English Standards for Colorado — Grade 9


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G91.1a

Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.(CCSS: SL.9-10.6)

G91.1b

Use verbal and nonverbal techniques to communicate information

G91.1c

Define a position and select evidence to support that position

G91.1d

Develop a well-organized presentation to defend a position

G91.1e

Use effective audience and oral delivery skills to persuade an audience

G91.1f

Make strategic use of digital media (e.g., textual, graphical, audio, visual, and interactive elements) in presentations to enhance understanding of findings, reasoning, and evidence and to add interest. (CCSS: SL.9- 10.5)

G91.2a

Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grades 910 topics, texts, and issues, building on others ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively. (CCSS: SL.9-10.1)

G91.2a.i

iWork with peers to set rules for collegial discussions and decision-making (e.g., informal consensus, taking votes on key issues, presentation of alternate views), clear goals and deadlines, and individual roles as needed. (CCSS: SL.9-10.1b)

G91.2b

Follow the speakers arguments as they develop; take notes when appropriate

G91.2c

Give verbal and nonverbal feedback to the speaker

G91.2d

Ask clarifying questions

G91.2e

Evaluate arguments and evidence

G91.2f

Explain how variables such as background knowledge, experiences, values, and beliefs can affect communication

G91.2g

Integrate multiple sources of information presented in diverse media or formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) evaluating the credibility and accuracy of each source. (CCSS: SL.9-10.2)

G92.1a

Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze in detail its development over the course of the text, including how it emerges and is shaped and refined by specific details; provide an objective summary of the text. (CCSS: RL.9-10.2)

G92.1b

Analyze how complex characters (e.g., those with multiple or conflicting motivations) develop over the course of a text, interact with other characters, and advance the plot or develop the theme. (CCSS: RL.9-10.3)

G92.1c

Analyze how an authors choices concerning how to structure a text, order events within it (e.g., parallel plots), and manipulate time (e.g., pacing, flashbacks) create such effects as mystery, tension, or surprise. (CCSS: RL.9-10.5)

G92.1d

Analyze a particular point of view or cultural experience reflected in a work of literature from outside the United States, drawing on a wide reading of world literature. (CCSS: RL.9-10.6)

G92.1e

Identify the characteristics that distinguish literary forms and genres

G92.1e.i

Analyze how an author draws on and transforms source material in a specific work (e.g., how Shakespeare treats a theme or topic from Ovid or the Bible or how a later author draws on a play by Shakespeare). (CCSS: RL.9-10.9) ii. Use literary terms to describe and analyze selections

G92.1e.ii

Use literary terms to describe and analyze selections

G92.1f

By the end of grade 9, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, in the grades 910 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. (CCSS: RL.9-10.10)

G92.2a

Determine a central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including how it emerges and is shaped and refined by specific details; provide an objective summary of the text. (CCSS. RI.9-10.2)

G92.2b

Analyze in detail how an authors ideas or claims are developed and refined by particular sentences, paragraphs, or larger portions of a text (e.g., a section or chapter). (CCSS: RI.9-10.5)

G92.2c

Evaluate clarity and accuracy of information through close text study and investigation via other sources

G92.2d

Analyze how the author unfolds an analysis or series of ideas or events, including the order in which the points are made, how they are introduced and developed, and the connections that are drawn between them. (CCSS: RI.9-10.3)

G92.2e

Use flexible reading and note-taking strategies (outlining, mapping systems, skimming, scanning, key word search) to organize information and make connections within and across informational texts

G92.2f

Critique authors choice of expository, narrative, persuasive, or descriptive modes to convey a message

G92.2g

Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is valid and the evidence is relevant and sufficient; identify false statements and fallacious reasoning. (CCSS: RI.9-10-8)

G92.2h

By the end of grade 9, read and comprehend literary nonfiction in the grades 910 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. (CCSS: RI.9-10.10)

G92.2i

Determine an authors point of view or purpose in a text and analyze how an author uses rhetoric to advance that point of view or purpose. (CCSS: RI.9-10.6)

G93.1a

Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well-chosen details, and well structured event sequences. (CCSS: W.9-10.3)

G93.1a.i

Engage and orient the reader by setting out a problem, situation, or observation, establishing one or multiple point(s) of view, and introducing a narrator and/or characters; create a smooth progression of experiences or events. (CCSS: W.9- 10.3a)

G93.1a.ii

Use a variety of techniques to sequence events so that they build on one another to create a coherent whole. (CCSS: W.9- 10.3c)

G93.1b

Write literary and narrative texts using a range of poetic techniques, figurative language, and graphic elements to engage or entertain the intended audience

G93.1c

Refine the expression of voice and tone in a text by selecting and using appropriate vocabulary, sentence structure, and sentence organization

G93.1d

Review and revise ideas and development in substantive ways to improve the depth of ideas and vividness of supporting details

