Alabama Learning Standards for Social Studies — Grade 10


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10.E.G.H.CG.1

Compare effects of economic, geographic, social, and political conditions before and after European explorations of the fifteenth through seventeenth centuries on Europeans, American colonists, Africans, and indigenous Americans. [A.1.a., A.1.b., A. 1.d., A.1.g., A.1.i.]

10.E.G.H.CG.1.a

Describing the influence of the Crusades, Renaissance, and Reformation on European exploration

10.E.G.H.CG.1.b

Comparing European motives for establishing colonies, including mercantilism, religious persecution, poverty, oppression, and new opportunities

10.E.G.H.CG.1.c

Analyzing the course of the Columbian Exchange for its impact on the global economy

10.E.G.H.CG.1.d

Explaining triangular trade and the development of slavery in the colonies

10.E.G.H.CG.10

Analyze key ideas of Jacksonian Democracy for their impact on political participation, political parties, and constitutional government. [A.1.a., A.1.c., A.1.e., A.1.f., A.1.g., A.1.i., A.1.j.]

10.E.G.H.CG.10.a

Explaining the spoils system, nullification, extension of voting rights, the Indian Removal Act, and the common man ideal

10.E.G.H.CG.13

Summarize major legislation and court decisions from 1800 to 1861 that led to increasing sectionalism, including the Missouri Compromise of 1820, the Compromise of 1850, the Fugitive Slave Acts, the Kansas-Nebraska Act, and the Dred Scott decision. [A.1.a., A.1.c., A.1.e., A.1.f., A.1.g., A.1.i., A.1.j.]

10.E.G.H.CG.13.a

Describing Alabamas role in the developing sectionalism of the United States from 1819 to 1861, including participation in slavery, secession, the Indian War, and reliance on cotton

10.E.G.H.CG.13.b

Analyzing the Westward Expansion from 1803 to 1861 to determine its effect on sectionalism, including the Louisiana Purchase, Texas Annexation, and the Mexican Cession

10.E.G.H.CG.13.c

Describing tariff debates and the nullification crisis between 1800 and 1861

10.E.G.H.CG.13.d

Analyzing the formation of the Republican Party for its impact on the 1860 election of Abraham Lincoln as President of the United States

10.E.G.H.CG.14

Describe how the Civil War influenced the United States, including the Anaconda Plan and the major battles of Bull Run, Antietam, Vicksburg, and Gettysburg and Shermans March to the Sea. [A.1.a., A.1.b., A.1.c., A.1.d., A.1.e., A.1.i., A.1.k.]

10.E.G.H.CG.14.a

Identifying key Northern and Southern Civil War personalities, including Abraham Lincoln, Jefferson Davis, Ulysses S. Grant, Robert E. Lee, Thomas Jonathan Stonewall Jackson, and William Tecumseh Sherman Example: President Abraham Lincolns philosophy of union, executive orders, and leadership

10.E.G.H.CG.14.b

Analyzing the impact of the division of the nation during the Civil War regarding resources, population distribution, and transportation

10.E.G.H.CG.14.c

Explaining reasons border states remained in the Union during the Civil War

10.E.G.H.CG.14.d

Describing nonmilitary events and life during the Civil War, including the Homestead Act, the Morrill Act, Northern draft riots, the Emancipation Proclamation, and the Gettysburg Address

10.E.G.H.CG.14.e

Describing the role of women in American society during the Civil War, including efforts made by Elizabeth Blackwell and Clara Barton

10.E.G.H.CG.14.f

Tracing Alabamas involvement in the Civil War

10.E.G.H.CG.15

Compare congressional and presidential reconstruction plans, including African-American political participation. [A.1.a., A.1.b., A.1.c., A.1.d., A.1.e., A.1.i., A.1.k.]

