Utah Core Standards Social Studies — Grade 9


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UT.SS.10.1

Students will gain an understanding of early civilizations and their contributions to the foundations of human culture.

UT.SS.10.1.1.a

Investigate hunters and gatherers.

UT.SS.10.1.1.b

Explore man's domestication of plants and animals.

UT.SS.10.1.1.c

Examine the role of irrigation in early agriculture.

UT.SS.10.1.2.a

Examine why early civilizations developed in river environments.

UT.SS.10.1.2.b

Evaluate the diffusion of civilizations.

UT.SS.10.1.3.a

Analyze the social, political, and economic structure of ancient civilizations.

UT.SS.10.1.3.b

Investigate the technological advancements and writing systems that developed in early river valley cultures.

UT.SS.10.1.3.c

Identify the factors that led to the rise of cities.

UT.SS.10.2

Students will comprehend the contributions of classical civilizations.

UT.SS.10.2.1.a

Examine the essential elements of the belief systems of Greek mythology, Judaism, Christianity, Confucianism, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Islam.

UT.SS.10.2.1.b

Examine the diffusion of Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.

UT.SS.10.2.1.c

Compare and contrast the major philosophies of the Greeks and Chinese.

UT.SS.10.2.2.a

Contrast the evolution of Athenian democracy and Spartan rule.

UT.SS.10.2.2.b

Examine the consequences of Persian and Macedonian expansion.

UT.SS.10.2.2.c

Contrast Zhou feudalism, the Greek city-state, and the caste system of India.

UT.SS.10.2.2.d

Compare the development of the Roman and Han empires.

UT.SS.10.2.3.a

Identify routes of early colonization; e.g., Phoenician, Greek, Hellenistic, Korean/Japanese.

UT.SS.10.2.3.b

Examine the technological improvements in transportation over time.

UT.SS.10.2.3.c

Assess the importance of the Mediterranean and East Asian trade routes.

UT.SS.10.2.4.a

Examine the importance and influence of Greco-Roman art and architecture.

UT.SS.10.2.4.b

Assess the development of Indian and Chinese architecture and art.

UT.SS.10.2.4.c

Investigate the importance and influence of the performing arts on classical civilizations.

UT.SS.10.2.5.a

Describe the role of slavery in Greece and Rome.

UT.SS.10.2.5.b

Compare the role of the family in Imperial Rome and Confucian China.

UT.SS.10.2.5.c

Explain the caste system of India.

UT.SS.10.2.5.d

Compare the treatment of women in China, Athens, Sparta, India, and Rome.

UT.SS.10.3

Students will investigate the diffusion and interaction of cultures from the Classical Period through the Age of Discovery.

UT.SS.10.3.1.a

Describe the impact the Silk Road had on trade across Europe and Asia.

UT.SS.10.3.1.b

Discuss the importance of cross-Saharan migrations.

UT.SS.10.3.1.c

Examine the consequences of the Crusades.

UT.SS.10.3.1.d

Analyze the impact of Mongol invasion on Europe and Asia.

UT.SS.10.3.1.e

Examine the influence of Chinese culture on Southeast Asia, Korea, and Japan.

UT.SS.10.3.2.a

Identify the significant technological developments in Tang China.

UT.SS.10.3.2.b

Investigate key technologies that diffused to Europe from Asia; e.g., gunpowder, printing.

UT.SS.10.3.2.c

Explain the consequences of the cannon and the longbow on European warfare and society.

UT.SS.10.3.2.d

Analyze the impact of movable type printing on Europe.

UT.SS.10.3.3.a

Assess the expansion of Portugal and Spain on Africa, India, and Southwest Asia.

UT.SS.10.3.3.c

Assess the impact of the exchange of ideas and goods on the New and Old Worlds.

UT.SS.10.3.3.d

Investigate French, Dutch, and English merchants' impact on European overseas expansion.

UT.SS.10.3.4.a

Describe the political and economic importance of the growth of towns in northern Europe.

UT.SS.10.3.4.b

Explain the political and economic consequences of the rise of national monarchies.

