Louisiana Science Learning Standards — Grade 4


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1.4.SI-E-A1

Ask questions about objects and events in the environment (e.g., plants, rocks, storms)

10.4.SI-E-A5, SI-E-B4

Express data in a variety of ways by constructing illustrations, graphs, charts, tables, concept maps, and oral and written explanations as appropriate

11.4.SI-E-A5

Combine information, data, and knowledge from one or more of the science content areas to reach a conclusion or make a prediction

12.4.SI-E-A6

Use a variety of appropriate formats to describe procedures and to express ideas about demonstrations or experiments (e.g., drawings, journals, reports, presentations, exhibitions, portfolios)

13.4.SI-E-A7

Identify and use appropriate safety procedures and equipment when conducting investigations (e.g., gloves, goggles, hair ties)

14.4.SI-E-B1

Identify questions that need to be explained through further inquiry

15.4.SI-E-B1

Distinguish between what is known and what is unknown in scientific investigations

16.4.SI-E-B2

Select the best experimental design to answer a given testable question

17.4.SI-E-B3

Recognize that a variety of tools can be used to examine objects at different degrees of magnification (e.g., hand lens, microscope)

18.4.SI-E-B4

Base explanations and logical inferences on scientific knowledge, observations, and scientific evidence

19.4.SI-E-B5

Describe procedures and communicate data in a manner that allows others to understand and repeat an investigation or experiment

2.4.SI-E-A1

Pose questions that can be answered by using students own observations, scientific knowledge, and testable scientific investigations

20.4.SI-E-B6

Determine whether further investigations are needed to draw valid conclusions

21.4.SI-E-B6

Use evidence from previous investigations to ask additional questions and to initiate further explorations

22.4.SI-E-B6

Explain and give examples of how scientific discoveries have affected society

23.4.PS-E-A2

Determine linear, volume, and weight/mass measurements by using both metric system and U.S. system units to compare the results

24.4.PS-E-A4

Illustrate how heating/cooling affects the motion of small particles in different phases of matter

25.4.PS-E-A5

Describe various methods to separate mixtures (e.g., evaporation, condensation, filtration, magnetism) Position and Motion of Objects

26.4.PS-E-B3

Measure, record, and graph changes in position over time (e.g., speed of cars, ball rolling down inclined plane)

27.4.PS-E-B4

Describe how the amount of force needed to cause an object to change its motion depends on the mass of the object

28.4.PS-E-C1

Explain the relationship between volume (amplitude) of sound and energy required to produce the sound

29.4.PS-E-C1

Compare the rates at which sound travels through solids, liquids, and gases

3.4.SI-E-A2

Use observations to design and conduct simple investigations or experiments to answer testable questions

30.4.PS-E-C1

Explain the relationship between frequency (rate of vibration) and pitch

31.4.PS-E-C2

Diagram what happens to white light as it passes through a prism

32.4.PS-E-C2

Describe how light bends or refracts when traveling through various materials (e.g., pencil in a glass of water)

33.4.PS-E-C3

Describe how heat energy moves through a material by conduction

34.4.PS-E-C3

Give examples of ways heat can be generated through friction (e.g., rubbing hands)

35.4.PS-E-C3

Give examples of ways heat can be produced by conversion from other sources of energy

36.4.PS-E-C4

Test and classify materials as conductors and insulators of electricity

37.4.PS-E-C4

Demonstrate how a complete circuit is needed for conducting electricity

38.4.PS-E-C5

Explain the effects of Earths gravity on all objects at or near the surface of Earth

39.4.PS-E-C6

Describe energy transformations (e.g., electricity to light, friction to heat)

4.4.SI-E-A2

Predict and anticipate possible outcomes

40.4.LS-E-A3

Explain the functions of plant structures in relation to their ability to make food through photosynthesis (e.g., roots, leaves, stems, flowers, seeds)

41.4.LS-E-A3

Describe how parts of animals bodies are related to their functions and survival (e.g.,wings/flying, webbed feet/swimming)