10.E.G.H.CG.15.a

Tracing economic changes in the post-Civil War period for whites and African Americans in the North and South, including the effectiveness of the Freedmens Bureau

10.E.G.H.CG.15.b

Describing social restructuring of the South, including Southern military districts, the role of carpetbaggers and scalawags, the creation of the black codes, and the Ku Klux Klan

10.E.G.H.CG.15.c

Describing the Compromise of 1877

10.E.G.H.CG.15.d

Summarizing post-Civil War constitutional amendments, including the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments

10.E.G.H.CG.15.e

Explaining causes for the impeachment of President Andrew Johnson

10.E.G.H.CG.15.f

Explaining the impact of the Jim Crow laws and Plessey versus Ferguson on the social and political structure of the New South after Reconstruction

10.E.G.H.CG.15.g

Analyzing political and social motives that shaped the Constitution of Alabama of 1901 to determine their long-term effect on politics and economics in Alabama

10.E.G.H.CG.16

Explain the transition of the United States from an agrarian society to an industrial nation prior to World War I. [A.1.a., A.1.b., A.1.c., A.1.d., A.1.e., A.1.h., A.1.i., A.1.k.]

10.E.G.H.CG.16.a

Describing the impact of Manifest Destiny on the economic and technological development of the post-Civil War West, including mining, the cattle industry, and the transcontinental railroad

10.E.G.H.CG.16.b

Identifying the changing role of the American farmer, including the establishment of the Granger movement and the Populist Party and agrarian rebellion over currency issues

10.E.G.H.CG.16.c

Evaluating the Dawes Act for its effect on tribal identity, land ownership, and assimilation of American Indians between Reconstruction and World War I

10.E.G.H.CG.16.d

Comparing population percentages, motives, and settlement patterns of immigrants from Asia, Africa, Europe, and Latin America, including the Chinese Exclusion Act regarding immigration quotas

10.E.G.H.CG.2

Compare regional differences among early New England, Middle, and Southern colonies regarding economics, geography, culture, government, and American Indian relations. [A.1.a., A.1.b., A.1.d., A.1.g., A.1.i.]

10.E.G.H.CG.2.a

Explaining the role of essential documents in the establishment of colonial governments, including the Magna Carta, the English Bill of Rights, and the Mayflower Compact

10.E.G.H.CG.2.b

Explaining the significance of the House of Burgesses and New England town meetings in colonial politics

10.E.G.H.CG.2.c

Describing the impact of the Great Awakening on colonial society

10.E.G.H.CG.3

Trace the chronology of events leading to the American Revolution, including the French and Indian War, passage of the Stamp Act, the Boston Tea Party, the Boston Massacre, passage of the Intolerable Acts, the Battles of Lexington and Concord, the publication of Common Sense, and the signing of the Declaration of Independence. [A.1.a., A.1.b., A.1.d., A.1.g., A.1.i.]

10.E.G.H.CG.3.a

Explaining the role of key revolutionary leaders, including George Washington; John Adams; Thomas Jefferson; Patrick Henry; Samuel Adams; Paul Revere; Crispus Attucks; and Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette

10.E.G.H.CG.3.b

Explaining the significance of revolutionary battles, including Bunker Hill, Trenton, Saratoga, and Yorktown

10.E.G.H.CG.3.c

Summarizing major ideas of the Declaration of Independence, including the theories of John Locke, Charles de Montesquieu, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau

10.E.G.H.CG.3.d

Comparing perspectives of differing groups in society and their roles in the American Revolution, including men, women, white settlers, free and enslaved African Americans, and American Indians

10.E.G.H.CG.3.e

Describing how provisions of the Treaty of Paris of 1783 affected relations of the United States with European nations and American Indians

10.E.G.H.CG.6

Describe relations of the United States with Britain and France from 1781 to 1823, including the XYZ Affair, the War of 1812, and the Monroe Doctrine. [A.1.a., A.1.b., A.1.d., A.1.g, A.1.i.] Examples: Embargo Act, Alien and Sedition Acts, impressment

10.E.G.H.CG.7

Describe causes, courses, and consequences of United States expansionism prior to the Civil War, including the Treaty of Paris of 1783, the Northwest Ordinance of 1785, the Northwest Ordinance of 1787, the Louisiana Purchase, the Indian Removal Act, the Trail of Tears, Manifest Destiny, the Mexican War and Cession, Texas Independence, the acquisition of Oregon, the California Gold Rush, and the Western Trails. [A.1.a., A.1.c., A.1.e., A.1.f., A.1.g., A.1.i., A.1.j.]

