Idaho State Standards for Science (2016) — Grade 5

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5.2.Goal 1.8

Understand Technical Communication


Compare and contrast different systems.


Use observations and data as evidence on which to base scientific explanations and predictions.


Explain the difference between observation and inference.


Use models to explain or demonstrate a concept.


Analyze changes that occur in and among systems.


Measure in both U.S. Customary and International System of Measurement (metric system) units with an emphasis on the metric system.


Explain how the shape or form of an object or system is frequently related to its use or function.


Write and analyze questions that can be answered by conducting scientific experiments.


Conduct scientific investigations using a control and a variable.


Select and use appropriate tools and techniques to gather and display data.


Use evidence to analyze descriptions, explanations, predictions, and models.


State a hypothesis based on observations.


Compare alternative explanations and predictions.


Communicate scientific procedures and explanations.


Read and follow technical instructions.


Describe the differences among elements, compounds, and mixtures.


Compare the physical differences among solids, liquids and gases.


Explain the nature of physical change and how it relates to physical properties.


Communicate how plants convert energy from the Sun through photosynthesis.


Compare and contrast the structural differences between plant and animal cells


Explain the concept that traits are passed from parents to offspring.


Describe the interactions among the solid earth, oceans and atmosphere (erosion, climate, tectonics and continental drift).


Explain the rock cycle and identify the three classifications of rocks.


Identify issues for environmental studies.


Describe how science and technology are part of a students life.


List examples of science and technology.


Identify the differences between renewable and nonrenewable resources.

5.S.Goal 1.1

Understand Systems, Order, and Organization

5.S.Goal 1.2

Understand Concepts and Processes of Evidence, Models, and Explanations

5.S.Goal 1.3

Understand Constancy, Change, and Measurement

5.S.Goal 1.4

Understand the Theory that Evolution is a Process that Relates to the Gradual Changes in the Universe and of Equilibrium as a Physical State

5.S.Goal 1.5

Understand Concepts of Form and Function

5.S.Goal 1.6

Understand Scientific Inquiry and Develop Critical Thinking Skills

5.S.Goal 1.7

Understand That Interpersonal Relationships Are Important in Scientific Endeavors

5.S.Goal 2.1

Understand the Structure and Function of Matter and Molecules and Their Interactions

5.S.Goal 2.2

Understand Concepts of Motion and Forces

5.S.Goal 2.3

Understand the Total Energy in the Universe is Constant

5.S.Goal 2.4

Understand the Structure of Atoms

5.S.Goal 2.5

Understand Chemical Reactions

5.S.Goal 3.1

Understand the Theory of Biological Evolution

5.S.Goal 3.2

Understand the Relationship between Matter and Energy in Living Systems

5.S.Goal 3.3

Understand the Cell is the Basis of Form and Function for All Living Things

5.S.Goal 4.1

Understand Scientific Theories of Origin and Subsequent Changes in the Universe and Earth Systems

5.S.Goal 4.2

Understand Geo-chemical Cycles and Energy in the Earth System

5.S.Goal 5.1

Understand Common Environmental Quality Issues, Both Natural and Human Induced

5.S.Goal 5.2

Understand the Relationship between Science and Technology

5.S.Goal 5.3

Understand the Importance of Natural Resources and the Need to Manage and Conserve Them