Tennessee Science Curriculum Framework (2012) — Grade 9


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CLE 3202.1.1

Explore matter in terms of its physical and chemical properties.

CLE 3202.1.10

Distinguish among acids, bases, and neutral substances.

CLE 3202.1.2

Describe the structure and arrangement of atomic particles.

CLE 3202.1.3

Characterize and classify elements based on their atomic structure.

CLE 3202.1.4

Investigate chemical and physical changes.

CLE 3202.1.5

Evaluate pure substances and mixtures.

CLE 3202.1.6

Distinguish between common ionic and covalent compounds.

CLE 3202.1.7

Construct chemical formulas for common compounds.

CLE 3202.1.8

Investigate relationships among the pressure, temperature, and volume of gases and liquids.

CLE 3202.1.9

Apply the Laws of Conservation of Mass/Energy to balance chemical equations.

CLE 3202.2.1

Investigate the properties and behaviors of mechanical and electromagnetic waves.

CLE 3202.2.2

Explore and explain the nature of sound and light energy.

CLE 3202.2.3

Examine the applications and effects of heat energy.

CLE 3202.2.4

Probe the fundamental principles and applications of electricity.

CLE 3202.2.5

Distinguish between nuclear fission and nuclear fusion.

CLE 3202.2.6

Investigate the Law of Conservation of Energy.

CLE 3202.3.1

Investigate the relationships among speed, position, time, velocity, and acceleration.

CLE 3202.3.2

Investigate and apply Newtons three laws of motion.

CLE 3202.3.3

Examine the Law of Conservation of Momentum in real world situations.

CLE 3202.3.4

Demonstrate the relationships among work, power, and machines.

CLE 3202.3.5

Explore and explain the nature of sound and light energy.

CLE 3202.3.6

Investigate the properties and behaviors of mechanical and electromagnetic waves.

CLE 3202.4.1

Explore the difference between mass and weight.

CLE 3202.4.2

Relate gravitational force to mass.

CLE 3202.4.3

Demonstrate the relationship among work, power, and machines.

CLE 3202.Inq.1

Recognize that science is a progressive endeavor that reevaluates and extends what is already accepted.

CLE 3202.Inq.2

Design and conduct scientific investigations to explore new phenomena, verify previous results, test how well a theory predicts, and compare opposing theories.

CLE 3202.Inq.3

Use appropriate tools and technology to collect precise and accurate data.

CLE 3202.Inq.4

Apply qualitative and quantitative measures to analyze data and draw conclusions that are free of bias.

CLE 3202.Inq.5

Compare experimental evidence and conclusions with those drawn by others about the same testable question.

CLE 3202.Inq.6

Communicate and defend scientific findings.

CLE 3202.Math.1

Understand the mathematical principles behind the science of physics.

CLE 3202.Math.2

Utilize appropriate mathematical equations and processes to solve basic physics problems.

CLE 3202.T/E.1

Explore the impact of technology on social, political, and economic systems.

CLE 3202.T/E.2

Differentiate among elements of the engineering design cycle: design constraints, model building, testing, evaluating, modifying, and retesting.

CLE 3202.T/E.3

Explain the relationship between the properties of a material and the use of the material in the application of a technology.

CLE 3202.T/E.4

Describe the dynamic interplay among science, technology, and engineering within living, earth-space, and physical systems.

CLE 3204.1.1

Explore theories for the origin and evolution of the universe.

CLE 3204.1.2

Examine the components of the solar system.

CLE 3204.1.3

Explore the sun, earth, and moon relationships and their gravitational effects.

CLE 3204.1.4

Investigate the history of space exploration.

CLE 3204.2.1

Investigate the principal sources of energy.

CLE 3204.2.2

Explore pathways of energy transfer.

CLE 3204.2.3

Evaluate alternative energy sources.

CLE 3204.3.1

Explain the components of the tectonic cycle.

CLE 3204.3.2

Investigate the rock cycle.

CLE 3204.3.3

Analyze the hydrologic cycle.

CLE 3204.3.4

Interpret data related to the atmospheric cycle.

CLE 3204.3.5

Differentiate among the geochemical cycles.

CLE 3204.3.6

Evaluate the impact of living organisms on earth system cycles.

CLE 3204.3.7

Investigate how maps can be used to interpret changes in the earth system

CLE 3204.3.8

Relate earth system cycles to past and current patterns of global change.

CLE 3204.4.1

Interpret the nature of geologic time.

CLE 3204.4.2

Investigate the evolution of the earth.

CLE 3204.4.3

Interpret the fossil record for evidence of biological evolution.

CLE 3204.4.4

Demonstrate the impact of environmental change on the origin and extinction of plant and animal species.

CLE 3204.Inq.1

Recognize that science is a progressive endeavor that reevaluates and extends what is already accepted.

CLE 3204.Inq.2

Design and conduct scientific investigations to explore new phenomena, verify previous results, test how well a theory predicts, and compare opposing theories.

CLE 3204.Inq.3

Use appropriate tools and technology to collect precise and accurate data.