UT.SS.10.3.4.c

Examine the influence of mercantilism and commercial capitalism on France, England, and the Netherlands.

UT.SS.10.4

Students will understand the influence of revolution and social change in the transition from early modern to contemporary societies.

UT.SS.10.4.1.a

Compare the rebirth of European culture during the Renaissance with the flowering Chinese culture of the Ming dynasty; i.e., literature,art, architecture, the humanities.

UT.SS.10.4.1.b

Examine the key events and ideas of the Protestant Reformation, the Counter Reformation, and Neo-Confucianism.

UT.SS.10.4.1.c

Analyze the significant ideas and philosophies of the scientific revolution and the Enlightenment.

UT.SS.10.4.1.d

Examine the roles and conditions of men, women, and children in European monarchies.

UT.SS.10.4.2.a

Explain the political, economic, and social philosophies that lead to revolution.

UT.SS.10.4.2.b

Compare and contrast major world revolutions; e.g., American, French, Russian, Chinese.

UT.SS.10.4.3.a

Compare and contrast capitalism and socialism.

UT.SS.10.4.3.b

Explain the significance of the agricultural revolution.

UT.SS.10.4.3.c

Investigate the impact of the first and second Industrial Revolutions.

UT.SS.10.4.4.a

Examine the impact of Western imperialism on Africa.

UT.SS.10.4.4.b

Compare the reactions of China, India, and Japan to foreign domination.

UT.SS.10.5

Students will understand the interaction of peoples in the global integration of the 20th century.

UT.SS.10.5.1.a

Investigate the impact of totalitarianism on Europe; i.e., Stalinism, Italian fascism, German National Socialism.

UT.SS.10.5.1.b

Examine the connections among WWI, the Great Depression, and WWII.

UT.SS.10.5.1.c

Assess the consequences of global war on the world.

UT.SS.10.5.2.a

Explain the key elements of the Cold War.

UT.SS.10.5.2.b

Examine the independence movements in the African and Asian colonial world.

UT.SS.10.5.2.c

Determine the causes and effects of the collapse of the Soviet sphere.

UT.SS.10.5.3.a

Assess the impact of economic and political organizations on global relations; e.g., World Trade Organization, United Nations,Olympics.

UT.SS.10.5.3.b

Examine the impact of advancements in worldwide communication/transportation; e.g., satellite communications, information technology/Internet, mass transportation.

UT.SS.10.5.3.c

Analyze the impact of military alliances; e.g., North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Warsaw Pact, United Nations Geneva Convention.

UT.SS.10.5.4.a

Assess the base of terrorist networks and activities.

UT.SS.10.5.4.b

Examine the impact of terrorism on the lives of people.

UT.SS.10.5.4.c

Analyze the responses of political and economic institutions to terrorism.

UT.SS.11.1.1

Examine the American colonial experience.

UT.SS.11.1.1.a

Identify reasons for the establishment of colonies in America

UT.SS.11.1.1.b

Examine the rise of American culture in the New England, Middle, and Southern colonies.

UT.SS.11.1.2

Investigate the development of the United States form of government, a compound constitutional republic, and its institutions and politics.

UT.SS.11.1.2.a

Identify the philosophies which influenced the development of the Constitution, separation of powers, balance of power, and the elastic clause.

UT.SS.11.1.2.b

Analyze the Constitution's creation and impact on the new United States.

UT.SS.11.1.2.c

Trace the development of American government and politics from the Federalist period through Jacksonian democracy.

UT.SS.11.1.3

Analyze the growth and division of the United States from 1820 through 1877.

UT.SS.11.1.3.a

Trace the United States' expansion and growth from the Atlantic to the Pacific.

UT.SS.11.1.3.b

Recognize the sectional differences that developed during the antebellum period.

UT.SS.11.1.3.c

Evaluate the causes, course, and consequences of the Civil War.

UT.SS.11.1.3.d

Analyze the successes and failures of the Reconstruction period following the Civil War.

UT.SS.11.1.3.e

Examine the United States' policies relating to American Indians.

