e.g., farming,industry, communication.

UT.SS.8.7.3.b

Examine developments in transportation; e.g., expansion of roads and trails, steamboats, and railroads.

UT.SS.8.7.4.a

Examine the development of the factory system.

UT.SS.8.7.4.b

Analyze the role of factories on the growth of northern cities.

UT.SS.8.7.4.c

Determine how the Industrial Revolution affected the North, South, and West differently.

UT.SS.8.7.4.d

Investigate the changes in working conditions caused by the Industrial Revolution.

UT.SS.8.8

Students will examine the expansion of the political system and social rights before the Civil War.

UT.SS.8.8.1.a

Examine the differences between the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans.

UT.SS.8.8.1.b

Trace the development of new political parties throughout the 18 th and 19 th centuries; e.g., Whigs, Jacksonian Democrats, Republicans.

UT.SS.8.8.1.c

Determine the role of third parties as an agent of reform.

UT.SS.8.8.1.d

Investigate the role of political parties in the electoral process.

UT.SS.8.8.2.a

Examine how the Supreme Court strengthened the national government.

UT.SS.8.8.2.b

Analyze how states' rights issues led to growing sectionalism.

UT.SS.8.8.2.c

Investigate the relationship between national and state governments in expanding democracy.

UT.SS.8.8.2.d

Appraise how the political process changed to involve more people.

UT.SS.8.8.3.a

Examine the abolitionist movement; e.g., Sojourner Truth, William Lloyd Garrison, Frederick Douglas, the Grimke sisters.

UT.SS.8.8.3.b

Investigate the impact of reform in education, religion, prisons and the treatment of the mentally ill during this period.

UT.SS.8.8.3.c

Examine the extension of women's political and legal rights.

UT.SS.8.9

Students will understand the significance of the Civil War Era to the United States.

UT.SS.8.9.1.a

Describe the cultural differences between the North and the South.

UT.SS.8.9.1.b

Examine the sectional economic differences of the United States; e.g., slavery, industry, agriculture, geography.

UT.SS.8.9.1.c

Analyze how states' rights led to conflict between the North and the South.

UT.SS.8.9.1.d

Trace the failure of compromise to ease sectional differences; e.g., Missouri Compromise, Compromise of 1850, Kansas-Nebraska Act.

UT.SS.8.9.1.e

Investigate how the abolitionist movement increased sectional tensions between the Northern and Southern states; e.g., John Brown's raid, Dred Scott decision, Uncle Tom's Cabin, the Fugitive Slave Law.

UT.SS.8.9.1.f

Assess how the election of 1860 led to secession.

UT.SS.8.9.2.a

Compare the advantages and disadvantages of the Union and the Confederacy.

UT.SS.8.9.2.b

Analyze the impact of the Emancipation Proclamation on the United States and the Confederacy.

UT.SS.8.9.2.c

Identify the contributions of key individuals in the Civil War; e.g., Lincoln, Davis, Lee, Grant.

UT.SS.8.9.2.d

Investigate how the Civil War affected all people in the United States land area.

UT.SS.8.9.3.a

Explain the purpose of Reconstruction.

UT.SS.8.9.3.b

Analyze the social impact of Reconstruction; e.g., abolition of slavery, integration of races, fall of Southern society, education.

UT.SS.8.9.3.c

Determine the economic changes in the country caused by Reconstruction.

UT.SS.8.9.3.d

Explain the political changes brought about by the Reconstruction Era; e.g., 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments, voting regulations, military districts.