CLE 3204.Inq.4

Apply qualitative and quantitative measures to analyze data and draw conclusions that are free of bias.

CLE 3204.Inq.5

Compare experimental evidence and conclusions with those drawn by others about the same testable question.

CLE 3204.Inq.6

Communicate and defend scientific findings.

CLE 3204.T/E.1

Explore the impact of technology on social, political, and economic systems.

CLE 3204.T/E.2

Differentiate among elements of the engineering design cycle: design constraints, model building, testing, evaluating, modifying, and retesting.

CLE 3204.T/E.3

Explain the relationship between the properties of a material and the use of the material in the application of a technology.

CLE 3204.T/E.4

Describe the dynamic interplay among science, technology, and engineering within living, earth-space, and physical systems.

CLE 3205.1.1

Read and interpret topographic and geologic maps.

CLE 3205.1.2

Use geologic maps to investigate rock types, time periods, and faults and folds.

CLE 3205.1.3

Investigate technologies used to create maps.

CLE 3205.1.4

Apply maps for planning purposes and to investigate landuse problems..

CLE 3205.2.1

Describe how atoms serve as building blocks for all matter.

CLE 3205.2.2

Apply the periodic table to determine the properties of an element.

CLE 3205.2.3

Describe the geologic processes that result in mineral formation.

CLE 3205.2.4

Distinguish between the physical and chemical properties of minerals.

CLE 3205.2.5

Investigate the structure and geometry of crystals.

CLE 3205.3.1

Identify and differentiate among the three rock groups.

CLE 3205.3.2

Describe the processes responsible for forming the three rock groups.

CLE 3205.3.3

Examine the characteristics of each rock group.

CLE 3205.3.4

Explain the rock cycle.

CLE 3205.4.1

Interpret the nature of geologic time.

CLE 3205.4.2

Investigate the evolution of earth.

CLE 3205.4.3

Investigate the history of life.

CLE 3205.4.4

Interpret the fossil record for evidence of biological evolution.

CLE 3205.4.5

Demonstrate the impact of environmental change on the origin and extinction of plant and animal species.

CLE 3205.4.6

Investigate the long-term aspects of global change and explain how these events have influenced current global patterns.

CLE 3205.5.1

Describe the major evidence to explain the theory of plate tectonics.

CLE 3205.5.2

Recognize different types of plate boundaries.

CLE 3205.5.3

Explain how convection currents provide the driving mechanism for plate movement.

CLE 3205.5.4

Describe processes associated with volcanoes, earthquakes, and mountain building.

CLE 3205.6.1

Investigate the hydrosphere and how changes in the hydrosphere affect various landforms.

CLE 3205.6.2

Associate the surface processes responsible for various landforms.

CLE 3205.6.3

Describe the characteristics of groundwater and explain how human activities affect groundwater quality.

CLE 3205.Inq.1

Recognize that science is a progressive endeavor that reevaluates and extends what is already accepted.

CLE 3205.Inq.2

Design and conduct scientific investigations to explore new phenomena, verify previous results, test how well a theory predicts, and compare opposing theories.

CLE 3205.Inq.3

Use appropriate tools and technology to collect precise and accurate data.

CLE 3205.Inq.4

Apply qualitative and quantitative measures to analyze data and draw conclusions that are free of bias.

CLE 3205.Inq.5

Compare experimental evidence and conclusions with those drawn by others about the same testable question.

CLE 3205.Inq.6

Communicate and defend scientific findings.

CLE 3205.T/E.1

Explore the impact of technology on social, political, and economic systems.

CLE 3205.T/E.2

Differentiate among elements of the engineering design cycle: design constraints, model building, testing, evaluating, modifying, and retesting.

CLE 3205.T/E.3

Explain the relationship between the properties of a material and the use of the material in the application of a technology.

CLE 3205.T/E.4

Describe the dynamic interplay among science, technology, and engineering within living, earth-space, and physical systems

CLE 3210.1.1

Compare the structure and function of cellular organelles in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.

CLE 3210.1.2

Distinguish among the structure and function of the four major organic macromolecules found in living things.

CLE 3210.1.3

Describe how enzymes regulate chemical reactions in the body.

CLE 3210.1.4

Describe the processes of cell growth and reproduction.

CLE 3210.1.5

Compare different models to explain the movement of materials into and out of cells.

CLE 3210.2.1

Investigate how the dynamic equilibrium of an ecological community is associated with interactions among its organisms.

CLE 3210.2.2

Analyze and interpret population data, graphs, or diagrams.

CLE 3210.2.3

Predict how global climate change, human activity, geologic events, and the introduction of non-native species impact an ecosystem.

CLE 3210.2.4

Describe the sequence of events associated with biological succession.

CLE 3210.3.1

Analyze energy flow through an ecosystem.

CLE 3210.3.2

Distinguish between aerobic and anaerobic respiration.

CLE 3210.3.3

Investigate the relationship between the processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration.

CLE 3210.3.4

Describe the events which occur during the major biogeochemical cycles.

CLE 3210.4.1

Investigate how genetic information is encoded in nucleic acids.

