Tennessee Social Studies Standards (2011) — Grade 9

Click on any standard to search for aligned resources. This data may be subject to copyright. You may download a CSV of the Tennessee Social Studies Standards (2011) if your intention constitutes fair use.

Plan, assess, and analyze learning aligned to these standards using Kiddom.

Learn more: How Kiddom Empowers Teachers.

AAH. 12

Identify and explain the contributions of African Americans in science and the arts. (C)


Analyze the economic, political, and social reasons for focusing the slave trade on Africa, including the role of Africans, Europeans, and colonists. (C, E, H)


Describe and analyze the African American family in antebellum America. (C)


Describe the development of African American institutions such as religion, education, and benevolent organizations. (C)


Evaluate President Lincoln's views on slavery and the status of freed slaves in the United States. (P)


Identify and explain the roles of African American soldiers, spies, and slaves to the war effort in both the North and the South, including the 13th U.S. Colored Troops. (H, TN)


Analyze the effects of Reconstruction on the legal, political, social, cultural, educational, and economic life of freedmen. (H, P)


Assess the successes and failures of Reconstruction as they relate to African Americans. (H, P)


Assess the economic and social impact of Jim Crow laws on African Americans. (C, H, E)


Analyze the legal ramifications of segregation laws and court decisions on American society. (H, P)


Compare and contrast the political movements that developed in response to Jim Crow laws, including the Niagara Movement, the NAACP, the Urban League, The Atlanta Compromise, The Farmers Union Movement, Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, and the Anti-Lynching Crusade. (H, P)


Analyze the role of geography on the growth and development of slavery. (E, G)


Compare and contrast the African American political and legal personalities of the time period and their impact on American society, including Samuel McElwee, Robert Church Sr., Ida B. Wells, Randolph Miller, and James Napier. (P, TN)


Describe the development of African American institutions such as religion, education, and benevolent organizations. (C)


Evaluate the economic, cultural, political, and social impact of African American migration within and from the South, including the Exodusters, Benjamin Pap Singleton, and 2nd Great Migration. (C, E, G, TN)


Describe the impact of African American regiments on the western campaigns, the Spanish American War, and World War I, including Buffalo Soldiers and George Jordan. (C, H, TN)


Assess the literary contributions made by African Americans. (C)


Describe the contributions of African Americans to the performing arts, including Fisk Jubilee Singers, W.C. Handy, John Work III, and DeFord Bailey. (C, TN)


Describe the contributions of African Americans to the visual arts, including Edmondson Williams. (C, TN)


Evaluate the impact of the African American media on American life. (C)


Analyze reactions of Americans to the Harlem Renaissance. (C)


Analyze the impact of the Great Depression and the New Deal on the lives of African Americans. (C, H, P)


Assess the impact of the slave trade on Africa and the colonies. (E)


Evaluate the continued quest for civil rights in America. (C, P)


Describe the effects of African American 'pop' culture of the 1930's and 1940's. (C)


Analyze the impact of racism in America during World War II. (C)


Describe and evaluate the contributions of African Americans during World War II. (C, H)


Explain how World War II laid the groundwork for the modern Civil Rights Movement. (C, P)


Explain how legal victories prior to 1954 inspired and propelled the Civil Rights Movement. (P)


Describe the impact of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas and evaluate the resistance and reaction to it. (H, P)


Define various methods used to obtain civil rights. (C, H)


Identify various organizations and their role in the Civil Rights Movement, including the Highlander Folk School. (C, H, P, TN)


Assess the extent to which the Civil Rights Movement transformed American politics and society. (C, H, P)


Identify and explain the Middle Passage as one of the largest forced migrations in human history. (C, H)


Determine the impact of the Vietnam War on the Civil Rights Movement. (C, H, P)


Summarize the Civil Rights Movement in Tennessee, including the integration of Clinton High School, sit-ins in Nashville, and the activities of Diane Nash and Jim Lawson. (C, H, P, TN)


Identify and analyze how the changing political environment has impacted civil rights. (P)


Describe how African Americans have responded to or engaged in political conservatism. (P)


Compare and contrast the responses of African Americans to the economic, social, and political challenges of contemporary America. (C, E, P)


Identify and evaluate major contemporary African American issues confronting society, including affirmative action, the educational achievement gap, the wealth gap, poverty, AIDS, and crime. (C, E, P)


Analyze the impact of immigration and migration on the lives of African Americans in contemporary America. (C, G)


Identify the major contributions of contemporary African Americans in business, education, the arts, politics, sports, science, technology, and society in general, including Wilma Rudolph, Tina Turner and Oprah Winfrey. (C, TN)


Analyze the economic, social, religious, and legal justifications for the establishment and continuation of slavery. (C, E, H)


Identify and evaluate the various ways Africans in America resisted slavery. (C, H)


Analyze the role slavery played in the development of nationalism and sectionalism. (C, E, H, P)


Assess the development of the abolitionist movement and its impact on slavery and the nation. (C, H, P)


Compare and contrast African American urban and rural communities in the North and the South. (C, G)


Analyze primary and secondary sources to make generalizations about events in world history to 1500. (C, H)


Explain how archaeological discoveries are changing present-day knowledge of early peoples. (C, G).


Locate these civilizations in time and place. (G)


Describe the development of social, political, and economic patterns, including slavery. (C, E, P)


Explain the development of religious traditions. (C)


Describe the origins, beliefs, traditions, customs, and spread of Judaism from circa 1000 B.C./B.C.E. to 135 A.D./C.E. (C)


Cite the religious, social, and legal contributions of Judaism. (C, G)


Explain the development of language and writing. (C)


Describe Persia, including Zoroastrianism and the development of an imperial bureaucracy. (C, P)


Describe India, with emphasis on the Aryan migrations and the caste system. (C, G, H, P)


Describe the origins, beliefs, traditions, customs, and spread of Hinduism. (C, G)


Use maps, globes, artifacts, and pictures to analyze the physical and cultural landscapes of the world and interpret the past to 1500. (G)


Describe the origins, beliefs, traditions, customs, and spread of Buddhism. (C, G)


Describe China, with emphasis on the development of an empire and the construction of the Great Wall. (C, G)


Describe the impact of Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism. (C)


Assess the influence of geography on Greek economic, social, and political development, including the impact of Greek commerce and colonies. (C, E, G, H, P)


Describe Greek mythology and religion. (C)


Identify the social structure and role of slavery, explaining the significance of citizenship and the development of democracy, and comparing the city-states of Athens and Sparta. (C, E, G, H, P)


Evaluate the significance of the Persian and Peloponnesian wars. (H)


Characterize life in Athens during the Golden Age of Pericles. (C)


Cite contributions in drama, poetry, history, sculpture, architecture, science, mathematics, and philosophy, with emphasis on Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. (C)


Explain the conquest of Greece by Macedonia and the formation and spread of Hellenistic culture by Alexander the Great. (C, G, H)


Identify major geographic features important to the study of world history to 1500. (G)


Assess the influence of geography on Roman economic, social, and political development. (G)


Describe Roman mythology and religion. (C)


Explain the social structure and role of slavery, significance of citizenship, and the development of democratic features in the government of the Roman Republic. (C, G, P)


Sequence events leading to Roman military domination of the Mediterranean basin and Western Europe and the spread of Roman culture in these areas. (C, G, H)


Assess the impact of military conquests on the army, economy, and social structure of Rome. (C, E, G, P)


Assess the roles of Julius and Augustus Caesar in the collapse of the Republic and the rise of imperial monarchs. (H, P)


Explain the economic, social, and political impact of the Pax Romana. (C, E, P)


Describe the origin, beliefs, traditions, customs, and spread of Christianity. (C, G)


Explain the development and significance of the Christian church in the late Roman Empire. (C)


List contributions in art and architecture, technology and science, medicine, literature and history, language, religious institutions, and law. (C, H, P)


Compare political boundaries with the locations of civilizations, empires, and kingdoms from 4000 BC/BCE to 1500. (G)


Cite the reasons for the decline and fall of the Western Roman Empire. (H)


Explain the establishment of Constantinople as the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire. (G, H)


Identify Justinian and his contributions, including the codification of Roman law, and describing the expansion of the Byzantine Empire and economy. (H, P)


Characterize Byzantine art and architecture and the preservation of Greek and Roman traditions. (C)


Explain disputes that led to the split between the Roman Catholic Church and the Greek Orthodox Church. (C)


Map and assess the impact of Byzantine influence and trade on Russia and Eastern Europe. (E, G)


Describe the origin, beliefs, traditions, customs, and spread of Islam. (C, G)


Assess the influence of geography on Islamic economic, social, and political development, including the impact of conquest and trade. (C, E, G, H, P)


Identify historical turning points that affected the spread and influence of Islamic civilization, with emphasis on the Sunni-Shia division and the Battle of Tours (C, G)


Cite cultural and scientific contributions and achievements of Islamic civilization. (C)


Analyze trends in human migration and cultural interaction from prehistory to 1500. (C, G)


Sequence events related to the spread and influence of Christianity and the Catholic Church throughout Europe. (C, G)


Explain the structure of feudal society and its economic, social, and political effects. (C, E, G, H, P)


Explain the rise of Frankish kings, the Age of Charlemagne, and the revival of the idea of the Roman Empire. (H, P)


Sequence events related to the invasions, settlements, and influence of migratory groups, including Angles, Saxons, Magyars, and Vikings. (C, E, G, H, P)


Locate major trade routes. (E, G)


Identify technological advances and transfers, networks of economic interdependence, and cultural interactions. (E, G)


