Idaho State Standards for Science — Grade 10


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10.B.1.1.1

Explain the scientific meaning of system, order, and organization.

10.B.1.1.2

Apply the concepts of order and organization to a given system.

10.B.1.2.1

Use observations and data as evidence on which to base scientific explanations

10.B.1.2.2

Develop models to explain concepts or systems.

10.B.1.2.3

Develop scientific explanations based on knowledge, logic and analysis.

10.B.1.3.1

Measure changes that can occur in and among systems.

10.B.1.3.2

Analyze changes that can occur in and among systems

10.B.1.3.3

Measure and calculate using the metric system

10.B.1.6.1

identify questions and concepts that guide scientific investigations.

10.B.1.6.2

Utilize the components of scientific problem solving to design, conduct, and communicate results of investigations

10.B.1.6.3

Use appropriate technology and mathematics to make investigations.

10.B.1.6.4

Formulate scientific explanations and models using logic and evidence.

10.B.1.6.5

Analyze alternative explanations and models.

10.B.1.6.6

Communicate and defend a scientific argument.

10.B.1.6.7

Explain the differences among observations, hypotheses, and theories

10.B.1.8.1

Analyze technical writing, graphs, charts, and diagrams

10.B.3.1.1

Use the theory of evolution to explain how species change over time.

10.B.3.1.2

Explain how evolution is the consequence of interactions among the potential of a species to increase its numbers, genetic variability, a finite supply of resources, and the selection by the environment of those offspring better able to survive and reproduce.

10.B.3.2.1

Explain how matter tends toward more disorganized states (entropy).

10.B.3.2.2

Explain how organisms use the continuous input of energy and matter to maintain their chemical and physical organization

10.B.3.2.3

Show how the energy for life is primarily derived from the sun through photosynthesis

10.B.3.2.4

Describe cellular respiration and the synthesis of macromolecules

10.B.3.2.5

Show how matter cycles and energy flows through the different levels of organization of living systems (cells, organs, organisms, communities) and their environment

10.B.3.3.1

Identify the particular structures that underlie the cellular functions

10.B.3.3.2

Explain cell functions involving chemical reactions.

10.B.3.3.3

Explain how cells use DNA to store and use information for cell functions.

10.B.3.3.4

Explain how selective expression of genes can produce specialized cells from a single cell

10.B.5.1.1

Analyze environmental issues such as water and air quality, hazardous waste, forest health, and agricultural production.

10.B.5.2.1

Explain how science advances technology

10.B.5.2.2

Explain how technology advances science.

10.B.5.2.3

Explain how science and technology are pursued for different purposes.

10.B.5.3.1

Describe the difference between renewable and nonrenewable resources

10.B.Goal 1.1

Understand Systems, Order, and Organization

10.B.Goal 1.2

Understand Concepts and Processes of Evidence, Models, and Explanations

10.B.Goal 1.3

Understand Constancy, Change, and Measurement

10.B.Goal 1.4

Understand the Theory that Evolution is a Process that Relates to the Gradual Changes in the Universe and of Equilibrium as a Physical State

10.B.Goal 1.5

Understand Concepts of Form and Function

10.B.Goal 1.6

Understand Scientific Inquiry and Develop Critical Thinking Skills

10.B.Goal 1.7

Understand That Interpersonal Relationships Are Important in Scientific Endeavors

10.B.Goal 1.8

Understand Technical Communication

10.B.Goal 3.1

Understand the Theory of Biological Evolution

10.B.Goal 3.2

Understand the Relationship between Matter and Energy in Living Systems

10.B.Goal 3.3

Understand the Cell is the Basis of Form and Function for All Living Things

10.B.Goal 5.1

Understand Common Environmental Quality Issues, Both Natural and Human Induced

10.B.Goal 5.2

Understand the Relationship between Science and Technology

10.B.Goal 5.3

Understand the Importance of Natural Resources and the Need to Manage and Conserve Them

11.C.1.1.1

Use the periodic table to predict physical and chemical properties.