UT.SS.11.10.1

Analyze the economy of the contemporary United States.

UT.SS.11.10.1.a

Examine the effects of economics on modern society.

UT.SS.11.10.1.b

Trace the development of computers and the Internet and their impact on American business and globalization.

UT.SS.11.10.2

Determine how politics was changed by the end of the Cold War.

UT.SS.11.10.2.a

Examine the Reagan Revolution, its goals, success, and failures.

UT.SS.11.10.2.b

Determine the impact of environmentalism on the United States.

UT.SS.11.10.2.c

Analyze the impact of international terrorism on the United States.

UT.SS.11.2.1

Assess how transportation, communication, and marketing improvements and innovations transformed the American economy in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

UT.SS.11.2.1.a

Identify major American inventions and how they affected the United States; e.g., telephone, electricity, car, motion pictures.

UT.SS.11.2.1.b

Explain the expansion of transportation and communication in the United States following the Civil War.

UT.SS.11.2.1.c

Determine the impact of industrialization on the American economy and society.

UT.SS.11.2.1.d

Examine how the market revolution affected retail distribution of goods in the cities and in rural areas.

UT.SS.11.2.2

Evaluate the prominent business leaders and the business organizations that influenced the growth of industrialization in the United States.

UT.SS.11.2.2.a

Examine the roles of American industrialists; e.g., Rockefeller, Morgan, Carnegie, Vanderbilt, Ford.

UT.SS.11.2.2.b

Evaluate the growth and influences of monopolies and trusts on capitalism.

UT.SS.11.2.3

Assess how the growth of industry affected the movement of people into and within the United States.

UT.SS.11.2.3.a

Determine the demographic changes in population from the 1890s to the present.

UT.SS.11.2.3.b

Investigate the influences that affected various immigrant groups entering the United States.

UT.SS.11.2.3.c

Examine the working conditions of immigrant workers; e.g., factory, mine, agriculture, transportation.

UT.SS.11.2.4

Investigate the challenges presented to urban inhabitants.

UT.SS.11.2.4.a

Identify how American cities spawned American architecture.

UT.SS.11.2.4.b

Examine living conditions in tenements.

UT.SS.11.2.4.c

Compare the attitudes of Social Darwinism with those of Social Gospel believers.

UT.SS.11.3.1

Investigate reform movements and their prominent leaders.

UT.SS.11.3.1.a

Examine the problems faced by American farmers created by the new market economy and the rise of the Populist Party.

UT.SS.11.3.1.b

Analyze the growth and influence of political machines; i.e., muckrakers, Progressives.

UT.SS.11.3.1.c

Investigate the emerging civil rights movements for women and Afro-Americans.

UT.SS.11.3.2

Assess the growth and development of labor unions and their key leaders.

UT.SS.11.3.2.a

Trace the development of national labor unions.

UT.SS.11.3.2.b

Determine the impact of collective bargaining.

UT.SS.11.3.2.c

Analyze the development of socialism in the United States.

UT.SS.11.4.1

Investigate how the United States became involved in imperialism and the Spanish-American War.

UT.SS.11.4.1.a

Determine the economic, social, and military affects of United States imperialism.

UT.SS.11.4.1.b

Examine the cause, course, and consequences of the Spanish-American War.

UT.SS.11.4.1.c

Assess how America's imperialism altered relationships with the Far East and Latin America.

UT.SS.11.4.2

Examine how World War I affected the military and the home front of the United States.

UT.SS.11.4.2.a

Identify major causes of World War I and the United States involvement and influence in the war; e.g., Wilsons Fourteen Points, the Versailles Treaty.

UT.SS.11.4.2.b

Determine the reasons the United States Senate refused to join the League of Nations.

UT.SS.11.4.2.c

Examine the impact World War I had on the United States; e.g., government policy, industrial might, civil liberties.

UT.SS.11.5.1

Analyze how the United States coped with rapid economic and technological advances.

UT.SS.11.5.1.a

Investigate how mass media affected American society.