Describe Japan, with emphasis on the impact of Shinto and Buddhist traditions and the influence of Chinese culture. (C, G)


Describe east African kingdoms of Axum and Zimbabwe and west African civilizations of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai in terms of geography, society, economy, and religion. (C, E, G, P)


Describe geographic relationships, with emphasis on patterns of development in terms of climate and physical features of the Mayans, Aztecs, and Incans. (G)


Describe cultural patterns and political and economic structures of the Mayans, Aztecs, and Incans. (C, E, P)


Analyze the impact of economic forces, including taxation, government spending, trade, resources, and monetary systems on events to 1500. (E, H)


Describe the emergence of nation-states (England, France, Spain, and Russia) and distinctive political developments in each. (H, P)


Explain conflicts among Eurasian powers, including the Crusades, the Mongol conquests, and the fall of Constantinople. (H, P)


Identify patterns of crisis and recovery related to the Black Death (Bubonic plague). (E, G, H)


Explain the preservation and transfer to Western Europe of Greek, Roman, and Arabic philosophy, medicine, and science. (C)


Identify the economic foundations of the Italian Renaissance. (E)


Sequence events related to the rise of Italian city-states and their political development, including Machiavellis theory of governing as described in The Prince. (H, P)


Cite artistic, literary, and philosophical creativity, as contrasted with the medieval period, including Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Petrarch. (C)


Compare the Italian and the Northern Renaissance, citing the contributions of writers and artists. (C)


Explain the impact of geographic environment on hunter-gatherer societies. (G)


List characteristics of hunter-gatherer societies, including their use of tools and fire. (C, H)


Describe technological and social advancements that gave rise to stable communities. (C, H)


Analyze the use of persuasion, argument, and dispute when discussing current issues.


Identify various contemporary religious perspectives on social issues. (C)


Identify and explain current crucial issues and the relevant groups and individuals involved in these issues in the United States and globally, including the creation of a media presentation that integrates multiple sources of information on one such issue. (C, E, G, H, P)


Distinguish between historical facts and historical interpretations. (H, P)


Trace and explain the historical development of a problem. (C, E, G, H, P)


Recognize the impact of traumatic effects of destructive events on human society. (C, G, H)


Describe the relationships between historical events and contemporary issues. (C, E, G, H, P)


Identify and explain the connection between geography and issues of culture, economics, and politics.(C, E, G, H, P) )


Cite specific textual evidence to analyze the impact of cultural differences in seeking solutions to current event situations. (C, H)


Define sources of government revenues and types of expenditures. (E, P)


Identify popular perception of government revenues and expenditures. (E, P)


Compare reason versus rationalization.


Compare and contrast the interests of investors versus corporate management. (E)


Assess the global impact of technology. (C, E, G)


Integrate information from diverse sources to write an expository piece that analyzes the rights and responsibilities of a citizen in the United States today. (C, P)


Analyze the roles of the individual and the government in promoting the general welfare of the community under the Constitution. (C, P)


Describe the protections offered by the First Amendment and define civil disobedience. (C, P)


Cite specific textual evidence to compare and contrast American civil liberties with those of citizens in other nations. (C, P)


Examine an election and analyze its results. (P)


Evaluate the various factors that affect a nations economy. (E, P)


Explain and analyze the major implications of local, national, and international events. (E, G, P)


Describe the current relationship the United States has with certain nations, notably Iran, North Korea, Cuba, and Mexico. (C, E, G, H, P


Distinguish between facts and inferences, and evaluate the relevance of data.


Evaluate the premises, claims, and evidence presented by various authors to compare and contrast points of view on a given current events situation. (C, E, G, H, P)


Propose solutions to critical problems and evaluate the impact of their proposed solutions by integrating multiple sources of information from diverse formats and media into a formal presentation that includes a short research paper. (C, E, G, H, P) Topics to consider may include: Compare and contrast views on choice (abortion) for women. Examine the role that diversity plays in college admission policies. Define affirmative action and its justification. Explain the controversy regarding the use of cell phones while driving. Examine censorship. Analyze the debate over the legalization of gay marriage. Analyze the issue of gun ownership and control in the United States. Assess the effectiveness of the death penalty. Examine the pros and cons of the legalization of drug sales. Describe euthanasia and doctors intervention at the end of life. Examine the impact of global warming.


Define deduction, induction, and fallacy and exhibit reasoning and comprehension of these terms.


Define amoral reasoning and immoral reasoning.


Identify and research, formulate a hypothesis, and propose solutions for a selected current event problem in an argumentative essay.


Examine how groups and individuals influence solutions to societys problems. (C, P)


Analyze the role of media in shaping world events and influencing public opinion. (C, P)


Analyze types, patterns, and attitudes regarding discrimination. (C)

E. 20

Cite evidence from appropriate informational texts to argue in an opinion piece for or against the minimum wage. (E)


Define each of the productive resources (natural, human, capital) and explain why they are necessary for the production of goods and services. (E)


Examine informational text and primary sources to analyze the major ideas of the following economists: Adam Smith Thomas Malthus Karl Marx John Maynard Keynes Friedrich Hayek Milton Friedman Ben Bernanke


Define supply and demand, and provide relevant examples. (E)


Describe the role of buyers and sellers in determining the equilibrium price. (E)


Describe how prices of products as well as interest rate and wage rates send signals to buyers and sellers of products, loanable funds, and labor. (E)


Explain that consumers ultimately determine what is produced in a market economy (consumer sovereignty). (C, E)


Explain the function of profit in a market economy as an incentive for entrepreneurs to accept the risks of business failure. (C, E)


Demonstrate how supply and demand determine equilibrium price and quantity in the product, resource, and financial markets, including drawing and reading supply and demand curves. (E)


Identify factors that cause changes in market supply and demand. (E)


Demonstrate how changes in supply and demand influence equilibrium price and quantity in the product, resource, and financial markets. (E)


Demonstrate how government wage and price controls, such as rent controls and minimum wage laws, create shortages and surpluses. (E)


Explain how consumers and producers confront the condition of scarcity, by making choices that involve opportunity costs and tradeoffs. (E)


Use concepts of price elasticity of demand and supply to explain and predict changes in quantity as prices fluctuate. (E)


Explain how financial markets, such as the stock market, channel funds from savers to investors. (E)


Compare and contrast the following forms of business organization: sole proprietorship, partnership, and corporation. (E)


Analyze the various ways and reasons that firms grow either through reinvestment of financial capital obtained through retained earnings, stock issues and borrowing, or through horizontal, vertical, and conglomerate mergers. (E)


Analyze key details and central ideas from diverse forms of informational text to summarize the role and historical impact of economic institutions, such as labor unions, multinationals, and nonprofit organizations, in market economies. (E)


Identify the basic characteristics of monopoly, oligopoly, monopolistic competition, and pure competition. (H, E)


Explain how competition among many sellers lowers costs and prices and encourages producers to produce more. (E)


Demonstrate how firms with market power can determine price and output through marginal analysis. (E)


Explain ways that firms engage in price and non-price competition. (E)


Identify and explain the broad goals of economic policy such as freedom, efficiency, equity, security, growth, price stability, and full employment. (C, E)


Examine informational text in diverse formats and media to analyze how investment in research and development, equipment and technology, and training of workers increases productivity. (E)


Describe how the earnings of workers are determined by the market value of the product produced or service provided, workers productivity, incentives, collective bargaining, and discrimination. (E)


Analyze the role and productivity of entrepreneurs in a free-enterprise system and how entrepreneurial decisions are influenced by tax, regulatory, education, and research support policies. (E, C)


Explain how government responds to perceived social needs by providing public goods and services. (E, P)


Describe major revenue and expenditure categories and their respective proportions of local, state, and federal budgets. (E, P)


Identify laws and regulations adopted in the United States to promote competition among firms. (E, H, P)


Describe the characteristics of natural monopolies and the purposes of government regulation of these monopolies, such as utilities. (E, P)


Define progressive, proportional, and regressive taxation. (E, H, P)


Use appropriate informational text to analyze costs and benefits of government policies (Social Security, Medicare, Earned Income credits) and cite evidence from multiple sources to argue for or against one example of such a government policy or program. (E, H, P)


Research textual evidence in diverse formats to write a problem-solution piece recommending a course of action in regard to the national debt. (E, P)


Describe how people respond predictably to positive and negative incentives. (C, E)


Define and explain fiscal and monetary policy and the various schools of thought including Keynesian, Supply-siders, and Monetarists on how, when and if these policies should be used to stabilize the economy. (E, P)


Analyze how the government uses taxing and spending decisions (fiscal policy) to promote price stability, full employment, and economic growth. (E, P)


Analyze how the Federal Reserve uses monetary tools to promote price stability, full employment, and economic growth. (E, P)


Define aggregate supply and demand, Gross Domestic Product (GDP), economic growth, unemployment, and inflation. (E)


Explain how Gross Domestic Product (GDP), economic growth, unemployment, and inflation are calculated. (E)


Analyze the impact of events in United States history, such as wars and technological developments, on business cycles. (E, H)


Identify the different causes of inflation, and explain who gains and loses because of inflation. (E)


Explain that a countrys overall level of income, employment, and prices are determined by the individual spending and production decisions of households, firms, and the government. (C, E, H, P)


Illustrate and explain how the relationship between aggregate supply and aggregate demand is an important determinant of the levels of unemployment and inflation in an economy. (E)


Explain the basic functions of money including its role as a medium of exchange, store of value, unit of account. (E)


Explain that voluntary exchange occurs when all participating parties expect to gain. (E)