G93.1e

Explain strengths and weaknesses of own writing and the writing of others using criteria (e.g., checklists, scoring guides)

G93.2a

Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence. (CCSS: W.9-10.1) i. Introduce precise claim(s), distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims, and create an organization that establishes clear relationships among claim(s), counterclaims, reasons, and evidence. (CCSS: W.9-10.1a) ii. Develop claim(s) and counterclaims fairly, supplying evidence for each while pointing out the strengths and limitations of both in a manner that anticipates the audiences knowledge level and concerns. (CCSS: W.9-10.1b) iii. Use words, phrases, and clauses to link the major sections of the text, create cohesion, and clarify the relationships between claim(s) and reasons, between reasons and evidence, and between claim(s) and counterclaims. (CCSS: W.9-10.1c) iv. Use appropriate rhetorical appeals and genre to engage and guide the intended audience v. Anticipate and address readers biases and expectations vi. Revise ideas and structure to improve depth of information and logic of organization vii. Explain and imitate emotional, logical, and ethical appeals used by writers who are trying to persuade an audience viii. Establish and maintain a formal style and objective tone while attending to the norms and conventions of the discipline in which they are writing. (CCSS: W.9-10.1d) ix. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented. (CCSS: W.9-10.1e)

G93.2a.i

Introduce precise claim(s), distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims, and create an organization that establishes clear relationships among claim(s), counterclaims, reasons, and evidence. (CCSS: W.9-10.1a)

G93.2a.ii

Develop claim(s) and counterclaims fairly, supplying evidence for each while pointing out the strengths and limitations of both in a manner that anticipates the audiences knowledge level and concerns. (CCSS: W.9-10.1b)

G93.2a.iii

Use words, phrases, and clauses to link the major sections of the text, create cohesion, and clarify the relationships between claim(s) and reasons, between reasons and evidence, and between claim(s) and counterclaims. (CCSS: W.9-10.1c)

G93.2a.iv

Use appropriate rhetorical appeals and genre to engage and guide the intended audience

G93.2a.ix

Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented. (CCSS: W.9-10.1e)

G93.2a.v

Anticipate and address readers biases and expectations

G93.2a.vi

Revise ideas and structure to improve depth of information and logic of organization

G93.2a.vii

Explain and imitate emotional, logical, and ethical appeals used by writers who are trying to persuade an audience

G93.2a.viii

Establish and maintain a formal style and objective tone while attending to the norms and conventions of the discipline in which they are writing. (CCSS: W.9-10.1d)

G93.3a

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. (CCSS: L.9-10.2) i. Identify comma splices and fused sentences in writing and revise to eliminate them ii. Distinguish between phrases and clauses and use this knowledge to write varied, strong, correct, complete sentences iii. Use a colon to introduce a list or quotation. (CCSS: L.9-10.2b) iv. Spell correctly. (CCSS: L.9-10.2c)

G93.3a.i

Identify comma splices and fused sentences in writing and revise to eliminate them

G93.3a.ii

Distinguish between phrases and clauses and use this knowledge to write varied, strong, correct, complete sentences

G93.3a.iii

Use a colon to introduce a list or quotation. (CCSS: L.9-10.2b)

G93.3a.iv

Spell correctly. (CCSS: L.9-10.2c)

G93.3b

Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific expectations for writing types are defined in expectations 1 and 2 above.) (CCSS: W.9-10.4)

G93.3c

Develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on addressing what is most significant for a specific purpose and audience. (CCSS: W.9-10.5)

G93.3d

Use technology, including the Internet, to produce, publish, and update individual or shared writing products, taking advantage of technologys capacity to link to other information and to display information flexibly and dynamically. (CCSS: W.9-10.6)

G94.1a

Integrate information from different sources to research and complete a project

G94.1b

Integrate information from different sources to form conclusions about an authors assumptions, biases, credibility, cultural and social perspectives, or worldviews

G94.1c

Judge the usefulness of information based on relevance to purpose, source, objectivity, copyright date, cultural and world perspective (such as editorials), and support the decision

G94.1d

Examine materials to determine appropriate primary and secondary sources to use for investigating a question, topic, or issue (e.g., library databases, print and electronic encyclopedia and other reference materials, pamphlets, book excerpts, online and print newspaper and magazine articles, letters to an editor, digital forums, oral records, research summaries, scientific and trade journals)

G94.2a

Analyze the purpose, question at issue, information, points of view, implications and consequences, inferences, assumptions and concepts inherent in thinking

G94.2b

Assess strengths and weaknesses of their thinking and thinking of others by using criteria including relevance, clarity, accuracy, fairness, significance, depth, breadth, logic and precision

G94.2c

Implement a purposeful and articulated process to solve a problem

G94.2d

Monitor and reflect on the rationale for, and effectiveness of, choices made throughout the problem-solving process