42.4.LS-E-A5

Describe how the organs of the circulatory and respiratory systems function

43.4.LS-E-A6

Explain the primary role of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins in the body

44.4. LS-E-A6

Analyze food labels to compare nutritional content of foods (e.g., amounts of carbohydrates, fats, proteins)

45.4.LS-E-B1

Identify reproductive structures in plants and describe the functions of each

46.4.LS-E-B1

Describe how some plants can be grown from a plant part instead of a seed

47.4.LS-E-B1

Sequence stages in the life cycles of various organisms, including seed plants

48.4.LS-E-B2

Classify examples of plants and animals based on a variety of criteria

49.4.LS-E-B3

Compare similarities and differences between parents and offspring in plants and animals

5.4.SI-E-A2

Identify variables to ensure that only one experimental variable is tested at a time

50.4.LS-E-C1

Explain how some organisms in a given habitat compete for the same resources

51.4.LS-E-C1

Describe how organisms can modify their environment to meet their needs (e.g., beavers making dams)

52.4.LS-E-C2

Describe how some plants and animals have adapted to their habitats

53.4.LS-E-C2

Identify the habitat in which selected organisms would most likely live and explain how specific structures help organisms to survive

54.4.LS-E-C3

Describe the effect of sudden increases or decreases of one group of organisms upon other organisms in the environment

55.4.ESS-E-A1

Recognize that sedimentary rocks are composed of particles that result from weathering and erosion (e.g., sandstones, conglomerates)

56.4.ESS-E-A1

Investigate the properties of soil (e.g., color, texture, capacity to retain water, ability to support plant growth)

57.4.ESS-E-A2

Explain how unequal heating of Earths land and water affects climate and weather by using a model

58.4.ESS-E-A3

Draw, label, and explain the components of a water cycle

59.4.ESS-E-A4

Measure, chart, and predict the weather using various instruments (e.g., thermometer, barometer, anemometer)

6.4.SI-E-A2

Use a variety of methods and materials and multiple trials to investigate ideas (observe, measure, accurately record data)

60.4.ESS-E-A4

Identify various types of weather-related natural hazards and effects (e.g., lightning, storms)

61.4.ESS-E-A4

Identify safety measures applicable to natural hazards

62.4.ESS-E-A5

Classify rocks and minerals according to texture, color, luster, hardness, and effervescence

63.4.ESS-E-A5, ESS-E-A1

Demonstrate and explain how Earths surface is changed as a result of slow and rapid processes (e.g., sand dunes, canyons, volcanoes, earthquakes)

64.4.ESS-E-B2

Describe and sequence the phases of the Moon and eclipses

65.4.ESS-E-B2

Compare a solar and a lunar eclipse

66.4.ESS-E-B2

Diagram the movement of the Moon around Earth and the movement of Earth around the Sun

67.4.ESS-E-B3

Explain the changing appearance of the Moon and its location in the sky over the course of a month

68.4.ESS-E-B4

Identify the relationship between Earths tilt and revolution and the seasons

69.4. ESS-E-B6

Explain how technology has improved our knowledge of the universe (e.g., Hubble telescope, space stations, lunar exploration)

7.4.SI-E-A3

Use the five senses to describe observations

70.4.SE-E-A1

Design an ecosystem that includes living (biotic) and nonliving (abiotic) components and illustrates interdependence

71.4.SE-E-A2

Describe and explain food chains/webs and the directional flow of energy in various ecosystems (e.g., construct a model, drawing, diagram, graphic organizer)

72.4.SE-E-A2

Predict and describe consequences of the removal of one component in a balanced ecosystem (e.g., consumer, herbivores, nonliving component)

8.4.SI-E-A4

Measure and record length, temperature, mass, volume, and area in both metric system and U.S. system units

9.4.SI-E-A4

Select and use developmentally appropriate equipment and tools (e.g., magnifying lenses, microscopes, graduated cylinders) and units of measurement to observe and collect data