Virginia Science Standards of Learning — Grade K


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K.10a

natural and human-made things may change over time; and

K.10b

changes can be observed and measured.

K.11a

materials and objects can be used over and over again;

K.11b

everyday materials can be recycled; and

K.11c

water and energy conservation at home and in school helps ensure resources are available for future use.

K.1a

basic characteristics or properties of objects are identified by direct observation;

K.1b

observations are made from multiple positions to achieve different perspectives;

K.1c

a set of objects is sequenced according to size;

K.1d

a set of objects is separated into two groups based on a single physical characteristic;

K.1e

nonstandard units are used to measure the length, mass, and volume of common objects;

K.1f

observations and predictions are made for an unseen member in a sequence of objects;

K.1g

a question is developed and predictions are made from one or more observations;

K.1h

observations are recorded;

K.1i

picture graphs are constructed;

K.1j

unusual or unexpected results in an activity are recognized; and

K.1k

objects are described both pictorially and verbally.

K.2a

the five senses and corresponding sensing organs; and

K.2b

sensory descriptors used to describe common objects and phenomena.

K.3a

magnetism and its effects; and

K.3b

useful applications of magnetism.

K.4a

colors of objects;

K.4b

shapes and forms of objects;

K.4c

textures and feel of objects;

K.4d

relative sizes and weights of objects; and

K.4e

relative positions and speed of objects.

K.5a

water occurs in different phases;

K.5b

water flows downhill; and

K.5c

some materials float in water, while others sink.

K.6a

all things can be classified as living or nonliving; and

K.6b

living organisms have certain characteristics that distinguish them from nonliving objects including growth, movement, response to the environment, having offspring, and the need for food, air, and water.

K.7a

animals need adequate food, water, shelter, air, and space to survive;

K.7b

plants need nutrients, water, air, light, and a place to grow to survive;

K.7c

plants and animals change as they grow, have varied life cycles, and eventually die; and

K.7d

offspring of plants and animals are similar but not identical to their parents or to one another.

K.8a

shadows occur in nature when sunlight is blocked by an object; and

K.8b

shadows can be produced by blocking artificial light sources.

K.9a

weather observations;

K.9b

the shapes and forms of many common natural objects including seeds, cones, and leaves; and

K.9c

animal and plant growth.