Describe the growth of income inequality in the United States and worldwide using the Lorenz curve and analyze the reasons for this increasing disparity of income. (E)


Identify the composition of the money supply of the United States. (E)


Explain the role of banks and other financial institutions in the economy of the United States. (E)


Describe the organization and functions of the Federal Reserve System and identify the current Federal Reserve chairperson. (E)


Examine evidence in informational texts to explain the benefits of trade among individuals, regions, and countries. (E, G)


Define and distinguish between absolute and comparative advantage and explain how most trade occurs because of a comparative advantage in the production of a particular good or service. (E, G)


Define trade barriers, such as quotas and tariffs. (E, G)


Explain why countries sometimes erect barriers to trade such as quotas and tariffs, or through subsidies to domestic producers and the consequences of those trade barriers and subsidies on consumers and producers. (E, G, H)


Explain the difference between balance of trade and balance of payments. (E, G)


Compare and contrast labor productivity trends in the United States and other developed countries. (E, G)


Compare and contrast how the various economic systems (traditional, market, command, mixed) try to answer the questions: What to produce? How to produce it? For whom to produce? (E)


Explain how changes in exchange rates impact the purchasing power of people in the United States and other countries. (E, G)


Cite evidence from appropriate informational text to evaluate the arguments for and against free trade. (E, H, G)


Describe how clearly defined and enforced property rights are essential to a market economy. (E)


Use a production possibilities curve to explain the concepts of choice, scarcity, opportunity cost, tradeoffs, unemployment, productivity, and growth. (E)


Compare and contrast the theoretical principles of the economic systems of capitalism, socialism, and communism, and use historical examples to provide evidence of their effectiveness. (E, H)

GC. 36

Explain how economic rights are secured and their importance to the individual and to society, including the right to acquire, use, transfer, and dispose of property; right to choose ones work; the purpose of labor unions; copyrights and patents. (P)

GC. 45

Compare and contrast the relationship of government and civil society in constitutional democracies to the relationship of government and civil society in authoritarian and totalitarian regimes. (H, P)


Cite textual evidence and evaluate multiple points of view to analyze the influence of ancient Greek, Roman, and leading European political thinkers such as John Locke, Charles-Louis Montesquieu, Niccol Machiavelli, Jean Jacques Rousseau, and William Blackstone on the development of United States government.


Describe in order the steps of the process through which the Constitution can be amended. (P)


Identify current representatives from Tennessee in the legislative branch of the national government. (P, TN)


Analyze Article II of the Constitution as it relates to the executive branch, including eligibility for office and length of term, election to and removal from office, the oath of office, and the enumerated executive powers. (P)


Analyze Article III of the Constitution as it relates to judicial power, including the length of terms of judges and the jurisdiction of the United States Supreme Court. (P)


Explain the processes of selection and confirmation of Supreme Court justices. (P)


Evaluate various interpretations and determine which explanations best accord with textual evidence to understand the changing interpretations of the Bill of Rights over time including interpretations of the basic freedoms (religion, speech, press, petition, and assembly) articulated in the First Amendment and the due process and equal-protection-of-the-law clauses of the 14th Amendment through examination of the following cases: (H, P) Mapp v. Ohio Tinker v. Des Moines Engel v. Vitale Schenck v. United States Gideon v. Wainwright Brandenberg v. Ohio Texas v. Johnson Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union


Analyze judicial activism and judicial restraint and the effects of each policy over time (e.g., the Warren and Rehnquist courts). (H, P)


Assess and cite textual evidence to evaluate the effects of the United States Supreme Courts interpretations of the Constitution in Marbury v. Madison, McCulloch v. Maryland, and United States v. Nixon and the arguments espoused by each side in these cases. (H, P)


Explain the controversies that have resulted over evolving interpretations of civil rights, including those in: (H, P) Plessy v. Ferguson Brown v. Board of Education Miranda v. Arizona Regents of the University of California v. Bakke United States v. Virginia (VMI) New Jersey v. TLO Roe v. Wade Korematsu v. United States Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier


Write an opinion piece with supporting details that argues whether to interpret the U.S. Constitution as a 'living document' or to determine the original intent of the Founding Fathers. (H)


Determine the central ideas in passages from Democracy in America to examine the character of American society, including its religious, political, and economic character, as articulated by Alexis de Tocqueville. (H, P)


Explain how conflicts between levels of government and branches of government are resolved (supremacy clause, checks and balances). (P)


Analyze the processes of lawmaking, including the role of lobbying and the media. (P)


Identify the organization and jurisdiction of federal, state, and local courts and the interrelationships among them. (P)


Evaluate various explanations for actions or events through textual evidence to analyze the scope of presidential power and decision-making related to significant examples, including the Cuban Missile Crisis, passage of Great Society legislation, War Powers Act, Gulf War, and intervention in Bosnia. (H, P)


Identify and explain powers that the Constitution gives to the President and Congress in the area of foreign affairs. (P)


Analyze the origin, development, and role of political parties. (H, P)


Explain the history of the nomination process for presidential candidates and the increasing importance of and difference between primaries, caucuses and general elections. (H, P)


Analyze appropriate textual evidence to evaluate the roles of polls and campaign advertising, and examine the controversies over campaign funding. (P)


Describe the means that citizens use to participate in the political process (e.g., voting, campaigning, lobbying, filing a legal challenge, demonstrating, petitioning, picketing, and running for political office). (P)


Explain the features of direct democracy in numerous states (e.g., the process of initiatives, referendums, and recall elections). (P)


Describe the purposes and functions of government as outlined in the Preamble to the Constitution and demonstrate an understanding of current application of those purposes and functions by identifying current government actions related to each of the six purposes.(P)


Examine information in diverse formats and media to analyze trends in voter turnout and the causes and effects of reapportionment and redistricting. (P)


Analyze the function of the Electoral College. (H, P)


Cite textual evidence to defend a point of view about the meaning and importance of a free and responsible press. (P)


Describe the roles of broadcast, print, and electronic media, including the Internet, as means of communication in American politics. (P)


Explain how public officials use the media to communicate with the citizenry and to shape public opinion. (P)


Analyze the meaning and importance of each of the rights guaranteed under the Bill of Rights and how each is secured (e.g., freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, petition, and privacy). (P)


Describe the individuals legal obligations to obey the law, serve as a juror, and pay taxes. (P)


Connect insights gained from appropriate informational text to describe the obligations of civic-mindedness, including voting, being informed on civic issues, volunteering and performing public service, and serving in the military or alternative service. (P)


Describe the reciprocity between rights and obligations, that is enjoying rights means fulfilling certain obligations and respecting the rights of others. (P)


Explain how the Constitution reflects a balance between the promotion of the public good and the protection of individual rights. (H, P)


Explain how one becomes a citizen of the United States, including the process of naturalization. (P)


Summarize the central ideas of iconic primary documents to identify the fundamental values and principles of a free society and evaluate their meaning and importance, including the writings and speeches of Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, Franklin Roosevelt, John Kennedy, and Ronald Reagan.


Explain how civil society provides opportunities for individuals to associate for social, cultural, religious, economic, and political purposes. (C, P)


Explain how civil society makes it possible for people, individually or in association with others, to bring their influence to bear on government in ways other than voting and elections. (C, P)


Examine the historical role of religion and religious diversity and their impact on society. (C, H, P)


Describe the Civil Rights Movement and analyze resulting legislation and legal precedents. (C, H, P)


Describe the womens rights movement and analyze resulting legislation and legal precedents. (C, H, P)


Explain how the role of government in a mixed economy includes providing for national defense, addressing environmental concerns, defining and enforcing property rights, attempting to make markets more competitive, and protecting consumer rights. (E, P)


Summarize (CC) with supporting evidence why the Founding Fathers established a constitutional system that limited the power of government. (H, P)


Explain the aims of government fiscal policies (taxation, borrowing, and spending) and their influence on production, employment, and price levels. (E, P)


Describe how the government responds to perceived social needs by providing public goods and services. (E, P)


Explain major revenue and expenditure categories and their respective proportions in the budgets of the federal government. (E, P)


Describe how federal tax and spending policies affect the national budget and the national debt. (E, P) Tennessee State and L


Identify and describe the provisions of the Tennessee Constitution that define and distribute powers and authority of the state government. (P, TN)


Provide examples of the principles of federalism, separation of powers, checks and balances, and popular sovereignty in the government of the state of Tennessee and the balance between the grand divisions within the state. (P, TN)


Explain the hierarchy and functions of the Tennessee court system, including the distinction between Chancery and circuit courts and identify the current chief justice of the state supreme court. (P, TN)


Summarize the functions of departments or agencies of the executive branch in the state of Tennessee. (P, TN)


Compare and contrast the legal, fiscal, and operational relationship between state and local governments in Tennessee. (E, P, TN)


Explain the differences among the types of local governments in Tennessee, including county government, city government, and metro government. (P, TN)


Describe the systems of enumerated and shared powers, the role of organized interests (Federalist Number 10), checks and balances (Federalist Number 51), the importance of an independent judiciary (Federalist Number 78), implied powers, rule of law, federalism, popular sovereignty, and civilian control of the military. (P)


Describe how citizens can monitor and influence local and state government as individuals and members of interest groups. (P, TN)


Write an opinion piece with supporting details regarding the specific ways individuals can best serve their communities and participate responsibly in civil society and the political process at local, state, and national levels of government. (C, P, TN)


Identify current representatives (per the students respective district) in the Tennessee General Assembly and research their past and current proposed legislation that has significantly impacted the lives of Tennesseans. (P, TN)


Identify the current governor of Tennessee and examine his/her platform for improving the quality of life in Tennessee. (P, TN)


Working with other students, identify a significant public policy issue in your community, gather information about that issue, fairly evaluate the various points of view of competing interests, examine ways of participating in the decision making process about the issue, and write a position paper or make a presentation on how the issue should be resolved. (C, P, TN)


Analyze how the Bill of Rights limits the powers of the federal government and state governments. (P)


Assess the claims, reasoning, and evidence of various authors to analyze the tensions within our Republic and the importance of maintaining a balance between the following concepts: (H, P) Majority rule and individual rights Liberty and equality State and national authority in a federal system Civil disobedience and the rule of law Freedom of the press and censorship Relationship of religion and government Relationship of legislation and morality Government regulation and free enterprise


Analyze Article I of the Constitution as it relates to the legislative branch, including eligibility for office and lengths of terms of representatives and senators; election to office; the roles of the House and Senate in impeachment proceedings; the role of the vice president; the enumerated legislative powers; and the process by which a bill becomes a law. (P)


Identify legislation and legal precedents that established rights for the disabled, Hispanics, American Indians, Asians, and other minority groups, including the tensions between protected categories (e.g., race, women, veterans) and non-protected ones (United States v. Carolene Products, Adarand Constructors v. Pena). (C, H, P)


Describe the scientific method and its role in psychology.


