Hawaii Learning Standards for Social Studies — Grade 9

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Describe the multiple social, political, and economic causes and effects of change in modern Hawaii


Explain the political, social, and economic causes of the Overthrow, including the Mahele, Reciprocity Treaty, and the Bayonet Constitution


Describe the role of the United States government in the Overthrow, including the various United States administrations and Minister John Stevens


Explain the events and turning points of the Overthrow, beginning with the foreign movement against Kalakaua, Liliuokalanis attempts to change the Bayonet Constitution, and her abdication from the throne


Explain the political, social, and economic effects of the Overthrow, including U.S. military presence, the Organic Act, the Territorial government, and Statehood


Describe the political, social and economic effects of the plantation system on life in Hawaii, including ethnic tension, the evolution of Hawaii pidgin English, the school system, and the establishment of labor unions


Examine and explain features of plantation life in Hawaii in the 20th century, including contract labor and the perquisite system


Identify events leading to the bombing of Pearl Harbor and describe its effects in Hawaii, such as the role of the U.S. military and anti-Japanese sentiments (including the internment camps and 442nd)


Trace the development of the platforms of political parties after World War II to the present


Analyze significant contemporary issues that influence present day Hawaii, such as the Hawaiian Renaissance, the sovereignty movement, current land issues, and the influx of new immigrant groups


Explain how governments acquire, use, and justify power, including how limited governments differ from unlimited ones


Describe how ideas of the Enlightenment influenced the American political system


Describe how historical events and ideas have influenced American constitutional democracy


Describe how historical challenges to the Constitution over time have resulted in new interpretations of free speech, free press, privacy, civil rights, and voting rights


Explain how governments derive authority


Describe how the American Constitution embodies the principles of rule of law, popular sovereignty, separation of powers, checks and balances, and limited government


Assess the extent to which the American values of common good, equality of opportunity, and individual rights have been realized


Explain the rights, duties, and responsibilities of citizens in a democracy and the relationship between them


Investigate how citizens can monitor and advocate for a local, state, or national issue


Compare the characteristics of major political parties based upon the philosophy, platform, and support base


Explain the role of a citizen in the electoral process


Demonstrate the role of a citizen in civic action by selecting a problem, gathering information, proposing a solution, creating an action plan, and showing evidence of implementation


Describe the economic functions of government, including providing public goods and services, maintaining competition, redistributing income, correcting for externalities, and stabilizing the economy


Explain how people, individually and collectively, participate in the U.S. economy


Evaluate the degree to which the Unite