English Standards for Colorado — Grade 7


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G71.1a

Present claims and findings, emphasizing salient points in a focused, coherent manner with pertinent descriptions, facts, details, and examples; use appropriate eye contact, adequate volume, and clear pronunciation. (CCSS: SL.7.4)

G71.1b

Include multimedia components and visual displays in presentations to clarify claims and findings and emphasize salient points. (CCSS: SL.7.5)

G71.1c

Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate. (CCSS: SL.7.6)

G71.1d

Prepare for audience and purpose by ensuring proper length of presentation, suitable mode of dress, appropriate topic, and engaging content

G71.1e

Implement strategies to rehearse presentation (such as memorizing key phrases, creating note cards, practicing with friends, etc.)

G71.2a

Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 7 topics, texts, and issues, building on others ideas and expressing their own clearly. (CCSS: SL.7.1) i. Come to discussions prepared, having read or researched material under study; explicitly draw on that preparation by referring to evidence on the topic, text, or issue to probe and reflect on ideas under discussion. (CCSS: SL.7.1a) ii. Follow rules for collegial discussions, track progress toward specific goals and deadlines, and define individual roles as needed. (CCSS: SL.7.1b) iii. Pose questions that elicit elaboration and respond to others questions and comments with relevant observations and ideas that bring the discussion back on topic as needed. (CCSS: SL.7.1c) iv. Acknowledge new information expressed by others and, when warranted, modify their own views. (CCSS: SL.7.1d)

G71.2a.i

Come to discussions prepared, having read or researched material under study; explicitly draw on that preparation by referring to evidence on the topic, text, or issue to probe and reflect on ideas under discussion. (CCSS: SL.7.1a)

G71.2a.ii

Follow rules for collegial discussions, track progress toward specific goals and deadlines, and define individual roles as needed. (CCSS: SL.7.1b)

G71.2a.iii

Pose questions that elicit elaboration and respond to others questions and comments with relevant observations and ideas that bring the discussion back on topic as needed. (CCSS: SL.7.1c)

G71.2a.iv

Acknowledge new information expressed by others and, when warranted, modify their own views. (CCSS: SL.7.1d)

G71.2b

Analyze the main ideas and supporting details presented in diverse media and formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) and explain how the ideas clarify a topic, text, or issue under study. (CCSS: SL.7.2)

G71.2c

Delineate a speakers argument and specific claims, evaluating the soundness of the reasoning and the relevance and sufficiency of the evidence. (CCSS: SL.7.3)

G72.1a

Use Key Ideas and Details to: i. Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. (CCSS: RL.7.1) ii. Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text; provide an objective summary of the text. (CCSS: RL.7.2) iii. Analyze how particular elements of a story or drama interact (e.g., how setting shapes the characters or plot). (CCSS: RL.7.3) iv. Recognize the influence of setting on other narrative elements

G72.1a.i

Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. (CCSS: RL.7.1)

G72.1a.ii

Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text; provide an objective summary of the text. (CCSS: RL.7.2)

G72.1a.iii

Analyze how particular elements of a story or drama interact (e.g., how setting shapes the characters or plot). (CCSS: RL.7.3)

G72.1a.iv

Recognize the influence of setting on other narrative elements

G72.1b

Use Craft and Structure to: i. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of rhymes and other repetitions of sounds (e.g., alliteration) on a specific verse or stanza of a poem or section of a story or drama. (CCSS: RL.7.4) ii. Analyze how a dramas or poems form or structure (e.g., soliloquy, sonnet) contributes to its meaning. (CCSS: RL.7.5) iii. Analyze how an author develops and contrasts the points of view of different characters or narrators in a text. (CCSS: RL.7.6)

G72.1b.i

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of rhymes and other repetitions of sounds (e.g., alliteration) on a specific verse or stanza of a poem or section of a story or drama. (CCSS: RL.7.4)

G72.1b.ii

Analyze how a dramas or poems form or structure (e.g., soliloquy, sonnet) contributes to its meaning. (CCSS: RL.7.5)

G72.1b.iii

Analyze how an author develops and contrasts the points of view of different characters or narrators in a text. (CCSS: RL.7.6)

G72.1c

Use Integration of Knowledge and Ideas to: i. Compare and contrast a written story, drama, or poem to its audio, filmed, staged, or multimedia version, analyzing the effects of techniques unique to each medium (e.g., lighting, sound, color, or camera focus and angles in a film). (CCSS: RL.7.7) ii. Compare and contrast a fictional portrayal of a time, place, or character and a historical account of the same period as a means of understanding how authors of fiction use or alter history. (CCSS: RL.7.9)