UT.SS.11.5.1.b

Assess how new inventions and consumerism influenced daily life.

UT.SS.11.5.1.c

Explain how the automobile affected the business and landscape of America.

UT.SS.11.5.2

Examine the experiences of black Americans and women in the early 20th century.

UT.SS.11.5.2.a

Account for the sudden growth of black consciousness.

UT.SS.11.5.2.b

Describe the changes in women's attitudes and roles in society.

UT.SS.11.6.1

Investigate the impact of the Great Depression on the United States.

UT.SS.11.6.1.a

Analyze the major causes of the Great Depression.

UT.SS.11.6.1.b

Examine the social effects of the Great Depression.

UT.SS.11.6.2

Analyze the long-term effects of the New Deal on the United States.

UT.SS.11.6.2.a

Explore the purposes and effectiveness of the New Deal; e.g., presidency, economics, politics.

UT.SS.11.6.2.b

Investigate the shift of power from state to federal government.

UT.SS.11.7.1

Determine how America shifted from isolationism to intervention.

UT.SS.11.7.1.a

Analyze the factors that led to militarism and fascist aggression in the world.

UT.SS.11.7.1.b

Determine how the attack on Pearl Harbor forced the United States out of isolationism.

UT.SS.11.7.1.c

Examine how the alliance systems led the United States into World War II.

UT.SS.11.7.1.d

Investigate the major campaigns of the United States in the European and Pacific theaters; e.g., Midway, D-Day, Battle of the Bulge, island hopping, and the bombing of Japan.

UT.SS.11.7.2

Examine the impact World War II had on the American home front.

UT.SS.11.7.2.a

Identify the impact of World War II on minority groups in America.

UT.SS.11.7.2.b

Examine the role women played in the wartime workforce.

UT.SS.11.7.2.c

Trace American mobilization for war.

UT.SS.11.7.3

Evaluate how the rules and weapons of war changed during World War II.

UT.SS.11.7.3.a

Assess how the war expanded beyond military targets to civilian centers.

UT.SS.11.7.3.b

Evaluate how technology changed the weapons used in World War II and introduced the atomic age.

UT.SS.11.7.4

Investigate the Post-War Baby Boom's influence on America.

UT.SS.11.7.4.a

Assess the influence of the G.I. Bill on the American lifestyle.

UT.SS.11.7.4.b

Trace the development of consumerism and the economy on the Baby Boom generation.

UT.SS.11.7.4.c

Trace the development of television and its impact on American culture.

UT.SS.11.7.4.d

Investigate the cultural and social impact of the Baby Boom generation on the American people.

UT.SS.11.8.1

Investigate how the postwar goals and action of the United States and the Soviet Union were manifested throughout the world.

UT.SS.11.8.1.a

Analyze the organization and operation of the United Nations.

UT.SS.11.8.1.b

Evaluate the effectiveness of American post-war foreign policy in Europe and the Soviet Union's reaction.

UT.SS.11.8.1.c

Examine the world's reaction to nuclear weapons.

UT.SS.11.8.2

Analyze the Cold War ideology of the United States involvement in Asia.

UT.SS.11.8.2.a

Explain Americas reaction to the fall of China to Communism under Mao Zedong.

UT.SS.11.8.2.b

Trace American and United Nations involvement in the Korean Police Action.

UT.SS.11.8.2.c

Examine the various factors that drew the United States into conflict with North Vietnam and Ho Chi Minh.

UT.SS.11.8.2.d

Investigate how the Vietnam War changed the nature of warfare.

UT.SS.11.8.3

Summarize the political, social, and economic reactions to the Cold War in the United States.

UT.SS.11.8.3.a

Examine the successes and failures of the various political administrations; e.g., Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, Nixon.

UT.SS.11.8.3.b

Analyze the Great Society programs aimed at ending poverty.

UT.SS.11.8.3.c

Examine the impact of McCarthyism and Watergate on citizens' attitudes toward government.

UT.SS.11.8.3.d

Trace the development of space exploration.

UT.SS.11.8.4

Investigate the end of the Cold War and examine Americas role in the changing world.

