Louisiana Science Learning Standards — Grade 11


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1.HS.ESS-H-A1

Describe what happens to the solar energy received by Earth every day

1.HS.PS-H-A1

Convert metric system units involving length, mass, volume, and time using dimensional analysis (i.e., factor-label method)

1.HS.SE-H-A1

Describe the abiotic and biotic factors that distinguish Earths major ecological systems

1.HS.SI-H-A1

Write a testable question or hypothesis when given a topic

10.HS.ESS-H-A6

Analyze the mechanisms that drive weather and climate patterns and relate them to the three methods of heat transfer

10.HS.PS-H-B2

Differentiate among alpha, beta, and gamma emissions

10.HS.PS-H-E2

Determine constant velocity and uniform acceleration mathematically and graphically

10.HS.SE-H-A9

Analyze the effect of an invasive species on the biodiversity within ecosystems

10.HS.SI-H-A7

Given a description of an experiment, identify appropriate safety measures

11.HS.(ESS-H-A7) (ESS-H-A3) (ESS-H-A4)

Describe the processes that drive lithospheric plate movements (i.e., radioactive decay, friction, convection)

11.HS.PS-H-B2

Calculate the amount of radioactive substance remaining after a given number of half-lives has passed

11.HS.PS-H-E2

Plot and interpret displacement-time and velocity-time graphs and explain how these two types of graphs are interrelated

11.HS.SE-H-A9

Explain why biodiversity is essential to the survival of organisms

11.HS.SI-H-B1

Evaluate selected theories based on supporting scientific evidence

12.HS.ESS-H-A7

Relate lithospheric plate movements to the occurrences of earthquakes, volcanoes, midocean ridge systems, and off-shore trenches found on Earth

12.HS.PS-H-B2

Describe the uses of radioactive isotopes and radiation in such areas as plant and animal research, health care, and food preservation

12.HS.PS-H-E2

Model scalar and vector quantities

12.HS.SE-H-A11

Give examples and describe the effect of pollutants on selected populations

12.HS.SI-H-B2

Cite evidence that scientific investigations are conducted for many different reasons

13.HS.ESS-H-B1

Explain how stable elements and atoms are recycled during natural geologic processes

13.HS.PS-H-B3

Identify the number of bonds an atom can form given the number of valence electrons

13.HS.PS-H-E2

Solve for missing variables in kinematic equations relating to actual situations

13.HS.SE-H-B1

Evaluate whether a resource is renewable by analyzing its relative regeneration time

13.HS.SI-H-B2

Identify scientific evidence that has caused modifications in previously accepted theories

14.HS.ESS-H-B1

Compare the conditions of mineral formation with weathering resistance at Earths surface

14.HS.PS-H-C

Identify unknowns as elements, compounds, or mixtures based on physical properties (e.g., density, melting point, boiling point, solubility)

14.HS.PS-H-E3

Add and resolve vectors graphically and mathematically to determine resultant/equilibrant of concurrent force vectors

14.HS.SE-H-B2

Analyze data to determine the effect of preservation practices compared to conservation practices for a sample species

14.HS.SI-H-B3

Cite examples of scientific advances and emerging technologies and how they affect society (e.g., MRI, DNA in forensics)

15.HS.(PS-H-C2

Predict the physical and chemical properties of an element based only on its location in the periodic table

15.HS.ESS-H-B2

Identify the sun-driven processes that move substances at or near Earths surface

15.HS.PS-H-E3

Calculate centripetal force and acceleration in circular motion

15.HS.SE-H-B3

Identify the factors that cause the inequitable distribution of Earths resources (e.g., politics, economics, climate)

15.HS.SI-H-B4

Analyze the conclusion from an investigation by using data to determine its validity

16.HS.(SI-H-B5) (SI-H-B1) (SI-H-B4)

Use the following rules of evidence to examine experimental results:

16.HS.ESS-H-C1

Use the nebular hypothesis to explain the formation of a solar system

16.HS.PS-H-C2

Predict the stable ion(s) an element is likely to form when it reacts with other specified elements

16.HS.PS-H-E3

Analyze circular motion to solve problems relating to angular velocity, acceleration, momentum, and torque

16.HS.SE-H-B4 (SE-H-B5)

Evaluate the effectiveness of natural resource management in Louisiana

17.HS.(SI-H-B5) (SI-H-B1) (SI-H-B4) a

Can an expert's technique or theory be tested, has it been tested, or is it simply a subjective, conclusive approach that cannot be reasonably assessed for reliability?