CLE 3210.4.2

Describe the relationships among genes, chromosomes, proteins, and hereditary traits.

CLE 3210.4.3

Predict the outcome of monohybrid and dihybrid crosses.

CLE 3210.4.4

Compare different modes of inheritance: sex linkage, co-dominance, incomplete dominance, multiple alleles, and polygenic traits.

CLE 3210.4.5

Recognize how meiosis and sexual reproduction contribute to genetic variation in a population.

CLE 3210.4.6

Describe the connection between mutations and human genetic disorders.

CLE 3210.4.7

Assess the scientific and ethical ramifications of emerging genetic technologies.

CLE 3210.5.1

Associate structural, functional, and behavioral adaptations with the ability of organisms to survive under various environmental conditions.

CLE 3210.5.2

Analyze the relationship between form and function in living things.

CLE 3210.5.3

Explain how genetic variation in a population and changing environmental conditions are associated with adaptation and the emergence of new species.

CLE 3210.5.4

Summarize the supporting evidence for the theory of evolution.

CLE 3210.5.5

Explain how evolution contributes to the amount of biodiversity.

CLE 3210.5.6

Explore the evolutionary basis of modern classification systems.

CLE 3210.Inq.1

Recognize that science is a progressive endeavor that reevaluates and extends what is already accepted.

CLE 3210.Inq.2

Design and conduct scientific investigations to explore new phenomena, verify previous results, test how well a theory predicts, and compare opposing theories.

CLE 3210.Inq.3

Use appropriate tools and technology to collect precise and accurate data.

CLE 3210.Inq.4

Apply qualitative and quantitative measures to analyze data and draw conclusions that are free of bias.

CLE 3210.Inq.5

Compare experimental evidence and conclusions with those drawn by others about the same testable question.

CLE 3210.Inq.6

Communicate and defend scientific findings.

CLE 3210.Math.1

Understand the mathematical principles associated with the science of biology.

CLE 3210.Math.2

Utilize appropriate mathematical equations and processes to understand biological concepts.

CLE 3210.T/E.1

Explore the impact of technology on social, political, and economic systems.

CLE 3210.T/E.2

Differentiate among elements of the engineering design cycle: design constraints, model building, testing, evaluating, modifying, and retesting.

CLE 3210.T/E.3

Explain the relationship between the properties of a material and the use of the material in the application of a technology.

CLE 3210.T/E.4

Describe the dynamic interplay among science, technology, and engineering within living, earth-space, and physical systems.

CLE 3216.1.1

Compare the characteristics of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.

CLE 3216.1.2

Describe how fundamental life processes depend on chemical reactions that occur in specialized parts of the cell.

CLE 3216.1.3

Explain how materials move into and out of cells.

CLE 3216.1.4

Describe the enzyme-substrate relationship.

CLE 3216.1.5

Investigate how proteins regulate the internal environment of a cell through communication and transport.

CLE 3216.1.6

Describe the relationship between viruses and their host cells.

CLE 3216.2.1

Describe how the stability of an ecosystem is maintained.

CLE 3216.2.2

Investigate the major factors that influence population size and age distribution.

CLE 3216.2.3

Describe the varying degrees to which individual organisms are able to accommodate changes in the environment.

CLE 3216.2.4

Distinguish between the accommodation of individual organisms and the adaptation of a population to environmental change.

CLE 3216.3.1

Describe the role of biotic and abiotic factors in the cycling of matter in the ecosystem.

CLE 3216.3.2

Explain how sunlight is captured by plant cells and converted into usable energy.

CLE 3216.3.3

Describe how mitochondria make stored chemical energy available to cells.

CLE 3216.3.4

Examine how macromolecules are synthesized from simple precursor molecules.

CLE 3216.3.5

Analyze the role of ATP in the storage and release of cellular energy.

CLE 3216.4.1

Describe how mutation and sexual reproduction contribute to the amount of genetic variation in a population.

CLE 3216.4.2

Describe the relationship between phenotype and genotype.

CLE 3216.4.3

Predict the probable outcome of genetic crosses based on Mendels laws of segregation and independent assortment.

CLE 3216.4.4

Describe the relationship among genes, the DNA code, production of protein molecules, and the characteristics of an organism.

CLE 3216.4.5

Explain how the different shapes and properties of proteins are determined by the type, number, and sequence of amino acids.

CLE 3216.4.6

Explain how the genetic makeup of cells can be engineered.

CLE 3216.5.1

Identify factors that determine the frequency of an allele in the gene pool of a population.

CLE 3216.5.2

Determine how mutation, gene flow, and migration influence population structure.

CLE 3216.6.1

Investigate the unity and the diversity among living things.

CLE 3216.6.2

Describe the events associated with reproduction from gamete production through birth.

CLE 3216.6.3

Compare organ systems of representative animal phyla that: regulate gas exchange, process and distribute nutrients, remove wastes, transmit chemical and electrical information, and respond to environmental stimuli.

CLE 3216.7.1

Describe different plant types plants based on their anatomy and physiology.

CLE 3216.7.2

Investigate the relationship between form and function for the major plant structures.