11.C.1.2.1

Describe the historical development of the periodic table.

11.C.1.2.2

Create and interpret graphs of data.

11.C.1.2.3

Explain and interpret the key concepts of the kinetic molecular theory.

11.C.1.2.4

Distinguish the common theories defining acids and bases.

11.C.1.3.1

Identify, compare and contrast physical and chemical properties and changes and appropriate computations.

11.C.1.3.2

Perform computations using scientific notation, the metric system and dimensional analysis.

11.C.1.3.3

Compute measurement uncertainty to include precision, accuracy and the rules for significant digits.

11.C.1.3.4

Perform calculations related to the conversion of grams to moles to particles, atoms, molecules and volume.

11.C.1.3.5

Analyze and solve reaction stoichiometry problems

11.C.1.3.6

Express concentrations of solutions in various ways including molarity.

11.C.1.3.7

Interpret how the presence of solute particles affect the properties of a solution and be able to do calculations involving colligative properties.

11.C.1.3.8

Analyze quantitative relationships involved in acid/base chemistry including pH.

11.C.1.6.1

Demonstrate an understanding of the scientific method

11.C.1.6.2

Select and use appropriate scientific equipment, materials and techniques.

11.C.1.7.1

Explain how a series of historically related and documented experiments led to the current model and structure of the atom.

11.C.1.8.1

Correctly write symbols, formulas and names for common elements, ions and compounds

11.C.1.8.2

Communicate scientific investigations and information clearly

11.C.2.1.1

Explain and understand how electrons are involved in the formation of chemical bonds using the octet rule and Lewis dot diagrams.

11.C.2.1.2

Predict the polarity of chemical bonds using electronegativity

11.C.2.1.3

Predict physical properties of compounds based upon the attractive forces between atoms and molecules.

11.C.2.1.4

Distinguish and classify all matter into appropriate categories.

11.C.2.1.5

Explain the relationship and reactions of acids, bases, and salts.

11.C.2.1.6

Explain the role of dissociation and ionization in producing strong, weak, and nonelectrolytes.

11.C.2.2.1

Describe the Kinetic Molecular Theory as it applies to phases of matter.

11.C.2.3.1

Explain and calculate the changes in heat energy that occur during chemical reactions and phase changes.

11.C.2.3.2

Demonstrate the conservation of matter by balancing chemical equations.

11.C.2.3.3

Differentiate between exothermic and endothermic chemical reactions during chemical or physical changes.

11.C.2.4.1

Interpret the classic historical experiments that were used to identify the components of an atom and its structure.

11.C.2.4.2

Deduce the number of protons, neutrons and electrons for an atom or ion.

11.C.2.4.3

Describe the relationship between the structure of atoms and light absorption and emission.

11.C.2.4.4

Determine and illustrate electron arrangements of elements using electron configurations and orbital energy diagrams.

11.C.2.5.1

Illustrate the Law of Conservation of Mass and the Law of Definite Proportions.

11.C.2.5.2

Classify, write and balance chemical equations for common types of chemical reactions and predict the products.

11.C.2.5.3

Describe the factors that influence the rates of chemical reactions

11.C.5.1.1

Demonstrate the ability to work safely and effectively in a chemistry laboratory.

11.C.5.2.1

Assess the role of chemistry in enabling technological advances.

11.C.5.3.1

Evaluate the role of chemistry in energy and environmental issues.

11.C.Goal 1.1

Understand Systems, Order, and Organization

11.C.Goal 1.2

Understand Concepts and Processes of Evidence, Models, and Explanation

11.C.Goal 1.3

Understand Constancy, Change, and Measurement

11.C.Goal 1.4

Understand the Theory that Evolution is a Process that Relates to the Gradual Changes in the Universe and of Equilibrium as a Physical State

11.C.Goal 1.5

Understand Concepts of Form and Function

11.C.Goal 1.6

Understand Scientific Inquiry and Develop Critical Thinking Skills

11.C.Goal 1.7

Understand That Interpersonal Relationships Are Important in Scientific Endeavors