Identify the major divisions and subdivisions of the human nervous system.


Identify the parts of the neuron and describe the basic process of neural transmission.


Differentiate between the structures and functions of the various parts of the central nervous system.


Describe lateralization of brain functions.


Discuss the mechanisms and the importance of plasticity of the nervous system.


Describe how the endocrine glands are linked to the nervous system.


Describe how hormones affect behavior and mental processes.

P.17 .

Describe how hormones affect the immune system.


Analyze concepts in genetic transmission.


Describe the interactive effects of heredity and environment.


Describe and compare a variety of quantitative and qualitative research methods including: Surveys Correlations Experiments Interviews Narratives Focus groups


Explain how evolved tendencies influence behavior.


Identify tools used to study the nervous system.


Describe advances made in neuroscience and discuss issues related to scientific advances in neuroscience and genetics


Examine the processes of sensation and perception and elaborate on how they interact.


Explain the concepts of threshold and adaptation.


List forms of physical energy for which humans and nonhuman animals do and do not have sensory receptors.


Describe the visual, sensory and auditory sensory systems.


Describe other sensory systems, including olfaction and gustation, and identify skin senses, kinesthesis, and vestibular sense.


Explain Gestalts principles of perception.


Describe binocular and monocular depth cues.


Elaborate on systematic procedures used to improve the validity of research findings, including external validity.


Describe the importance of perceptual constancies.


Describe perceptual illusions and the nature of attention.


Explain how experiences and expectations influence perception.


Explain the interaction of environmental and biological factors in development, including the role of the brain in all aspects of development.


Explain issues of continuity/discontinuity and stability/change.


Distinguish methods used to study development.


Describe the role of sensitive and critical periods in development.


Discuss issues related to the end of life.


Discuss cognitive, moral and social development theories.


Describe physical development from conception through birth and identify influences on prenatal development.


Discuss how and why psychologists use non-human animals in research and identify ethical guidelines to follow regarding this type of research.


Describe the reflexes, temperament, and abilities of newborns.


Elaborate on physical and motor development during infancy.


Describe the development of infant perceptual abilities, intelligence, memory, thinking ability, communication and language.


Describe social, cultural, and emotional development through childhood.


Identify major physical changes.


Describe the development of reasoning and morality.


Describe the formation of identity.


Examine the role of family and peers in adolescent development.


Identify major physical changes associated with adulthood and aging.


Describe cognitive changes that occur in adulthood and throughout the aging process.


Identify ethical standards psychologists must follow regarding research with human participants.


Assess the social, cultural, and emotional issues in aging.


Describe attributional explanations of behavior.


Describe the relationship between attitudes (implicit and explicit) and behavior.


Identify persuasive methods used to change attitudes.


Describe the power of the situation.


Describe the effects of others presence on individuals behavior.


Describe how group dynamics influence behavior and how an individual influences group behavior.


Elaborate on the nature and effects of stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination.


Describe the determinants of prosocial behavior.


Discuss influences on aggression and conflict.


Explain descriptive statistics and qualitative data and explain how they are used by psychological scientists.


Discuss factors that influence attraction and relationships.


Define culture and diversity.


Identify how cultures change over time and vary within and across nations.


Analyze the relationship between culture and conceptions of self and identity.


Interpret and explain the psychological research that examines race and ethnicity.


Discuss psychological research that examines socioeconomic status.


Discuss how privilege and social power structures relate to stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination.


Discuss psychological research examining gender similarities and differences and impacts of gender discrimination.


Discuss the psychological research of gender and how the roles of women and men are perceived in society.


Examine how perspectives affect stereotypes and treatment of minority and majority groups in society.


Define correlation coefficients and explain their appropriate interpretation.


Discuss psychological research examining differences in individual, cognitive and physical abilities. Cognition Domain


Identify factors that influence encoding.


Characterize the differences between shallow (surface) and deep (elaborate) processing.


Discuss the strategies for improving the encoding of memory.


Describe the differences between working memory and long-term memory.


Identify and explain biological processes related to how memory is stored.


Discuss the types of memory and memory disorders including amnesias and dementias.


Discuss the strategies to improve the storage of memories.


Analyze the importance of retrieval cues in memory.


Explain the role that interference plays in the retrieval of memories.


Interpret graphical representations of data as used in both quantitative and qualitative methods and explain other statistical concepts, such as statistical significance and effect size.


Discuss the factors influencing how memories are retrieved and strategies for improving the retrieval of memories.


Explain how memories can be malleable.


Define psychologically abnormal behavior.


Describe historical and cross-cultural views of abnormality and major models of abnormality.


Discuss how stigma relates to abnormal behavior.


Discuss the impact of psychological disorders on the individual, family and society.


Explain how validity and reliability of observations and measurements relate to data analysis.


Describe the origins of sociology. (C, H)


Write an expository piece using appropriate textual evidence to describe the relationship between language and the transmission of culture. (C)


Analyze the role that culture plays in determining personality. (C)


Define and evaluate the theoretical perspectives of social interaction. (C)


Explain the types of social interaction. (C)


Distinguish status from role and pose solutions to role conflicts. (C)


Describe how the social structure of a culture affects social interaction. (C)


Distinguish between social groups and formal organizations. (C)


Classify types of social groups that exist in society. (C)


Use research from informational texts and case studies to analyze group dynamics and assess its effects on group behavior. (C)


Evaluate the nature of bureaucracies and write an opinion piece that defends or criticizes their use. (C, P)


Compare similarities and differences between sociology and the other social sciences. (H)


Define socialization. (C)


Identify and describe the agents of socialization. (C)


Describe how the process of socialization is culturally determined. (C, G)


Examine informational text to evaluate various explanations for theoretical perspectives on socialization. (C, H)


Explain how socialization is a lifelong process. (C)


Evaluate the functions and roles of socializing agents. (C, G)


Distinguish between conformity with and deviation from cultural norms. (C)


Differentiate between various explanations or theories for deviant behavior. (C, H)


Analyze various social control techniques. (C)


Classify types of crime. (C)


Identify the relationship between the study of sociology, society, and culture. (C)


Research evidence to write an opinion piece that evaluates the American criminal justice system's response to deviant behavior. (C, P)


Determine how social institutions evolve. (C)


Identify and evaluate the functions of social institutions. (C, H)


Cite specific textual evidence from primary sources and informational text to evaluate the role and effectiveness of social institutions. (C, H)


Assess the social integration of social institutions. (C, H)


Describe major social problems and social issues. (C, H)


Analyze causes and effects of social problems and issues. (C, H)


Construct possible solutions to given social problems and offer one solution in a presentation that integrates multiple sources of information from diverse formats and media.(C)


Describe the theoretical approaches used to study social change. (C, H)


Analyze the differing points of view offered by sociologists to evaluate the causes and effects of social change. (C, H)


Define and apply key concepts used in sociology to understand human society and interaction. (C)


Describe ways groups resist and accommodate change. (C, H)


Differentiate among the various sociological perspectives or theories on social life through an examination of textual evidence and formulate a personal perspective. (C, H)


Use research from informational text and primary sources to compare and contrast the various sociological research methods. (C, H)


Identify and apply the elements of culture. (C)


Use diverse formats and media to compare and contrast various cultures of the world. (C, G)


Explain how the elements of culture form a whole culture. (C)

US. 81

Present information, findings, and supporting evidence evaluating the impact of the Vietnam War on the home front, including the Anti-War movement, draft by lottery, and the role of television and the media. (C, H, P)


Explain patterns of agricultural and industrial development as they relate to climate, use of natural resources, markets and trade, the growth of major urban areas, and describe the geographic considerations that led to the location of specialized industries such as textiles, automobiles, and steel. (E, G)


Analyze the similarities and differences between the ideologies of Social Darwinism and Social Gospel. (C, E, P)


Describe the causes and outcomes of the energy crisis of the 1970s. (E, P)


Investigate the life and works of Alex Haley and his influence on American Culture, including The Autobiography of Malcolm X and Roots: The Saga of An American Family. (C, TN)


Explain the emergence of environmentalism, including the creation of the Environmental Protection Agency, Rachel Carsons Silent Spring, and disasters such as Love Canal, Three Mile Island, and the Exxon Valdez. (G, C, P)


