Maine Learning Standards for Social Studies — Grade 8


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SS.8.1.a

Propose and revise research questions related to a current social studies issue.

SS.8.1.b

Determine the nature and extent of information needed.

SS.8.1.c

Locate and access relevant information that includes multiple perspectives from varied sources.

SS.8.1.d

Demonstrate facility with notetaking, organizing information, and creating bibliographies.

SS.8.1.e

Distinguish between primary and secondary sources.

SS.8.1.f

Evaluate and verify the credibility of the information found in print and non-print sources.

SS.8.1.g

Use additional sources to resolve contradictory information.

SS.8.1.h

Summarize and interpret information found in varied sources and/or from fieldwork, experiments, and interviews.

SS.8.1.i

Select a clear supportable position.

SS.8.1.j

Present a well-supported position, based on findings that integrate paraphrasing, quotations, and citations, to a variety of audiences.

SS.8.1.k

Use appropriate tools, methods, and sources from government, history, geography, economics, or related fields.

SS.8.1.l

Use information ethically and legally.

SS.8.10.a

Explain geographic features that have impacted unity and diversity in Maine, the United States, and other nations.

SS.8.10.b

Describe the dynamic relationship between geographic features and various cultures, including the cultures of Maine Native Americans, various historical and recent immigrant groups in the United States, and other cultures i

SS.8.11.a

Explain that history includes the study of past human experience based on available evidence from a variety of sources; and explain how history can help one better understand and make informed decisions about the present and future.

SS.8.11.b

Identify and analyze major historical eras, major enduring themes, turning points, events, consequences, and people in the history of Maine, the United States and various regions of the world.

SS.8.11.c

Trace and explain the history of democratic ideals and constitutional principles and their importance in the history of the United States and the world.

SS.8.11.d

Analyze interpretations of historical events that are based on different perspectives and evidence

SS.8.12.a

Explain how both unity and diversity have had important roles in the history of Maine, the United States, and other nations.

SS.8.12.b

Identify and compare a variety of cultures through time, including comparisons of native and immigrant groups in the United States, and eastern and western societies in the world.

SS.8.12.c

Describe major turning points and events in the history of Maine Native Americans, various historical and recent immigrant groups in Maine, the United States, and other cultures in the world.

SS.8.2.a

Develop individual and collaborative decisions/plans by contributing equitably to collaborative discussions, seeking and examining alternative ideas, considering the pros and cons, and thoughtfully and respectfully recognizing the contributions of other group members.

SS.8.2.b

Make a real or simulated decision related to the classroom, school, community, civic organization, Maine, or beyond by applying appropriate and relevant social studies knowledge and skills, including research skills, and other relevant information.

SS.8.3

Students select, plan, and implement a civic action or service learning project based on a school, community, or State asset or need, and analyze the projects effectiveness and civic contribution.

SS.8.4.a

Explain that the study of government includes the structures and functions of government and the political and civic activity of citizens.

SS.8.4.b

Analyze examples of democratic ideals and constitutional principles that include the rule of law, legitimate power, and common good.

SS.8.4.c

Describe the structures and processes of United States government and government of the State of Maine and how these are framed by the United States Constitution, the Maine Constitution, and other primary sources.

SS.8.4.d

Explain the concepts of federalism and checks and balances and the role these concepts play in then governments of the United States and Maine as framed by the United States Constitution, the Maine Constitution and other primary sources.

SS.8.4.e

Compare how laws are made in Maine and at the federal level in the United States.

SS.8.4.f

Compare the structures and processes of United States government with examples of other forms of government.

SS.8.5.a

Explain the constitutional and legal status of citizen and provide examples of rights, duties, and responsibilities of citizens.

SS.8.5.b

Describe how the powers of government are limited to protect individual rights and minority rights as described in the United States Constitution and the Bill of Rights.

SS.8.5.c

Analyze examples of the protection of rights in court cases or from current events.

SS.8.5.d

Analyze how people influence government and work for the common good including voting, writing to legislators, performing community service, and engaging in civil disobedience.

SS.8.6.a

Explain basic constitutional, political, and civic aspects of historical and/or current issues that involve unity and diversity in Maine, the United States, and other nations.

SS.8.6.b

Describe the political structures and civic responsibilities within diverse cultures, including Maine Native Americans, various historical and recent immigrant groups in the United States, and various cultures in the world.

SS.8.7.a

Explain that economics is the study of how scarcity requires choices about what, how, for whom, and in what quantity to produce, and how scarcity relates to market economy, entrepreneurship, supply and demand, and personal finance.

SS.8.7.b

Describe the functions of economic institutions and economic processes including financial institutions, businesses, government, taxing, and trade.

SS.8.7.c

Identify factors that contribute to personal spending and savings decisions including work, wages, income, expenses, and budgets as they relate to the study of individual financial choices.

SS.8.8.a

Describe factors in economic development, and how states, regions, and nations have worked together to promote economic unity and interdependence.

SS.8.8.b

Describe the economic aspects of diverse cultures, including Maine Native Americans, various historical and recent immigrant groups in the United States, and various cultures in the world.

SS.8.9.a

Explain that geography includes the study of physical, environmental, and cultural features of the State, nation, and various regions of the world to identify consequences of geographic influences and make predictions.

SS.8.9.b

Use the geographic grid and a variety of types of maps to gather geographic information.

SS.8.9.c

Identify the major regions of the Earth and their major physical features and political boundaries using a variety of geographic tools.

SS.8.9.d

Describe the impact of change, including technological change, on the physical and cultural environment.