CLE 3216.7.3

Examine the anatomical and physiological differences between plants and their growth, reproduction, survival, and coevolution.

CLE 3216.7.4

Describe the difference between plants and fungi.

CLE 3216.7.5

Investigate the impact of plants on humans.

CLE 3216.Inq.1

Recognize that science is a progressive endeavor that reevaluates and extends what is already accepted.

CLE 3216.Inq.2

Design and conduct scientific investigations to explore new phenomena, verify previous results, test how well a theory predicts, and compare opposing theories.

CLE 3216.Inq.3

Use appropriate tools and technology to collect precise and accurate data.

CLE 3216.Inq.4

Apply qualitative and quantitative measures to analyze data and draw conclusions that are free of bias.

CLE 3216.Inq.5

Compare experimental evidence and conclusions with those drawn by others about the same testable question.

CLE 3216.Inq.6

Communicate and defend scientific findings.

CLE 3216.Math.1

Understand the mathematical principles associated with the science of biology.

CLE 3216.Math.2

Utilize appropriate mathematical equations and processes to understand biological concepts.

CLE 3216.T/E.1

Explore the impact of technology on social, political, and economic systems.

CLE 3216.T/E.2

Differentiate among elements of the engineering design cycle: design constraints, model building, testing, evaluating, modifying, and retesting.

CLE 3216.T/E.3

Explain the relationship between the properties of a material and the use of the material in the application of a technology.

CLE 3216.T/E.4

Describe the dynamic interplay among science, technology, and engineering within living, earth-space, and physical systems.

CLE 3221.1.1

Compare and contrast historical models of the atom.

CLE 3221.1.2

Analyze the organization of the modern periodic table.

CLE 3221.1.3

Describe an atom in terms of its composition and electron characteristics.

CLE 3221.2.1

Investigate the characteristic properties of matter.

CLE 3221.2.2

Explore the interactions between matter and energy.

CLE 3221.2.3

Apply the kinetic molecular theory to describe solids, liquids, and gases.

CLE 3221.2.4

Investigate characteristics associated with the gaseous state.

CLE 3221.2.5

Discuss phase diagrams of one component systems.

CLE 3221.3.1

Investigate chemical bonding.

CLE 3221.3.2

Analyze chemical and nuclear reactions.

CLE 3221.3.3

Explore the mathematics of chemical formulas and equations.

CLE 3221.3.4

Explain the law of conservation of mass/energy.

CLE 3221.Inq.1

Recognize that science is a progressive endeavor that reevaluates and extends what is already accepted.

CLE 3221.Inq.2

Design and conduct scientific investigations to explore new phenomena, verify previous results, test how well a theory predicts, and compare opposing theories.

CLE 3221.Inq.3

Use appropriate tools and technology to collect precise and accurate data.

CLE 3221.Inq.4

Apply qualitative and quantitative measures to analyze data and draw conclusions that are free of bias.

CLE 3221.Inq.5

Compare experimental evidence and conclusions with those drawn by others.

CLE 3221.Inq.6

Communicate and defend scientific findings.

CLE 3221.Math.1

Understand the mathematical principles associated with the science of chemistry.

CLE 3221.Math.2

Utilize appropriate mathematical equations and processes to solve chemistry problems.

CLE 3221.T/E.1

Explore the impact of technology on social, political, and economic systems.

CLE 3221.T/E.2

Differentiate among elements of the engineering design cycle: design constraints, model building, testing, evaluating, modifying, and retesting.

CLE 3221.T/E.3

Explain the relationship between the properties of a material and the use of the material in the application of a technology.

CLE 3221.T/E.4

Describe the dynamic interplay among science, technology, and engineering within living, earth-space, and physical systems.

CLE 3224.1

Explain the kinetic-molecular theory.

CLE 3224.1.1

Explain and illustrate the arrangement of electrons surrounding an atom.

CLE 3224.1.2

Relate the arrangement of electrons surrounding an atom with observed periodic trends.

CLE 3224.1.3

Describe the structure, shape, and characteristics of polyatomic ions, ionic and molecular compounds.

CLE 3224.2

Determine the intermolecular forces that exist between ions and molecules.

CLE 3224.3

Explain how the physical characteristics of matter are governed by kinetic molecular theory and intermolecular forces.

CLE 3224.3.1

Use the reactants of a chemical reaction to predict the products.

CLE 3224.3.2

Fully analyze the quantitative aspects of a chemical reaction in terms of the amounts of products and reactants.

CLE 3224.3.3

Analyze the kinetics of a chemical reaction.

CLE 3224.3.4

Describe parameters of chemical equilibria.

CLE 3224.3.5

Explain the thermodynamics of a chemical reaction.

CLE 3224.Inq.1

Recognize that science is a progressive endeavor that reevaluates and extends what is already accepted.

CLE 3224.Inq.2

Design and conduct scientific investigations to explore new phenomena, verify previous results, test how well a theory predicts, and compare opposing theories.

CLE 3224.Inq.3

Use appropriate tools and technology to collect precise and accurate data.

