Mississippi Science Standards — Grade 4


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4.DOK 1-2

Use the properties of objects and materials, position and motion of objects, and transfer of energy to develop an understanding of physical science concepts.

4.DOK 1-2a

Recognize that materials may be composed of parts that are too small to be seen without magnification.

4.DOK 1-2d

Explain how energy flowing through an electrical circuit can be converted from electrical energy to light, sound, or heat energy.

4.DOK 1-2di

Parts of an electric circuit and resulting actions when circuits are opened or closed

4.DOK 1-2dii

Construction and uses of electromagnets

4.DOK 1-2diii

Energy transferred through an electrical circuit to a bulb or bell to its surroundings as light, sound, and heat (thermal) energy

4.DOK 1-2e

Describe how light behaves (travels in a straight line, is absorbed, reflected, refracted, or appears transparent or translucent).

4.DOK 1-3b

Classify the organs and functions of the nervous, circulatory, and respiratory systems of the body.

4.DOK 1-3d

Distinguish the parts of plants as they relate to sexual reproduction andexplain the effects of various actions on the pollination process (e.g., wind, water, insects, adaptations of flowering plants, negative impacts of pesticides).

4.DOK 2-1d

Use simple sketches, diagrams, tables, charts, and writing to draw conclusions and communicate data results.

4.DOK 2-1e

Interpret and describe patterns of data using drawings, diagrams, charts, tables, graphs, and maps.

4.DOK 2-1f

Explain why scientists and engineers often work in teams with different individuals doing different things that contribute to the results.

4.DOK 2-2b

Distinguish between physical and chemical changes and between objects composed of a single substance from those composed of more than one substance.

4.DOK 2-2c

Determine the causes and effects of forces on motion.

4.DOK 2-2ci

Force exerted over a distance causes work to be done and that the result (work) is the product of force and distance

4.DOK 2-2cii

Friction on moving objects and actions that increase or decrease friction

4.DOK 2-2g

Describe how heat flows from a warm object to a cold one and categorize examples of materials that may or may not be used as insulators.

4.DOK 2-3

Analyze the characteristics, structures, life cycles, and environments of

4.DOK 2-3a

Describe the cause and effect relationships that explain the diversity and evolution of organisms over time.

4.DOK 2-3ai

Observable traits due to inherited or environmental adaptations

4.DOK 2-3aii

Variations in environment (over time and from place to place)

4.DOK 2-3aiii

Variations in species as exemplified by fossils

4.DOK 2-3aiv

Extinction of a species due to insufficient adaptive capability in the face of environmental changes

4.DOK 2-3c

Life cycles of various animals to include complete and incomplete metamorphosis

4.DOK 2-3ci

Plant or animal structures that serve different functions in growth, adaptation, and survival

4.DOK 2-3ciii

Compare characteristics of organisms, including growth and development, reproduction, acquisition and use of energy, and response to the environment.

4.DOK 2-3f

Describe the structural and functional relationships among the cells of an organism.

4.DOK 2-3fi

Benefit from cooperating

4.DOK 2-3fii

Vary greatly in appearance

4.DOK 2-3fiii

Perform very different roles

4.DOK 2-3fiv

Compare characteristics of organisms, including growth and development, reproduction, acquisition and use of energy, and response to the environment.

4.DOK 2-4

Develop an understanding of the properties of Earth materials, objects in the sky, and changes in Earth and sky.

4.DOK 2-4a

Classify sedimentary, metamorphic, and igneous rocks.

4.DOK 2-4b

Compare and contrast Earths geological features and the changes caused by external forces.

4.DOK 2-4bi

Bodies of water, beaches, ocean ridges, continental shelves, plateaus, faults, canyons, sand dunes, and ice caps

4.DOK 2-4bii

External forces including heat, wind, and water

4.DOK 2-4biii

Movement of continental plates

4.DOK 2-4c

Investigate, record, analyze and predict weather by observing, measuring with simple weather instruments (thermometer, anemometer, wind vane, rain gauge, barometer and hygrometer), recording weather data (temperature, precipitation, sky conditions, and weather events), and using past patterns to predict future patterns.

4.DOK 2-4d

Describe how human activities have decreased the capacity of the environment to support some life forms.

4.DOK 2-4di

Reducing the amount of forest cover

4.DOK 2-4dii

Increasing the amount of chemicals released into the atmosphere

4.DOK 2-4e

Compare and contrast the seasons and explain why seasons vary at different locations on Earth.

4.DOK 2-4f

Describe objects in the universe including their movement.

4.DOK 2-4fi

Physical features of the moon (craters, plains, mountains)

4.DOK 2-4fii

Appearance and movement of Earth and its moon (e.g., waxing/waning of the moon and lunar/solar eclipses)

4.DOK 2-4fiii

Why a planet can be seen in different constellations (locations) at different times

4.DOK 2-4g

Summarize the process that results in deposits of fossil fuels and conclude why fossil fuels are classified as nonrenewable resources

4.DOK 3-1

Explain and use skills necessary to conduct scientific inquiry.

4.DOK 3-1a

Form hypotheses and predict outcomes of problems to be investigated.

4.DOK 3-1b

Use the senses and simple tools to gather qualitative information about objects or events (size, shape, color, texture, sound, position, change).

4.DOK 3-1bi

Demonstrate the accurate use of simple tools to gather and compare information

4.DOK 3-1bii

Tools (English rulers [to the nearest eighth of an inch], metric rulers [to the nearest centimeter], thermometers, scales, hand lenses, microscopes, balances, clocks, calculators, anemometers, rain gauges)

4.DOK 3-1biii

Types of data (height, mass/weight, temperature, length, distance, volume, area, perimeter)

4.DOK 3-1g

Draw conclusions about important steps (e.g., making observations, asking questions, trying to solve a problem, etc.) that led to inventions and discoveries.

4.DOK 3-2f

Investigate and draw conclusions about the relationship between the rate of vibrating objects and the pitch of the sound.