Louisiana Science Learning Standards — Grade 5


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1.5.PS-M-A1

Measure a variety of objects in metric system units

1.5.SI-M-A1

Generate testable questions about objects, organisms, and events that can be answered through scientific investigation

10.5.PS-M-C1

Compare potential and kinetic energy and give examples of each

10.5.SI-M-A4

Identify the difference between description and explanation

11.5.PS-M-C1

Classify energy resources as renewable, non-renewable, or inexhaustible

11.5.SI-M-A4

Construct, use, and interpret appropriate graphical representations to collect, record, and report data (e.g., tables, charts, circle graphs, bar and line graphs, diagrams, scatter plots, symbols)

12.5.PS-M-C3

Identify the Sun as Earths primary energy source and give examples (e.g., photosynthesis, water cycle) to support that conclusion

12.5.SI-M-A4

Use data and information gathered to develop an explanation of experimental results

13.5.PS-M-C4

Investigate how changes in the position of a light source and an object alter the size and shape of the shadow

13.5.SI-M-A4

Identify patterns in data to explain natural events

14.5.PS-M-C6

Identify other types of energy produced through the use of electricity (e.g., heat, light, mechanical)

14.5.SI-M-A5

Develop models to illustrate or explain conclusions reached through investigation

15.5.LS-M-A1

Identify the cell as the basic unit of living things

15.5.SI-M-A5

Identify and explain the limitations of models used to represent the natural world

16.5.LS-M-A1

Observe, identify, and describe the basic components of cells and their functions (e.g., cell wall, cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus)

16.5.SI-M-A5

Use evidence to make inferences and predict trends

17.5.LS-M-A2

Compare plant and animal cells and label cell components

17.5.SI-M-A6

Recognize that there may be more than one way to interpret a given set of data, which can result in alternative scientific explanations and predictions

18.5.LS-M-A3

Describe the metamorphosis of an amphibian (e.g., frog)

18.5.SI-M-A6

Identify faulty reasoning and statements that misinterpret or are not supported by the evidence

19.5.LS-M-A4

Describe the processes of photosynthesis and respiration in green plants

19.5.SI-M-A7

Communicate ideas in a variety of ways (e.g., symbols, illustrations, graphs, charts, spreadsheets, concept maps, oral and written reports, equations)

2.5.PS-M-A1

Compare the physical properties of large and small quantities of the same type of matter

2.5.SI-M-A1

Identify problems, factors, and questions that must be considered in a scientific investigation

20.5.LS-M-A5

Describe the levels of structural organization in living things (e.g., cells, tissues, organs, organ systems)

20.5.SI-M-A7

Write clear, step-by-step instructions that others can follow to carry out procedures or conduct investigations

21.5.LS-M-A7

Identify diseases caused by germs and how they can be transmitted from person to person

21.5.SI-M-A7

Distinguish between observations and inferences

22.5.LS-M-C1

Develop and use a simple dichotomous key to classify common plants and animals

22.5.SI-M-A7

Use evidence and observations to explain and communicate the results of investigations

23.5.LS-M-C2

Construct food chains that could be found in ponds, marshes, oceans, forests, or meadows

23.5.SI-M-A8

Use relevant safety procedures and equipment to conduct scientific investigations

24.5.LS-M-C2

Describe the roles of producers, consumers, and decomposers in a food chain

24.5.SI-M-A8

Provide appropriate care and utilize safe practices and ethical treatment when animals are involved in scientific field and laboratory research

25.5.LS-M-C2

Compare food chains and food webs

25.5.SI-M-B1

Compare and critique scientific investigations

26.5.LS-M-C3

Identify and describe ecosystems of local importance

26.5.SI-M-B1

Use and describe alternate methods for investigating different types of testable questions

27.5.LS-M-C3

Compare common traits of organisms within major ecosystems

27.5.SI-M-B1

Recognize that science uses processes that involve a logical and empirical, but flexible, approach to problem solving

28.5.LS-M-C4

Explain and give examples of predator/prey relationships

28.5.SI-M-B2

Recognize that investigations generally begin with a review of the work of others

29.5.LS-M-D1

Describe adaptations of plants and animals that enable them to thrive in local and other natural environments

29.5.SI-M-B3

Explain how technology can expand the senses and contribute to the increase and/or modification of scientific knowledge

3.5.PS-M-A2

Describe the structure of atoms and the electrical charge of protons, neutrons, and electrons

3.5.SI-M-A1

Use a variety of sources to answer questions

30.5.ESS-M-A4

Identify organic and inorganic matter in soil samples with the aid of a hand lens or microscope

30.5.SI-M-B3

Describe why all questions cannot be answered with present technologies

31.5.ESS-M-A5

Identify common rocks and minerals and explain their uses and economic significance