CLE 3224.Inq.4

Apply qualitative and quantitative measures to analyze data and draw conclusions that are free of bias.

CLE 3224.Inq.5

Compare experimental evidence and conclusions with those drawn by others about the same testable question.

CLE 3224.Inq.6

Communicate and defend scientific findings.

CLE 3224.Math.1

Understand the mathematical principles associated with the science of chemistry.

CLE 3224.Math.2

Utilize appropriate mathematical equations and processes to solve chemistry problems.

CLE 3224.T/E.1

Explore the impact of technology on social, political, and economic systems.

CLE 3224.T/E.2

Differentiate among elements of the engineering design cycle: design constraints, model building, testing, evaluating, modifying, and retesting.

CLE 3224.T/E.3

Explain the relationship between the properties of a material and the use of the material in the application of a technology.

CLE 3224.T/E.4

Describe the dynamic interplay among science, technology, and engineering within living, earth-space, and physical systems.

CLE 3231.1.1

Investigate fundamental physical quantities of length, mass, and time.

CLE 3231.1.2

Analyze and apply Newtons three laws of motion.

CLE 3231.1.3

Understand work, energy, and power.

CLE 3231.1.4

Investigate kinematics and dynamics.

CLE 3231.1.5

Investigate and apply Archimedess Principle.

CLE 3231.1.6

Explore Pascals Principle.

CLE 3231.1.7

Develop an understanding of Bernoullis Principle and its applications.

CLE 3231.2.1

Develop an understanding of temperature, heat, and internal energy.

CLE 3231.2.2

Compare Celsius, Kelvin and the Absolute temperature scales.

CLE 3231.2.3

Investigate exchanges in internal energy.

CLE 3231.3.1

Explore conditions associated with how waves carry energy and simple harmonic motion.

CLE 3231.3.2

Investigate Hookes law.

CLE 3231.3.3

Understand wave mechanics.

CLE 3231.3.4

Examine the Doppler Effect.

CLE 3231.3.5

Explore the characteristics and properties of sound.

CLE 3231.4.1

Describe the characteristics of the electromagnetic spectrum.

CLE 3231.4.2

Investigate the interaction of light waves.

CLE 3231.4.3

Explore the optics of lenses.

CLE 3231.4.4

Analyze the optics of mirrors.

CLE 3231.4.5

Investigate the phenomenon of color.

CLE 3231.5.1

Examine the properties of electric forces, electric charges, and electric fields.

CLE 3231.5.2

Explore the flow of charge and electric currents.

CLE 3231.5.4

Compare and contrast series and parallel circuits.

CLE 3231.5.5

Analyze schematic diagrams.

CLE 3231.5.6

Understand magnetic poles, magnetic fields, and investigate electromagnetic induction.

CLE 3231.5.7

Understand that moving charges give rise to magnetism.

CLE 3231.6.1

Investigate the properties and structure of the atom.

CLE 3231.6.2

Investigate properties of the quantum theory.

CLE 3231.6.3

Explore the dynamics of the nucleus: radioactivity, radiocarbon/uranium dating, and half-life.

CLE 3231.6.4

Compare and contrast nuclear fission and nuclear fusion.

CLE 3231.Inq.1

Recognize that science is a progressive endeavor that reevaluates and extends what is already accepted.

CLE 3231.Inq.2

Design and conduct scientific investigations to explore new phenomena, verify previous results, test how well a theory predicts, and compare opposing theories.

CLE 3231.Inq.3

Use appropriate tools and technology to collect precise and accurate data.

CLE 3231.Inq.4

Apply qualitative and quantitative measures to analyze data and draw conclusions that are free of bias.

CLE 3231.Inq.5

Compare experimental evidence and conclusions with those drawn by others about the same testable question.

CLE 3231.Inq.6

Communicate and defend scientific findings.

CLE 3231.T/E.1

Explore the impact of technology on social, political, and economic systems.

CLE 3231.T/E.2

Differentiate among elements of the engineering design cycle: design constraints, model building, testing, evaluating, modifying, and retesting.

CLE 3231.T/E.3

Explain the relationship between the properties of a material and the use of the material in the application of a technology.

CLE 3231.T/E.4

Describe the dynamic interplay among science, technology, and engineering within living, earth-space, and physical systems.

CLE 3237.1.1

Investigate fundamental physical quantities of mass and time.

CLE 3237.1.2

Analyze and apply Newtons three laws of motion.

CLE 3237.1.3

Differentiate among work, energy, and power.

CLE 3237.1.4

Investigate kinematics and dynamics.

CLE 3237.1.5

Investigate and apply Archimedess Principle.

CLE 3237.1.6

Explore Pascals Principle.

CLE 3237.1.7

Analyze applications of Bernoullis Principle.

CLE 3237.2.1

Explore the relationships among temperature, heat, and internal energy.

CLE 3237.2.2

Compare Fahrenheit, Celsius, and Kelvin temperature scales

CLE 3237.2.3

Investigate exchanges in internal energy.

CLE 3237.3.1

Explore conditions associated with simple harmonic motion.

CLE 3237.3.2

Investigate Hookes law.