11.C.Goal 1.8

Understand Technical Communication

11.C.Goal 2.1

Understand the Structure and Function of Matter and Molecules and Their Interactions

11.C.Goal 2.2

Understand Concepts of Motion and Forces

11.C.Goal 2.3

Understand the Total Energy in the Universe is Constant

11.C.Goal 2.4

Understand the Structure of Atoms

11.C.Goal 2.5

Understand Chemical Reactions

11.C.Goal 5.1

Understand Common Environmental Quality Issues, Both Natural and Human Induced

11.C.Goal 5.2

Understand the Relationship between Science and Technology

11.C.Goal 5.3

Understand the Importance of Natural Resources and the Need to Manage and Conserve Them

12.C.1.1.1

Use the periodic table to predict physical and chemical properties.

12.C.1.2.1

Describe the historical development of the periodic table.

12.C.1.2.2

Create and interpret graphs of data.

12.C.1.2.3

Explain and interpret the key concepts of the kinetic molecular theory.

12.C.1.2.4

Distinguish the common theories defining acids and bases.

12.C.1.3.1

Identify, compare and contrast physical and chemical properties and changes and appropriate computations.

12.C.1.3.2

Perform computations using scientific notation, the metric system and dimensional analysis.

12.C.1.3.3

Compute measurement uncertainty to include precision, accuracy and the rules for significant digits.

12.C.1.3.4

Perform calculations related to the conversion of grams to moles to particles, atoms, molecules and volume.

12.C.1.3.5

Analyze and solve reaction stoichiometry problems

12.C.1.3.6

Express concentrations of solutions in various ways including molarity.

12.C.1.3.7

Interpret how the presence of solute particles affect the properties of a solution and be able to do calculations involving colligative properties.

12.C.1.3.8

Analyze quantitative relationships involved in acid/base chemistry including pH.

12.C.1.6.1

Demonstrate an understanding of the scientific method

12.C.1.6.2

Select and use appropriate scientific equipment, materials and techniques.

12.C.1.7.1

Explain how a series of historically related and documented experiments led to the current model and structure of the atom.

12.C.1.8.1

Correctly write symbols, formulas and names for common elements, ions and compounds

12.C.1.8.2

Communicate scientific investigations and information clearly

12.C.2.1.1

Explain and understand how electrons are involved in the formation of chemical bonds using the octet rule and Lewis dot diagrams.

12.C.2.1.2

Predict the polarity of chemical bonds using electronegativity

12.C.2.1.3

Predict physical properties of compounds based upon the attractive forces between atoms and molecules.

12.C.2.1.4

Distinguish and classify all matter into appropriate categories.

12.C.2.1.5

Explain the relationship and reactions of acids, bases, and salts.

12.C.2.1.6

Explain the role of dissociation and ionization in producing strong, weak, and nonelectrolytes.

12.C.2.2.1

Describe the Kinetic Molecular Theory as it applies to phases of matter.

12.C.2.3.1

Explain and calculate the changes in heat energy that occur during chemical reactions and phase changes.

12.C.2.3.2

Demonstrate the conservation of matter by balancing chemical equations.

12.C.2.3.3

Differentiate between exothermic and endothermic chemical reactions during chemical or physical changes.

12.C.2.4.1

Interpret the classic historical experiments that were used to identify the components of an atom and its structure.

12.C.2.4.2

Deduce the number of protons, neutrons and electrons for an atom or ion.

12.C.2.4.3

Describe the relationship between the structure of atoms and light absorption and emission.

12.C.2.4.4

Determine and illustrate electron arrangements of elements using electron configurations and orbital energy diagrams.

12.C.2.5.1

Illustrate the Law of Conservation of Mass and the Law of Definite Proportions.

12.C.2.5.2

Classify, write and balance chemical equations for common types of chemical reactions and predict the products.

12.C.2.5.3

Describe the factors that influence the rates of chemical reactions

12.C.5.1.1

Demonstrate the ability to work safely and effectively in a chemistry laboratory.

12.C.5.2.1

Assess the role of chemistry in enabling technological advances.