31.5.SI-M-B3

Recognize that there is an acceptable range of variation in collected data

32.5.ESS-M-A7

Demonstrate the results of constructive and destructive forces using models or illustrations

32.5.SI-M-B3

Explain the use of statistical methods to confirm the significance of data (e.g., mean, median, mode, range)

33.5.ESS-M-A7

Identify the processes that prevent or cause erosion

33.5.SI-M-B4

Evaluate models, identify problems in design, and make recommendations for improvement

34.5.ESS-M-A11

Identify the components of the hydrosphere

34.5.SI-M-B5

Recognize the importance of communication among scientists about investigations in progress and the work of others

35.5.ESS-M-A11

Identify the atmosphere as a mixture of gases, water vapor, and particulate matter

35.5.SI-M-B5

Explain how skepticism about accepted scientific explanations (i.e., hypotheses and theories) leads to new understanding

36.5.ESS-M-A11

Identify, describe, and compare climate zones (e.g., polar, temperate, tropical)

36.5.SI-M-B5

Explain why an experiment must be verified through multiple investigations and yield consistent results before the findings are accepted

37.5.ESS-M-A12

Identify typical weather map symbols and the type of weather they represent

37.5.SI-M-B5

Critique and analyze their own inquiries and the inquiries of others

38.5.ESS-M-B3

Estimate the range of time over which natural events occur (e.g., lightning in seconds, mountain formation over millions of years)

38.5.SI-M-B6

Explain that, through the use of scientific processes and knowledge, people can solve problems, make decisions, and form new ideas

39.5.ESS-M-C1

Identify the physical characteristics of the Sun

39.5.SI-M-B7

Identify areas in which technology has changed human lives (e.g., transportation, communication, geographic information systems, DNA fingerprinting)

4.5.PS-M-A3

Identify the physical and chemical properties of various substances and group substances according to their observable and measurable properties (e.g., conduction, magnetism, light transmission)

4.5.SI-M-A2

Design, predict outcomes, and conduct experiments to answer guiding questions

40.5.ESS-M-C1

Describe the significance of Polaris as the North Star

40.5.SI-M-B7

Evaluate the impact of research on scientific thought, society, and the environment

41.5.ESS-M-C1

Explain why the Moon, Sun, and stars appear to move from east to west across the sky

41.5.PS-M-A1

Measure a variety of objects in metric system units

42.5.ESS-M-C2

Differentiate among moons, asteroids, comets, meteoroids, meteors, and meteorites

42.5.PS-M-A1

Compare the physical properties of large and small quantities of the same type of matter

43.5.ESS-M-C2

Describe the characteristics of the inner and outer planets

43.5.PS-M-A2

Describe the structure of atoms and the electrical charge of protons, neutrons, and electrons

44.5.ESS-M-C4

Explain rotation and revolution by using models or illustrations

44.5.PS-M-A3

Identify the physical and chemical properties of various substances and group substances according to their observable and measurable properties (e.g., conduction, magnetism, light transmission)

45.5.ESS-M-C5

Identify Earths position in the solar system

45.5.PS-M-A5

Describe the properties and behavior of water in its solid, liquid, and gaseous phases

46.5.ESS-M-C6/ESS-M-A10

Identify and explain the interaction of the processes of the water cycle

46.5.PS-M-A6

Describe new substances formed from common chemical reactions (e.g., burning paper produces ash)

47.5.ESS-M-C8

Identify and explain advances in technology that have enabled the exploration of space

47.5.PS-M-B1

Compare, calculate, and graph the average speeds of objects in motion using both metric system and U.S. system units

48.5. PS-M-B3

Explain that gravity accelerates all falling objects at the same rate in the absence of air resistance

48.5.SE-M-A2

Determine the ability of an ecosystem to support a population (carrying capacity) by identifying the resources needed by that population

49.5.PS-M-B5

Demonstrate a change in speed or direction of an objects motion with the use of unbalanced forces

49.5.SE-M-A3

Identify and give examples of pollutants found in water, air, and soil

5.5.PS-M-A5

Describe the properties and behavior of water in its solid, liquid, and gaseous phases

5.5.SI-M-A2

Identify independent variables, dependent variables, and variables that should be controlled in designing an experiment

50.5.PS-M-C1

Compare potential and kinetic energy and give examples of each

50.5.SE-M-A4

Describe the consequences of several types of human activities on local ecosystems (e.g., polluting streams, regulating hunting, introducing nonnative species)

51.5.PS-M-C1

Classify energy resources as renewable, non-renewable, or inexhaustible

51.5.SE-M-A7

Describe naturally occurring cycles and identify where they are found (e.g., carbon, nitrogen, water, oxygen)