17.HS.ESS-H-C2

Determine the relative ages of rock layers in a geologic profile or cross section

17.HS.PS-H-C2

Use the periodic table to compare electronegativities and ionization energies of elements to explain periodic properties, such as atomic size

17.HS.PS-H-E3

Analyze simple harmonic motion

17.HS.SE-H-B5

Analyze data to determine when reuse, recycling, and recovery are applicable

18.HS.(SI-H-B5) (SI-H-B1) (SI-H-B4) b

Has the technique or theory been subjected to peer review and publication?

18.HS.ESS-H-C2

Use data from radioactive dating techniques to estimate the age of earth materials

18.HS.PS-H-C3

Given the concentration of a solution, calculate the predicted change in its boiling and freezing points

18.HS.PS-H-E3

Demonstrate the independence of perpendicular components in projectile motion and predict the optimum angles and velocities of projectiles

18.HS.SE-H-B6

Identify the factors that affect sustainable development

19.HS.(SI-H-B5) (SI-H-B1) (SI-H-B4) c

What is the known or potential rate of error of the technique or theory when applied?

19.HS.ESS-H-C3

Interpret geological maps of Louisiana to describe the states geologic history

19.HS.PS-H-C3

Predict the conductivity of a solution

19.HS.PS-H-F1

Explain quantitatively the conversion between kinetic and potential energy for objects in motion (e.g., roller coaster, pendulum)

19.HS.SE-H-C1

Determine the interrelationships of clean water, land, and air to the success of organisms in a given population

2.HS. SI-H-A2

Describe how investigations can be observation, description, literature survey, classification, or experimentation

2.HS.ESS-H-A1

Trace the flow of heat energy through the processes in the water cycle

2.HS.PS-H-A1

Differentiate between accuracy and precision and evaluate percent error

2.HS.SE-H-A1

Describe the characteristics of major biomes on Earth

20.HS.(SI-H-B5) (SI-H-B1) (SI-H-B4) d

Were standards and controls applied and maintained?

20.HS.ESS-H-C3

Determine the chronological order of the five most recent major lobes of the Mississippi River delta in Louisiana

20.HS.PS-H-C3

Express concentration in terms of molarity, molality, and normality

20.HS.PS-H-F1

Calculate the mechanical advantage and efficiency of simple machines and explain the loss of efficiency using the dynamics of the machines

20.HS.SE-H-C2

Relate environmental quality to quality of life

21.HS.(SI-H-B5) (SI-H-B1) (SI-H-B4) e

Has the technique or theory been generally accepted in the scientific community?

21.HS.ESS-H-C4

Use fossil records to explain changes in the concentration of atmospheric oxygen over time

21.HS.PS-H-C4

Design and conduct a laboratory investigation in which physical properties are used to separate the substances in a mixture

21.HS.PS-H-F1

Explain and calculate the conversion of one form of energy to another (e.g., chemical to thermal, thermal to mechanical, magnetic to electrical)

21.HS.SE-H-C3

Analyze the effect of common social, economic, technological, and political considerations on environmental policy

22.HS.ESS-H-C5

Analyze data related to a variety of natural processes to determine the time frame of the changes involved (e.g., formation of sedimentary rock layers, deposition of ash layers, fossilization of plant or animal species)

22.HS.PS-H-C5

Predict the kind of bond that will form between two elements based on electronic structure and electronegativity of the elements (e.g., ionic, polar, nonpolar)

22.HS.PS-H-F2

Analyze energy transformations using the law of conservation of energy

22.HS.SE-H-C4

Analyze the risk-benefit ratio for selected environmental situations (

23.HS. ESS-H-D1

Identify the evidence that supports the big bang theory

23.HS.PS-H-C5

Model chemical bond formation by using Lewis dot diagrams for ionic, polar, and nonpolar compounds

23.HS.PS-H-F2

Apply the law of conservation of momentum to collisions in one and two dimensions, including angular momentum

23.HS.SE-H-C5

Describe the relationship between public support and the enforcement of environmental policies

24.HS.(PS-H-C5

Describe the influence of intermolecular forces on the physical and chemical properties of covalent compounds

24.HS.ESS-H-D2

Describe the organization of the known universe

24.HS.PS-H-F2

Apply the concept of momentum to actual situations with different masses and velocities