CLE 3237.3.3

Understand wave mechanics.

CLE 3237.3.4

Examine the Doppler Effect.

CLE 3237.3.5

Explore the characteristics and properties of sound.

CLE 3237.3.6

Describe the characteristics of the electromagnetic spectrum.

CLE 3237.3.7

Investigate the interaction of light waves.

CLE 3237.3.8

Explore the optical principles of mirrors and lenses.

CLE 3237.3.9

Investigate the phenomenon of color.

CLE 3237.4.1

Distinguish among electric forces, electric charges, and electric fields.

CLE 3237.4.2

Explore static and current electricity.

CLE 3237.4.4

Compare and contrast series and parallel circuits.

CLE 3237.4.5

Analyze components of electrical schematic diagrams.

CLE 3237.4.6

Investigate magnetic poles, magnetic fields, and electromagnetic induction.

CLE 3237.5.1

Investigate the properties and structure of the atom.

CLE 3237.5.2

Explore the dynamics of the nucleus: radioactivity, nuclear decay, radiocarbon/uranium dating, and half-life.

CLE 3237.5.3

Compare and contrast nuclear fission and nuclear fusion.

CLE 3237.5.4

Investigate quantum theory.

CLE 3237.Inq.1

Recognize that science is a progressive endeavor that reevaluates and extends what is already accepted.

CLE 3237.Inq.2

Design and conduct scientific investigations to explore new phenomena, verify previous results, test how well a theory predicts, and compare opposing theories.

CLE 3237.Inq.3

Use appropriate tools and technology to collect precise and accurate data.

CLE 3237.Inq.4

Apply qualitative and quantitative measures to analyze data and draw conclusions that are free of bias.

CLE 3237.Inq.5

Compare experimental evidence and conclusions with those drawn by others about the same testable question.

CLE 3237.Inq.6

Communicate and defend scientific findings.

CLE 3237.Math.1

Understand the mathematical principles that underlie the science of physics.

CLE 3237.Math.2

Utilize appropriate mathematical equations and processes to solve basic physics problems.

CLE 3237.T/E.1

Explore the impact of technology on social, political, and economic systems.

CLE 3237.T/E.2

Differentiate among elements of the engineering design cycle: design constraints, model building, testing, evaluating, modifying, and retesting.

CLE 3237.T/E.3

Explain the relationship between the properties of a material and the use of the material in the application of a technology.

CLE 3237.T/E.4

Describe the dynamic interplay among science, technology, and engineering within living, earth-space, and physical systems.

CLE 3251.1.1

Distinguish between anatomy and physiology.

CLE 3251.1.2

Investigate the interrelationship between the structures and functions of the body systems.

CLE 3251.1.3

Investigate the body cavities, the subdivisions of each cavity, and the organs within each area.

CLE 3251.1.4

Use correct anatomical terminology when discussing body structures, sections, and regions.

CLE 3251.1.5

Describe the body mechanisms that maintain homeostasis.

CLE 3251.2.1

Identify structures of the integumentary, skeletal, and muscular systems and show the relationship between these structures and their functions.

CLE 3251.2.2

Investigate physiological mechanisms that allow the integumentary, skeletal, and muscular systems to function.

CLE 3251.3.1

Compare and contrast the anatomy and physiology of the central and peripheral nervous systems.

CLE 3251.3.2

Describe the structure, function, and developmental aspects of neurons and their supporting glial cells.

CLE 3251.3.3

Investigate the physiology of electrochemical impulses and neural integration.

CLE 3251.3.4

Investigate organs for perception of external stimuli and to the maintenance of homeostasis.

CLE 3251.3.5

Identify the major organs of the endocrine system and the associated hormonal production and regulation.

CLE 3251.4.1

Identify the molecular and cellular components of the blood and the functions of the blood.

CLE 3251.4.2

Explore the anatomy of the heart and describe the pathway of blood through this organ.

CLE 3251.4.3

Describe the biochemical and physiological nature of heart function.

CLE 3251.4.4

Describe the relationship between the structure and function of different types of blood vessels.

CLE 3251.4.5

Describe the physiological basis of circulation and blood pressure.

CLE 3251.4.6

Identify the structures of the lymphatic system.

CLE 3251.4.7

Describe the details of the immune response.

CLE 3251.5.1

Identify organs of the digestive and urinary systems and describe their functions.

CLE 3251.5.2

Investigate mechanisms of digestion and food absorption.

CLE 3251.5.3

Describe how nutrition, metabolism, and body temperature are related.

CLE 3251.5.4

Explain how the kidneys function to remove wastes from the blood.

CLE 3251.6.1

Identify the essential and accessory organs of the male and female reproductive systems and describe their functions.

CLE 3251.6.2

Explain hormonal regulation during a typical 28 day menstrual cycle.

CLE 3251.6.3

Summarize the principal events that occur during prenatal development.

CLE 3251.Inq.1

Recognize that science is a progressive endeavor that reevaluates and extends what is already accepted.

CLE 3251.Inq.2

Design and conduct scientific investigations to explore new phenomena, verify previous results, test how well a theory predicts, and compare opposing theories.