Identify and explain significant events of the Carter administration, including the Camp David Accords, the Panama Canal Treaty, poor economy, SALT treaties, and the Iran Hostage Crisis. (G, H, P)


Evaluate technological and scientific advances, including the work of significant innovators and entrepreneurs, in the fields of medicine, transportation, communication, food services, and geographic information systems. (C, E, G)


Analyze the significant events and achievements of the Reagan administration, including revitalization of national pride, Reaganomics, War on Drugs, response to the Challenger disaster, Strategic Defense Initiative, the fall of communism in the Soviet Union, the response to the Marine barracks bombing in Lebanon, and the invasion of Grenada . (C, E, H, P)


Describe the significant events in the foreign policy of the George H.W. Bush administration, including the invasion of Panama and the Gulf War. (G, H, P)


Using census data and population pyramids, identify and describe the demographic changes in the United States since 1980 and the increased movement of people from the Rust Belt to the Sun Belt. (C, E, G, H, P)


Summarize the significant events and achievements of the Clinton administration, including Welfare-to-Work, Brady Bill, reduction of the federal debt, NAFTA, and the scandals and subsequent impeachment proceedings. (C, E, H, P) k Obama. (C, H, P)


Analyze the late 20th century foreign policy of intervention by the United States in Somalia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo and particular attempts to keep peace in the Middle East. (G, P)


Using textual evidence, compare and contrast the ideas and philosophies of Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Dubois. (C, P)


Explain the reasons for and the outcome of the Supreme Court case Bush v. Gore. (H, P)


Describe the impact of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack on the World Trade Center and Pentagon, including the response of President George W. Bush, the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, and continuing efforts to combat terrorism globally. (E, G, H, P)


Describe the increasing role of women and minorities in American society, politics, and economy, including the achievements of Sandra Day OConnor, Sally Ride, Geraldine Ferraro, Hillary Clinton, Condoleezza Rice, Nancy Pelosi, and the election of President Barac


Explain the characteristics and impact of the Granger Movement and Populism, including the problems between farmers and the railroads, the call for banking reform, support for a graduated income tax, and regulation of public utilities. (E, H, P)


Describe the rise of trusts and monopolies, their subsequent impact on consumers and workers, and the governments response, including the Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890. (E, P)


Describe working conditions in industries, including the use of labor by women and children. (C, E)


Analyze the rise of the labor movement, including its leaders, major tactics, and the response of management and the government: (C, E, H, P, TN) Samuel Gompers Eugene Debs Haymarket Affair Pullman Strike Coal Creek Labor Saga Collective bargaining Blacklisting Open vs. closed shops


Citing textual evidence as appropriate, explain the significant roles played by muckrakers and progressive idealists, including Robert La Follette, Theodore Roosevelt, Ida Tarbell, Lincoln Steffens, and Upton Sinclair. (C, E, P)


Analyze the goals and achievements of the Progressive movement, including the following: (C, E, H, P) Adoption of the initiative, referendum, and recall Adoption of the primary system 16th Amendment 17 th Amendment impact on the relationship between the citizen and the government


Describe the movement to achieve suffrage for women, including its leaders, the activities of suffragettes, the passage of the 19th Amendment, and the role of Tennessee in the suffrage effort (Anne Dallas Dudley, Harry Burn, Josephine Pearson, Perfect 36). (C, H, P, TN)


Analyze the significant progressive achievements during the administration of Theodore Roosevelt including the Square Deal, trust-busting, the passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act, the Meat Inspection Act, and support for conservation. (E, H, P)


Summarize the major developments in Tennessee during the Reconstruction era, including the Constitutional Convention of 1870, the yellow fever epidemic of 1878, and the election of African Americans to the General Assembly. (C, E, H, TN)


Analyze the significant progressive achievements during the administration of Woodrow Wilson, including his New Freedom, the Underwood Tariff, the Federal Reserve Act, and the Clayton Anti-Trust Act. (E, H, P)


Analyze the impact of the Great Migration of African Americans that began in the early 1900s from the rural South to the industrial regions of the Northeast and Midwest. (C, E, G, H)


Assess the causes of American imperialism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, including the desire for raw materials and new markets, yellow journalism, and the desire to spread American democratic and moral ideals. (E, G, P)


Evaluate the arguments of interventionists and non-interventionists of the period, including Alfred T. Mahan, Senator Albert Beveridge, Mark Twain, and Theodore Roosevelt. (C, E, P).


Describe the consequences of American imperialism of the period, including the following events: (E, G, H, P) annexation of Hawaii Spanish-American War (Teller, Platt, and Foraker Acts) Philippine Insurrection Roosevelt Corollary Panama Canal


Draw evidence from informational texts to compare and contrast Theodore Roosevelts Big Stick diplomacy, William Tafts Dollar Diplomacy, and Woodrow Wilsons Moral Diplomacy. (G, H, P)


Explain the causes of World War I in 1914 and the reasons for the initial declaration of United States neutrality. (G, H, P)


Justify with supporting detail from text, the reasons for American entry into World War I, including the use of unrestricted submarine warfare by the Germans, the Zimmerman Note, the defense of democracy, and economic motivations. (E, H, P).


Identify and explain the impact of the following events and people during World War I: (G, H, P, TN) Major turning points Impact of trench warfare Use of new weapons and technologies Herbert Hoover John J. Pershing and the American Expeditionary Force Doughboys Alvin C. York


Analyze the aims and negotiating roles of world leaders, including Woodrow Wilsons Fourteen Points, and the causes and effects of the United States rejection of the League of Nations on world politics. (H, P)


Explain the impact of the Hayes-Tilden Presidential election of 1876 and the end of Reconstruction on African Americans, including Jim Crow laws, lynching, disenfranchisement methods, efforts of Pap Singleton and the Exodusters. (C, H, P, TN)


Analyze the political, economic, and social ramifications of World War I on the home front, including the role played by women and minorities, voluntary rationing, the Creel Committee, opposition by conscientious objectors, and the case of Schenck v. United States. (C, E, H, P)


Describe the growth and effects of radio and movies and their role in the worldwide diffusion of popular culture. (C, G)


Describe the rise of mass production techniques and the impact of new technologies, including the advent of airplane travel, spread of electricity, popularity of labor saving appliances, and innovations in food processing and food purchasing (Clarence Saunders). (E, G, H, TN)


Using multiple sources and diverse formats, summarize the impact of the mass production and widespread availability of automobiles on the American economy and society. (C, E, H, G)


Analyze the changes in the economy and culture of the United States as a result of expansion of credit, consumerism, and financial speculation. (E, H, C)


Describe the significant ideas and events of the administrations of Warren Harding and Calvin Coolidge, including the return to normalcy, Teapot Dome, and laissez faire politics. (E, H, P)


Analyze the attacks on civil liberties and racial and ethnic tensions, including the Palmer Raids, the immigration quota acts of the 1920s, the resurgence of the Ku Klux Klan, the efforts of Ida B. Wells and Randolph Miller, the trial of Sacco and Vanzetti, the emergence of Garveyism, and the rise of the NAACP. (C, H, P, TN)


Explain the background of the Temperance Movement, the passage of the 18th Amendment to the Constitution and the Volstead Act; the impact of Prohibition on American society and its successes and failures, including the rise of organized crime, bootlegging and speakeasies, and repeal by the 21 st Amendment. (E, C, H, P)


Describe the Scopes Trial of 1925, including the major figures, the two sides of the controversy, its outcome, and its legacy. (C, P, H, TN)


Describe the changing conditions for American Indians during this period, including the extension of suffrage and the restoration of tribal identities and way of life. (C, G, P)


Analyze the causes and consequences of Gilded Age politics and economics, including the rise of political machines, major scandals, civil service reform, and the economic difference between farmers, wage earners, and industrial capitalists, including the following: (E, H, P) Boss Tweed Thomas Nast Credit Mobilier Whiskey Ring Garfields assassination Pendleton Act Interstate Commerce Act


Describe the Harlem Renaissance, its impact, and its important figures, including an examination of literary and informational text of or about Langston Hughes, Zora Neale Hurston, James Weldon Johnson, Duke Ellington, and Louis Armstrong. (C)


Analyze the emergence of the Lost Generation in American literature, including the impact of Ernest Hemingway and F. Scott Fitzgerald. (C)


Describe changes in the social and economic status of women, including the work of Margaret Sanger, flappers, clerical and office jobs, and rise of womens colleges. (C, E, P)


Analyze the rise of celebrities as icons of popular culture, including Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig, Jack Dempsey, Red Grange, Bessie Smith, Billy Sunday, and Charles Lindbergh. (C)


Examine the growth and popularity of Blues Music in Memphis and the Grand Ole Opry in Nashville, including W.C. Handy, and WSM. (C, TN)


Analyze the causes of the Great Depression, including the following: (E, H) the economic cycle driven by overextension of credit overproduction in agriculture and manufacturing laissez faire politics buying on margin excess consumerism rising unemployment the crash of the stock market high tariffs


Describe the steps taken by President Hoover to combat the economic depression, including his philosophy of rugged individualism, the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, and the response to the Bonus Army. (E, P)


Write a narrative piece that includes multiple media components to describe the toll of the Great Depression on the American people, including massive unemployment, migration, and Hoovervilles. (C, E, H, G)


Analyze the causes and consequences of the Dust Bowl of the 1930s. (C, E, H, G)


