Ohio Learning Standards for English — Grade 2


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2.CCRA.L.1

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

2.CCRA.L.2

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

2.CCRA.L.3

Apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions indifferent contexts, to make effective choices for meaning or style, and to comprehend more fully when reading or listening.

2.CCRA.L.4

Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases by using context clues, analyzing meaningful word parts, and consulting general and specialized reference materials, as appropriate.

2.CCRA.L.5

Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings.

2.CCRA.L.6

Acquire and use accurately a range of general academic and domain- specific words and phrases sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when encountering an unknown term important to comprehension or expression.

2.CCRA.R.1

Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make logical inferences from it; cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions drawn from the text.

2.CCRA.R.10

Read, comprehend, and respond to complex literary and informational texts independently and proficiently.

2.CCRA.R.2

Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their development; provide a summary or thorough analysis of the text, including the appropriate components.

2.CCRA.R.3

Analyze how and why individuals, events, and ideas develop and interact over the course of a text.

2.CCRA.R.4

Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings, and analyze how specific language choices shape meaning, mood, or tone of the text.

2.CCRA.R.5

Analyze the structure of texts, including how specific sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of the text (e.g., a section, chapter, scene, or stanza) relate to each other and the whole.

2.CCRA.R.6

Assess how point of view, perspective, or purpose shapes the content and style of a text.

2.CCRA.R.7

Integrate and evaluate content presented in diverse media and formats, including visually and quantitatively, as well as in words.

2.CCRA.R.8

Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, including the validity of the reasoning as well as the relevance and sufficiency of the evidence.

2.CCRA.R.9

Analyze how two or more texts address similar themes or topics in order to build knowledge or to compare the approaches the authors take.

2.CCRA.SL.1

Prepare for and participate effectively in a range of conversations and collaborations with diverse partners, building on others ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.

2.CCRA.SL.2

Integrate and evaluate information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.

2.CCRA.SL.3

Evaluate a speakers perspective, reasoning, and use of evidence and rhetoric.

2.CCRA.SL.4

Present information, findings, and supporting evidence such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning and the organization, development, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.

2.CCRA.SL.5

Make strategic use of digital media and visual displays of data to express information and enhance understanding of presentations.

2.CCRA.SL.6

Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and communicative tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.

2.CCRA.W.1

Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.

2.CCRA.W.10

Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) fora range of tasks, purposes, and audiences.

2.CCRA.W.2

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.

2.CCRA.W.3

Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well-chosen details, and well-structured event sequences.

2.CCRA.W.4

Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.

2.CCRA.W.5

Develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach.

2.CCRA.W.6

Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing and to interact and collaborate with others.

2.CCRA.W.7

Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects based on focused questions, demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation.

2.CCRA.W.8

Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, assess the credibility and accuracy of each source, and integrate the information, while avoiding plagiarism.

2.CCRA.W.9

Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

L.2.1

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

L.2.1.a

Use collective nouns (e.g., group).

L.2.1.b

Form and use frequently occurring irregular plural nouns (e.g., feet, children, teeth, mice, fish).

L.2.1.c

Use reflexive pronouns (e.g., myself, ourselves).

L.2.1.d

Form and use the past tense of frequently occurring irregular verbs (e.g., sat, hid, told).

L.2.1.e

Use adjectives and adverbs, and choose between them depending on what is to be modified.

L.2.1.f

Produce, expand, and rearrange complete simple and compound sentences (e.g., The boy watched the movie; The little boy watched the movie; The action movie was watched by the little boy).

L.2.2

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

L.2.2.a

Capitalize holidays, product names, and geographic names.

L.2.2.b

Use commas in greetings and closings of letters.

L.2.2.c

Use an apostrophe to form contractions and frequently occurring possessives.

L.2.2.d

Generalize learned spelling patterns when writing words (e.g., cage badge; boy boil).

L.2.2.e

Consult reference materials, including beginning dictionaries, as needed to check and correct spellings.

L.2.3

Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.

L.2.3.a

Recognize formal and informal uses of English.

L.2.3.b

Compare formal and informal uses of English.

L.2.4

Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 2 reading and content, choosing flexibly from an array of strategies.

L.2.4.a

Use sentence-level context as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.

L.2.4.b

Determine the meaning of the new word formed when a known prefix is added to a known word (e.g., happy/unhappy, tell/retell).

L.2.4.c

Use a known root word as a clue to the meaning of an unknown word with the same root (e.g., addition, additional).

L.2.4.d

Use knowledge of the meaning of individual words to predict the meaning of compound words (e.g., birdhouse, lighthouse, housefly; bookshelf, notebook, bookmark).

L.2.4.e

Use glossaries and beginning dictionaries, both print and digital, to determine or clarify the meaning of words and phrases.

L.2.5

Demonstrate understanding of word relationships and nuances in word meanings.

L.2.5.a

Identify real-life connections between words and their use (e.g., describe foods that are spicy or juicy).

