Virginia English Standards of Learning — Grade 9


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9.1a

Include definitions to increase clarity.

9.1b

Use relevant details to support main ideas.

9.1c

Illustrate main ideas through anecdotes and examples.

9.1d

Use grammatically correct language, including vocabulary appropriate to the topic, audience, and purpose.

9.1e

Use verbal and nonverbal techniques for presentation.

9.1f

Evaluate impact and purpose of presentation.

9.1g

Credit information sources.

9.1h

Give impromptu responses to questions about presentation

9.1i

Give and follow spoken directions to perform specific tasks, answer questions, or solve problems

9.1j

Use a variety of strategies to listen actively.

9.1k

Summarize and evaluate information presented orally by others.

9.1l

Assume shared responsibility for collaborative work.

9.2a

Analyze and interpret special effects used in media messages including television, film, and Internet.

9.2b

Determine the purpose of the media message and its effect on the audience.

9.2c

Describe possible cause and effect relationships between mass media coverage and public opinion trends.

9.2d

Evaluate sources including advertisements, editorial, and feature stories for relationships between intent and factual content.

9.2e

Monitor, analyze, and use multiple streams of simultaneous information

9.3a

Use structural analysis of roots, affixes, synonyms, antonyms, and cognates to understand complex words.

9.3b

Use context, structure, and connotations to determine meanings of words and phrases.

9.3c

Discriminate between connotative and denotative meanings and interpret the connotation.

9.3d

Identify the meaning of common idioms.

9.3e

Identify literary and classical allusions and figurative language in text.

9.3f

Extend general and specialized vocabulary through speaking, reading, and writing.

9.3g

Use knowledge of the evolution, diversity, and effects of language to comprehend and elaborate the meaning of texts.

9.4a

Identify authors main idea and purpose.

9.4b

Summarize text relating supporting details.

9.4c

Identify the characteristics that distinguish literary forms.

9.4d

Use literary terms in describing and analyzing selections

9.4e

Explain the relationships between and among elements of literature: characters, plot, setting, tone, point of view, and theme.

9.4f

Compare and contrast the use of rhyme, rhythm, sound, imagery, and other literary devices to convey a message and elicit the readers emotion.

9.4g

Analyze the cultural or social function of a literary text.

9.4h

Explain the relationship between the authors style and literary effect.

9.4i

Explain the influence of historical context on the form, style, and point of view of a written work.

9.4j

Compare and contrast authors use of literary elements within a variety of genres.

9.4k

Analyze how an authors specific word choices and syntax achieve special effects and support the authors purpose.

9.4l

Make predictions, inferences, draw conclusions, and connect prior knowledge to support reading comprehension

9.4m

Use reading strategies to monitor comprehension throughout the reading process.

9.5a

Recognize an authors intended purpose for writing and identify the main idea.

9.5b

Summarize text relating supporting details.

9.5c

Understand the purpose of text structures and use those features to locate information and gain meaning from texts.

9.5d

Identify characteristics of expository, technical, and persuasive texts

9.5e

Identify a position/argument to be confirmed, disproved, or modified.

9.5f

Evaluate clarity and accuracy of information.

9.5g

Analyze and synthesize information in order to solve problems, answer questions, or complete a task.

9.5h

Draw conclusions and make inferences on explicit and implied information using textual support as evidence.

9.5i

Differentiate between fact and opinion.

9.5j

Organize and synthesize information from sources for use in written and oral presentations.

9.5k

Use the reading strategies to monitor comprehension throughout the reading process.

9.6a

Generate, gather, and organize ideas for writing

9.6b

Plan and organize writing to address a specific audience and purpose.

9.6c

Communicate clearly the purpose of the writing using a thesis statement where appropriate

9.6d

Write clear, varied sentences using specific vocabulary and information.

9.6e

Elaborate ideas clearly through word choice and vivid description.

9.6f

Arrange paragraphs into a logical progression.

9.6g

Use transitions between paragraphs and ideas.

9.6h

Revise writing for clarity of content, accuracy and depth of information.

9.6i

Use computer technology to plan, draft, revise, edit, and publish writing.

9.7a

Use and apply rules for the parts of a sentence, including subject/verb, direct/indirect object, and predicate nominative/predicate adjective, and coordinating conjunctions.

9.7b

Use parallel structures across sentences and paragraphs.

9.7c

Use appositives, main clauses, and subordinate clauses.

9.7d

Use commas and semicolons to distinguish and divide main and subordinate clauses.

9.7e

Distinguish between active and passive voice.

9.7f

Proofread and edit writing for intended audience and purpose.

9.8a

Use technology as a tool for research to organize, evaluate, and communicate information.

9.8b

Narrow the focus of a search.

9.8c

Find, evaluate, and select appropriate sources to access information and answer questions.

9.8d

Verify the validity and accuracy of all information.

9.8e

Make sense of information gathered from diverse sources by identifying misconceptions, main and supporting ideas, conflicting information, point of view or bias.

9.8f

Credit the sources of quoted, paraphrased, and summarized ideas.

9.8g

Cite sources of information using a standard method of documentation such as that of the Modern Language Association (MLA) or the American Psychological Association (APA)