G72.1c.i

Compare and contrast a written story, drama, or poem to its audio, filmed, staged, or multimedia version, analyzing the effects of techniques unique to each medium (e.g., lighting, sound, color, or camera focus and angles in a film). (CCSS: RL.7.7)

G72.1c.ii

Compare and contrast a fictional portrayal of a time, place, or character and a historical account of the same period as a means of understanding how authors of fiction use or alter history. (CCSS: RL.7.9)

G72.1d

Use Range of Reading and Complexity of Text to: i. By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, in the grades 68 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. (CCSS: RL.7.10)

G72.1d.i

By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, in the grades 68 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. (CCSS: RL.7.10)

G72.2a

Use Key Ideas and Details to: i. Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. (CCSS: RI.7.1) ii. Determine two or more central ideas in a text and analyze their development over the course of the text; provide an objective summary of the text. (CCSS: RI.7.2) iii. Analyze the interactions between individuals, events, and ideas in a text (e.g., how ideas influence individuals or events, or how individuals influence ideas or events). (CCSS: RI.7.3)

G72.2a.i

Cite several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. (CCSS: RI.7.1)

G72.2a.ii

Determine two or more central ideas in a text and analyze their development over the course of the text; provide an objective summary of the text. (CCSS: RI.7.2)

G72.2a.iii

Analyze the interactions between individuals, events, and ideas in a text (e.g., how ideas influence individuals or events, or how individuals influence ideas or events). (CCSS: RI.7.3)

G72.2b

Use Craft and Structure to: i. Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone. (CCSS: RI.7.4) ii. Analyze the structure an author uses to organize a text, including how the major sections contribute to the whole and to the development of the ideas. (CCSS: RI.7.5) iii. Interpret a variety of graphical representations and connect them to information in the text iv. Determine an authors point of view or purpose in a text and analyze how the author distinguishes his or her position from that of others. (CCSS: RI.7.6)

G72.2b.i

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone. (CCSS: RI.7.4)

G72.2b.ii

Analyze the structure an author uses to organize a text, including how the major sections contribute to the whole and to the development of the ideas. (CCSS: RI.7.5)

G72.2b.iii

Interpret a variety of graphical representations and connect them to information in the text

G72.2b.iv

Determine an authors point of view or purpose in a text and analyze how the author distinguishes his or her position from that of others. (CCSS: RI.7.6)

G72.2c

Use Integration of Knowledge and Ideas to: i. Compare and contrast a text to an audio, video, or multimedia version of the text, analyzing each mediums portrayal of the subject (e.g., how the delivery of a speech affects the impact of the words). (CCSS: RI.7.7) ii. Trace and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient to support the claims. (CCSS: RI.7.8) iii. Analyze how two or more authors writing about the same topic shape their presentations of key information by emphasizing different evidence or advancing different interpretations of facts. (CCSS: RI.7.9) iv. Organize and synthesize information from multiple sources, determining the relevance of information

G72.2c.i

Compare and contrast a text to an audio, video, or multimedia version of the text, analyzing each mediums portrayal of the subject (e.g., how the delivery of a speech affects the impact of the words). (CCSS: RI.7.7)

G72.2c.ii

Trace and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient to support the claims. (CCSS: RI.7.8)

G72.2c.iii

Analyze how two or more authors writing about the same topic shape their presentations of key information by emphasizing different evidence or advancing different interpretations of facts. (CCSS: RI.7.9)

G72.2c.iv

Organize and synthesize information from multiple sources, determining the relevance of information

G72.2d

Use Range of Reading and Complexity of Text to: i. By the end of the year, read and comprehend literary nonfiction in the grades 68 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. (CCSS: RI.7.10)

G72.2d.i

By the end of the year, read and comprehend literary nonfiction in the grades 68 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. (CCSS: RI.7.10)

G72.3a

Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 7 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies. (CCSS: L.7.4) i. Use context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence or paragraph; a words position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase. (CCSS: L.7.4a) ii. Use the tone of a passage to determine an approximate meaning of a word iii. Use common, grade-appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., belligerent, bellicose, rebel). (CCSS: L.7.4b) iv. Consult general and specialized reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning or its part of speech. (CCSS: L.7.4c) v. Verify the preliminary determination of the meaning of a word or phrase (e.g., by checking the inferred meaning in context or in a dictionary). (CCSS: L.7.4d) vi. Differentiate between primary and secondary meanings of words

G72.3a.i

Use context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence or paragraph; a words position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase. (CCSS: L.7.4a)

