English Standards for Colorado — Grade 6


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G61.1a

Present claims and findings, sequencing ideas logically and using pertinent descriptions, facts, and details to accentuate main ideas or themes; use appropriate eye contact, adequate volume, and clear pronunciation. (CCSS: SL.6.4)

G61.1b

Include multimedia components (e.g., graphics, images, music, sound) and visual displays in presentations to clarify information. (CCSS: SL.6.5)

G61.1c

Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate. (CCSS: SL.6.6)

G61.1d

Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 6 topics, texts, and issues, building on others ideas and expressing their own clearly. (CCSS: SL.6.1) i. Come to discussions prepared, having read or studied required material; explicitly draw on that preparation by referring to evidence on the topic, text, or issue to probe and reflect on ideas under discussion. (CCSS: SL.6.1a) ii. Follow rules for collegial discussions, set specific goals and deadlines, and define individual roles as needed. (CCSS: SL.6.1b) iii. Pose and respond to specific questions with elaboration and detail by making comments that contribute to the topic, text, or issue under discussion. (CCSS: SL.6.1c) iv. Review the key ideas expressed and demonstrate understanding of multiple perspectives through reflection and paraphrasing. (CCSS: SL.6.1d)

G61.1d.i

Come to discussions prepared, having read or studied required material; explicitly draw on that preparation by referring to evidence on the topic, text, or issue to probe and reflect on ideas under discussion. (CCSS: SL.6.1a)

G61.1d.ii

Follow rules for collegial discussions, set specific goals and deadlines, and define individual roles as needed. (CCSS: SL.6.1b)

G61.1d.iii

Pose and respond to specific questions with elaboration and detail by making comments that contribute to the topic, text, or issue under discussion. (CCSS: SL.6.1c)

G61.1d.iv

Review the key ideas expressed and demonstrate understanding of multiple perspectives through reflection and paraphrasing. (CCSS: SL.6.1d)

G61.1e

Interpret information presented in diverse media and formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) and explain how it contributes to a topic, text, or issue under study. (CCSS: SL.6.2)

G61.1f

Delineate a speakers argument and specific claims, distinguishing claims that are supported by reasons and evidence from claims that are not. (CCSS: SL.6.3)

G61.1g

Use evidence to develop credibility (such as citing textual evidence to support opinions)

G61.1h

Recognize the difference between informal and formal language and make choices appropriate for group purposes

G62.1a

Use Key Ideas and Details to: i. Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. (CCSS: RL.6.1) ii. Determine a theme or central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through particular details; provide a summary of the text distinct from personal opinions or judgments. (CCSS: RL.6.2) iii. Describe how a particular storys or dramas plot unfolds in a series of episodes as well as how the characters respond or change as the plot moves toward a resolution. (CCSS: RL.6.3)

G62.1a.i

Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. (CCSS: RL.6.1

G62.1a.ii

Determine a theme or central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through particular details; provide a summary of the text distinct from personal opinions or judgments. (CCSS: RL.6.2)

G62.1a.iii

Describe how a particular storys or dramas plot unfolds in a series of episodes as well as how the characters respond or change as the plot moves toward a resolution. (CCSS: RL.6.3

G62.1b

Use Craft and Structure to: i. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone. (CCSS: RL.6.4) ii. Analyze how a particular sentence, chapter, scene, or stanza fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the theme, setting, or plot. (CCSS: RL.6.5) iii. Explain how an author develops the point of view of the narrator or speaker in a text. (CCSS: RL.6.6)

G62.1b.i

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone. (CCSS: RL.6.4)

G62.1b.ii

Analyze how a particular sentence, chapter, scene, or stanza fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the theme, setting, or plot. (CCSS: RL.6.5)

G62.1b.iii

Explain how an author develops the point of view of the narrator or speaker in a text. (CCSS: RL.6.6)

G62.1c

Use Integration of Knowledge and Ideas to: i. Compare and contrast the experience of reading a story, drama, or poem to listening to or viewing an audio, video, or live version of the text, including contrasting what they see and hear when reading the text to what they perceive when they listen or watch. (CCSS: RL.6.7) ii. Compare and contrast texts in different forms or genres (e.g., stories and poems; historical novels and fantasy stories) in terms of their approaches to similar themes and topics. (CCSS: RL.6.9)