L.2.5.b

Distinguish shades of meaning among closely related verbs (e.g., toss, throw, hurl) and closely related adjectives (e.g., thin, slender, skinny, scrawny).

L.2.6

Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading and being read to, and responding to texts, including using adjectives and adverbs to describe (e.g., When other kids are happy that makes me happy).

RF.2.3

Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.

RF.2.3.a

Distinguish long and short vowels when reading regularly spelled one-syllable words.

RF.2.3.b

Know spelling-sound correspondences for additional common vowel teams.

RF.2.3.c

Decode regularly spelled two-syllable words with long vowels.

RF.2.3.d

Decode words with common prefixes and suffixes.

RF.2.3.e

Identify words with inconsistent but common spelling-sound correspondences.

RF.2.3.f

Recognize and read grade-appropriate irregularly spelled words.

RF.2.4

Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.

RF.2.4.a

Read grade-level text with purpose and understanding.

RF.2.4.b

Read grade-level text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings.

RF.2.4.c

Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.

RI.2.1

Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.

RI.2.10

By the end of year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, in the grades 23 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.

RI.2.2

Analyze informational text development.

RI.2.2.a

Identify the main topic of a multi-paragraph text.

RI.2.2.b

Identify the focus of specific paragraphs within the text.

RI.2.3

Describe the connection between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text.

RI.2.4

Determine the meaning of words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 2 topic or subject area.

RI.2.5

Know and use various text features (e.g., captions, bold print, subheadings, glossaries, indexes, electronic menus, icons) to locate key facts or information in a text efficiently.

RI.2.6

Identify the main purpose of a text, including what the author wants to answer, explain, or describe.

RI.2.7

Explain how specific images (e.g., a diagram showing how a machine works) contribute to and clarify a text.

RI.2.8

Identify the main points an author uses in a text and, with support, explain how reasons connect to the main points.

RI.2.9

Compare and contrast the most important points presented by two texts on the same topic.

RL.2.1

Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.

RL.2.10

By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories and poetry, in the grades 23 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. Activate prior knowledge and draw on previous experiences in order to make text-to-self or text-to-text connections and comparisons.

RL.2.2

Analyze literary text development.

RL.2.2.a

Determine the lesson or moral.

RL.2.2.b

Retell stories, including fables and folktales from diverse cultures.

RL.2.3

Describe how characters in a story respond to major events and challenges.

RL.2.4

Describe how words and phrases (e.g., regular beats, alliteration, rhymes, repeated lines) supply rhythm and meaning in a story, poem, or song.

RL.2.5

Describe the overall structure of a story, including describing how the beginning introduces the story and the ending concludes the action.

RL.2.6

Distinguish between points of view when referring to narrators and characters, recognizing when the narrator is a character in the story.

RL.2.7

Use information gained from the illustrations and words in a print or digital text to demonstrate understanding of its characters, setting, or plot.

RL.2.8

(Not applicable to literature)

RL.2.9

Compare and contrast two or more versions of the same story (e.g., Cinderella stories) by different authors or from different cultures.

SL.2.1

Participate in collaborative conversations about grade 2 topics and texts with diverse partners in small and larger groups.

SL.2.1.a

Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions (e.g., gaining the floor in respectful ways, listening to others with care, speaking one at a time about the topics and texts under discussion).

SL.2.1.b

Build on others talk in conversations by linking their comments to the remarks of others.

SL.2.1.c

Ask for clarification and further explanation as needed about the topics and texts under discussion.

SL.2.2

Retell or describe key ideas or details from a text read aloud or information presented in various media and other formats (e.g., orally).

SL.2.3

Ask and answer questions about what a speaker says in order to clarify comprehension, gather additional information, or deepen understanding of a topic or issue.

SL.2.4

Tell a story or recount an experience with appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details, speaking audibly in coherent sentences.

SL.2.5

Create audio recordings of stories or poems; add drawings or other visual displays to stories or recounts of experiences when appropriate to clarify ideas, thoughts, and feelings.

SL.2.6

Produce complete sentences when appropriate to task and situation in order to provide requested detail or clarification. (See grade 2 Language standards 1 and 3 for specific expectations.)

W.2.1

Write opinion pieces that introduce the topic or book being written about, express an opinion, supply reasons that support the opinion, use linking words (e.g., because, and, also) to connect opinion and reasons, and provide a concluding statement or section.

W.2.10

(Begins in grade 3)

W.2.2

Write informative/explanatory texts that introduce a topic, use facts and definitions to develop points, and provide a concluding statement or section.

W.2.3

Write narratives to recount a well-elaborated event or short sequence of events, include details to describe actions, thoughts, and feelings, use temporal words to signal event order, and provide a sense of closure.

W.2.4

(Begins in grade 3)

W.2.5

With guidance and support from adults and peers, focus on a topic and strengthen writing as needed by revising and editing.

W.2.6

With guidance and support from adults, use a variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing, including in collaboration with peers.

W.2.7

Participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., read a number of books on a single topic to produce a report; record science observations).

W.2.8

Recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question.

W.2.9

(Begins in grade 4)