52.5.PS-M-C3

Identify the Sun as Earths primary energy source and give examples (e.g., photosynthesis, water cycle) to support that conclusion

53.5.PS-M-C4

Investigate how changes in the position of a light source and an object alter the size and shape of the shadow

54.5.PS-M-C6

Identify other types of energy produced through the use of electricity (e.g., heat, light, mechanical)

55.5. LS-M-A1

Identify the cell as the basic unit of living things

56.5.LS-M-A1

Observe, identify, and describe the basic components of cells and their functions (e.g., cell wall, cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus)

57.5.LS-M-A2

Compare plant and animal cells and label cell components

58.5.LS-M-A3

Describe the metamorphosis of an amphibian (e.g., frog

59.5.LS-M-A4

Describe the processes of photosynthesis and respiration in green plants

6.5.PS-M-A6

Describe new substances formed from common chemical reactions (e.g., burning paper produces ash)

6.5.SI-M-A3

Select and use appropriate equipment, technology, tools, and metric system units of measurement to make observations

60.5.LS-M-A5

Describe the levels of structural organization in living things (e.g., cells, tissues, organs, organ systems)

61.5.LS-M-A7

Identify diseases caused by germs and how they can be transmitted from person to person

62.5.LS-M-C1

Develop and use a simple dichotomous key to classify common plants and animals

63.5.LS-M-C2

Construct food chains that could be found in ponds, marshes, oceans, forests, or meadows

64.5.LS-M-C2

Describe the roles of producers, consumers, and decomposers in a food chain

65.5.LS-M-C2

Compare food chains and food webs

66.5.LS-M-C3

Identify and describe ecosystems of local importance

67.5.LS-M-C3

Compare common traits of organisms within major ecosystems

68.5.LS-M-C4

Explain and give examples of predator/prey relationships

69.5.LS-M-D1

Describe adaptations of plants and animals that enable them to thrive in local and other natural environments

7.5.PS-M-B1

Compare, calculate, and graph the average speeds of objects in motion using both metric system and U.S. system units

7.5.SI-M-A3

Record observations using methods that complement investigations (e.g., journals, tables, charts)

70.5.ESS-M-A4

Identify organic and inorganic matter in soil samples with the aid of a hand lens or microscope

71.5.ESS-M-A5

Identify common rocks and minerals and explain their uses and economic significance

72.5.ESS-M-A7

Demonstrate the results of constructive and destructive forces using models or illustrations

73.5.ESS-M-A7

Identify the processes that prevent or cause erosion

74.5.ESS-M-A11

Identify the components of the hydrosphere

75.5.ESS-M-A11

Identify the atmosphere as a mixture of gases, water vapor, and particulate matter

76.5.ESS-M-A11

Identify, describe, and compare climate zones (e.g., polar, temperate, tropical)

77.5.ESS-M-A12

Identify typical weather map symbols and the type of weather they represent

78.5.ESS-M-B3

Estimate the range of time over which natural events occur (e.g., lightning in seconds, mountain formation over millions of years)

79.5.ESS-M-C1

Identify the physical characteristics of the Sun

8.5.PS-M-B3

Explain that gravity accelerates all falling objects at the same rate in the absence of air resistance

8.5.SI-M-A3

Use consistency and precision in data collection, analysis, and reporting

80.5.ESS-M-C1

Describe the significance of Polaris as the North Star

81.5.ESS-M-C1

Explain why the Moon, Sun, and stars appear to move from east to west across the sky

82.5.ESS-M-C2

Differentiate among moons, asteroids, comets, meteoroids, meteors, and meteorites

83.5.ESS-M-C2

Describe the characteristics of the inner and outer planets

84.5.ESS-M-C4

Explain rotation and revolution by using models or illustrations

85.5.ESS-M-C5

Identify Earths position in the solar system

86.5.ESS-M-C6/ ESS-M-A10

Identify and explain the interaction of the processes of the water cycle

87.5.ESS-M-C8

Identify and explain advances in technology that have enabled the exploration of space

88.5.SE-M-A2

Determine the ability of an ecosystem to support a population (carrying capacity) by identifying the resources needed by that population

89.5.SE-M-A3

Identify and give examples of pollutants found in water, air, and soil

9.5.PS-M-B5

Demonstrate a change in speed or direction of an objects motion with the use of unbalanced forces

9.5.SI-M-A3

Use computers and/or calculators to analyze and interpret quantitative data

90.5.SE-M-A4

Describe the consequences of several types of human activities on local ecosystems (e.g., polluting streams, regulating hunting, introducing nonnative species)

91.5.SE-M-A7

Describe naturally occurring cycles and identify where they are found (e.g., carbon, nitrogen, water, oxygen)