G62.1c.i

Compare and contrast the experience of reading a story, drama, or poem to listening to or viewing an audio, video, or live version of the text, including contrasting what they see and hear when reading the text to what they perceive when they listen or watch. (CCSS: RL.6.7)

G62.1c.ii

Compare and contrast texts in different forms or genres (e.g., stories and poems; historical novels and fantasy stories) in terms of their approaches to similar themes and topics. (CCSS: RL.6.9)

G62.1d

Use Range of Reading and Complexity of Text to: i. By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, in the grades 68 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. (CCSS: RL.6.10)

G62.1d.i

By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, in the grades 68 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. (CCSS: RL.6.10)

G62.1e

Use different kinds of questions to clarify and extend comprehension

G62.1f

Identify how the author uses dialogue and specific word choice to achieve an effect

G62.2a

Use Key Ideas and Details to: i. Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. (CCSS: RI.6.1) ii. Determine a central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through particular details; provide a summary of the text distinct from personal opinions or judgments. (CCSS: RI.6.2) iii. Analyze in detail how a key individual, event, or idea is introduced, illustrated, and elaborated in a text (e.g., through examples or anecdotes). (CCSS: RI.6.3)

G62.2a.i

Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. (CCSS: RI.6.1)

G62.2a.ii

Determine a central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through particular details; provide a summary of the text distinct from personal opinions or judgments. (CCSS: RI.6.2)

G62.2a.iii

Analyze in detail how a key individual, event, or idea is introduced, illustrated, and elaborated in a text (e.g., through examples or anecdotes). (CCSS: RI.6.3)

G62.2b

Use Craft and Structure to: i. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings. (CCSS: RI.6.4) ii. Analyze how a particular sentence, paragraph, chapter, or section fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the ideas. (CCSS: RI.6.5) iii. Determine an authors point of view or purpose in a text and explain how it is conveyed in the text. (CCSS: RI.6.6)

G62.2b.i

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings. (CCSS: RI.6.4)

G62.2b.ii

Analyze how a particular sentence, paragraph, chapter, or section fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the ideas. (CCSS: RI.6.5)

G62.2b.iii

Determine an authors point of view or purpose in a text and explain how it is conveyed in the text. (CCSS: RI.6.6)

G62.2c

Use Integration of Knowledge and Ideas to: i. Integrate information presented in different media or formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively) as well as in words to develop a coherent understanding of a topic or issue. (CCSS: RI.6.7) ii. Trace and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, distinguishing claims that are supported by reasons and evidence from claims that are not. (CCSS: RI.6.8) iii. Compare and contrast one authors presentation of events with that of another (e.g., a memoir written by and a biography on the same person). (CCSS: RI.6.9)

G62.2c.i

Integrate information presented in different media or formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively) as well as in words to develop a coherent understanding of a topic or issue. (CCSS: RI.6.7)

G62.2c.ii

Trace and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, distinguishing claims that are supported by reasons and evidence from claims that are not. (CCSS: RI.6.8)

G62.2c.iii

Compare and contrast one authors presentation of events with that of another (e.g., a memoir written by and a biography on the same person). (CCSS: RI.6.9)

G62.2d

Use Range of Reading and Complexity of Text to: i. By the end of the year, read and comprehend literary nonfiction in the grades 68 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. (CCSS: RI.6.10)

G62.2d.i

By the end of the year, read and comprehend literary nonfiction in the grades 68 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. (CCSS: RI.6.10)

G62.2e

Generate questions, make/confirm/adjust predictions, make inferences, and draw conclusions based on text structures

G62.2f

Use information from text and text features (such as timeline, diagram, captions) to answer questions or perform specific tasks

G62.3a

Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 6 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies. (CCSS: L.6.4) i. Use context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence or paragraph; a words position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase. (CCSS: L.6.4a) ii. Make connections back to previous sentences and ideas to resolve problems in comprehension iii. Use common, grade-appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., audience, auditory, audible). (CCSS: L.6.4b) iv. Employ synonyms or antonyms gleaned from a passage to provide an approximate meaning of a word v. Consult reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning or its part of speech. (CCSS: L.6.4c) vi. Verify the preliminary determination of the meaning of a word or phrase (e.g., by checking the inferred meaning in context or in a dictionary). (CCSS: L.6.4d)