Identify and explain the following New Deal programs and assess their past or present impact: (E, H, P, TN) Works Progress Administration Social Security Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Securities and Exchange Commission Fair Labor Standards Act Agricultural Adjustment Acts Civilian Conservation Corps National Recovery Administration and NIRA Tennessee Valley Authority Cumberland Homesteads Great Smoky Mountains National Park


Analyze the controversy that arose over the currency system in the late 1800s, including the impact of gold and silver strikes in the West, the contrasting views of farmers and industrialists, the Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890, the Gold Crisis during the Cleveland administration, and an analysis of William Jennings Bryans Cross of Gold speech. (E, H, P)


Analyze the effects of and the controversies arising from New Deal economic policies, including charges of socialism and FDRs court packing attempt. (E, P)


Citing evidence from maps, photographs and primary source documents, analyze the development of TVA on Tennessees rural geography economy, and culture, and debate the issues of the Norris Dam and Dale Hollow Lake controversies. (C, E, G, P, TN)


Cite textual evidence, determine the central meaning, and evaluate different points of view by examining excerpts from the following texts: Herbert Hoover (Rugged Individualism), Franklin Roosevelt (First Inaugural Address), and John Steinbeck (The Grapes of Wrath). (C, P)


Evaluate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and media as in the political cartoons about the New Deal. (P)


Examine the impact of American actions in foreign policy in the 1920s, including the refusal to join the League of Nations, the Washington Disarmament Conference, and the Kellogg Briand Pact. (H, P)


Gather relevant information from multiple sources to explain the reasons for and consequences of American actions in foreign policy during the 1930s, including the Hoover Stimson Note, the Johnson Debt Default Act, and the Neutrality Acts of 1935, 1937, and 1939. (H, P)


Analyze the reasons for and consequences of the rise of fascism and totalitarianism in Europe during the 1930s, including the actions of Hitler, Mussolini, and Stalin. (H, P)


Examine President Roosevelts response to the rise of totalitarianism, including the Quarantine Speech, the Four Freedoms Speech, the Atlantic Charter, and Lend-Lease. (E, P)


Explain the reasons for American entry into World War II, including the attack on Pearl Harbor. (H, P)


Identify and locate on a map the Allied and Axis countries and the major theatres of the war. (G)


Describe the changes in American life that resulted from the inventions and innovations of business leaders and entrepreneurs of the period: (C, E) Henry Bessemer George Pullman Alexander Graham Bell Andrew Carnegie Thomas Edison J.P. Morgan John D. Rockefeller Swift and Armour Cornelius Vanderbilt


Explain United States and Allied wartime strategy and major events of the war, including the Bataan Death March, Midway, island hopping, Iwo Jima, Okinawa, invasion of North Africa and Italy, D-Day, and the Battle of the Bulge. (C, G, H, P)


Identify the roles and sacrifices of individual American soldiers, as well as the unique contributions of special fighting forces such as the Tuskegee Airmen, the 442nd Regimental Combat team, the 101 st Airborne, and the Navajo Code Talkers. (C, H)


Identify the roles played and significant actions of the following individuals in World War II: (H, P) Franklin Roosevelt Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Harry Truman Adolph Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tj Dwight Eisenhower George C. Marshall Douglas MacArthur


Describe the constitutional issues and impact of events on the United States home front, including the internment of Japanese Americans (Fred Korematsu v. United States of America). (C, P)


Examine and explain the entry of large numbers of women into the workforce during World War II and its subsequent impact on American society (such as at Avco in Tennessee), as well as the service of women in the armed forces, including Cornelia Fort. (C, E, P, TN)


Examine the impact of World War II on economic and social conditions for African Americans, including the Fair Employment Practices Committee, the service of African Americans in the armed forces and the work force, and the eventual integration of the armed forces by President Truman. (C, E, H, P)


Describe the wars impact on the home front, including rationing, bond drives, movement to cities and industrial centers, and the Bracero program. (C, E, G, H)


Describe the major developments in aviation, weaponry, communication, and medicine (penicillin), and the wars impact on the location of American industry and use of resources. (E, G)


Explain the importance of the establishment and the impact of the Fort Campbell base, Oak Ridge nuclear facilities, TVA, Alcoa influences, and Camp Forrest as a POW center. (E, G, P, TN)


Write an opinion piece evaluating the Manhattan Project, including the rationale for using the atomic bomb to end the war. (H)


Analyze the movement of people from rural to urban areas as a result of industrialization. (E, G)


Examine the American reaction and response to the Holocaust. (C, H, P)


Explain major outcomes of the Yalta and Potsdam Conferences. (G, H, P)


Identify and explain the reasons for the founding of the United Nations, including the role of Cordell Hull. (P, H, TN)


Describe the competition between the two superpowers of the United States and the Soviet Union in the areas of arms development, economic dominance, and ideology, including the role and location of NATO, SEATO, and the Warsaw Pact. (C, E, H, P)


Explain examples of containment policies, including the Marshall Plan, the Berlin Airlift, and the Truman Doctrine. (E, G, H, P)


Draw evidence from informational text to analyze the progression of American foreign policy from containment to retaliation and brinkmanship to the domino theory to flexible response. (H, P)


Analyze the causes and effects of the Red Scare that followed World War II, including Americans attitude toward the rise of communism in China, McCarthyism, blacklisting, Alger Hiss, J. Edgar Hoover, Estes Kefauver, and the Rosenbergs. (C, P, H, TN)


Describe the causes, course, and consequences of the Korean War, including the 38th parallel, Inchon, the entry of the Communist Chinese, the power struggle between MacArthur and President Truman, and the final disposition of the Koreas. (G, H, P)


Integrate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats of the fears of Americans about nuclear holocaust and debates over the stockpiling and use of nuclear weapons, including atomic testing, civil defense, bomb shelters, mutually assured destruction, impact of Sputnik, and President Eisenhowers warning about the military-industrial complex. (C, H, P)


Describe the relationship between Cuba and the United States, including the Bay of Pigs Invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis. (G, H, P)


Evaluate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and media as in the political cartoons of Thomas Nast and others during the Gilded Age. (C, P)


Describe the causes, course, and consequences of the Vietnam War, including the following: (C, G, H, P) Geneva Accords Gulf of Tonkin Resolution Tet Offensive Roles played by Presidents Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon Vietnamization Ho Chi Minh Bombing of Cambodia Henry Kissinger Napalm and Agent Orange


Analyze the impact of prosperity and consumerism in the 1950s, including the growth of white-collar jobs, the suburban ideal, the impact of the G.I. Bill, and increased reliance on foreign oil. (C, E, G)


Examine multiple sources presented in different media and formats to explain the impact of the baby boom generation on the American economy and culture. (C, E, G, P)


Describe the effects of technological developments, including advances in medicine, improvements in agricultural technology such as pesticides and fertilizers, the environmental impact of these advances, and the development of the interstate highway system. (C, E, G)


Analyze the increasing impact of television and mass media on the American home, American politics, and the American economy. (C, E, P)


Describe the emergence of a youth culture, including beatniks and the progression of popular music from swing to rhythm and blues to rock n roll and the significance of Tennessee, including Sun Studios, Stax Records, and Elvis Presley. (C, E, TN)


Explain the events related to labor unions, including the merger of the AFL-CIO, the Taft-Hartley Act, and the roles played by Estes Kefauver, Robert Kennedy, and Jimmy Hoffa. (E, H, P, TN)


Describe President Kennedys New Frontier programs to improve education, end racial discrimination, create the Peace Corps, and propel the United States to superiority in the Space Race. (C, E, H, P)


Examine court cases in the evolution of civil rights, including Brown v. Board of Education and Regents of the University of California v. Bakke. (C, H, P)


Describe the difference between old and new immigrants and analyze the assimilation process and consequences for the new immigrants and their impact on American society, including ethnic clusters, competition for jobs, rise of nativism, the work of Jane Addams, the documentation of living conditions by Jacob Riis, Chinese Exclusion Acts, and the Gentlemens Agreement. (C, E, G).


Examine the roles of civil rights advocates, including the following: (C, H, P, TN) Martin Luther King, Jr. Malcolm X Thurgood Marshall Rosa Parks Stokely Carmichael President John Kennedy Robert Kennedy President Lyndon Johnson James Meredith Jim Lawson


Examine the roles of civil rights opponents, including Strom Thurmond, George Wallace, Orval Faubus, Bull Connor, and the KKK. (C, H, P)


Describe significant events in the struggle to secure civil rights for African Americans, including the following: (C, H, P, TN) Columbia Race Riots Tent Cities of Haywood and Fayette Counties Influence of the Highlander Folk School and civil rights advocacy groups, including the SCLC, SNCC, and CORE Integration of Central High School in Little Rock and Clinton High School in Clinton, Tennessee Montgomery Bus Boycott Birmingham bombings 1963 Freedom Rides, including the opposition of Bull Connor and George Wallace March on Washington Sit-ins, marches, demonstrations, boycotts, Nashville Sit-ins, Diane Nash Assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.


