Alabama Learning Standards for Social Studies — Grade 6

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Explain the impact of industrialization, urbanization, communication, and cultural changes on life in the United States from the late nineteenth century to World War I.


Analyze changing economic priorities and cycles of economic expansion and contraction for their impact on society since World War II. Examples: shift from manufacturing to service economy, higher standard of living, globalization, outsourcing, insourcing, boom and bust, economic bubbles


Identifying policies and programs that had an economic impact on society since World War II Examples: Servicemens Readjustment Act of 1944 (G. I. Bill of Rights), Medicare and Medicaid, Head Start programs, space exploration, Childrens Health Insurance Program (CHIP), environmental protection issues


Analyzing consequences of immigration for their impact on national and Alabama economies since World War II


Evaluate significant political issues and policies of presidential administrations since World War II.


Identifying domestic policies that shaped the United States since World War II Examples: desegregation of the military, Interstate Highway System, federal funding for education, Great Society, affirmative action, Americans with Disabilities Act, welfare reform, Patriot Act, No Child Left Behind Act


Recognizing domestic issues that shaped the United States since World War II Examples: McCarthyism, Watergate scandal, political assassinations, health care, impeachment, Hurricane Katrina


Identifying issues of foreign affairs that shaped the United States since World War II Examples: Vietnam Conflict, Richard Nixons China initiative, Jimmy Carters human rights initiative, emergence of China and India as economic powers


Explaining how conflict in the Middle East impacted life in the United States since World War II Examples: oil embargoes; Iranian hostage situation; Camp David Accords; Persian Gulf Wars; 1993 World Trade Center bombing; terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001; War on Terrorism; homeland security


Recognizing the election of Barack Obama as the culmination of a movement in the United States to realize equal opportunity for all Americans


Identifying the 2008 presidential election as a watershed in the use of new technology and mass participation in the electoral process


Describe reform movements and changing social conditions during the Progressive Era in the United States


Relating countries of origin and experiences of new immigrants to life in the United States Example: Ellis Island and Angel Island experiences


Identifying workplace reforms, including the eight-hour workday, child labor laws, and workers compensation laws


Identifying political reforms of Progressive movement leaders, including Theodore Roosevelt and the establishment of the national park system


Identifying social reforms of the Progressive movement, including efforts by Jane Adams, Clara Barton, and Julia Tutwiler


Recognizing goals of the early civil rights movement and the purpose of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)


Explaining Progressive movement provisions of the Sixteenth, Seventeenth, Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twenty-first Amendments to the Constitution of the United States


Identify causes and consequences of World War I and reasons for the United States entry into the war. Examples: sinking of the Lusitania, Zimmerman Note, alliances, militarism, imperialism, nationalism


Describing military and civilian roles in the United States during World War I


Explaining roles of important persons associated with World War I, including Woodrow Wilson and Archduke Franz Ferdinand


Analyzing technological advances of the World War I era for their impact on modern warfare Examples: machine gun, tank, submarine, airplane, poisonous gas, gas mask


Locating on a map major countries involved in World War I and boundary changes after the war


Explaining the intensification of isolationism in the United States after World War I Example: reaction of the Congress of the United States to the Treaty of Versailles, League of Nations, and Red Scare


Recognizing the strategic placement of military bases in Alabama


Explain causes and effects of the Great Depression on the people of the United States. Examples: economic failure, loss of farms, rising unemployment, building of Hoovervilles


Identifying patterns of migration during the Great Depression


Locating on a map the area of the United States known as the Dust Bowl


Describing the importance of the election of Franklin D. Roosevelt as President of the United States, including the New Deal alphabet agencies


Locating on a map the river systems utilized by the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)


Identify changes on the American homefront during World War II. Example: rationing


Recognizing the retooling of factories from consumer to military production


Identifying new roles of women and African Americans in the workforce


Describing increased demand on the Birmingham steel industry and Port of Mobile facilities


Describing the experience of African Americans and Japanese Americans in the United States during World War II, including the Tuskegee Airmen and occupants of internment camps


Describe how the United States role in the Cold War influenced domestic and international events