G72.3a.ii

Use the tone of a passage to determine an approximate meaning of a word

G72.3a.iii

Use common, grade-appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., belligerent, bellicose, rebel). (CCSS: L.7.4b)

G72.3a.iv

Consult general and specialized reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning or its part of speech. (CCSS: L.7.4c)

G72.3a.v

Verify the preliminary determination of the meaning of a word or phrase (e.g., by checking the inferred meaning in context or in a dictionary). (CCSS: L.7.4d)

G72.3a.vi

Differentiate between primary and secondary meanings of words

G72.3b

Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings. (CCCS: L.7.5) i. Interpret figures of speech (e.g., literary, biblical, and mythological allusions) in context. (CCCS: L.7.5a) ii. Understand that language represents and constructs how readers perceive events, people, groups, and ideas; recognize positive and negative implications of language and identify how it can affect readers in different ways iii. Use the relationship between particular words (e.g., synonym/antonym, analogy) to better understand each of the words. (CCCS: L.7.5b) iv. Distinguish among the connotations (associations) of words with similar denotations (definitions) (e.g., refined, respectful, polite, diplomatic, condescending). (CCCS: L.7.5c)

G72.3b.i

Interpret figures of speech (e.g., literary, biblical, and mythological allusions) in context. (CCCS: L.7.5a

G72.3b.ii

Understand that language represents and constructs how readers perceive events, people, groups, and ideas; recognize positive and negative implications of language and identify how it can affect readers in different ways

G72.3b.iii

Use the relationship between particular words (e.g., synonym/antonym, analogy) to better understand each of the words. (CCCS: L.7.5b)

G72.3b.iv

Distinguish among the connotations (associations) of words with similar denotations (definitions) (e.g., refined, respectful, polite, diplomatic, condescending). (CCCS: L.7.5c)

G72.3c

Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain specific words and phrases; gather vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression. (CCSS: L.7.6)

G73.1a

Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, relevant descriptive details, and well-structured event sequences. (CCSS: W.7.3) i. Use a variety of planning strategies to generate and organize ideas (such as brainstorming, mapping, graphic organizers) ii. Write using poetic techniques (alliteration, onomatopoeia, rhyme scheme, repetition); figurative language (simile, metaphor, personification); and graphic elements (capital letters, line length, word position) typical of the chosen genre iii. Use a range of appropriate genre features (engaging plot, dialogue, stanza breaks) to develop and organize texts iv. Establish a central idea, define a clear focus for each section of the text (paragraphs, verses), and use transitional words and phrases to link ideas and sections v. Decide on the content and placement of descriptive and sensory details within the text to address the targeted audience and purpose vi. Engage and orient the reader by establishing a context and point of view and introducing a narrator and/or characters; organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally and logically. (CCSS: W.7.3a) vii. Use narrative techniques, such as dialogue, pacing, and description, to develop experiences, events, and/or characters. (CCSS: W.7.3b) viii.Use a variety of transition words, phrases, and clauses to convey sequence and signal shifts from one time frame or setting to another. (CCSS: W.7.3c) ix. Use precise words and phrases, relevant descriptive details, and sensory language to capture the action and convey experiences and events. (CCSS: W.7.3d) x. Provide a conclusion that follows from and reflects on the narrated experiences or events. (CCSS: W.7.3e)

G73.1a.i

Use a variety of planning strategies to generate and organize ideas (such as brainstorming, mapping, graphic organizers)

G73.1a.ii

Write using poetic techniques (alliteration, onomatopoeia, rhyme scheme, repetition); figurative language (simile, metaphor, personification); and graphic elements (capital letters, line length, word position) typical of the chosen genre

G73.1a.iii

Use a range of appropriate genre features (engaging plot, dialogue, stanza breaks) to develop and organize texts

G73.1a.iv

Establish a central idea, define a clear focus for each section of the text (paragraphs, verses), and use transitional words and phrases to link ideas and sections

G73.1a.ix

Use precise words and phrases, relevant descriptive details, and sensory language to capture the action and convey experiences and events. (CCSS: W.7.3d)

G73.1a.v

Decide on the content and placement of descriptive and sensory details within the text to address the targeted audience and purpose

G73.1a.vi

Engage and orient the reader by establishing a context and point of view and introducing a narrator and/or characters; organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally and logically. (CCSS: W.7.3a)

G73.1a.vii

Use narrative techniques, such as dialogue, pacing, and description, to develop experiences, events, and/or characters. (CCSS: W.7.3b)

G73.1a.viii

Use a variety of transition words, phrases, and clauses to convey sequence and signal shifts from one time frame or setting to another. (CCSS: W.7.3c)