Cite textual evidence, determine the central meaning, and evaluate the explanations offered for various events by examining excerpts from the following texts: Martin Luther King, Jr. (Letter from a Birmingham Jail and I Have a Dream speech) and Malcolm X (The Ballot or the Bullet). (C, P)


Analyze the civil rights and voting rights legislation, including the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, the Civil Rights Act of 1968, and the 24th Amendment. (C, E, H, P)


Describe the Chicano Movement, the American Indian Movement, and Feminist Movement and their purposes and goals. (C, E, P)


Evaluate the impact of Johnsons Great Society programs, including Medicare, urban renewal, and the War on Poverty. (C, P)


Interpret different points of view that reflect the rise of social activism and the counterculture, hippies, generation gap, and Woodstock. (C, P)


Identify and explain significant achievements of the Nixon administration, including his appeal to the silent majority and his successes in foreign affairs. (E, H, P)


Analyze the Watergate scandal, including the background of the break-in, the importance of the court case United States v. Nixon, the changing role of media and journalism, the controversy surrounding Fords pardon of Nixon, and the legacy of distrust left in its wake. (H, P)


Compare the major ideas of philosophers and their effects on the democratic revolutions in England, the United States, France, and Latin America including John Locke, Charles-Louis Montesquieu, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Simn Bolvar, Toussaint LOuverture, and Thomas Jefferson. (C, H, P)


Explain how scientific and technological changes and new forms of energy brought about massive social, economic, and cultural demographic changes including the inventions and discoveries of James Watt, Eli Whitney, Henry Bessemer, Louis Pasteur, and Thomas Edison. (C, E, G, H)


Using census data and population pyramids, identify and describe the demographic changes worldwide since 1980. (C, E, G, H, P)


Initiate and participate in collaborative discussions explaining the origins of the Persian Gulf War and the postwar actions of Saddam Hussein. (E, H, P)


Describe Islamic revivalism and radicalism, including Muslim communities in Europe. (C, P)


Trace the increase in terrorist attacks against Israel, Europe, and the United States. (C, P)


Utilize primary and secondary sources describing Americas response to, and the wider international consequences of, the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, including the United States invasion of Afghanistan and Iraq. (C, G, H, P)


Analyze the evolution of work and labor including the work of William Wilberforce and the demise of the slave trade, problems caused by harsh working conditions, and the effect of immigration, mining and manufacturing, division of labor, the union movement, and the impact of social and political reform. (E, H, P)


Participate effectively in collaborative discussions explaining the vast increases in productivity and wealth, growth of a middle class, and general rise in the standard of living and life span. (C, E)


Summarize the causes, course, and consequences of unification in Italy and Germany including the role of Giuseppe Garibaldi and Otto von Bismarck. (G, H, P)


Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of the causes of 19th century European imperialism, the role of Social Darwinism, the desire for increased political power, and the search for natural resources and new markets as prelude to the Berlin Conference. (C, E, G, H, P)


Describe the Berlin Conference and the rise of modern colonialism in the 19th century and describe the impact of colonization on indigenous populations by such nations as England, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the United States. (C, G, H, P)


Analyze the political, social, and industrial revolution in Japan (Meiji Restoration) and its growing role in international affairs. (C, E, H, P)


Compare the progression of imperialistic claims on the African continent using historical maps. (G, H, P)


Students describe the independence struggles of the colonized regions of the world including imperialism in Africa (Zulu Wars, Ashanti Wars, and Ethiopias struggle to remain independent). (H, P)


Explain the growing influence of the West in China, the Boxer Rebellion, Sun Yat-sen, and the Xinhai Revolution. (G, H)


Analyze the principles of the Magna Carta (1215), the English Bill of Rights (1689), the American Declaration of Independence (1776), and the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen (1789) citing textual evidence. (H, P)


Explain the transfer in 1858 of government to Great Britain on the Indian Subcontinent following the Sepoy Rebellion. (G, H, P)


Describe American imperialism in the Philippines and the Philippine-American War led by Emilio Aguinaldo. (G, H, P)


Cite evidence from text to describe the movements led by Emiliano Zapata, Francisco Madero, Pancho Villa, and Venustiano Carranza in Mexico stemming from the desire for land reform and democratic participation. (G, H, P)


Evaluate primary source documents while analyzing the role of political and economic rivalries, ethnic and ideological conflicts, domestic discontent, disorder, propaganda, and nationalism in mobilizing the civilian population in leading to the outbreak of World War I. (C, E, P)


Trace the principal theaters of battle, major battles, and major turning points of World War I. (G, H, P)


Analyze the importance of geographic factors in military decisions and outcomes. (G)


Explain how the Russian Revolution and the entry of the United States into the conflict affected the course and outcome of the war. (H, P)


Argue human rights violations and genocide, including the Armenian genocide in Turkey, through collaborative discussions. (C, P)


Explain the nature of the war and its human costs (military and civilian) on all sides of the conflict, including unprecedented loss of life from prolonged trench warfare. (C, E, H, P)


Trace advances in weaponry, the belief that the Great War would end war, and disarmament movements. (H)


Conduct a short research project summarizing the important causes and events of the French Revolution including Enlightenment political thought, comparison to the American Revolution, economic troubles, rising middle class, government corruption and incompetence, Estates General, storming of the Bastille, execution of Louis XVI, the Terror, and the rise and fall of Napolon. (C, E, H, P)


Describe the effects of the war and resulting peace treaties on population movement, environmental changes resulting from trench warfare, the international economy, and shifts in the geographic and political borders of Europe and the Middle East. (E, G, H, P)


Analyze the aims and negotiating roles of world leaders, including Woodrow Wilsons Fourteen Points, and the causes and effects of the United States rejection of the League of Nations on world politics. (H, P)


Compare the conflicting aims and aspirations of the conferees at Versailles and the Treaty of Versailles economic and moral effects on Germany. (C, E, G, H, P)


Explain how the outcome of World War I contributed to nationalist movements in the Middle East, India, Africa, and Southeast Asia. (C, H, P)


Analyze various accounts of the impact of World War I on women and minorities. (C, H)


Integrate multiple sources of information presented in diverse media explaining the influence of World War I on literature, art, and intellectual life, including Pablo Picasso, the Lost Generation, and the rise of Jazz music. (C, H)


Compare the impact of restrictive monetary and trade policies. (E)


Describe the collapse of international economies in 1929 that led to the Great Depression, including the relationships that had been forged between the United States and European economies after World War I. (E, H)


Gather information from multiple sources describing issues of overproduction, unemployment, and inflation. (E, P)


Use technology to produce, publish, and update individual or shared writing projects describing how economic instability led to political instability in many parts of the world and helped to give rise to dictatorial regimes such as Adolf Hitlers in Germany and the militarys in Japan. (E, H, P)


Draw evidence from informational texts to explain how the ideology of the French Revolution led France to evolve from a constitutional monarchy to democratic despotism to the Napoleonic Empire. (C, H, P)


Explain the widespread disillusionment with prewar institutions, authorities, and values that resulted in a void that was later filled by totalitarians. (C, H, P)


Draw evidence from literary or informational texts determining the causes and consequences of the Bolshevik Revolution and Civil War in Russia, including Lenins use of totalitarian means to seize and maintain control including the Gulag. (H, P)


Compare the connection between economic and political policies, the absence of a free press, and systematic violations of human rights during Stalins rise to power in the Soviet Union. (E, H, P)


Analyze the assumption of power by Adolf Hitler in Germany and the resulting acts of oppression and aggression of the Nazi regime. (C, H, P)


Trace Mussolinis rise to power in Italy and his creation of a fascist state through the use of state terror and propaganda. (H, P)


Compare the German, Italian, and Japanese drives to expand their empires in the 1930s, including atrocities in China, Italian invasion of Ethiopia, German militarism, and the Stalin Hitler Pact of 1939. (C, G, H, P)


Explain the role of appeasement, isolationism, and the domestic distractions in Europe and the United States prior to the outbreak of World War II. (H, P)


Identify and locate the Allied and Axis powers and explain the major battles of the Pacific and European theaters of war including the blitzkrieg, Dunkirk, Battle of Britain, Stalingrad, Normandy, Midway, Battle of the Bulge, Iwo Jima, and island hopping. (G, H, P)


Analyze the major turning points of the war, key strategic decisions, and the resulting war conferences and political resolutions, with emphasis on the importance of geographic factors. (G, H, P)


Utilize primary and secondary sources to describe the contributions and roles of leaders during the war, including Winston Churchill, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Emperor Hirohito, Hideki Tj, Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Joseph Stalin, Harry Truman, Douglas MacArthur, and Dwight Eisenhower. (H, P)


Describe how nationalism spread across Europe with Napolon then repressed for a generation under the Congress of Vienna and Concert of Europe until the Revolutions of 1848. (C, H, P)


Write an opinion piece on the impact of the Holocaust on the Jewish populations in Europe and Israel. (C, G, P)


Analyze the decision to use nuclear weapons to end World War II. (H, P)


Describe the casualties of the war, with particular attention to the civilian and military losses in Russia, Germany, Britain, the United States, China, and Japan. (C, H, P)


Evaluate the goals, leadership, and postwar plans of the principal allied leaders: the Atlantic Conference, Yalta, and the Potsdam Conference using text evidence. (H, P)


Summarize the reasons for the establishment of the United Nations and the main ideas of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and their impact on the globalization of diplomacy and conflict and the balance of power. (C, H, P)


Describe the nature of reconstruction in Europe after 1945, including the purpose of the Marshall Plan, creation of NATO, and division of Germany. (E, G, H, P)


Explain the origins, significance, and effect of the establishment of the State of Israel. (G, H, P)


Summarize, using text evidence, the functions of the Warsaw Pact, SEATO, NATO, and the Organization of American States. (H, P)


Compare the economic and military power shifts caused by the war, including the Yalta Pact, the development of nuclear weapons, Soviet control over Eastern European nations, and the economic recoveries of Germany and Japan. (E, G, H, P)


Analyze the Chinese Civil War, the rise of Mao Zedong, and the triumph of the Communist Revolution in China. (H, P)


Describe the growth of population, rural to urban migration, and growth of cities. (C, E, G)