12.C.5.3.1

Evaluate the role of chemistry in energy and environmental issues.

12.C.Goal 1.1

Understand Systems, Order, and Organization

12.C.Goal 1.2

Understand Concepts and Processes of Evidence, Models, and Explanation

12.C.Goal 1.3

Understand Constancy, Change, and Measurement

12.C.Goal 1.4

Understand the Theory that Evolution is a Process that Relates to the Gradual Changes in the Universe and of Equilibrium as a Physical State

12.C.Goal 1.5

Understand Concepts of Form and Function

12.C.Goal 1.6

Understand Scientific Inquiry and Develop Critical Thinking Skills

12.C.Goal 1.7

Understand That Interpersonal Relationships Are Important in Scientific Endeavors

12.C.Goal 1.8

Understand Technical Communication

12.C.Goal 2.1

Understand the Structure and Function of Matter and Molecules and Their Interactions

12.C.Goal 2.2

Understand Concepts of Motion and Forces

12.C.Goal 2.3

Understand the Total Energy in the Universe is Constant

12.C.Goal 2.4

Understand the Structure of Atoms

12.C.Goal 2.5

Understand Chemical Reactions

12.C.Goal 5.1

Understand Common Environmental Quality Issues, Both Natural and Human Induced

12.C.Goal 5.2

Understand the Relationship between Science and Technology

12.C.Goal 5.3

Understand the Importance of Natural Resources and the Need to Manage and Conserve Them

9.B.1.1.1

Explain the scientific meaning of system, order, and organization.

9.B.1.1.2

Apply the concepts of order and organization to a given system.

9.B.1.2.1

Use observations and data as evidence on which to base scientific explanations

9.B.1.2.2

Develop models to explain concepts or systems.

9.B.1.2.3

Develop scientific explanations based on knowledge, logic and analysis.

9.B.1.3.1

Measure changes that can occur in and among systems.

9.B.1.3.2

Analyze changes that can occur in and among systems

9.B.1.3.3

Measure and calculate using the metric system

9.B.1.6.1

identify questions and concepts that guide scientific investigations.

9.B.1.6.2

Utilize the components of scientific problem solving to design, conduct, and communicate results of investigations

9.B.1.6.3

Use appropriate technology and mathematics to make investigations.

9.B.1.6.4

Formulate scientific explanations and models using logic and evidence.

9.B.1.6.5

Analyze alternative explanations and models.

9.B.1.6.6

Communicate and defend a scientific argument.

9.B.1.6.7

Explain the differences among observations, hypotheses, and theories

9.B.1.8.1

Analyze technical writing, graphs, charts, and diagrams

9.B.3.1.1

Use the theory of evolution to explain how species change over time.

9.B.3.1.2

Explain how evolution is the consequence of interactions among the potential of a species to increase its numbers, genetic variability, a finite supply of resources, and the selection by the environment of those offspring better able to survive and reproduce.

9.B.3.2.1

Explain how matter tends toward more disorganized states (entropy).

9.B.3.2.2

Explain how organisms use the continuous input of energy and matter to maintain their chemical and physical organization

9.B.3.2.3

Show how the energy for life is primarily derived from the sun through photosynthesis

9.B.3.2.4

Describe cellular respiration and the synthesis of macromolecules

9.B.3.2.5

Show how matter cycles and energy flows through the different levels of organization of living systems (cells, organs, organisms, communities) and their environment

9.B.3.3.1

Identify the particular structures that underlie the cellular functions

9.B.3.3.2

Explain cell functions involving chemical reactions.

9.B.3.3.3

Explain how cells use DNA to store and use information for cell functions.

9.B.3.3.4

Explain how selective expression of genes can produce specialized cells from a single cell

9.B.5.1.1

Analyze environmental issues such as water and air quality, hazardous waste, forest health, and agricultural production.

9.B.5.2.1

Explain how science advances technology

9.B.5.2.2

Explain how technology advances science.

9.B.5.2.3

Explain how science and technology are pursued for different purposes.