G73.1a.x

Provide a conclusion that follows from and reflects on the narrated experiences or events. (CCSS: W.7.3e

G73.1b

Revise writing to strengthen the clarity and vividness of voice, tone, and ideas

G73.2a

Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence. (CCSS: W.7.1) i. Develop texts that explain a process; define a problem and offer a solution; or support an opinion ii. Generate support from a variety of primary or secondary sources, such as interviews, electronic resources, periodicals, and literary texts iii. Reach an authentic audience with a piece of informational or persuasive writing iv. Explain and imitate emotional appeals used by writers who are trying to persuade an audience v. Introduce claim(s), acknowledge alternate or opposing claims, and organize the reasons and evidence logically. (CCSS: W.7.1a) vi. Support claim(s) with logical reasoning and relevant evidence, using accurate, credible sources and demonstrating an understanding of the topic or text. (CCSS: W.7.1b) vii. Use words, phrases, and clauses to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among claim(s), reasons, and evidence. (CCSS: W.7.1c) viii.Establish and maintain a formal style. (CCSS: W.7.1d) ix. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented. (CCSS: W.7.1e)

G73.2a.i

Develop texts that explain a process; define a problem and offer a solution; or support an opinion

G73.2a.ii

Generate support from a variety of primary or secondary sources, such as interviews, electronic resources, periodicals, and literary texts

G73.2a.iii

Reach an authentic audience with a piece of informational or persuasive writing

G73.2a.iv

Explain and imitate emotional appeals used by writers who are trying to persuade an audience

G73.2a.ix

Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented. (CCSS: W.7.1e)

G73.2a.v

Introduce claim(s), acknowledge alternate or opposing claims, and organize the reasons and evidence logically. (CCSS: W.7.1a)

G73.2a.vi

Support claim(s) with logical reasoning and relevant evidence, using accurate, credible sources and demonstrating an understanding of the topic or text. (CCSS: W.7.1b)

G73.2a.vii

Use words, phrases, and clauses to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among claim(s), reasons, and evidence. (CCSS: W.7.1c)

G73.2a.viii

Establish and maintain a formal style. (CCSS: W.7.1d)

G73.2b

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content. (CCSS: W.7.2) i. Introduce a topic clearly, previewing what is to follow; organize ideas, concepts, and information, using strategies such as definition, classification, comparison/contrast, and cause/effect; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension. (CCSS: W.7.2a) ii. Develop the topic with relevant facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples. (CCSS: W.7.2b) iii. Use appropriate transitions to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts. (CCSS: W.7.2c) iv. Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic. (CCSS: W.7.2d) v. Establish and maintain a formal style. (CCSS: W.7.2e) vi. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented. (CCSS: W.7.2f)

G73.2b.i

Introduce a topic clearly, previewing what is to follow; organize ideas, concepts, and information, using strategies such as definition, classification, comparison/contrast, and cause/effect; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension. (CCSS: W.7.2a)

G73.2b.ii

Develop the topic with relevant facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples. (CCSS: W.7.2b)

G73.2b.iii

Use appropriate transitions to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts. (CCSS: W.7.2c)

G73.2b.iv

Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic. (CCSS: W.7.2d)

G73.2b.v

Establish and maintain a formal style. (CCSS: W.7.2e)

G73.2b.vi

Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented. (CCSS: W.7.2f)

G73.3a

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. (CCSS: L.7.2) i. Use a comma to separate coordinate adjectives (e.g., It was a fascinating, enjoyable movie but not He wore an old[,] green shirt). (CCSS: L.7.2a) ii. Spell correctly. (CCSS: L.7.2b)

G73.3a.i

Use a comma to separate coordinate adjectives (e.g., It was a fascinating, enjoyable movie but not He wore an old[,] green shirt). (CCSS: L.7.2a)

G73.3a.ii

Spell correctly. (CCSS: L.7.2b)

G73.3b

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking. (CCSS: L.7.1) i. Explain the function of phrases and clauses in general and their function in specific sentences. (CCSS: L.7.1a) ii. Choose among simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex sentences to signal differing relationships among ideas. (CCSS: L.7.1b) iii. Place phrases and clauses within a sentence, recognizing and correcting misplaced and dangling modifiers. (CCSS: L.7.1c)

G73.3b.i

Explain the function of phrases and clauses in general and their function in specific sentences. (CCSS: L.7.1a)

G73.3b.ii

Choose among simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex sentences to signal differing relationships among ideas. (CCSS: L.7.1b)