Trace Soviet aggression in Eastern Europe, the 1956 uprising in Hungary, conflicts involving Berlin and the Berlin Wall, and the Prague Spring. (G, H, P)


Describe the Soviet-United States competition in the Middle East, Africa and Afghanistan. (G, H, P)


Describe the Soviet-United States competition in Asia with particular attention to the Korean War and Vietnam War and describe the environmental changes due to carpet bombing, Napalm, and Agent Orange. (G, H, P)


Explain the rise and consequences of the communist revolution in Cambodia led by Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge, including the Cambodian Genocide and forced social engineering policies. (H, P)


Analyze multiple perspectives on the United States and Soviet conflicts involving Latin America, including the Cuban Missile Crisis. (G, H, P)


Explain the impact of the defense buildups and the impact of the arms control agreements, including the ABM and SALT treaties. (H, P)


Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research describing how the work of scientists in the 20th century influenced historical events, changed the lives of the general populace, and led to further scientific research including Albert Einstein, Enrico Fermi, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Edward Teller, Wernher von Braun, Jonas Salk, James Watson, and Francis Crick. (C, P)


Identify Africas climate, physical processes, geographical features, resources, human modifications, and population patterns and list the major natural resources and their relationship to the economy of the region. (E, G)


Describe the development and goals of nationalist movements in Africa, including the ideas and importance of nationalist leaders, including Jomo Kenyatta, Patrice Lumumba, and Gamal Abdel Nasser. (H, P)


Explain the fight against and dismantling of the apartheid system in South Africa, including the role of Nelson Mandela and the African National Congress in ending apartheid. (H, P)


Explain the connections among natural resources, entrepreneurship, labor, and capital in an industrial economy including the reasons why the Industrial Revolution began in England. (E, G, H)


Evaluate the challenges in Africa, including its geopolitical, cultural, military, and economic significance and the international relationships in which Africa is involved including the civil war in the Democratic Republic of Congo. (C, E, P)


Identify the climate, physical processes, geographical features, human modifications, and population patterns of Asia, and list the major natural resources and their relationship to the economy of the region. (E, G)


Conduct a short research project describing the consequences of the political and economic upheavals in China, including the Great Leap Forward, the Cultural Revolution, the Tiananmen Square uprising, and relations with Tibet and Taiwan. (C, E, H, P)


List the reasons for, and the effects of, the partition of the Indian subcontinent into India and Pakistan in 1947. (G, H, P)


Explain the historical factors that created a stable democratic government in India and the role of Mohandas Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, and Indira Gandhi in its development. (C, H, P)


Explain why the Chinese and Indian governments have sought to control population growth and the methods they use. (C, G, P)


Analyze Asias postwar economic rise, including Japans adaptation of western technology and industrial growth, Chinas economic modernization under Dng Xiaopng, and Indias economic growth through market-oriented reforms as well as the economic growth of Hong Kong, Republic of Korea, Singapore, and Taiwan. (C, H, E)


Delineate and evaluate the argument in a text describing the economic crises, soaring national debts, and the intervention of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank. (E, P)


Identify the climate, physical processes, the North Atlantic Current, geographical features, human modifications, and population patterns of Europe and list the major natural resources and their relationship to the economy of the region. (E, G)


Write an informational piece describing the weaknesses of the Soviet command economy, the burdens of Soviet military commitments, and its eventual collapse. (E, H, P)


Write an informative piece analyzing the emergence of capitalism as a dominant economic pattern and the responses to it, including Utopianism, Social Democracy, Socialism and Communism, Adam Smith, Robert Owen, and Karl Marx. (C, E, H, P)


Describe the uprisings in Poland (1952), Hungary (1956), and Czechoslovakia (1968) and those countries resurgence in the 1970s and 1980s as people in the former Soviet satellites sought freedom from Soviet control. (G, H, P)


Explore the role of various leaders who helped lead the collapse of communism and transformation of Eastern Europe including Ronald Reagan, Vclav Havel, Margaret Thatcher, and Lech Walesa, using multimedia resources. (H, P)


Evaluate the consequences of the Soviet Unions breakup, including the development of market economies, political and social instability, ethnic struggles, oil and gas politics, and the dangers of the spread of weapons and technologies of mass destruction to rogue states and terrorist organizations. (C, E, G, P)


Write an opinion piece using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence on the creation of greater European economic and political unity, including The European Union and the Euro. (C, E, P)


Analyze the climate, physical processes, geographical features, human modifications, and population patterns of Central America, and list the major natural resources and their relationship to the economy of the region. (E, G)


Explain the struggle for economic autonomy, political sovereignty, and social justice that led to revolutions in Guatemala and Cuba, and armed insurgencies and civil war in many parts of Central America. (C, E, P)


Compare the rise of military dictatorships in Argentina, Brazil, and Guatemala and the shift to democracy. (H, P)


Evaluate the presence and influence of the United States in Latin America, including economic sanctions, military intervention in the War on Drugs, Organization of American States (OAS), and the Panama Canal. (E, H, P)


Explain the importance of trade and regional trade treaties, including NAFTA, MERCOSUR, CAFTA, and CARICOM. (E, G)


Trace the impact of drug trafficking on and movements of people to the United States, their monetary and affective connections to their homelands, and return migration to Latin America. (C, G)


Evaluate multiple sources presented in diverse media or other formats describing the emergence of Romanticism in art and literature including the poetry of William Blake and William Wordsworth, social criticism including the novels of Charles Dickens, and the move away from Classicism in Europe. (C)


Evaluate the geographic impact, such as the growing innovations of technical geographical tools including GPS and GIS, these resources are having on retail, transportation, communication, and tech industries. (C, E, G)


Identify the weaknesses and strength of the oil-rich Persian Gulf states, including Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and others. (E, G, P)


Analyze the use of geo-technology in the search for new sources of oil and the geographic causes and effects of transitioning to alternative energy sources. (E, G)


Analyze reactions by surrounding Arab countries of the U.N. decision to establish Israel, the four Arab-Israeli Wars, and the rise of the Palestinian Liberation Organization. (G, H, P)


Analyze the attempts to secure peace in the Middle East, including the Camp David Accords and the Oslo Accords. (H, P)


Summarize the Iranian Revolution of 19781979 after Khomeini, the Iranian hostage crisis, and more recent nuclear issues. (H, P)


Explain the defeat of the Soviet Union and the rise of the Mujahedin and the Taliban in Afghanistan. (G, H, P)


Determine the central ideas of a text describing the origin and course of the Rwanda Genocide. (C, H, P)


Describe the impact of the collapse of the Soviet Union on Eastern Bloc nations, including the Balkans. (G, H, P)


Examine the effects of German reunification on both Western and Eastern Germany. (C, G, P)


Understand that spatial patterns and processes are essential to appreciating how people live on Earth. (C, E, G, H, P)


Identify regional climatic patterns and weather phenomena and their effects on people and places. (G)


Describe how humans influence the environment and are influenced by it. (C, E, G)


Explain how technology affects ones ability to modify the environment and adapt to it. (C, E, G)


Explain how characteristics of regions have led to regional labels. (C, E, G, H, P)


Explain how regional landscapes reflect the physical environment and the cultural characteristics of their inhabitants. (C, G)


Analyze how cultural characteristics, including the worlds major languages, ethnicities, religions, and issues of gender link or divide regions. (C, G)


Locate and analyze physical, economic, and cultural characteristics of world regions: Latin America and the Caribbean, Europe, United States and Canada, North Africa and Southwest Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, Russia and Central Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia, East Asia, Australia and the Pacific Islands, and Antarctica. (C, E, G, H, P)


Compare and contrast the distribution, growth rates, and characteristics of human population in terms of settlement patterns and the location of natural and capital resources. (E, G)


Analyze the role of demography in each region of the world, including life expectancy, birth rate, fertility rate, dependency ratio, and standard of living indicators.


Analyze past and present trends in human migration and cultural interaction as they are influenced by social, economic, political, and environmental factors. (C, E, G, H, P)


Apply geographic thinking in addressing global issues. (E, G, P)


Show the influence of different types of resources on patterns of economic activity and land use. (E, G)


Evaluate perspectives and consequences regarding the use of resources. (E, G)


Distinguish between developed and developing countries and relate the level of economic development to the standard of living and quality of life. (E, G)


Analyze the global patterns and networks of economic interdependence. (E, G)


Identify factors, including comparative advantage, that influence economic activities and trade. (E, G)


Map, describe, and evaluate the formation of economic unions. (E, G, H)


Describe ways that economic and social interactions have changed over time. (E, G)


Explain and analyze reasons for the creation of different political divisions. (G, H)


Analyze ways cooperation among political jurisdictions is used to solve problems and settle disputes. (G, H, P)


Apply the concepts of site and situation to major cities in each region. (G)


Obtain geographical information about the worlds countries, cities, and environments. (G)


Explain how the functions of towns and cities have changed over time. (G, H)


Describe the unique influence of urban areas and some challenges they face. (C, E, G)


Use geographic knowledge, skills, and perspectives to analyze problems and make decisions. (C, E, G, P)


Relate current events to the physical and human characteristics of places and regions. (C, E, G, H, P)


Apply the concepts of location, scale, map projection, or orientation. (G)


Develop and refine mental maps of world regions. (G)


Create and compare political, physical, and thematic maps. (C, E, G, H, P)


Analyze and explain how different cultures use maps and other visual images to reflect their own interests and ambitions. (C, G)


Explain and apply geospatial technologies including GIS, GPS, and remote sensing. (E, G, P)


Describe ways in which different types of physical processes create and shape the surface of the Earth. (G)