Virginia English Standards of Learning — Grade 8


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8.1a

Prepare and ask relevant questions for the interview.

8.1b

Make notes of responses.

8.1c

Compile, accurately report, and publish responses.

8.1d

Evaluate the effectiveness of the interview.

8.2a

Choose topic and purpose appropriate to the audience.

8.2b

Choose vocabulary and tone appropriate to the audience, topic, and purpose.

8.2c

Use appropriate verbal and nonverbal presentation skills.

8.2d

Respond to audience questions and comments.

8.2e

Differentiate between standard English and informal language.

8.2f

Critique oral presentations.

8.2g

Assume shared responsibility for collaborative work.

8.2h

Use a variety of strategies to listen actively.

8.3a

Evaluate the persuasive/informational technique being used in nonprint media including television, radio, video, and Internet.

8.3b

Examine how values and viewpoints are included or excluded and how the media can influence beliefs, behaviors, and interpretations.

8.3c

Use media and visual literacy skills to create products that express new understandings.

8.3d

Evaluate sources for relationships between intent and factual content.

8.4a

Identify and analyze an authors use of figurative language.

8.4b

Use context, structure, and connotations to determine meaning and differentiate among multiple meanings of words and phrases.

8.4c

Use roots, affixes, cognates, synonyms, and antonyms to determine the meaning of unfamiliar words and technical vocabulary.

8.4d

Use dictionaries, thesauruses, and glossaries to determine definition, pronunciation, etymology, spelling, and usage of words.

8.4e

Discriminate between connotative and denotative meanings and interpret the connotation.

8.4f

Extend general and specialized vocabulary through speaking, listening, reading, and writing.

8.5a

Explain the use of symbols and figurative language.

8.5b

Make inferences and draw conclusions based on explicit and implied information using evidence from text as support.

8.5c

Explain how authors use characters, conflict, point of view, voice, and tone to create meaning.

8.5d

Understand the authors use of conventional elements and characteristics within a variety of genres.

8.5e

Compare and contrast the authors use of word choice, dialogue, form, rhyme, rhythm, and voice in different texts.

8.5f

Compare and contrast authors styles.

8.5g

Identify and ask questions that clarify various viewpoints.

8.5h

Identify the main idea.

8.5i

Summarize text relating supporting details.

8.5j

Identify an authors organizational pattern using textual clues, such as transitional words and phrases.

8.5k

Identify cause and effect relationships.

8.5l

Use prior and background knowledge as a context for new learning.

8.5m

Use reading strategies to monitor comprehension throughout the reading process.

8.6a

Draw on background knowledge and knowledge of text structure to understand selections.

8.6b

Make inferences and draw conclusions based on explicit and implied information using evidence from text as support.

8.6c

Analyze the authors qualifications, viewpoint, and impact.

8.6d

Analyze the authors use of text structure and word choice.

8.6e

Analyze details for relevance and accuracy.

8.6f

Differentiate between fact and opinion.

8.6g

Identify the main idea.

8.6h

Summarize the text identifying supporting details.

8.6i

Identify an authors organizational pattern using textual clues, such as transitional words and phrases.

8.6j

Identify cause and effect relationships.

8.6k

Evaluate, organize, and synthesize information for use in written and oral formats.

8.6l

Use reading strategies to monitor comprehension throughout the reading process.

8.7a

Identify intended audience.

8.7b

Use prewriting strategies to generate and organize ideas.

8.7c

Distinguish between a thesis statement and a topic sentence.

8.7d

Organize details to elaborate the central idea and provide unity.

8.7e

Select specific vocabulary and information for audience and purpose.

8.7f

Use interview quotations as evidence.

8.7g

Revise writing for clarity of content, word choice, sentence variety, and transitions among paragraphs.

8.7h

Use computer technology to plan, draft, revise, edit, and publish writing.

8.8a

Use a variety of graphic organizers, including sentence diagrams, to analyze and improve sentence formation and paragraph structure.

8.8b

Use and punctuate correctly varied sentence structures to include conjunctions and transition words.

8.8c

Choose the correct case and number for pronouns in prepositional phrases with compound objects.

8.8d

Maintain consistent verb tense across paragraphs.

8.8e

Use comparative and superlative degrees in adverbs and adjectives.

8.8f

Use quotation marks with dialogue and direct quotations.

8.8g

Use correct spelling for frequently used words.

8.9a

Collect and synthesize information from multiple sources including online, print and media.

8.9b

Evaluate the validity and authenticity of texts.

8.9c

Use technology as a tool to research, organize, evaluate, and communicate information.

8.9d

Make sense of information gathered from diverse sources by identifying misconceptions, main and supporting ideas, conflicting information, point of view or bias.

8.9e

Cite primary and secondary sources using Modern Language Association (MLA) or American Psychological Association (APA) style.

8.9f

Publish findings and respond to feedback.

8.9g

Define the meaning and consequences of plagiarism and follow ethical and legal guidelines for gathering and using information.