G62.3a.i

Use context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence or paragraph; a words position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase. (CCSS: L.6.4a)

G62.3a.ii

Make connections back to previous sentences and ideas to resolve problems in comprehension

G62.3a.iii

Use common, grade-appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., audience, auditory, audible). (CCSS: L.6.4b)

G62.3a.iv

Employ synonyms or antonyms gleaned from a passage to provide an approximate meaning of a word

G62.3a.v

Consult reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning or its part of speech. (CCSS: L.6.4c)

G62.3a.vi

Verify the preliminary determination of the meaning of a word or phrase (e.g., by checking the inferred meaning in context or in a dictionary). (CCSS: L.6.4d)

G62.3b

Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings. (CCSS: L.6.5) i. Interpret figures of speech (e.g., personification) in context. (CCSS: L.6.5a) ii. Use the relationship between particular words (e.g., cause/effect, part/whole, item/category) to better understand each of the words. (CCSS: L.6.5b) iii. Distinguish among the connotations (associations) of words with similar denotations (definitions) (e.g., stingy, scrimping, economical, unwasteful, thrifty). (CCSS: L.6.5c)

G62.3b.i

Interpret figures of speech (e.g., personification) in context. (CCSS: L.6.5a)

G62.3b.ii

Use the relationship between particular words (e.g., cause/effect, part/whole, item/category) to better understand each of the words. (CCSS: L.6.5b)

G62.3b.iii

Distinguish among the connotations (associations) of words with similar denotations (definitions) (e.g., stingy, scrimping, economical, unwasteful, thrifty). (CCSS: L.6.5c)

G62.3c

Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain specific words and phrases; gather vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression. (CCSS: L.6.6)

G63.1a

Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, relevant descriptive details, and well-structured event sequences. (CCSS: W.6.3) i. Engage and orient the reader by establishing a context and introducing a narrator and/or characters; organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally and logically. (CCSS: W.6.3a) ii. Use narrative techniques, such as dialogue, pacing, and description, to develop experiences, events, and/or characters. (CCSS: W.6.3b) iii. Use a variety of transition words, phrases, and clauses to convey sequence and signal shifts from one time frame or setting to another. (CCSS: W.6.3c) iv. Use precise words and phrases, relevant descriptive details, and sensory language to convey experiences and events. (CCSS: W.6.3d) v. Provide a conclusion that follows from the narrated experiences or events. (CCSS: W.6.3e)

G63.1a.i

Engage and orient the reader by establishing a context and introducing a narrator and/or characters; organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally and logically. (CCSS: W.6.3a)

G63.1a.ii

Use narrative techniques, such as dialogue, pacing, and description, to develop experiences, events, and/or characters. (CCSS: W.6.3b)

G63.1a.iii

Use a variety of transition words, phrases, and clauses to convey sequence and signal shifts from one time frame or setting to another. (CCSS: W.6.3c)

G63.1a.iv

Use precise words and phrases, relevant descriptive details, and sensory language to convey experiences and events. (CCSS: W.6.3d

G63.1a.v

Provide a conclusion that follows from the narrated experiences or events. (CCSS: W.6.3e)

G63.1b

Employ a range of planning strategies to generate descriptive and sensory details (webbing, free writing, graphic organizers)

G63.1c

Use a range of poetic techniques (alliteration, onomatopoeia, rhyme scheme); figurative language (simile, metaphor, personification); and graphic elements (capital letters, line length, word position) to express personal or narrative voice in texts

G63.1d

Organize literary and narrative texts using conventional organizational patterns of the chosen genre

G63.1e

Use literary elements of a text (well-developed characters, setting, dialogue, conflict) to present ideas in a text

G63.1f

Use word choice, sentence structure, and sentence length to create voice and tone in writing

G63.2a

Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence. (CCSS: W.6.1) i. Introduce claim(s) and organize the reasons and evidence clearly. (CCSS: W.6.1a) ii. Support claim(s) with clear reasons and relevant evidence, using credible sources and demonstrating an understanding of the topic or text. (CCSS: W.6.1b) iii. Use words, phrases, and clauses to clarify the relationships among claim(s) and reasons. (CCSS: W.6.1c) iv. Establish and maintain a formal style. (CCSS: W.6.1d) v. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from the argument presented. (CCSS: W.6.1e)