UT.SS.11.8.4.a

Compare differing American reactions to overseas military involvement.

UT.SS.11.8.4.b

Trace the events that resulted in the breakup of the USSR.

UT.SS.11.8.4.c

Examine the superpower status of the United States in the world.

UT.SS.11.9.1

Analyze how the civil rights movement affected United States society.

UT.SS.11.9.1.a

Identify the causes and consequences of civil rights legislation and court decisions

UT.SS.11.9.1.b

Investigate the fight for political, economic, and social equality of women.

UT.SS.11.9.1.c

Analyze how the black civil rights movement utilized both social and political actions to achieve its goals.

UT.SS.11.9.1.d

Investigate the gains in civil rights made by the American Indian nations, Mexican-Americans, and other ethnic groups in the last half of the twentieth century.

UT.SS.11.9.2

Analyze the impact of the counter-culture since the 1960s.

UT.SS.11.9.2.a

Trace the development of the counter-culture from the anti-Vietnam movement.

UT.SS.11.9.2.b

Assess the development of mass media as the voice of the counter-culture.

UT.SS.11.9.2.c

Examine the impact of drugs on the counter-culture and the United States.

UT.SS.12.1

Students will understand the significance and impact of the Constitution on everyday life.

UT.SS.12.1.1.a

Identify and summarize the philosophies that contributed to the Constitution; e.g., Machiavelli, Locke, Jefferson, Madison, Hamilton.

UT.SS.12.1.1.b

Identify and investigate the events that led to the creation of the Constitution.

UT.SS.12.1.1.c

Analyze how the idea of compromise affected the Constitution.

UT.SS.12.1.2.a

Examine the purposes and role of government.

UT.SS.12.1.2.b

Investigate the major ideas of the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and other writings; e.g., Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights, Mayflower Compact, Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation, Iroquois Confederation.

UT.SS.12.1.2.c

Compare the Articles of Confederation to the United States Constitution.

UT.SS.12.1.3.a

Explain how the separation of powers is maintained through checks and balances.

UT.SS.12.1.3.b

Describe how the federal system of government creates a division of power.

UT.SS.12.1.3.c

Determine how judicial review makes the Constitution a living document.

UT.SS.12.1.3.d

Examine how the rule of law affects everyday life.

UT.SS.12.1.3.e

Investigate the necessity for civic virtue.

UT.SS.12.1.4.a

Explain how legislative, executive, and judicial powers are distributed and shared among the three branches of national government.

UT.SS.12.1.4.b

Describe how the United States Congress makes laws.

UT.SS.12.1.4.c

Examine the ways in which the executive branch carries out laws.

UT.SS.12.1.4.d

Investigate how laws are interpreted by courts through an adversarial process; i.e., plaintiff, defendant.

UT.SS.12.2

Students will understand the protections and privileges of individuals and groups in the United States.

UT.SS.12.2.1.a

Determine the rights and liberties outlined in the Bill of Rights.

UT.SS.12.2.1.b

Examine how the Bill of Rights promotes civil rights and protects diversity.

UT.SS.12.2.1.c

Assess the significance of the First and Fourteenth Amendments.

UT.SS.12.2.2.a

Examine how the Bill of Rights promotes a just legal system.

UT.SS.12.2.2.b

Summarize the differing interpretations of the strict versus loose constructionists.

UT.SS.12.2.2.c

Identify landmark cases and their impact on civil rights and individual liberties; e.g., Dred Scott, Plessey, Brown, Miranda, Gideon, Bakke.

UT.SS.12.3

Students will understand the distribution of power among the national, state, and local governments in the United States federal system, or compound constitutional republic.

UT.SS.12.3.1.a

Identify and explain the concept of federalism.

UT.SS.12.3.1.b

Examine the debate between federal supremacy and states' rights.

UT.SS.12.3.1.c

Assess the unique relationship between the soverign American Indian nations and the United States government.

UT.SS.12.3.2.a

Describe the powers given to local governments.

UT.SS.12.3.2.b

Investigate the structure and function of local government.