G73.3b.iii

. Place phrases and clauses within a sentence, recognizing and correcting misplaced and dangling modifiers. (CCSS: L.7.1c)

G73.3c

Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening. (CCSS: L.7.3)

G73.3d

Choose language that expresses ideas precisely and concisely, recognizing and eliminating wordiness and redundancy. (CCSS: L.7.3a)Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (CCSS: W.7.4)

G73.3e

With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on how well purpose and audience have been addressed. (CCSS.W.7.5) i. Use punctuation correctly (commas and parentheses to offset parenthetical elements; colons to introduce a list; and hyphens) ii. Write and punctuate compound and complex sentences correctly iii. Vary sentences using prepositional phrases, ensuring that subjects and verbs agree in the presence of intervening phrases iv. Use pronoun-antecedent agreement including indefinite pronouns v. Write with consistent verb tense across paragraphs vi. Use adjectives and adverbs correctly in sentences to describe verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs vii. Combine sentences with coordinate conjunctions viii. Improve word choice by using a variety of references, such as a thesaurus

G73.3e.i

Use punctuation correctly (commas and parentheses to offset parenthetical elements; colons to introduce a list; and hyphens)

G73.3e.ii

Write and punctuate compound and complex sentences correctly

G73.3e.iii

Vary sentences using prepositional phrases, ensuring that subjects and verbs agree in the presence of intervening phrases

G73.3e.iv

Use pronoun-antecedent agreement including indefinite pronouns

G73.3e.v

Write with consistent verb tense across paragraphs

G73.3e.vi

Use adjectives and adverbs correctly in sentences to describe verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs

G73.3e.vii

Combine sentences with coordinate conjunctions

G73.3e.viii

Improve word choice by using a variety of references, such as a thesaurus

G73.3f

Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing and link to and cite sources as well as to interact and collaborate with others, including linking to and citing sources. (CCSS: W.7.6)

G74.1a

Conduct short research projects to answer a question, drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions for further research and investigation. (CCSS: W.7.7) i. Identify a topic for research, developing the central idea or focus ii. Formulate open-ended research questions and identify potential sources of information (such as reference materials, electronic media), differentiating between primary and secondary source materials

G74.1a.i

Identify a topic for research, developing the central idea or focus

G74.1a.ii

Formulate open-ended research questions and identify potential sources of information (such as reference materials, electronic media), differentiating between primary and secondary source materials

G74.1b

Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation. (CCSS: W.7.8) i. Use organizational features of electronic text (bulletin boards, search engines, databases) to locate information ii. Evaluate accuracy and usefulness of information, and the credibility of the sources used iii. Collect, interpret, and analyze relevant information; identify direct quotes for use in the report and information to summarize or paraphrase that will support the thesis or research question

G74.1b.i

Use organizational features of electronic text (bulletin boards, search engines, databases) to locate information

G74.1b.ii

Evaluate accuracy and usefulness of information, and the credibility of the sources used

G74.1b.iii

Collect, interpret, and analyze relevant information; identify direct quotes for use in the report and information to summarize or paraphrase that will support the thesis or research question

G74.1c

Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research. (CCSS: W.7.9) i. Apply grade 7 Reading standards to literature (e.g., Compare and contrast a fictional portrayal of a time, place, or character and a historical account of the same period as a means of understanding how authors of fiction use or alter history). (CCSS: W.7.9a) ii. Apply grade 7 Reading standards to literary nonfiction (e.g. Trace and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient to support the claims). (CCSS: W.7.9b)

G74.1c.i

Apply grade 7 Reading standards to literature (e.g., Compare and contrast a fictional portrayal of a time, place, or character and a historical account of the same period as a means of understanding how authors of fiction use or alter history). (CCSS: W.7.9a)

G74.1c.ii

Apply grade 7 Reading standards to literary nonfiction (e.g. Trace and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient to support the claims). (CCSS: W.7.9b)

G74.2a

Synthesize information from multiple sources using logical organization, effective supporting evidence, and variety in sentence structure

G74.2b

Write reports based on research that includes quotations, footnotes, or endnotes, and use standard bibliographic format to document sources or a works cited page

G74.2c

Prepare presentation of research findings (written, oral, or a visual product) for clarity of content and effect, and grammatically correct use of language, spelling, and mechanics

G74.3a

Identify low-credibility stories by noticing vested interests or passion associated with content

G74.3b

Obtain useful information from standard news stories

G74.3c

Identify the purpose(s) or agenda of media presentations

G74.3d

Consider alternative perspectives of media presentations