Arizona Science Standards — Grade 6


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6.ESS1.1

Describe the properties and the composition of the layers of the atmosphere.

6.ESS1.2

Explain the composition, properties, and structure of the Earths laK.Es and rivers.

6.ESS1.3

Explain the composition, properties, and structures of the oceans zones and layers.

6.ESS1.4

Analyze the interactions between the Earths atmosphere and the Earths bodies of water (water cycle).

6.ESS1.5

Describe ways scientists explore the Earths atmosphere and bodies of water. (See Strand 2 Concept 1)

6.ESS2.1

Explain how water is cycled in nature.

6.ESS2.2

Identify the distribution of water within or among the following: atmosphere lithosphere hydrosphere

6.ESS2.3

Analyze the effects that bodies of water have on the climate of a region.

6.ESS2.4

Analyze the following factors that affect climate: ocean currents elevation location

6.ESS2.5

Analyze the impact of large-scale weather systems on the local weather.

6.ESS2.6

Create a weather system model that includes: the Sun the atmosphere bodies of water

6.ESS3

No performance objectives at this grade level

6.HNS1.1

Identify how diverse people and/or cultures, past and present, have made important contributions to scientific innovations (e.g., Jacques Cousteau [inventor, marine explorer], supports Strand 4; William Beebe [scientist], supports Strand 4; Thor Heyerdahl [anthropologist], supports Strand 6).

6.HNS1.2

Describe how a major milestone in science or technology has revolutionized the thinK.Ing of the time (e.g., Cell Theory, sonar, SCUBA, underwater robotics).

6.HNS1.3

Analyze the impact of a major scientific development occurring within the past decade.

6.HNS1.4

Describe the use of technology in science-related careers.

6.HNS2.1

Describe how science is an ongoing process that changes in response to new information and discoveries.

6.HNS2.2

Describe how scientific knowledge is subject to change as new information and/or technology challenges prevailing theories.

6.HNS2.3

Apply the following scientific processes to other problem solving or decision maK.Ing situations: observing questioning communicating comparing measuring classifying predicting organizing data inferring generating hypotheses identifying variables

6.IP1.1

Differentiate among a question, hypothesis, and prediction.

6.IP1.2

Formulate questions based on observations that lead to the development of a hypothesis. (See M06-S2C1-01)

6.IP1.3

Locate research information, not limited to a single source, for use in the design of a controlled investigation. (See W06-S3C6-01, R06-S3C1-06, and R06-S3C2-03)

6.IP2.1

Demonstrate safe behavior and appropriate procedures (e.g., use and care of technology, materials, organisms) in all science inquiry.

6.IP2.2

Design an investigation to test individual variables using scientific processes.

6.IP2.3

Conduct a controlled investigation using scientific processes.

6.IP2.4

Perform measurements using appropriate scientific tools (e.g., balances, microscopes, probes, micrometers). (See M06-S4C4-02)

6.IP2.5

K.Eep a record of observations, notes, sK.Etches, questions, and ideas using tools such as written and/or computer logs. (See W06-S3C2-01 and W06-S3C3-01)

6.IP3.1

Analyze data obtained in a scientific investigation to identify trends. (See M06-S2C1-03)

6.IP3.2

Form a logical argument about a correlation between variables or sequence of events (e.g., construct a cause- and-effect chain that explains a sequence of events).

6.IP3.3

Evaluate the observations and data reported by others.

6.IP3.4

Interpret simple tables and graphs produced by others.

6.IP3.5

Analyze the results from previous and/or similar investigations to verify the results of the current investigation.

6.IP3.6

Formulate new questions based on the results of a completed investigation.

6.IP4.1

Choose an appropriate graphic representation for collected data: line graph double bar graph stem and leaf plot histogram (See M06-S2C1-02)

6.IP4.2

Display data collected from a controlled investigation. (See M06-S2C1-02)

6.IP4.3

Communicate the results of an investigation with appropriate use of qualitative and quantitative information. (See W06-S3C2-01)

6.IP4.4

Create a list of instructions that others can follow in carrying out a procedure (without the use of personal pronouns). (See W06-S3C3-01)

6.IP4.5

Communicate the results and conclusion of the investigation. (See W06-S3C6-02)

6.LS1.1

Explain the importance of water to organisms.

6.LS1.2

Describe the basic structure of a cell, including: cell wall cell membrane nucleus

6.LS1.3

Describe the function of each of the following cell parts: cell wall cell membrane nucleus

6.LS1.4

Differentiate between plant and animal cells.

6.LS1.5

Explain the hierarchy of cells, tissues, organs, and systems.

6.LS1.6

Relate the following structures of living organisms to their functions: Animals respiration gills, lungs digestion stomach, intestines circulation heart, veins, arteries, capillaries locomotion muscles, sK.Eleton Plants transpiration stomata, roots, xylem, phloem absorption roots, xylem, phloem response to stimulus (phototropism, hydrotropism, geotropism) roots, xylem, phloem

6.LS1.7

Describe how the various systems of living organisms work together to perform a vital function: respiratory and circulatory muscular and sK.Eletal digestive and excretory

6.LS2

Understand the basic principles of heredity. No performance objectives at this grade level

6.LS3.1

Explain that sunlight is the major source of energy for most ecosystems. (See Strand 5 Concept 3 and Strand 6 Concept 2)

6.LS3.2

Describe how the following environmental conditions affect the quality of life: water quality climate population density smog

6.LS4

No performance objectives at this grade level

6.PS1

No performance objectives at this grade level

6.PS2

No performance objectives at this grade level

6.PS3.1

Identify various ways in which electrical energy is generated using renewable and nonrenewable resources (e.g., wind, dams, fossil fuels, nuclear reactions).

6.PS3.2

Identify several ways in which energy may be stored.

6.PS3.3

Compare the following ways in which energy may be transformed: mechanical to electrical electrical to thermal

6.PS3.4

Explain how thermal energy (heat energy) can be transferred by: conduction convection radiation

6.SP1.1

Evaluate the effects of the following natural hazards: sandstorm hurricane tornado ultraviolet light lightning-caused fire

6.SP1.2

Describe how people plan for, and respond to, the following natural disasters: drought flooding tornadoes

6.SP2.1

Propose viable methods of responding to an identified need or problem.

6.SP2.2

Compare possible solutions to best address an identified need or problem.

6.SP2.3

Design and construct a solution to an identified need or problem using simple classroom materials.

6.SP2.4

Describe a technological discovery that influences science.