Utah Learning Standards for Science — Grade 3


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S.ESS.1.1a

Describe the shape of Earth and the moon as spherical.

S.ESS.1.1b

Explain that the sun is the source of light that lights the moon.

S.ESS.1.1c

List the differences in the physical appearance of Earth and the moon as viewed from space.

S.ESS.1.2a

Describe the motions of Earth (i.e., the rotation [spinning] of Earth on its axis, the revolution [orbit] of Earth around the sun).

S.ESS.1.2b

Use a chart to show that the moon orbits Earth approximately every 28 days

S.ESS.1.2c

Use a model of Earth to demonstrate that Earth rotates on its axis once every 24 hours to produce the night and day cycle

S.ESS.1.2d

Use a model to demonstrate why it seems to a person on Earth that the sun, planets, and stars appear to move across the sky.

S.LS.2.1a

Identify characteristics of living things (i.e., growth, movement, reproduction).

S.LS.2.1b

Identify characteristics of nonliving things.

S.LS.2.1c

Classify living and nonliving things in an environment.

S.LS.2.2a

Identify living and nonliving things in a small environment (e.g., terrarium, aquarium, flowerbed) composed of living and nonliving things

S.LS.2.2b

Predict the effects of changes in the environment (e.g., temperature, light, moisture) on a living organism.

S.LS.2.2c

Observe and record the effect of changes (e.g., temperature, amount of water, light) upon the living organisms and nonliving things in a smallscale environment

S.LS.2.2d

Compare a smallscale environment to a larger environment (e.g., aquarium to a pond, terrarium to a forest).

S.LS.2.2e

Pose a question about the interaction between living and nonliving things in the environment that could be investigated by observation.

S.NS.1.1a

Observe simple objects and patterns and report their observations.

S.NS.1.1b

Sort and sequence data according to a given criterion.

S.NS.1.1c

Make simple predictions and inferences based upon observations.

S.NS.1.1d

Compare things and events.

S.NS.1.1e

Use instruments to measure length, temperature, volume, and weight using appropriate units.

S.NS.1.1f

Conduct a simple investigation when given directions.

S.NS.1.1g

Develop and use simple classification systems.

S.NS.1.1h

Use observations to construct a reasonable explanation.

S.NS.1.2a

Demonstrate a sense of curiosity about nature

S.NS.1.2b

Voluntarily read or look at books and other materials about science.

S.NS.1.2c

Pose questions about objects, events, and processes.

S.NS.1.3a

Know science information specified for their grade level

S.NS.1.3b

Distinguish between examples and non-examples of science concepts taught.

S.NS.1.3c

Explain science concepts and principles using their own words and explanations.

S.NS.1.4a

Record data accurately when given the appropriate form and format (e.g., table, graph, chart).

S.NS.1.4b

Report observation with pictures, sentences, and models

S.NS.1.4c

Use scientific language appropriate to grade level in oral and written communication.

S.NS.1.4d

Use available reference sources to obtain information

S.PS.3.1a

Show that objects at rest will not move unless a force is applied to them.

S.PS.3.1b

Compare the forces of pushing and pulling.

S.PS.3.1c

Investigate how forces applied through simple machines affect the direction and/or amount of resulting force.

S.PS.3.2a

Predict and observe what happens when a force is applied to an object (e.g., wind, flowing water).

S.PS.3.2b

Compare and chart the relative effects of a force of the same strength on objects of different weight (e.g., the breeze from a fan will move a piece of paper but may not move a piece of cardboard)

S.PS.3.2c

Compare the relative effects of forces of different strengths on an object (e.g., strong wind affects an object differently than a breeze).

S.PS.3.2d

Conduct a simple investigation to show what happens when objects of various weights collide with one another (e.g., marbles, balls).

S.PS.3.2e

Show how these concepts apply to various activities (e.g., batting a ball, kicking a ball, hitting a golf ball with a golf club) in terms of force, motion, speed, direction, and distance (e.g. slow, fast, hit hard, hit soft).

S.PS.4.1a

Demonstrate that a force is required to overcome gravity.

S.PS.4.1b

Use measurement to demonstrate that heavier objects require more force than lighter ones to overcome gravity.

S.PS.4.2a

Compare how the motion of an object rolling up or down a hill changes with the incline of the hill.

S.PS.4.2b

Observe, record, and compare the effect of gravity on several objects in motion (e.g., a thrown ball and a dropped ball falling to Earth).

S.PS.4.2c

Pose questions about gravity and forces.

S.PS.5.1a

Compare temperatures in sunny and shady places.

S.PS.5.1b

Observe and report how sunlight affects plant growth.

S.PS.5.1c

Provide examples of how sunlight affects people and animals by providing heat and light.

S.PS.5.1d

Identify and discuss as a class some misconceptions about heat sources (e.g., clothes do not produce heat, ice cubes do not give off cold).

S.PS.5.2a

Identify and classify mechanical and electrical sources of heat

S.PS.5.2b

List examples of mechanical or electrical devices that produce light

S.PS.5.2c

Predict, measure, and graph the temperature changes produced by a variety of mechanical machines and electrical devices while they are operating.

S.PS.5.3a

Identify several examples of how rubbing one object against another produces heat

S.PS.5.3b

Compare relative differences in the amount of heat given off or force required to move an object over lubricated/nonlubricated surfaces and smooth/rough surfaces (e.g., water slide with and without water, hands rubbing together with and without lotion).