UT.SS.12.3.2.c

Assess how federal monies influence local policy and decision-making.

UT.SS.12.3.2.d

Explore current issues affecting local governments; e.g., spending, state v. local control, land use.

UT.SS.12.3.2.e

Examine how public education is a function of state and local government.

UT.SS.12.4

Students will understand the responsibilities of citizens in the United States.

UT.SS.12.4.1.a

Assess the need to obey laws.

UT.SS.12.4.1.b

Examine the election and voting process.

UT.SS.12.4.1.c

Examine the United States tax system.

UT.SS.12.4.1.d

Recognize the need for selective service in maintaining a military.

UT.SS.12.4.1.e

Investigate the major political parties and their ideas.

UT.SS.12.4.2.a

Evaluate the need for civic dialogue in maintaining a democratic society; e.g., public meetings, mass meetings.

UT.SS.12.4.2.b

Participate in activities that promote the public good; e.g., the voting process, jury duty, community service.

UT.SS.12.4.3.a

Analyze and evaluate conditions, actions, and motivations that contribute to conflict and cooperation.

UT.SS.12.4.3.b

Develop an understanding of the role of civility in dealing with individual and group differences.

UT.SS.12.5

Students will understand basic economic principles and how they influence everyday life.

UT.SS.12.5.1.a

Explain how the scarcity and abundance of productive resources contribute to economic systems.

UT.SS.12.5.1.b

Develop an understanding of capitalism, communism, socialism, and mixed economic systems.

UT.SS.12.5.1.c

Examine the problems of newly developing economies in today's world.

UT.SS.12.5.2.a

Analyze the role that prices, incentives, and profits play in determining what is produced and distributed in a competitive market system.

UT.SS.12.5.2.b

Determine how scarcity and choice influence governmental economic decision making.

UT.SS.12.5.2.c

Examine how the private and public sectors contribute to an economic system.

UT.SS.12.5.2.d

Analyze the role of specialization and exchange in the economic process.

UT.SS.12.6

Students will understand the relationship between the United States and the international system.

UT.SS.12.6.1.a

Explain the purpose of government and analyze how government powers are acquired, used, and justified.

UT.SS.12.6.1.b

Compare different political systems with that of the United States; e.g., dictatorship, democracy, theocracy, monarchy, totalitarianism.

UT.SS.12.6.1.c

Analyze and evaluate conditions, actions, and motivations that contribute to conflict and cooperation within and among nations.

UT.SS.12.6.2.a

Explain the powers that the Constitution gives to the president and Congress in foreign affairs, and how these powers have been used.

UT.SS.12.6.2.b

Describe the process by which United States foreign policy is made; e.g., federal agencies, domestic interest groups, the public, the media.

UT.SS.12.6.2.c

Analyze the various ways that United States foreign policy is carried out; e.g., diplomatic, economic, military, humanitarian.

UT.SS.12.6.2.d

Explain how United States domestic politics affect United States foreign policy.

UT.SS.12.6.3.a

Describe the impact of the United States concepts of democracy and individual rights on the world.

UT.SS.12.6.3.b

Explain how developments in other nations affect United States society and life.

UT.SS.12.6.3.c

Describe the role of the United States in international organizations.

UT.SS.9.1

Students will understand the world in spatial terms.

UT.SS.9.1.1.a

Explain the differences between major types of map projections.

UT.SS.9.1.1.b

Examine characteristics of maps and globes such as latitude, longitude, great circle routes, cardinal directions, compass rose, legend, scale, relief, grid system, and time zones.

UT.SS.9.1.1.c

Explain selected map concepts, including rotation, revolution, axis, seasons, solstice, equinox, and the earth/sun relationship of weather patterns.

UT.SS.9.1.1.d

Collect and interpret geographic data using maps, charts, population pyramids, cartograms, remote sensing, and Geographic Information Systems (GIS).

UT.SS.9.1.2.b

Appraise mental maps, from simple to complex.

UT.SS.9.1.3.a

Describe the importance and role of location in geographic studies.