24.HS.SE-H-D1

Identify the advantages and disadvantages of using disposable items versus reusable items

25.HS.(SE-H-D2) (SE-H-D3)

Discuss how education and collaboration can affect the prevention and control of a selected pollutant

25.HS.ESS-H-D3

Using the surface temperature and absolute magnitude data of a selected star, locate its placement on the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram and infer its color, size, and life stage

25.HS.PS-H-C6

Name selected structural formulas of organic compounds

25.HS.PS-H-G1

Determine the relationships among amplitude, wavelength, frequency, period, and velocity in different media

26.HS.ESS-H-D4

Identify the elements present in selected stars, given spectrograms of known elements and those of the selected stars

26.HS.PS-H-C6

Differentiate common biological molecules, such as carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids by using structural formulas

26.HS.PS-H-G1

Evaluate how different media affect the properties of reflection, refraction, diffraction, polarization, and interference

26.HS.SE-H-D4

Determine local actions that can affect the global environment

27.HS.ESS-H-D5

Trace the movement and behavior of hydrogen atoms during the process of fusion as it occurs in stars like the Sun

27.HS.PS-H-C6

Investigate and model hybridization in carbon compounds

27.HS.PS-H-G1

Investigate and construct diagrams to illustrate the laws of reflection and refraction

27.HS.SE-H-D5

Describe how accountability toward the environment affects sustainability

28.HS.(ESS-H-D6) (PS-H-E2)

Identify the relationship between orbital velocity and orbital diameter

28.HS.PS-H-C6

Name, classify, and diagram alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes

28.HS.PS-H-G1

Draw constructive and destructive interference patterns and explain how the principle of superposition applies to wave propagation

28.HS.SE-H-D6

Discuss the reduction of combustible engines needed to significantly decrease CO2 in the troposphere

29.HS.ESS-H-D6

Demonstrate the elliptical shape of Earths orbit and describe how the point of orbital focus changes during the year

29.HS.PS-H-C7

Predict the properties of a gas based on gas laws (e.g., temperature, pressure, volume)

29.HS.PS-H-G2

Describe observed electrostatic phenomena, calculate Coulombs law, and test charge pole, electric field, and magnetic field

3.HS. SI-H-A2

Plan and record step-by-step procedures for a valid investigation, select equipment and materials, and identify variables and controls

3.HS.ESS-H-A1

Describe the effect of natural insulation on energy transfer in a closed system

3.HS.PS-H-A1

Determine the significant figures based on precision of measurement for stated quantities

3.HS.SE-H-A2

Use the 10% rule and data analysis to measure the flow of energy as represented by biomass in a system

30.HS.ESS-H-D7

Summarize how current technology has directly affected our knowledge of the universe

30.HS.PS-H-C7

Solve problems involving heat flow and temperature changes by using known values of specific heat and latent heat of phase change

30.HS.PS-H-G2

Construct basic electric circuits and solve problems involving voltage, current, resistance, power, and energy

31.HS.PS-H-D1

Describe chemical changes and reactions using diagrams and descriptions of the reactants, products, and energy changes

31.HS.PS-H-G2

Describe the relationship of electricity, magnetism, and inductance as aspects of a single electromagnetic force

32.HS.PS-H-D2

Determine the concentration of an unknown acid or base by using data from a titration with a standard solution and an indicator

32.HS.PS-H-G3

Compare properties of electromagnetic and mechanical waves

33.HS.PS-H-D2

Calculate pH of acids, bases, and salt solutions based on the concentration of hydronium and hydroxide ions

33.HS.PS-H-G3

. Solve problems related to sound and light in different media

34.HS.PS-H-D3

Describe chemical changes by developing word equations, balanced formula equations, and net ionic equations

34.HS.PS-H-G3

Compare the properties of the electromagnetic spectrum as a wave and as a particle

35.HS.PS-H-D3

Predict products (with phase notations) of simple reactions, including acid/base, oxidation/reduction, and formation of precipitates

35.HS.PS-H-G3

Analyze the Doppler effect of a moving wave source

36.HS.PS-H-D3

Identify the substances gaining and losing electrons in simple oxidation-reduction reactions

37.HS.PS-H-D4

Predict the direction of a shift in equilibrium in a system as a result of stress by using LeChatalier's principle