G63.2a.i

Introduce claim(s) and organize the reasons and evidence clearly. (CCSS: W.6.1a)

G63.2a.ii

Support claim(s) with clear reasons and relevant evidence, using credible sources and demonstrating an understanding of the topic or text. (CCSS: W.6.1b)

G63.2a.iii

Use words, phrases, and clauses to clarify the relationships among claim(s) and reasons. (CCSS: W.6.1c)

G63.2a.iv

Establish and maintain a formal style. (CCSS: W.6.1d

G63.2a.v

Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from the argument presented. (CCSS: W.6.1e)

G63.2b

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content. (CCSS: W.6.2) i. Introduce a topic; organize ideas, concepts, and information, using strategies such as definition, classification, comparison/contrast, and cause/effect; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension. (CCSS: W.6.2a) ii. Develop the topic with relevant facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples. (CCSS: W.6.2b) iii. Use appropriate transitions to clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts. (CCSS: W.6.2c) iv. Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic. (CCSS: W.6.2d) v. Establish and maintain a formal style. (CCSS: W.6.2e) vi. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from the information or explanation presented. (CCSS: W.6.2f)

G63.2b.i

Introduce a topic; organize ideas, concepts, and information, using strategies such as definition, classification, comparison/contrast, and cause/effect; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension. (CCSS: W.6.2a)

G63.2b.ii

Develop the topic with relevant facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples. (CCSS: W.6.2b)

G63.2b.iii

Use appropriate transitions to clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts. (CCSS: W.6.2c)

G63.2b.iv

Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic. (CCSS: W.6.2d)

G63.2b.v

Establish and maintain a formal style. (CCSS: W.6.2e)

G63.2b.vi

Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from the information or explanation presented. (CCSS: W.6.2f)

G63.2c

Write multi-paragraph compositions that have clear topic development, logical organization, effective use of detail, and variety in sentence structure

G63.2d

Organize information into a coherent essay or report with a thesis statement in the introduction and transition sentences to link paragraphs

G63.2e

Write to pursue a personal interest, to explain, or to persuade

G63.2f

Write to analyze informational texts (explains the steps in a scientific investigation)

G63.2g

Analyze and improve clarity of paragraphs and transitions

G63.2h

Select vocabulary and information to enhance the central idea

G63.2i

Identify persuasive elements in a peers writing and critique the effectiveness

G63.3a

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking. (CCSS: L.6.1) i. Ensure that pronouns are in the proper case (subjective, objective, possessive). (CCSS: L.6.1a) ii. Use intensive pronouns (e.g., myself, ourselves). (CCSS: L.6.1b) iii. Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in pronoun number and person. (CCSS: L.6.1c) iv. Recognize and correct vague pronouns (i.e., ones with unclear or ambiguous antecedents). (CCSS: L.6.1d) v. Recognize variations from standard English in their own and others' writing and speaking, and identify and use strategies to improve expression in conventional language. (CCSS: L.6.1e) vi. Identify fragments and run-ons and revise sentences to eliminate them vii. Use coordinating conjunctions in compound sentences viii.Maintain consistent verb tense within paragraph. ix. Choose adverbs to describe verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs

G63.3a.i

Ensure that pronouns are in the proper case (subjective, objective, possessive). (CCSS: L.6.1a)

G63.3a.ii

Use intensive pronouns (e.g., myself, ourselves). (CCSS: L.6.1b)

G63.3a.iii

Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in pronoun number and person. (CCSS: L.6.1c)

G63.3a.iv

Recognize and correct vague pronouns (i.e., ones with unclear or ambiguous antecedents). (CCSS: L.6.1d)

G63.3a.ix

Choose adverbs to describe verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs

G63.3a.v

Recognize variations from standard English in their own and others' writing and speaking, and identify and use strategies to improve expression in conventional language. (CCSS: L.6.1e)

G63.3a.vi

Identify fragments and run-ons and revise sentences to eliminate them

G63.3a.vii

Use coordinating conjunctions in compound sentences

G63.3a.viii

Maintain consistent verb tense within paragraph.