Describing the origin and meaning of the Iron Curtain and communism


Recognizing how the Cold War conflict manifested itself through sports Examples: Olympic Games, international chess tournaments, Ping-Pong diplomacy


Identifying strategic diplomatic initiatives that intensified the Cold War, including the policies of Harry S. Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, and John F. Kennedy Examples: trade embargoes, Marshall Plan, arms race, Berlin blockade and airlift, Berlin Wall, mutually assured destruction, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Warsaw Pact, Cuban missile crisis, Bay of Pigs invasion


Identifying how Cold War tensions resulted in armed conflict Examples: Korean Conflict, Vietnam War, proxy wars


Describing the impact of the Cold War on technological innovations Examples: Sputnik; space race; weapons of mass destruction; accessibility of microwave ovens, calculators, and computers


Recognizing Alabamas role in the Cold War Examples: rocket production at Redstone Arsenal, helicopter training at Fort Rucker


Assessing effects of the end of the Cold War Era Examples: policies of Mikhail Gorbachev; collapse of the Soviet Union; Ronald W. Reagans foreign policies, including the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI or Star Wars)


Identify technological advancements on society in the United States since World War II. Examples: 1950sfashion doll, audio cassette 1960saction figure, artificial heart, Internet, calculator 1970sword processor, videogame, cellular telephone 1980spersonal computer, Doppler radar, digital cellular telephone 1990sWorld Wide Web, digital video diskette (DVD) 2000sdigital music player, social networking technology, personal Global Positioning System (GPS) device


Identify cultural and economic developments in the United States from 1900 through the 1930s.


Describing the impact of various writers, musicians, and artists on American culture during the Harlem Renaissance and the Jazz Age Examples: Langston Hughes, Louis Armstrong, Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Andrew Wyeth, Frederic Remington, W. C. Handy, Erskine Hawkins, George Gershwin, Zora Neale Hurston


Identifying contributions of turn-of-the-century inventors Examples: George Washington Carver, Henry Ford, Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas Alva Edison, Wilbur and Orville Wrigh


Describing the emergence of the modern woman during the early 1900s Examples: Amelia Earhart, Zelda Fitzgerald, Helen Keller, Susan B. Anthony, Margaret Washington, suffragettes, suffragists, flappers


Identifying notable persons of the early 1900s Examples: Babe Ruth, Charles A. Lindbergh, W. E. B. Du Bois, John T. Scopes


Comparing results of the economic policies of the Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge, and Herbert Hoover Administrations Examples: higher wages, increase in consumer goods, collapse of farm economy, extension of personal credit, stock market crash, Immigration Act of 1924


Critique major social and cultural changes in the United States since World War II


Identifying key persons and events of the modern Civil Rights Movement Examples: personsMartin Luther King Jr.; Rosa Parks; Fred Shuttlesworth; John Lewis eventsBrown versus Board of Education, Montgomery Bus Boycott, student protests, Freedom Rides, Selma-to-Montgomery Voting Rights March, political assassinations


Describing the changing role of women in United States society and how it affected the family unit Examples: women in the workplace, latchkey children


Recognizing the impact of music genres and artists on United States culture since World War II Examples: genresprotest songs; Motown, rock and roll, rap, folk, and country music artistsElvis Presley, the Beatles, Bob Dylan, Aretha Franklin, Hank Williams


Identifying the impact of media, including newspapers, AM and FM radio, television, twenty-four hour sports and news programming, talk radio, and Internet social networking, on United States culture since World War II


Identify causes and consequences of World War II and reasons for the United States entry into the war.


Locating on a map Allied countries and Axis Powers


Locating on a map key engagements of World War II, including Pearl Harbor; the battles of Normandy, Stalingrad, and Midway; and the Battle of the Bulge


Identifying key figures of World War II, including Franklin D. Roosevelt, Sir Winston Churchill, Harry S. Truman, Joseph Stalin, Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Michinomiya Hirohito, and Hideki Tj


Describing the development of and the decision to use the atomic bomb


Describing human costs associated with World War II Examples: the Holocaust, civilian and military casualties


Explaining the importance of the surrender of the Axis Powers ending World War II