9.B.5.3.1

Describe the difference between renewable and nonrenewable resources

9.B.Goal 1.1

Understand Systems, Order, and Organization

9.B.Goal 1.2

Understand Concepts and Processes of Evidence, Models, and Explanations

9.B.Goal 1.3

Understand Constancy, Change, and Measurement

9.B.Goal 1.4

Understand the Theory that Evolution is a Process that Relates to the Gradual Changes in the Universe and of Equilibrium as a Physical State

9.B.Goal 1.5

Understand Concepts of Form and Function

9.B.Goal 1.6

Understand Scientific Inquiry and Develop Critical Thinking Skills

9.B.Goal 1.7

Understand That Interpersonal Relationships Are Important in Scientific Endeavors

9.B.Goal 1.8

Understand Technical Communication

9.B.Goal 3.1

Understand the Theory of Biological Evolution

9.B.Goal 3.2

Understand the Relationship between Matter and Energy in Living Systems

9.B.Goal 3.3

Understand the Cell is the Basis of Form and Function for All Living Things

9.B.Goal 5.1

Understand Common Environmental Quality Issues, Both Natural and Human Induced

9.B.Goal 5.2

Understand the Relationship between Science and Technology

9.B.Goal 5.3

Understand the Importance of Natural Resources and the Need to Manage and Conserve Them

9.ES.1.1.1

Explain the scientific meaning of system, order, and organization.

9.ES.1.1.2

Apply the concepts of order and organization to a given system.

9.ES.1.2.1

Use observations and data as evidence on which to base scientific explanations

9.ES.1.2.2

Develop models to explain concepts or systems.

9.ES.1.2.3

Develop scientific explanations based on knowledge, logic, and analysis.

9.ES.1.3.1

Measure changes that can occur in and among systems.

9.ES.1.3.2

Analyze changes that can occur in and among systems

9.ES.1.3.3

Measure and calculate using the metric system

9.ES.1.6.1

Identify questions and concepts that guide scientific investigations

9.ES.1.6.2

Utilize the components of scientific problem solving to design, conduct, and communicate results of investigations.

9.ES.1.6.3

Use appropriate technology and mathematics to make investigations.

9.ES.1.6.4

Formulate scientific explanations and models using logic and evidence

9.ES.1.6.5

Analyze alternative explanations and models.

9.ES.1.6.6

Communicate and defend a scientific argument.

9.ES.1.6.7

Explain the differences among observations, hypotheses, and theories

9.ES.1.8.1

Analyze technical writing, graphs, charts, and diagrams

9.ES.4.1.1

Explain the current scientific theory that suggests that the solar system formed from a nebular cloud of dust and gas

9.ES.4.1.2

Identify methods used to estimate geologic time

9.ES.4.1.3

Show how interactions among the solid earth, oceans, atmosphere, and organisms have changed the earth system over time.

9.ES.4.2.1

Explain the internal and external energy sources of the earth

9.ES.5.1.1

Analyze environmental issues such as water and air quality, hazardous waste, and depletion of natural resources

9.ES.5.2.1

Explain how science advances technology.

9.ES.5.2.2

Explain how technology advances science

9.ES.5.2.3

Explain how science and technology are pursued for different purposes

9.ES.5.3.1

Describe the difference between renewable and nonrenewable resources

9.ES.Goal 1.1

Understand Systems, Order, and Organization

9.ES.Goal 1.2

Understand Concepts and Processes of Evidence, Models, and Explanations

9.ES.Goal 1.3

Understand Constancy, Change, and Measurement

9.ES.Goal 1.4

Understand the Theory that Evolution is a Process that Relates to the Gradual Changes in the Universe and of Equilibrium as a Physical State

9.ES.Goal 1.5

Understand Concepts of Form and Function

9.ES.Goal 1.6

Understand Scientific Inquiry and Develop Critical Thinking Skills

9.ES.Goal 1.7

Understand That Interpersonal Relationships Are Important in Scientific Endeavors

9.ES.Goal 1.8

Understand Technical Communication

9.ES.Goal 4.1

Understand Scientific Theories of Origin and Subsequent Changes in the Universe and Earth Systems

9.ES.Goal 4.2

Understand Geo-chemical Cycles and Energy in the Earth System

9.ES.Goal 5.1

Understand Common Environmental Quality Issues, Both Natural and Human Induced

9.ES.Goal 5.2

Understand the Relationship between Science and Technology

9.ES.Goal 5.3

Understand the Importance of Natural Resources and the Need to Manage and Conserve Them

9.PS.1.1.1

Explain the scientific meaning of system, order, and organization.