G63.3b

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. (CCSS: L.6.2) i. Use punctuation (commas, parentheses, dashes) to set off nonrestrictive/parenthetical elements. (CCSS: L.6.2a) ii. Spell correctly. (CCSS: L.6.2b)

G63.3b.i

Use punctuation (commas, parentheses, dashes) to set off nonrestrictive/parenthetical elements. (CCSS: L.6.2a)

G63.3b.ii

Spell correctly. (CCSS: L.6.2b)

G63.3c

Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening. (CCSS: L.6.3) i. Vary sentence patterns for meaning, reader/listener interest, and style. (CCSS: L.6.3a) ii. Maintain consistency in style and tone. (CCSS: L.6.3b)

G63.3c.i

Vary sentence patterns for meaning, reader/listener interest, and style. (CCSS: L.6.3a)

G63.3c.ii

Maintain consistency in style and tone. (CCSS: L.6.3b)

G63.3d

Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific expectations for writing types are defined in grade level expectations 1 and 2 above.) (CCSS: W.6.4)

G63.3e

With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach. (CCSS: W.6.5)

G63.3f

Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing as well as to interact and collaborate with others; demonstrate sufficient command of keyboarding skills to type a minimum of three pages in a single sitting. (CCSS: W.6.6)

G64.1a

Conduct short research projects to answer a question, drawing on several sources and refocusing the inquiry when appropriate. (CCSS: W.6.7) i. Identify a topic for research, developing the central idea or focus and potential research question(s)

G64.1a.i

Identify a topic for research, developing the central idea or focus and potential research question(s)

G64.1b

Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources; assess the credibility of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and providing basic bibliographic information for sources. (CCSS: W.6.8) i. Use a range of print and nonprint sources (atlases, databases, reference materials, online and electronic resources, interviews, direct observation) to locate information to answer research questions ii. Locate specific information within resources using indexes, tables of contents, electronic search key words, etc.

G64.1b.i

Use a range of print and nonprint sources (atlases, databases, reference materials, online and electronic resources, interviews, direct observation) to locate information to answer research questions

G64.1b.ii

Locate specific information within resources using indexes, tables of contents, electronic search key words, etc.

G64.1c

Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research. (CCSS: W.6.9) i. Follow established criteria for evaluating accuracy, validity, and usefulness of information ii. Select and organize information, evidence, details, or quotations that support the central idea or focus iii. Apply grade 6 Reading standards to literature (e.g., Compare and contrast texts in different forms or genres [e.g., stories and poems; historical novels and fantasy stories] in terms of their approaches to similar themes and topics). (CCSS: W.6.8a) iv. Apply grade 6 Reading standards to literary nonfiction (e.g., Trace and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, distinguishing claims that are supported by reasons and evidence from claims that are not). (CCSS: W.6.8b)

G64.1c.i

Follow established criteria for evaluating accuracy, validity, and usefulness of information

G64.1c.ii

Select and organize information, evidence, details, or quotations that support the central idea or focus

G64.1c.iii

Apply grade 6 Reading standards to literature (e.g., Compare and contrast texts in different forms or genres [e.g., stories and poems; historical novels and fantasy stories] in terms of their approaches to similar themes and topics). (CCSS: W.6.8a)

G64.1c.iv

Apply grade 6 Reading standards to literary nonfiction (e.g., Trace and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, distinguishing claims that are supported by reasons and evidence from claims that are not). (CCSS: W.6.8b)

G64.2a

Accurately identify own assumptions, as well as those of other

G64.2b

Make assumptions that are consistent with one another

G64.2c

Identify the natural tendency in humans to use stereotypes, prejudices, biases, and distortions

G64.2d

Identify stereotypes, prejudices, biases, and distortions in self and thinking of others

G64.2e

Accurately state the assumptions underlying the inferences they or others make, and then accurately assess those assumptions for justifiability

G64.3a

Determine strengths and weaknesses of their thinking and thinking of others by using criteria including relevance, clarity, accuracy, fairness, significance, depth, breadth, logic, and precision

G64.3b

Take control over their thinking to determine when thinking should be questioned and when it should be accepted. (intellectual autonomy)