Montana State Standards for Science — Grade K


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K.1.1

Develop the abilities necessary to safely conduct scientific inquiry, including (a step-by step sequence is not implied): (a) asking questions about objects, events, and organisms in the environment, (b) planning and conducting simple investigations

K.1.1.A

Make observations using the five senses

K.1.1.B

Record observations by drawing or orally explaining

K.1.1.C

Ask a question based on their observations

K.1.1.D

Follow appropriate safety rules

K.1.1.E

Conduct teacher guided scientific inquiry

K.1.2

Select and use appropriate tools including technology to make measurements (including metric units) and represent results of basic scientific investigations

K.1.2.A

Identify measurement tools

K.1.2.B

Choose the appropriate tool to measure time, temperature, mass, length, and liquid volume

K.1.3

Use data to describe and communicate the results of scientific investigations

K.1.3.A

Communicate observations made during inquiry process.

K.1.4

Use models that illustrate simple concepts and compare those models to the actual phenomenon

K.1.5

Identify a valid test in an investigation

K.1.6

Identify how observations of nature form an essential base of knowledge among the Montana American Indians

K.1.6.A

Identify objects found in nature

K.1.6.B

Make observations of objects found in nature

K.1.6.C

Identify examples of Montana American Indians making use of nature

K.2.1

Create mixtures and separate them based on different physical properties (e.g., salt and sand, iron filings and soil, oil and water)

K.2.2

Examine, measure, describe, compare and classify objects in terms of common physical properties

K.2.2.A

Identify objects based on their color, shape and size.

K.2.2.B

Sort objects based on their color, shape, and size.

K.2.3

Identify the basic characteristics of light, heat, motion, magnetism, electricity, and sound

K.2.3.A

Identify light vs. dark

K.2.3.B

Identify the different ways in which objects move (such as zig zag, round and round, back and forth, and fast and slow)

K.2.3.C

Identify objects that are attracted by a magnet.

K.2.3.D

Describe the basic characteristics of light, magnetism, and motion

K.2.4

Model and explain that matter exists as solids, liquids, and gases and can change from one form to another

K.2.4.A

Identify liquids, solids, and gases.

K.2.5

Identify that the position of an object can be described by its location relative to another object and its motions described, and measured by external forces action upon it

K.2.6

Identify, build, and describe mechanical systems and the forces acting within those systems

K.2.7

Observe, measure and manipulate forms of energy: sound, light, heat, electrical, magnetic

K.3.1

Identify that plants and animals have structures and systems that serve different functions for growth, survival, and reproduction

K.3.1.A

List characteristics of living things

K.3.1.B

List characteristics of nonliving things

K.3.1.C

Compare living and nonliving things

K.3.2

Identify, measure, and describe basic requirements of energy and nutritional needs for an organism

K.3.3

Describe and use models that trace the life cycles of different plants and animals and discuss how they are differ from species to species

K.3.4

Explain cause and effect relationships between nonliving and living components with ecosystems; and explain individual response to the changes in the environment including identifying differences between inherited, instinctual, and learned behaviors

K.3.5

Create and use a classification system to group a variety of plants and animals according to their similarities and differences

K.3.5.A

Identify similarities and differences among a group of objects

K.3.5.B

Group objects using a simple classification system

K.4.1

Describe and give examples of earth's changing features

K.4.1.A

Define Earth as a planet

K.4.1.B

List earth's features

K.4.1.C

Identify local land and water features

K.4.1.D

Construct a model of a local earth feature

K.4.2

Describe and measure the physical properties of earth's basic materials (including soil, rocks, water and gases) and the resources they provide

K.4.3

Investigate fossils and make inferences about life, the plants, animals, and the environment at that time

K.4.4

Observe and describe the water cycle and the local weather and demonstrate how weather conditions are measured

K.4.5

Identify seasons and explain the difference between weather and climate

K.4.6

Identify objects (e.g., moon, stars, meteors) in the sky and their patterns of movement and explain that light and heat comes from a star called the sun

K.4.7

Identify technology and methods used for space exploration (e.g., star patterns, space shuttles, telescopes)

K.5.1

Describe and discuss examples of how people use science and technology

K.5.1.A

Identify examples of technology (products and processes)

K.5.1.B

Demonstrate uses of technology

K.5.2

Describe a scientific or technological innovation that impacts communities, cultures, and societies

K.5.3

Simulate scientific collaboration by sharing and communicating ideas to identify and describe problems

K.5.4

Use scientific knowledge to make inferences and propose solutions for simple environmental problems

K.5.5

Identify how the knowledge of science and technology influences the development of the Montana American Indian cultures

K.5.5.A

Identify that tools are a form of technology

K.5.5.B

Identify examples of tools that have been developed or are being developed by Montana American Indians

K.6.1

Give historical examples of scientific and technological contributions to communities, cultures and societies, including Montana American Indian examples

K.6.2

Describe how scientific inquiry has produced much knowledge about the world and a variety of contributions toward understanding events and phenomenon within the universe

K.6.2.A

Recognize that knowledge is gained through questioning and observations.

K.6.3

Describe science as a human endeavor and an ongoing process

K.6.3.A

Recognize that humans use their senses to learn about the natural world

K.ESS.1

Construct an argument supported by evidence for how plants and animals, including humans, can change the environment to meet their needs

K.ESS.2

Use a model to represent the relationship between the needs of different plants or animals, including humans, and the places they live

K.ESS.3

Communicate ideas about the impact of humans on the land, water, air, or other living things in the local environment

K.ESS.4

Use and share observations of local weather conditions to describe patterns over time

K.ESS.5

Ask questions to obtain information about the purpose of weather forecasting to predict, prepare for, and respond to weather

K.LS.1

Use observations to describe patterns of what plants and animals, including humans, need to survive

K.PS.1

Plan and conduct an investigation to compare the effects of different strengths or different directions of pushes and pulls on the motion of an object

K.PS.2

Analyze data to determine whether a design solution works as intended to change the speed or direction of an object with a push or a pull

K.PS.3

Construct an explanation based on observations of the effect of sunlight on earth's surface

K.PS.4

Use tools and materials to design and build a structure to reduce the warming effect of sunlight on an area