Hawaii Learning Standards for Social Studies — Grade 6

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Define causal relationships in historical chronologies


Frame and answer questions through historical research


Explain the past on its own terms; not judging it solely by present-day norms and values


Examine written and physical evidence from ancient societies in Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Indus River Valley, and the Yellow River Valley


Compare the writing, artifacts, and architectural remains from the Maya, Aztec, Inca, and early Pacific Island societies


Compare classical societies, including China during the reign of Han Wudi; Maurya India under Ashoka; Greek city-states under Pericles; and the Roman Empire under Augustus


Describe the key figures and major beliefs of the major religious and philosophical traditions of ancient and classical times, including Judaism, Confucianism, Daoism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Greek philosophy, Christianity, and Islam


Compare post-classical societies, including China at the time of Tang Taizong, the Abbasid dynasty at the time of Harun alRashid, the Carolingian Empire at the time of Charlemagne, and the Mali Empire at the time of Mansa Musa


Describe the trade networks, including the Silk Road and Saharan caravan trade; conflicts, including the Crusades and Mongol conquests; communications; and exchanges, including Chinese inventions and the bubonic plague, that linked the postclassical societies


Describe the re-establishment of Chinese imperial rule and the voyages of Zheng He


Explain the impact of the Renaissance and the European voyages of exploration


Identify the foundations of democracy in classical Greece and Rome


Examine the ways in which different cultures have influenced families and communities


Use examples of changing culture to identify and analyze ways to respond to cultural differences and problems within and across groups (e.g., stereotyping, ethics)


Describe the development of agriculture in the Tigris, Euphrates, and Nile river valleys


Describe the impact of printing, the compass, and gunpowder in China and Europe


Analyze patterns of cultural encounters and exchanges and assess their impact on societies


Explain exchanges of salt, gold, and other trade over the trans-Saharan trade routes and the impact of these exchanges The student: D


Describe, in terms of opportunity cost, why it was so difficult for Christopher Columbus to find financial support for his voyages


Explain the impact of the exchange of products throughout the Indian Ocean basin from CE 500 to CE 1500