Hawaii Learning Standards for Social Studies — Grade 5

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Use chronological order to explain causal relationships between and among people and events


Analyze how beliefs and education and/or the society in which a person resides shape his/her point of view


Judge the past in the context of the time instead of imposing present norms and values on historical events


Identify what Europeans sought (e.g., route to Asia) and what they found (e.g., new crops) during the Age of Exploration


Explain how conflict between the English government and the English colonies led to the outbreak of the American Revolution


Define the major ideas (i.e., natural rights, government by the consent of the governed, and all men are created equal) stated in the Declaration of Independence and explain why they were included


Describe the major events of the Revolutionary War, including key battles, key alliances, and the roles played by key figures


Examine the interactions between Europeans and Native Americans in North America


Describe the hardships experienced by European settlers in colonial America


Describe how religion and economics influenced the settling of New England and the southern regions of British North America


Describe the major features of the economies of New England (i.e., manufacturing), the mid-Atlantic colonies (i.e., trade), and southern regions (i.e., farming) of British North America and explain their relationship to geographic features


Explain how colonial America solved its labor shortage problem with indentured servants and African slaves


Illustrate the movement of African slaves to the Americas and their role in the Triangular Trade


Describe conflicts between Europeans and Native Americans (i.e., King Philips War), among colonists, (i.e., Bacons Rebellion), and between European powers (i.e., the French and Indian War)


Describe the role of Puritans and Quakers in shaping colonial society


Explain how colonial governments were based on key principles underlying American democracy (including social contract, majority rule, and equality of opportunity)


Explain how participation in American democracy has changed since the 18th century


Compare the views of Native Americans and Europeans regarding the relationship between humans and the land


Explain how the Revolutionary War caused the movement of people


Explain the opportunity costs considered by the settlers before moving to the colonies


Recognize that governments raise money to pay for goods and services (i.e., taxes) and describe why the American colonists were dissatisfied with the colonial system of taxation