UT.SS.9.1.3.b

Apply the geographic mode of inquiry (What? Where? How? And So What?) to world regions

UT.SS.9.1.3.c

Evaluate the locational importance of human and natural resources using maps, satellite images, and databases.

UT.SS.9.1.3.d

Define absolute and relative location recognizing political and physical boundaries.

UT.SS.9.2

Students will understand the human and physical characteristics of places and regions.

UT.SS.9.2.1.a

Examine human characteristics, including language, religion, population, political and economic systems, and quality of life.

UT.SS.9.2.1.b

Investigate physical characteristics such as landforms, climates, water cycle, vegetation, and animal life.

UT.SS.9.2.1.c

Recognize that places change over time.

UT.SS.9.2.2.a

Recognize how peoples create regions to understand a large, complex, and changing world.

UT.SS.9.2.2.b

Characterize the similarities and differences within and between regions.

UT.SS.9.2.3.a

List and define components of culture; e.g., race, gender roles, education, religion.

UT.SS.9.2.3.b

Explain the effects of cultural diffusion from country to country.

UT.SS.9.3

Students will understand how physical processes shape the earth's surface.

UT.SS.9.3.1.a

Examine the role of plate tectonics in shaping the earths surface.

UT.SS.9.3.1.b

Assess the external forces of weathering and erosion.

UT.SS.9.3.1.c

Explain the factors that combine to shape climatic and vegetation patterns on earth.

UT.SS.9.3.2.a

Identify the characteristics of ecosystems.

UT.SS.9.3.2.b

Use geographic tools to identify the location and distribution of global ecosystems.

UT.SS.9.3.2.c

Compare regions of the earth with similar physical features, such as semiarid regions in Utah with other semiarid regions of the world.

UT.SS.9.4

Students will understand how human activities shape the earth's surface.

UT.SS.9.4.1.a

Describe how physical environments provide geographic advantage or disadvantage.

UT.SS.9.4.1.b

Examine the importance of water to settlement patterns.

UT.SS.9.4.1.c

Explain why people who modify their physical environment in one place cause change in other places.

UT.SS.9.4.1.d

Investigate how people adapt to their environment.

UT.SS.9.4.2.a

Examine economic networks, from local to global.

UT.SS.9.4.2.b

Assess how nations and cultures are linked through transportation, communication, language, currency, goods, and services.

UT.SS.9.4.3.a

Compare and contrast political systems within world regions.

UT.SS.9.4.3.b

Determine the role of government in contemporary and historical world issues.

UT.SS.9.5

Students will understand the interaction of physical and human systems.

UT.SS.9.5.1.a

Evaluate the role of technology in modifying the physical environment.

UT.SS.9.5.1.b

Explain how historical events affect physical and human systems.

UT.SS.9.5.1.c

Discuss regional issues; e.g., desertification, deforestation, pollution.

UT.SS.9.5.1.d

Predict the potential effect of human modification on the physical environment.

UT.SS.9.5.2.a

Describe the roles of natural and human resources in daily life.

UT.SS.9.5.2.b

Identify worldwide distribution and use of human and natural resources.

UT.SS.9.5.2.c

Compare and contrast the use of renewable and nonrenewable resources.

UT.SS.9.5.2.d

Evaluate the role of energy resources as they are consumed, conserved, and recycled.

UT.SS.9.6

Students will use geographic knowledge to connect to today's world.

UT.SS.9.6.1.a

Apply an understanding of cultures as an integrated whole including traditions, behavior patterns, and technologies.

UT.SS.9.6.1.b

Explain why and how individuals, groups, and institutions respond to continuity and change.

UT.SS.9.6.1.c

Relate economic development to the distribution of resources.

UT.SS.9.6.1.d

Recognize that both human choices and natural events have consequences.

UT.SS.9.6.2.a

Examine how the unequal distribution of resources effects economic development.

UT.SS.9.6.2.b

Investigate career opportunities available through the application of geography skills and concepts.

UT.SS.9.6.2.c

Participate in community activities respecting the environment and personal property.