Arizona Science Standards — Grade 4


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4.ESS1.1

Identify the Earth processes that cause erosion.

4.ESS1.2

Describe how currents and wind cause erosion and land changes.

4.ESS1.3

Describe the role that water plays in the following processes that alter the Earths surface features: erosion deposition weathering

4.ESS1.4

Compare rapid and slow processes that change the Earths surface, including: rapid earthquaK.Es, volcanoes, floods slow wind, weathering

4.ESS1.5

Identify the Earth events that cause changes in atmospheric conditions (e.g., volcanic eruptions, forest fires).

4.ESS1.6

Analyze evidence that indicates life and environmental conditions have changed (e.g., tree rings, fish fossils in desert regions, ice cores).

4.ESS2.1

Identify the sources of water within an environment (e.g., ground water, surface water, atmospheric water, glaciers).

4.ESS2.2

Describe the distribution of water on the Earths surface.

4.ESS2.3

Differentiate between weather and climate as they relate to the southwestern United States.

4.ESS2.4

Measure changes in weather (e.g., precipitation, wind speed, barometric pressure).

4.ESS2.5

Interpret the symbols on a weather map or chart to identify the following: temperatures fronts precipitation

4.ESS2.6

Compare weather conditions in various locations (e.g., regions of Arizona, various U.S. cities, coastal vs. interior geographical regions).

4.HNS1.1

Identify how diverse people and/or cultures, past and present, have made important contributions to scientific innovations (e.g., Margaret Mead [anthropologist], supports Strand 4; Nikola Tesla [engineer, inventor] supports Strand 5; Michael Faraday [scientist], supports Strand 5; Benjamin FranK.Lin [scientist], supports Strand 5).

4.HNS1.2

Describe science-related career opportunities.

4.HNS2.1

Explain the role of experimentation in scientific inquiry.

4.HNS2.2

Describe the interaction of components in a system (e.g., flashlight, radio).

4.HNS2.3

Explain various ways scientists generate ideas (e.g., observation, experiment, collaboration, theoretical and mathematical models).

4.IP1.1

Differentiate inferences from observations.

4.IP1.2

Formulate a relevant question through observations that can be tested by an investigation.

4.IP1.3

Formulate predictions in the realm of science based on observed cause and effect relationships.

4.IP1.4

Locate information (e.g., book, article, website) related to an investigation.

4.IP2.1

Demonstrate safe behavior and appropriate procedures (e.g., use and care of technology, materials, organisms) in all science inquiry.

4.IP2.2

Plan a simple investigation that identifies the variables to be controlled.

4.IP2.3

Conduct controlled investigations (e.g., related to erosion, plant life cycles, weather, magnetism) in life, physical, and Earth and space sciences.

4.IP2.4

Measure using appropriate tools (e.g., ruler, scale, balance) and units of measure (i.e., metric, U.S. customary).

4.IP2.5

Record data in an organized and appropriate format (e.g., t-chart, table, list, written log).

4.IP3.1

Analyze data obtained in a scientific investigation to identify trends.

4.IP3.2

Formulate conclusions based upon identified trends in data.

4.IP3.3

Determine that data collected is consistent with the formulated question.

4.IP3.4

Determine whether the data supports the prediction for an investigation.

4.IP3.5

Develop new questions and predictions based upon the data collected in the investigation.

4.IP4.1

Communicate verbally or in writing the results of an inquiry.

4.IP4.2

Choose an appropriate graphic representation for collected data: bar graph line graph Venn diagram model

4.IP4.3

Communicate with other groups or individuals to compare the results of a common investigation.

4.LS1

Compare structures in plants (e.g., roots, stems, leaves, flowers) and animals (e.g., muscles, bones, nerves) that serve different functions in growth and survival.

4.LS2

Classify animals by identifiable group characteristics: vertebrates mammals, birds, fish, reptiles, amphibians invertebrates insects, arachnids

4.LS4.1

Describe ways various resources (e.g., air, water, plants, animals, soil) are utilized to meet the needs of a population.

4.LS4.2

Differentiate renewable resources from nonrenewable resources.

4.LS4.3

Analyze the effect that limited resources (e.g., natural gas, minerals) may have on an environment.

4.LS4.4

Describe ways in which resources can be conserved (e.g., by reducing, reusing, recycling, finding substitutes).

4.LS5.1

Recognize that successful characteristics of populations are inherited traits that are favorable in a particular environment.

4.LS5.2

Give examples of adaptations that allow plants and animals to survive. camouflage horned lizards, coyotes mimicry Monarch and Viceroy butterflies physical cactus spines mutualism species of acacia that harbor ants, which repel other harmful insects

4.PS3.1

Demonstrate that electricity flowing in circuits can produce light, heat, sound, and magnetic effects.

4.PS3.2

Construct series and parallel electric circuits.

4.PS3.3

Explain the purpose of conductors and insulators in various practical applications.

4.PS3.4

Investigate the characteristics of magnets (e.g., opposite poles attract, liK.E poles repel, the force between two magnet poles depends on the distance between them).

4.PS3.5

State cause and effect relationships between magnets and circuitry.

4.SP1.1

Describe how natural events and human activities have positive and negative impacts on environments (e.g., fire, floods, pollution, dams).

4.SP1.2

Evaluate the consequences of environmental occurrences that happen either rapidly (e.g., fire, flood, tornado) or over a long period of time (e.g., drought, melting ice caps, the greenhouse effect, erosion).

4.SP2.1

Describe how science and technology (e.g., computers, air conditioning, medicine) have improved the lives of many people.

4.SP2.2

Describe benefits (e.g., easy communications, rapid transportation) and risK.S (e.g., pollution, destruction of natural resources) related to the use of technology.

4.SP2.3

Design and construct a technological solution to a common problem or need using common materials.