38.HS.PS-H-D5

Relate the law of conservation of matter to the rearrangement of atoms in a balanced chemical equation

39.HS.PS-H-D5

Conduct an investigation in which the masses of the reactants and products from a chemical reaction are calculated

4.HS. SI-H-A2

Conduct an investigation that includes multiple trials and record, organize, and display data appropriately

4.HS.ESS-H-A2

Describe the relationship between seasonal changes in the angle of incoming solar radiation and its consequences to Earths temperature (e.g., direct vs. slanted rays)

4.HS.PS-H-A1

Use scientific notation to express large and small numbers

4.HS.SE-H-A3

Determine the effects of limiting factors on a population and describe the concept of carrying capacity

40.HS.PS-H-D5

Compute percent composition, empirical formulas, and molecular formulas of selected compounds in chemical reactions

41.HS.PS-H-D5

Apply knowledge of stoichiometry to solve mass/mass, mass/volume, volume/volume, and mole/mole problems

42.HS.PS-H-D6

Differentiate between activation energy in endothermic reactions and exothermic reactions

43.HS.PS-H-D6

Graph and compute the energy changes that occur when a substance, such as water, goes from a solid to a liquid state, and then to a gaseous state

44.HS.PS-H-D6

Measure and graph energy changes during chemical reactions observed in the laboratory

45.HS.PS-H-D7

Give examples of common chemical reactions, including those found in biological systems

46.HS.PS-H-E1

Identify and compare intermolecular forces and their effects on physical and chemical properties

47.HS.PS-H-G4

Assess environmental issues related to the storage, containment, and disposal of wastes associated with energy production and use

5.HS.(PS-H-A2

Write and name formulas for ionic and covalent compounds

5.HS.ESS-H-A3

Explain how the process of fusion inside the Sun provides the external heat source for Earth

5.HS.PS-H-A1

Use trigonometric functions to make indirect measurements

5.HS.SE-H-A4

Examine and discuss the major stages of succession, describing the generalized sequential order of the types of plant species

5.HS.SI-H-A3

Utilize mathematics, organizational tools, and graphing skills to solve problems

6.HS.ESS-H-A4

Discuss how heat energy is generated at the inner core-outer core boundary

6.HS.PS-H-A2

Write and name the chemical formula for the products that form from the reaction of selected reactants

6.HS.PS-H-E1

Explain the role of strong nuclear forces and why they are the strongest of all forces

6.HS.SE-H-A5) (SE-H-A7)

Analyze the consequences of changes in selected divisions of the biosphere (e.g., ozone depletion, global warming, acid rain)

6.HS.SI-H-A3

Use technology when appropriate to enhance laboratory investigations and presentations of findings

7.HS.(SE-H-A6) (LS-H-D1)

Illustrate the flow of carbon, water, oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorus through an ecosystem

7.HS.ESS-H-A5

Analyze how radiant heat from the Sun is absorbed and transmitted by several different earth materials

7.HS.PS-H-A2

Write a balanced symbolic equation from a word equation

7.HS.PS-H-E1

Relate gravitational force to mass and distance

7.HS.SI-H-A4

Choose appropriate models to explain scientific knowledge or experimental results (e.g., objects, mathematical relationships, plans, schemes, examples, role-playing, computer simulations)

8.HS.(SE-H-A7) (SE-H-A10)

Explain how species in an ecosystem interact and link in a complex web

8.HS.ESS-H-A5

Explain why weather only occurs in the tropospheric layer of Earth's atmosphere

8.HS.PS-H-B1

Analyze the development of the modern atomic theory from a historical perspective

8.HS.PS-H-E1

Compare and calculate electrostatic forces acting within and between atoms to the gravitational forces acting between atoms

8.HS.SI-H-A5

Give an example of how new scientific data can cause an existing scientific explanation to be supported, revised, or rejected

9.HS.ESS-H-A6

Compare the structure, composition, and function of the layers of Earths atmosphere

9.HS.PS-H-B1

Draw accurate valence electron configurations and Lewis dot structures for selected molecules, ionic and covalent compounds, and chemical equations

9.HS.PS-H-E2

Describe and measure motion in terms of position, displacement time, and the derived quantities of velocity and acceleration

9.HS.SE-H-A8

Cite and explain examples of organisms adaptations to environmental pressures over time

9.HS.SI-H-A6/SI-H-A2

Write and defend a conclusion based on logical analysis of experimental data