Arizona Science Standards — Grade 5


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5.ESS1.1

Describe how the Moons appearance changes during a four-week lunar cycle.

5.ESS1.2

Describe how Earths rotation results in day and night at any particular location.

5.ESS1.3

Distinguish between revolution and rotation.

5.ESS1.4

Describe the role of gravity as an attractive force between celestial objects.

5.ESS2.1

Identify the known planets of the solar system.

5.ESS2.2

Describe the distinguishing characteristics of the known planets in the solar system.

5.ESS2.3

Describe various objects in the sky (e.g., asteroids, comets, stars, meteors/shooting stars).

5.ESS2.4

Describe the change in position and motion of the following objects in the sky over time: real motion Moon, planets apparent motion (due to the motion of the Earth) Sun, Moon, stars

5.ESS2.5

Explain the apparent motion of the Sun and stars.

5.ESS2.6

Describe efforts to explore space (e.g., Apollo missions, space shuttles, Hubble space telescope, space probes).

5.HNS1.1

Identify how diverse people and/or cultures, past and present, have made important contributions to scientific innovations (e.g., Percy Lavon Julian [scientist], supports Strand 4; Niels Bohr [scientist], supports Strand 5; Edwin Hubble [scientist], supports Strand 6).

5.HNS2.1

Provide examples that support the premise that science is an ongoing process that changes in response to new information and discoveries (e.g., space exploration, medical advances).

5.HNS2.2

Explain the cycle by which new scientific knowledge generates new scientific inquiry.

5.HNS2.3

Describe how scientific knowledge is subject to modification and/or change as new information/technology challenges prevailing theories.

5.HNS2.4

Compare collaborative approaches that scientists use for investigations (e.g., teams, individual with peer review).

5.HNS2.5

Describe qualities of the scientists habits of mind (e.g., openness, sK.Epticism, integrity, tolerance).

5.IP1.1

Formulate a relevant question through observations that can be tested by an investigation. (See M05-S2C1-01)

5.IP1.2

Formulate predictions in the realm of science based on observed cause and effect relationships.

5.IP1.3

Locate information (e.g., book, article, website) related to an investigation. (See W05-S3C6-01 and R05-S3C1-05)

5.IP2.1

Demonstrate safe behavior and appropriate procedures (e.g., use and care of technology, materials, organisms) in all science inquiry.

5.IP2.2

Plan a simple investigation that identifies the variables to be controlled.

5.IP2.3

Conduct simple investigations (e.g., related to forces and motion, Earth processes) based on student- developed questions in life, physical, and Earth and space sciences.

5.IP2.4

Measure using appropriate tools (e.g., ruler, scale, balance) and units of measure (i.e., metric, U.S. customary). (See M05-S4C4-01)

5.IP2.5

Record data in an organized and appropriate format (e.g., t-chart, table, list, written log). (See W05-S3C2-01 and W05-S3C3-01)

5.IP3.1

Analyze data obtained in a scientific investigation to identify trends and form conclusions. (See M05-S2C1-03)

5.IP3.2

Analyze whether the data is consistent with the proposed explanation that motivated the investigation.

5.IP3.3

Evaluate the reasonableness of the outcome of an investigation.

5.IP3.4

Develop new investigations and predictions based on questions that arise from the findings of an investigation.

5.IP3.5

Identify possible relationships between variables in simple investigations (e.g., time and distance; incline and mass of object).

5.IP4.1

Communicate verbally or in writing the results of an inquiry. (See W05-S3C3-01)

5.IP4.2

Choose an appropriate graphic representation for collected data: bar graph line graph Venn diagram model (See M05-S2C1-02)

5.IP4.3

Communicate with other groups or individuals to compare the results of a common investigation.

5.LS1.1

Identify the functions and parts of the sK.Eletal system: protection rib cage, cranium support vertebrae movement pelvis, femur, hip

5.LS1.2

Identify the following types of muscles: cardiac heart smooth stomach sK.Eletal biceps

5.LS1.3

Identify the functions and parts of the nervous system: control center brain relay mechanism spinal cord transport messages nerves

5.LS1.4

Distinguish between voluntary and involuntary responses.

5.PS1.1

Identify that matter is made of smaller units called: molecules (e.g., H2O, CO2) atoms (e.g., H, N, Na)

5.PS1.2

Distinguish between mixtures and compounds.

5.PS1.3

Describe changes of matter: physical cutting wood, ripping paper, freezing water chemical burning of wood, rusting of iron, milk turning sour

5.PS2.1

Describe the following forces: gravity friction

5.PS2.2

Describe the various effects forces can have on an object (e.g., cause motion, halt motion, change direction of motion, cause deformation).

5.PS2.3

Examine forces and motion through investigations using simple machines (e.g., wedge, plane, wheel and axle, pulley, lever).

5.PS2.4

Demonstrate effects of variables on an objects motion (e.g., incline angle, friction, applied forces).

5.SP1.1

Explain the impacts of natural hazards on habitats (e.g., global warming, floods, asteroid or large meteor impacts).

5.SP1.2

Propose a solution, resource, or product that addresses a specific human, animal, or habitat need.

5.SP1.3

Evaluate the possible strengths and weaknesses of a proposed solution to a specific problem relevant to human, animal, or habitat needs.

5.SP2.1

Describe the relationship between science and technology.

5.SP2.2

Explain how scientific knowledge, sK.Ills, and technological capabilities are integral to a variety of careers.

5.SP2.3

Design and construct a technological solution to a common problem or need using common materials.