Maryland Social Studies Standards — Grade 7

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Describe and compare the advantages and disadvantages of limited governments, such as representative democracy and parliamentary democracy


Compare the advantages and disadvantages of unlimited government, such as authoritarian and dictatorships


Explain and demonstrate how nation-states interact with each other


Using multi-perspectives, describe and trace how past events assisted or impeded the development of nations, such as the founding of Israel, the break up of the Soviet Union


Examine and report examples of historic events, documents and practices that have influenced individuals and groups around the world, such as the UN Declaration of Rights, German reunification, the formation of NATO, and Apartheid


Evaluate the effectiveness of the various policies of governments in addressing issues, such as health, poverty, crime, security, and environmental concerns


Analyze the effects that different world issues have on shaping international responses, such as rainforest conservation, pollution, climate change, and energy sources (oil drilling, coal, nuclear)


Compare methods used to change governments, such as coups, elections and revolts


Evaluate ways citizens use, monitor and influence the formation and implementation of public policy


Describe how political parties and special interest groups influence and change government policy, such as third parties, and non-governmental organizations


Analyze the role of media and public opinion in shaping government policy and action


Analyze the relevancy of sources and perspectives of information such as internet sites and online newspapers


Analyze the concept of a global citizen and how the awareness and responsibilities have changed during the information age


Justify the responsibilities associated with certain human rights in a global society such as a commitment to world peace and the elimination of poverty.


Explain how international rules and laws protect individual rights and protect the common good, such as the U.N. Declaration of Human Rights, European Union membership, Geneva Conventions


Analyze how the definition of the common good differs in limited and unlimited governments


Debate the need to balance between providing for the common good and how protecting individual rights differ in governments around the world


Describe the role of international organizations and policies in maintaining order during a time of crisis, such as the International Red Cross/Red Crescent, the United Nations, the Geneva Conventions, and the World Health Organization


Apply understandings of the elements of culture to the studies of modern world regions, such as art, music, religion, government, social structure, education, values, beliefs and customs


Describe the characteristics of a sovereign nation, such as the legitimate use of authority, autonomy and establishment of borders


Describe the characteristics of democratic and authoritarian societies


Identify cultural groups within a contemporary world region


Describe how migration contributes to the diversity of nations and regions


Analyze how cultural diffusion is influenced by factors, such as trade, migration, immigration and conflict


Examine policies related to human rights, such as foreign aid, subsidies to developing countries, ethnic persecution and economic sanctions


Examine contemporary world wide concerns that affect international relationships, such as world health, nation building, national security, and human rights


Evaluate causes of conflict in the global community, such as Apartheid, the acquisition of natural resources, the decline of communism, ethnic persecution, and domestic and international terrorism


Analyze and describe the efforts of world nations and groups to assist in the resolution of conflicts within and among regions, such as the United Nations, the International Red Cross/Red Crescent, United States Agency for International Development and other humanitarian organizations


Analyze and describe efforts by nations to promote cooperation within and among those regions, such as the creation of the International Monetary Fund, North American Free Trade Agreement, World Bank, European Union and world-wide healthcare initiatives


Use maps to compare geographic locations of places and regions


Use photographs and thematic maps to compare human and physical characteristics of places and regions


Analyze geographic issues and problems


Identify and describe physical characteristics that influenced human settlement


Explain how physical and human characteristics of a region such as vegetation, climate, minerals, population density and religion, affect its economic growth and the way people make a living


Analyze how regional characteristics and interests including economic development, climate, and the environmental impact government policies


Identify geographic factors that have influenced international relations and economic development in world regions, such as trade, infrastructure, and health issues


Identify reasons why people migrate, such as economic opportunity, climate, political reasons and government policies


Evaluate the consequences of migration and settlement in various regions of the world, such as employment, changes in population and cultural diversity/conflict


Explain how regional population patterns, trends, and projections affect the environment and influence government policies


Identify trade offs of using resources to pursue economic opportunities v. preserving the environment, such as water use, the burning of fossil fuels, deforestation, and strip mining


Evaluate the consequences of modifying the natural environment, such as desertification, air pollution, and climate change


Identify and explain land use issues that illustrate the conflict between economic growth, deforestation, mining, and burning fossil fuels


Explain how land use and environmental issues such as burning the rain forest and environmental preservation are addressed by government policy


Identify the opportunity cost of economic decisions made by individuals, businesses, and governments such as decisions about investing in education


Describe how goals of countries affect the use of resources in the pursuit of economic growth, and sustainable development


Identify tradeoffs made in economic decisions by producers and consumers


Explain how available resources affect specialization and trade


Give examples of how technology has changed consumption of goods and services, such as the development of computers


Examine why technology has changed job skills and the influenced productivity


Analyze examples of specialization that result from economic resources


Describe the standard of living and the quality of life in a world region using data, such as Gross National Product (GNP), Gross Domestic Product (GDP), per capita income and the Human Development Index (HDI)


Identify factors that have influenced economic development in various regions, such as individuals, corporations, natural resources, technology, military power, population growth, international organizations, infrastructure and public health issues


Examine how different economic systems, traditional, command, market, and mixed answer the basic economic question of what, how, and for whom to produce


Describe examples of decisions in (traditional economies, such as the economic roles of men and women


Describe examples of command modern economies, such as government ownership of land and other resources


Explore how government spending and taxation influence an economy's ability to grow and provide jobs and services


Evaluate the trade-offs of government regulations


Analyze the ways that governments can help or impede economic activity, such as providing a stable monetary system, protecting property rights, maintaining infrastructure and providing public goods and services


Examine the impact of regulatory agencies in different countries, such as consumer behavior, air traffic management, and environmental protection


Explain why a stable money and banking system is necessary for an economy to grow and prosper


Describe the social, political and economic impacts of various world religions on a global society, such as Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Taoism and Buddhism


Compare the effects of political and cultural changes in nations such as independence movements and democratic reforms


Describe how the changes in political structures impacted individuals and groups


Examine the impact of philosophies and policies of leaders in the modern world


Explain how the establishment of religions in areas caused conflict


Analyze the political and social impact of religious and traditions in areas such as Europe and the Middle East


Students shall use reading, writing, and thinking processes and skills to gain knowledge and understanding of political, historical, and current events using disciplinary and inquiry literacies.