CLE 3251.Inq.3

Use appropriate tools and technology to collect precise and accurate data.

CLE 3251.Inq.4

Apply qualitative and quantitative measures to analyze data and draw conclusions that are free of bias.

CLE 3251.Inq.5

Compare experimental evidence and conclusions with those drawn by others about the same testable question.

CLE 3251.Inq.6

Communicate and defend scientific findings.

CLE 3251.T/E.1

Explore the impact of technology on social, political, and economic systems.

CLE 3251.T/E.2

Differentiate among elements of the engineering design cycle: design constraints, model building, testing, evaluating, modifying, and retesting.

CLE 3251.T/E.3

Explain the relationship between the properties of a material and the use of the material in the application of a technology.

CLE 3251.T/E.4

Describe the dynamic interplay among science, technology, and engineering within living, earth-space, and physical systems.

CLE 3255.1.1

Analyze strategies for classifying organisms.

CLE 3255.1.2

Identify organisms based on how they obtain energy.

CLE 3255.1.3

Relate specific animal behaviors and plant tropisms to survival.

CLE 3255.1.4

Investigate various approaches to maintain biodiversity.

CLE 3255.2.1

Cite examples of populations limited by natural factors, humans or both.

CLE 3255.2.2

Explain population growth patterns and rates.

CLE 3255.2.3

Summarize how natural selection influences a population over time.

CLE 3255.3.1

Explain ecological niches within various habitats.

CLE 3255.3.2

Relate species interactions such as competition, predation and symbiosis to coevolution.

CLE 3255.3.3

Apply the first and second laws of thermodynamics to explain the flow of energy through a food chain or web.

CLE 3255.3.4

Analyze how biomass is related to trophic levels.

CLE 3255.4.1

Describe the flow of energy flow through an ecosystem.

CLE 3255.4.2

Describe how matter cycles through various biogeochemical cycles.

CLE 3255.4.3

Evaluate the process of succession.

CLE 3255.4.4

Summarize the human impact on ecosystems.

CLE 3255.4.5

Describe how biodiversity relates to stability of an ecosystem.

CLE 3255.5.1

Explain how climate influences terrestrial biomes.

CLE 3255.5.2

Compare and contrast the major terrestrial biomes: deserts, temperate grasslands, temperate forests, tropical grasslands, tropical forests, taiga and tundra.

CLE 3255.5.3

Examine the major marine and freshwater biomes.

CLE 3255.5.4

Infer how organisms in different biomes occupy similar niches.

CLE 3255.5.5

Identify how humans impact biomes.

CLE 3255.6.1

Investigate the role of public lands in sustaining biodiversity.

CLE 3255.6.2

Examine state, national, and international efforts to sustain native species and ecosystems.

CLE 3255.6.3

Evaluate the impact of personal actions on the environment.

CLE 3255.6.4

Identify and explain choices you can make to lessen your impact on the environment.

CLE 3255.Inq.1

Recognize that science is a progressive endeavor that reevaluates and extends what is already accepted.

CLE 3255.Inq.2

Design and conduct scientific investigations to explore new phenomena verify previous results, test how well a theory predicts, and compare opposing theories.

CLE 3255.Inq.3

Use appropriate tools and technology to collect precise and accurate data.

CLE 3255.Inq.4

Apply qualitative and quantitative measures to analyze data and draw conclusions that are free of bias.

CLE 3255.Inq.5

Compare experimental evidence and conclusions with those drawn by others about the same testable question.

CLE 3255.Inq.6

Communicate and defend scientific findings.

CLE 3255.T/E.1

Explore the impact of technology on social, political, and economic systems.

CLE 3255.T/E.2

Differentiate among elements of the engineering design cycle: design constraints, model building, testing, evaluating, modifying, and retesting.

CLE 3255.T/E.3

Explain the relationship between the properties of a material and the use of the material in the application of a technology.

CLE 3255.T/E.4

Describe the dynamic interplay among science, technology, and engineering within living, earthspace, and physical systems.

CLE 3260.1.1

Explain how earths position in the solar system creates global climate patterns.

CLE 3260.1.2

Use the theory of plate tectonics to explain the occurrence of earthquakes, volcanoes, and tsunamis.

CLE 3260.1.3

Explain the rock cycle and its association with soil formation.

CLE 3260.1.4

Relate the atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere to the biosphere.

CLE 3260.2.1

Employ the first and second laws of thermodynamics to explain energy flow within ecosystems.

CLE 3260.2.2

Discuss the roles of biodiversity and coevolution in ecosystems.

CLE 3260.2.3

Using temperature, latitude and altitude, infer the types of animal and plant life found in each of earths major biomes.

CLE 3260.2.4

Distinguish between primary and secondary biological succession using common plants and animals.

CLE 3260.2.5

Explain biogeochemical cycling in ecosystems.

CLE 3260.3.1

Demonstrate how human population growth over time has been affected by improved food production, health care, sanitation and industrial advances.

CLE 3260.3.2

Research demographics and economic status of different countries to infer ecological and economic consequences of human population growth.

