Minnesota Social Studies Standards — Grade 3


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3.1.1.1.1

Democratic government depends on informed and engaged citizens who exhibit civic skills and values, practice civic discourse, vote and participate in elections, apply inquiry and analysis skills and take action to solve problems and shape public policy.h3. 3.1.1.1.1Identify ways people make a difference in the civic life of their communities, state, nation or world by working as individuals or groups to address a specific problem or need.

3.1.2.3.1

The United States is based on democratic values and principles that include liberty, individual rights, justice, equality, the rule of law, limited government, common good, popular sovereignty, majority rule and minority rights.h3. 3.1.2.3.1Explain the importance of civic discourse (including speaking, listening, voting and respecting diverse viewpoints) and the principles of majority rule and minority rights.

3.1.4.6.1

The United States government has specific functions that are determined by the way that power is delegated and controlled among various bodies: the three levels (federal, state, local) and the three branches (legislative, executive, judicial) of government.h3. 3.1.4.6.1Describe the importance of the services provided by government; explain that they are funded through taxes and fees.

3.1.4.6.2

The United States government has specific functions that are determined by the way that power is delegated and controlled among various bodies: the three levels (federal, state, local) and the three branches (legislative, executive, judicial) of government.h3. 3.1.4.6.2Identify the three branches of government (executive, legislative, and judicial) and their primary functions.

3.2.1.1.1

People make informed economic choices by identifying their goals, interpreting and applying data, considering the short-and long-run costs and benefits of alternative choices and revising their goals based on their analysis.h3. 3.2.1.1.1Identify possible short-and long-term consequences (costs and benefits) of different choices.

3.2.2.2.1

Personal and financial goals can be achieved by applying economic concepts and principles to personal financial planning, budgeting, spending, saving, investing, borrowing and insuring decisions.h3. 3.2.2.2.1Describe income as the money earned from selling resources and expenditures as the money used to buy goods and services.

3.2.4.5.1

Individuals, businesses and governments interact and exchange goods, services and resources in different ways and for different reasons; interactions between buyers and sellers in a market determines the price and quantity exchanged of a good, service or resource.h3. 3.2.4.5.1Explain that producing any good or service requires resources; describe the resources needed to produce a specific good or service; explain why it is not possible to produce an unlimited amount of a good or service.

3.2.4.5.2

Individuals, businesses and governments interact and exchange goods, services and resources in different ways and for different reasons; interactions between buyers and sellers in a market determines the price and quantity exchanged of a good, service or resource.h3. 3.2.4.5.2Explain that consumers have two rolesas sellers of resources and buyers of goods and services; explain that producers have two rolesas sellers of goods and services and buyers of resources.

3.3.1.1.1

People use geographic representations and geospatial technologies to acquire, process and report information within a spatial context.h3. 3.3.1.1.1Use maps and concepts of location (relative location words and cardinal and intermediate directions) to describe places in ones community, the state of Minnesota, the United States or the world.

3.3.1.1.2

People use geographic representations and geospatial technologies to acquire, process and report information within a spatial context.h3. 3.3.1.1.2Create and interpret simple maps of places around the world, local to global; incorporate the 'TODALS' map basics, as well as points, lines and colored areas to display spatial information.

3.3.3.6.1

Geographic factors influence the distribution, functions, growth and patterns of cities and human settlements.h3. 3.3.3.6.1Identify landforms and patterns in population; explain why human populations are unevenly distributed around the world.

3.3.3.8.1

Processes of cooperation and conflict among people influence the division and control of the earths surface.h3. 3.3.3.8.1Identify physical and human features that act as boundaries or dividers; give examples of situations or reasons why people have made or used boundaries.

3.4.1.1.1

Historians generally construct chronological narratives to characterize eras and explain past events and change over time.h3. 3.4.1.1.1Reference different time periods using correct terminology, including the terms decade, century and millennium.

3.4.1.1.2

Historians generally construct chronological narratives to characterize eras and explain past events and change over time.h3. 3.4.1.1.2Create timelines of important events in three different time scalesdecades, centuries and millennia.

3.4.1.2.1

Historical inquiry is a process in which multiple sources and different kinds of historical evidence are analyzed to draw conclusions about how and why things happened in the past.h3. 3.4.1.2.1Examine historical records, maps and artifacts to answer basic questions about times and events in history, both ancient and more recent.

3.4.1.2.2

Historical inquiry is a process in which multiple sources and different kinds of historical evidence are analyzed to draw conclusions about how and why things happened in the past.h3. 3.4.1.2.2Compare and contrast two different accounts of an event.

3.4.1.2.3

Historical inquiry is a process in which multiple sources and different kinds of historical evidence are analyzed to draw conclusions about how and why things happened in the past.h3. 3.4.1.2.3Compare and contrast various ways that different cultures have expressed concepts of time and space.

3.4.2.3.1

Historical events have multiple causes and can lead to varied and unintended outcomes.h3. 3.4.2.3.1Explain how an invention of the past changed life at that time, including positive, negative and unintended outcomes.

3.4.2.5.1

History is made by individuals acting alone and collectively to address problems in their communities, state, nation and world.h3. 3.4.2.5.1Identify examples of individuals or groups who have had an impact on world history; explain how their actions helped shape the world around them.

3.4.3.7.1

The emergence of domestication and agriculture facilitated the development of complex societies and caused far-reaching social and cultural effects. (Early Civilizations and the Emergence of Pastoral Peoples: 8000 BCE-2000 BCE)h3. 3.4.3.7.1Explain how the environment influenced the settlement of ancient peoples in three different regions of the world. (Early Civilizations and the Emergence of Pastoral Peoples: 8000 BCE-2000 BCE)

3.4.3.8.1

The development of interregional systems of communication and trade facilitated new forms of social organization and new belief systems. (Classical Traditions, Belief Systems and Giant Empires: 2000 BCE-600 CE)h3. 3.4.3.8.1Identify methods of communication used by peoples living in ancient times in three different regions of the world. (Classical Traditions, Belief Systems and Giant Empires: 2000 BCE-600 CE)

3.4.3.9.1

Hemispheric networks intensified as a result of innovations in agriculture, trade across longer distances, the consolidation of belief systems and the development of new multi-ethnic empires while diseases and climate change caused sharp periodic fluctuations in global population. (Post-Classical and Medieval Civilizations and Expanding Zones of Exchange: 600 CE 1450 CE)h3. 3.4.3.9.1Compare and contrast daily life for people living in ancient times in at least three different regions of the world. (Post-Classical and Medieval Civilizations and Expanding Zones of Exchange: 600 CE 1450 CE)