9.PS.1.1.2

Apply the concepts of order and organization to a given system.

9.PS.1.2.1

Use observations and data as evidence on which to base scientific explanations.

9.PS.1.2.2

Develop models to explain concepts or systems.

9.PS.1.2.3

Develop scientific explanations based on knowledge, logic, and analysis

9.PS.1.3.1

Measure changes that can occur in and among systems.

9.PS.1.3.2

Analyze changes that can occur in and among systems.

9.PS.1.3.3

Measure and calculate using the metric system

9.PS.1.6.1

Identify questions and concepts that guide scientific investigations

9.PS.1.6.2

Utilize the components of scientific problem solving to design, conduct, and communicate results of investigations

9.PS.1.6.3

Use appropriate technology and mathematics to make investigations

9.PS.1.6.4

Formulate scientific explanations and models using logic and evidence

9.PS.1.6.5

Analyze alternative explanations and models.

9.PS.1.6.6

Communicate and defend a scientific argument

9.PS.1.6.7

Explain the differences among observations, hypotheses, and theories

9.PS.1.8.1

Analyze technical writing, graphs, charts, and diagrams.

9.PS.2.2.1

Explain motion using Newtons Laws of Motion

9.PS.2.3.1

Explain that energy can be transformed but cannot be created nor destroyed

9.PS.2.3.2

Classify energy as potential and/or kinetic and as energy contained in a field

9.PS.2.4.1

Describe the properties, function, and location of protons, neutrons, and electrons

9.PS.2.4.2

Explain the processes of fission and fusion.

9.PS.2.4.3

Describe the characteristics of isotopes

9.PS.2.4.4

State the basic electrical properties of matter

9.PS.2.4.5

Describe the relationships between magnetism and electricity.

9.PS.2.5.1

Explain how chemical reactions may release or consume energy while the quantity of matter remains constant.

9.PS.5.2.1

Explain how science advances technology.

9.PS.5.2.2

Explain how technology advances science.

9.PS.5.2.3

Explain how science and technology are pursued for different purposes.

9.PS.Goal 1.1

Understand Systems, Order, and Organization

9.PS.Goal 1.2

Understand Concepts and Processes of Evidence, Models, and Explanations

9.PS.Goal 1.3

Understand Constancy, Change, and Measurement

9.PS.Goal 1.4

Understand the Theory that Evolution is a Process that Relates to the Gradual Changes in the Universe and of Equilibrium as a Physical State

9.PS.Goal 1.5

Understand Concepts of Form and Function

9.PS.Goal 1.6

Understand Scientific Inquiry and Develop Critical Thinking Skills

9.PS.Goal 1.7

Understand That Interpersonal Relationships Are Important in Scientific Endeavors

9.PS.Goal 1.8

Understand Technical Communication

9.PS.Goal 2.1

Understand the Structure and Function of Matter and Molecules and Their Interactions

9.PS.Goal 2.2

Understand Concepts of Motion and Forces

9.PS.Goal 2.3

Understand the Total Energy in the Universe is Constant

9.PS.Goal 2.4

Understand the Structure of Atoms

9.PS.Goal 2.5

Understand Chemical Reactions

9.PS.Goal 5.1

Understand Common Environmental Quality Issues, Both Natural and Human Induced

9.PS.Goal 5.2

Understand the Relationship between Science and Technology

9.PS.Goal 5.3

Understand the Importance of Natural Resources and the Need to Manage and Conserve Them