Virginia Science Standards of Learning — Grade 5


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5.1a

items such as rocks, minerals, and organisms are identified using various classification keys;

5.1b

estimates are made and accurate measurements of length, mass, volume, and temperature are made in metric units using proper tools;

5.1c

estimates are made and accurate measurements of elapsed time are made using proper tools;

5.1d

hypotheses are formed from testable questions;

5.1e

independent and dependent variables are identified;

5.1f

constants in an experimental situation are identified;

5.1g

data are collected, recorded, analyzed, and communicated using proper graphical representations and metric measurements;

5.1h

predictions are made using patterns from data collected, and simple graphical data are generated;

5.1i

inferences are made and conclusions are drawn;

5.1j

models are constructed to clarify explanations, demonstrate relationships, and solve needs; and

5.1k

current applications are used to reinforce science concepts.

5.2a

compression waves;

5.2b

vibration, compression, wavelength, frequency, amplitude;

5.2c

the ability of different media (solids, liquids, and gases

5.2d

uses and applications of sound waves.

5.3b

the visible spectrum;

5.3c

opaque, transparent, and translucent;

5.3d

reflection of light from reflective surfaces; and

5.3e

refraction of light through water and prisms.

5.4a

distinguishing properties of each phase of matter;

5.4b

the effect of temperature on the phases of matter;

5.4c

atoms and elements;

5.4d

molecules and compounds; and

5.4e

mixtures including solutions.

5.5a

basic cell structures and functions;

5.5b

classification of organisms using physical characteristics, body structures, and behavior of the organism; and

5.5c

traits of organisms that allow them to survive in their environment.

5.6a

geological characteristics;

5.6b

physical characteristics; and

5.6c

ecological characteristics.

5.7a

identification of rock types;

5.7b

the rock cycle and how transformations between rocks occur;

5.7c

Earth history and fossil evidence;

5.7d

the basic structure of Earths interior;

5.7e

changes in Earths crust due to plate tectonics;

5.7f

weathering, erosion, and deposition; and