CLE 3260.3.3

Explain how social and economic factors affect the fertility rate and life expectancy of the human population.

CLE 3260.4.1

Examine common resource use practices in agriculture, forestry, urban/suburban development, mining, and fishing.

CLE 3260.4.2

Explore best management practices related to water and soil resources.

CLE 3260.4.3

Compare and contrast preservation and conservation.

CLE 3260.4.4

Evaluate the impact of human activities on natural resources.

CLE 3260.5.1

Compare and contrast various energy resources.

CLE 3260.5.2

Analyze the past and present use of energy resources.

CLE 3260.5.3

Predict future trends in energy resource use.

CLE 3260.6.1

Investigate the causes, environmental effects, and methods for controlling/preventing land, air and water pollution.

CLE 3260.6.2

Apply case studies to relate land, air, and water pollution to human health issues.

CLE 3260.6.3

Explore methods used for remediation of land, air and water pollution.

CLE 3260.6.4

Research local and national environmental legislation related to protecting land, air and water resources.

CLE 3260.6.5

Research local and state methods used for solid waste reduction, recycling and disposal; compare them to methods used in other developed countries.

CLE 3260.7.1

Explain how consumer choices in Tennessee impact jobs, resources, pollution and waste here and around the world.

CLE 3260.7.2

Compare and contrast methods used by various governments to protect biodiversity.

CLE 3260.7.3

Explain how human activity is related to ozone depletion and climate change.

CLE 3260.7.4

Summarize the scientific explanation for average global temperature increase.

CLE 3260.Inq.1

Recognize that science is a progressive endeavor that reevaluates and extends what is already accepted.

CLE 3260.Inq.2

Design and conduct scientific investigations to explore new phenomena, verify previous results, test how well a theory predicts, and compare opposing theories.

CLE 3260.Inq.3

Use appropriate tools and technology to collect precise and accurate data.

CLE 3260.Inq.4

Apply qualitative and quantitative measures to analyze data and draw conclusions that are free of bias.

CLE 3260.Inq.5

Compare experimental evidence and conclusions with those drawn by others about the same testable question.

CLE 3260.Inq.6

Communicate and defend scientific findings.

CLE 3260.T/E.1

Explore the impact of technology on social, political, and economic systems.

CLE 3260.T/E.2

Differentiate among elements of the engineering design cycle: design constraints, model building, testing, evaluating, modifying, and retesting.

CLE 3260.T/E.3

Explain the relationship between the properties of a material and the use of the material in the application of a technology.

CLE 3260.T/E.4

Describe the dynamic interplay among science, technology, and engineering within living, earth-space, and physical systems.

CLE 3295.1.1

Critically examine data to determine its significance.

CLE 3295.1.2

Repeat trials to enhance the reliability of data.

CLE 3295.1.3

Recognize that in science one solution often leads to new questions.

CLE 3295.1.4

Employ ethical practices during research and investigations that involve human or animal subjects and hazardous materials.

CLE 3295.1.5

Follow safety procedures in the classroom, laboratory, and home environments.

CLE 3295.1.6

Respect and understand copyright and patent laws.

CLE 3295.2.1

Analyze and study classic scientific problems.

CLE 3295.2.2

Use scientific instruments to extend the human senses in observation.

CLE 3295.2.3

Recognize the limitations of scientific investigations.

CLE 3295.2.4

Use technological tools and mathematical models to analyze problems or questions.

CLE 3295.2.5

Evaluate safety implications and risks associated with answering a question.

CLE 3295.3.1

Formulate a working hypothesis to guide research.

CLE 3295.3.2

Develop experimental procedures to test a hypothesis.

CLE 3295.3.3

Practice appropriate safety procedures.

CLE 3295.3.4

Collect data using a variety of scientific tools and equipment.

CLE 3295.3.5

Verify data for accuracy.

CLE 3295.4.1

Use statistical analysis to accurately analyze and interpret data.

CLE 3295.4.2

Evaluate data based in terms of its accuracy and precision.

CLE 3295.4.3

Draw conclusions based on data analysis and evaluations.

CLE 3295.5.1

Present a scientific report in a clear, accurate, and appropriate manner to an audience.

CLE 3295.5.2

Communicate findings in order to extend the research base.

CLE 3295.T/E.1

Explore the impact of technology on social, political, and economic systems.

CLE 3295.T/E.2

Differentiate among elements of the engineering design cycle: design constraints, model building, testing, evaluating, modifying, and retesting.

CLE 3295.T/E.3

Explain the relationship between the properties of a material and the use of the material in the application of a technology.

CLE 3295.T/E.4

Describe the dynamic interplay among science, technology, and engineering within living, earth-space, and physical systems.

CLE.3231.Math.1

Graph relationships and functions between manipulated (independent) variables and responding (dependent) variables.

CLE.3231.Math.2

Solve for variables in an algebraic formula.

CLE.3231.Math.3

Apply statistical techniques to manipulate data.

CLE.3231.Math.4

Investigate trigonometric connections to physics.

CLE.3231.Math.5

Utilize calculus to understand physics principles