10.E.G.H.CG.8

Compare major events in Alabama from 1781 to 1823, including statehood as part of the expanding nation, acquisition of land, settlement, and the Creek War, to those of the developing nation. [A.1.a., A.1.c., A.1.e., A.1.f., A.1.g., A.1.i., A.1.j.]

10.E.H.CG.4

Describe the political system of the United States based on the Constitution of the United States. [A.1.a., A.1.b., A.1.d., A.1.g., A.1.i.]

10.E.H.CG.4.a

Interpreting the Preamble to the Constitution of the United States; separation of powers; federal system; elastic clause; the Bill of Rights; and the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, Fifteenth, and Nineteenth Amendments as key elements of the Constitution of the United States

10.E.H.CG.4.b

Describing inadequacies of the Articles of Confederation

10.E.H.CG.4.c

Distinguishing personalities, issues, ideologies, and compromises related to the Constitutional Convention and the ratification of the Constitution of the United States, including the role of the Federalist papers

10.E.H.CG.4.d

Identifying factors leading to the development and establishment of political parties, including Alexander Hamiltons economic policies, conflicting views of Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton, George Washingtons Farewell Address, and the election of 1800

10.E.H.CG.9

Explain dynamics of economic nationalism during the Era of Good Feelings, including transportation systems, Henry Clays American System, slavery and the emergence of the plantation system, and the beginning of industrialism in the Northeast. [A.1.a., A.1.c., A.1.e., A.1.f., A.1.g., A.1.i., A.1.j.] Examples: Waltham-Lowell system, old immigration, changing technologies

10.G.H.CG.12

Describe the founding of the first abolitionist societies by Benjamin Rush and Benjamin Franklin and the role played by later critics of slavery, including William Lloyd Garrison, Frederick Douglass, Sojourner Truth, Angelina and Sarah Grimk, Henry David Thoreau, and Charles Sumner. [A.1.a., A.1.c., A.1.e., A.1.f., A.1.g., A.1.i., A.1.j.]

10.G.H.CG.12.a

Describing the rise of religious movements in opposition to slavery, including objections of the Quakers

10.G.H.CG.12.b

Explaining the importance of the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 that banned slavery in new states north of the Ohio River

10.G.H.CG.12.c

Describing the rise of the Underground Railroad and its leaders, including Harriet Tubman and the impact of Harriet Beecher Stowes Uncle Toms Cabin, on the abolitionist movement

10.H.CG.11

Evaluate the impact of American social and political reform on the emergence of a distinct culture. [A.1.a., A.1.c., A.1.e., A.1.f., A.1.g., A.1.i., A.1.j.]

10.H.CG.11.a

Explaining the impact of the Second Great Awakening on the emergence of a national identity

10.H.CG.11.b

Explaining the emergence of uniquely American writers Examples: James Fenimore Cooper, Henry David Thoreau, Edgar Allen Poe

10.H.CG.11.c

Explaining the influence of Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Dorothea Lynde Dix, and Susan B. Anthony on the development of social reform movements prior to the Civil War

10.H.CG.5

Explain key cases that helped shape the United States Supreme Court, including Marbury versus Madison, McCullough versus Maryland, and Cherokee Nation versus Georgia. [A.1.a., A.1.b., A.1.d., A.1.g., A.1.i.]

10.H.CG.5.a

Explaining concepts of loose and strict interpretations of the Constitution of the United States