Maryland Social Studies Standards — Grade 4


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SS.4.1.A.1.a

Describe how the colony of Maryland was established and governed including the establishment of rule of law and power with authority, such as Proprietorships, Royal Governor, and early General Assembly

SS.4.1.A.1.b

Explain the importance of the Office of the Governor and the Court of Appeals

SS.4.1.A.1.c

Outline the structure and function of the Maryland General Assembly and the roles of state senators and delegates

SS.4.1.A.2.a

Analyze how colonial law influenced individuals in Maryland and other colonies, such as indentured servants contracts, Tolerance Acts of 1649, Maryland Charter of 1632

SS.4.1.A.2.b

Describe how the Maryland State Constitution includes democratic principles and values

SS.4.1.A.3.a

Analyze perspectives and policies in Maryland regarding historic and current public issues

SS.4.1.A.3.b

Explain the effect that regional interests have on shaping government policy in and around Maryland, such as Chesapeake Bay issues, availability of land for mining, land use

SS.4.1.B.1.a

Describe the contributions of 17th century English settlers who influenced the early political structure

SS.4.1.B.1.b

Research the role of Marylanders who influenced the building of our new nation, such as the Sons of Liberty, William Paca, Charles Carroll, Thomas Stone, and Samuel Chase

SS.4.1.B.2.a

Identify various sources of information that are available to citizens to make political decisions

SS.4.1.B.2.b

Analyze ways people can participate in the political process including voting, petitioning elected officials, and volunteering

SS.4.1.C.1.a

Describe responsibilities associated with certain basic rights of citizens, such as freedom of speech, religion, and press, and explain why these responsibilities are important

SS.4.1.C.1.b

Describe the role of Maryland state judiciary system

SS.4.1.C.2.a

Describe the rule of law and explain how it impacts individuals and groups

SS.4.1.C.2.b

Describe the balance between private life and government in providing order and protecting rights

SS.4.2.A.1.a

Define how culture influences people

SS.4.2.A.1.b

Describe the social, political and religious character of the earliest colonies

SS.4.2.A.1.c

Examine and describe the unique and diverse cultures of early native American societies

SS.4.2.A.1.d

Compare the early cultures of the Native Americans with the European settlers and their influences on each other

SS.4.2.B.1.a

Describe the contributions of past Maryland leaders

SS.4.2.B.1.b

Describe the contribution of individuals and groups

SS.4.2.B.2.a

Describe the similarities and differences of religious, ethnic, and economic groups in colonial and contemporary times

SS.4.2.B.2.b

Site example of how various cultures borrow and share traditions

SS.4.2.C.1.a

Describe the differing historical conflicts such as between the Patriots and Loyalists

SS.4.2.C.1.b

Investigate the causes of contemporary conflict and compromises

SS.4.3.A.1.a

Construct and interpret a variety of maps using map elements

SS.4.3.A.1.b

Use photographs, maps, charts, graphs, and atlases to describe geographic characteristics of Maryland/United States

SS.4.3.A.1.c

Identify and locate natural/physical features and human-made features of Maryland such as Appalachian Mountains, Piedmont Plateau, and Atlantic Coastal Plain

SS.4.3.A.1.d

Identify and locate natural/physical features and human-made features of the United States

SS.4.3.B.1.a

Compare physical characteristics of different places and regions of Maryland and the United States including natural/physical features, weather and climate, soil, vegetation, minerals and animal life

SS.4.3.B.1.b

Compare human characteristics of different places and regions of Maryland the United States, including human-made features, language, religions, political systems, economic activity, and population distribution

SS.4.3.B.1.c

Describe how geographic characteristics of a place or region change over time and affect the way people live and work

SS.4.3.C.1.a

Explain how geographic characteristics influenced settlement patterns in Maryland and the United States

SS.4.3.C.1.b

Explain how changes in transportation and communication led to the growth and development of towns and cities in Maryland and United States

SS.4.3.C.1.c

Describe the transportation and communication networks for the movement of people, goods, and ideas to, from and within Maryland such as Bay Bridge, National Road, B & O Railroad, the Port of Baltimore, and C & O Canal

SS.4.3.C.1.d

Identify the reasons for the movement of peoples to, from, and within Maryland and the United States

SS.4.3.D.1.a

Compare ways Native American societies in Maryland used the natural environment for food, clothing, and shelter

SS.4.3.D.1.b

Describe ways and reasons people in Maryland and the United States modify the natural environment and the consequences of modifications

SS.4.3.D.1.c

Explain how the growth of communities and suburbs have had consequences on the environment, loss of farmland, and pollution

SS.4.3.D.1.d

Describe how land use and urban growth are influenced by governmental decisions

SS.4.4.A.1.a

Identify opportunity cost of economic decisions made by individuals, businesses, and governments

SS.4.4.A.2.a

Describe how scarcity and the availability of economic resources determine what is produced and the effects on consumers

SS.4.4.A.3.a

Describe how changes in technology, such as refrigeration, impacted the lives of consumers

SS.4.4.A.3.b

Describe how entrepreneurship inspired technological changes and affected business productivity

SS.4.4.A.4.a

Explain how available resources determine which careers are more common in one region such as waterman on the Eastern Shore

SS.4.4.A.4.b

Describe how specialization results in the interdependence of people

SS.4.4.B.1.a

Provide examples of tradition in the Maryland economy, such as businesses and skills that are handed down through families

SS.4.4.B.1.b

Give examples of the kinds of goods and services produced in Maryland during different historical periods

SS.4.4.B.2.a

Give examples of how governments' decision making affect economic growth and the ability to provide jobs and provide services

SS.4.4.B.2.b

Explain how local and state governments in Maryland provide goods and services and are paid for by taxes

SS.4.4.B.2.c

Give examples of government's rules and laws that affect how people in businesses work such as requiring licenses to drive and regulating resources

SS.4.4.B.3.a

Give examples of barter exchanges of goods and services in Maryland

SS.4.4.B.3.b

Give examples of contemporary money exchanges

SS.4.5.A.1.a

Explain how and why the Maryland colony was established, including political and economic motives for coming to the new world

SS.4.5.A.1.b

Compare the development of places and regions, such as St. Mary's City, Western Maryland, Kent Island, and Annapolis

SS.4.5.A.1.c

Describe the establishment of slavery and how it shaped life in Maryland

SS.4.5.A.2.a

Identify the development of indigenous societies from the Pale-Indians to the Woodland Indians

SS.4.5.A.2.b

Describe Native American societies indigenous to Maryland after European contact

SS.4.5.C.1.a

Describe Maryland colonists' reactions to changing economic policies from England using events that led to the American Revolutionary War

SS.4.5.C.1.b

Explain the interactions between colonists and the British during the Pre-Revolutionary period

SS.4.5.C.2.a

Describe Maryland's role in the War of 1812

SS.4.5.C.2.b

Describe the importance of changes in industry, transportation, education, rights and freedoms in Maryland, such as roads and canals, slavery, B&O railroad, the National Road, immigration, public schools, and religious freedoms

SS.4.5.C.3.a

Describe the economic interests in Maryland, such as agricultural v. industrial and slave v. non-slave

SS.4.5.C.3.b

Explain why loyalties to the North and the South were divided in Maryland

SS.4.5.C.4.a

Compare the lives of slave families and free blacks

SS.4.5.C.4.b

Describe the anti-slavery movement in Maryland

SS.4.5.C.4.c

Describe the growth of the Underground Railroad

SS.4.6

Students shall use reading, writing, and thinking processes and skills to gain knowledge and understanding of political, historical, and current events using disciplinary and inquiry literacies.