Montana State Standards for Science — Grade 1


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1.1.1

Develop the abilities necessary to safely conduct scientific inquiry, including (a step-by step sequence is not implied): (a) asking questions about objects, events, and organisms in the environment, (b) planning and conducting simple investigations

1.1.1.A

Record observations using the five senses

1.1.1.B

Write a testable question with teacher guidance

1.1.1.C

Follow appropriate safety rules

1.1.1.D

Follow step-by-step directions in a simple guided investigation

1.1.1.E

Identify the purpose of the investigation

1.1.2

Select and use appropriate tools including technology to make measurements (including metric units) and represent results of basic scientific investigations

1.1.2.A

Identify differences and similarities between customary and metric measuring tools

1.1.2.B

Use tools to measure time, mass, volume, length, and temperature

1.1.3

Use data to describe and communicate the results of scientific investigation

1.1.3.A

Communicate observations made during inquiry process.

1.1.4

Use models that illustrate simple concepts and compare those models to the actual phenomenon

1.1.5

Identify a valid test in an investigation

1.1.6

Identify how observations of nature form an essential base of knowledge among the Montana American Indians

1.1.6.A

Identify examples of Montana American Indians making use of natural resources

1.1.6.B

Discuss Montana American Indians' explanations of the natural world

1.2.1

Create mixtures and separate them based on different physical properties (e.g., salt and sand, iron filings and soil, oil and water)

1.2.2

Examine, measure, describe, compare and classify objects in terms of common physical properties

1.2.2.A

Identify objects based on color, shape, size, texture, weight

1.2.2.B

Describe objects based on their physical properties

1.2.2.C

Sort objects based on their physical properties

1.2.3

Identify the basic characteristics of light, heat, motion, magnetism, electricity, and sound

1.2.3.A

Observe and describe the behavior of light (refraction and reflection)

1.2.3.B

Conduct simple experiments with light (shadows)

1.2.4

Model and explain that matter exists as solids, liquids, and gases and can change form one form to another

1.2.4.B

Recognize simple measurement tools

1.2.4.C

Select appropriate tools for measurement of matter

1.2.4.D

Manipulate tools for measurement of matter

1.2.5

Identify that the position of an object can be described by its location relative to another object and its motions described, and measured by external forces action upon it

1.2.6

Identify, build, and describe mechanical systems and the forces acting within those systems

1.2.7

Observe, measure and manipulate forms of energy: sound, light, heat, electrical, magnetic

1.3.1

Identify that plants and animals have structures and systems that serve different functions for growth, survival, and reproduction

1.3.2

Identify, measure, and describe basic requirements of energy and nutritional needs for an organism

1.3.2.A

Define herbivore and carnivore

1.3.2.B

Classify herbivore/carnivore

1.3.2.D

Illustrate a food chain

1.3.3

Describe and use models that trace the life cycles of different plants and animals and discuss how they are differ from species to species

1.3.4

Explain cause and effect relationships between nonliving and living components with ecosystems; and explain individual response to the changes in the environment including identifying differences between inherited, instinctual, and learned behaviors

1.3.5

Create and use a classification system to group a variety of plants and animals according to their similarities and differences

1.4.1

Describe and give examples of earth's changing features

1.4.1.A

Identify examples of land features

1.4.1.B

Identify examples of water features

1.4.2

Describe and measure the physical properties of earth's basic materials (including soil, rocks, water and gases) and the resources they provide

1.4.3

Investigate fossils and make inferences about life, the plants, animals, and the environment at that time

1.4.4

Observe and describe the water cycle and the local weather and demonstrate how weather conditions are measured

1.4.4.A

Identify elements of weather

1.4.4.B

Observe daily weather conditions

1.4.5

Identify seasons and explain the difference between weather and climate

1.4.6

Identify objects (e.g., moon, stars, meteors) in the sky and their patterns of movement and explain that light and heat comes from a star called the sun

1.4.6.A

Identify that there are objects in the sky, including stars, moon, and planets

1.4.6.B

Identify the sun as a star

1.4.6.C

Describe the cause of day and night as a result of the sun shining on Earth as it rotates

1.4.6.D

Define a constellation as a group of stars that form a pattern

1.4.6.E

Identify shapes of common constellations

1.4.7

Identify technology and methods used for space exploration (e.g., star patterns, space shuttles, telescopes)

1.4.7.A

Identify types of technology used to observe objects in space

1.5.1

Describe and discuss examples of how people use science and technology

1.5.1.A

Identify technology as the knowledge, processes and products used to solve problems and make lives easier

1.5.1.B

Identify technology in the school

1.5.1.C

Explain how technology is used in the school

1.5.2

Describe a scientific or technological innovation that impacts communities, cultures, and societies

1.5.3

Simulate scientific collaboration by sharing and communicating ideas to identify and describe problems

1.5.4

Use scientific knowledge to make inferences and propose solutions for simple environmental problems

1.5.4.A

Identify an environmental problem

1.5.4.B

Discuss the scientific issues relevant to the environmental problem

1.5.5

Identify how the knowledge of science and technology influences the development of the Montana American Indian cultures

1.5.5.A

Identify that a process can be a form of technology

1.5.5.B

Identify examples of processes used by Montana American Indians that served as technology

1.6.1

Give historical examples of scientific and technological contributions to communities, cultures and societies, including Montana American Indian examples

1.6.2

Describe how scientific inquiry has produced much knowledge about the world and a variety of contributions toward understanding events and phenomenon within the universe

1.6.2.A

Identify that knowledge is gained through questioning and observations.

1.6.3

Describe science as a human endeavor and an ongoing process

1.6.3.A

Identify that everybody can do science.

1.ESS.1

Use observations of the sun, moon, and stars to describe patterns that can be predicted

1.ESS.2

Make observations at different times of year to relate the amount of daylight to the time of year

1.LS.1

Use materials to design a solution to a human problem by mimicking plant and animal structures and functions that help them survive, grow, and meet their needs

1.LS.2

Use information from print and other media to identify patterns in behavior of parents and offspring that help offspring survive

1.LS.3

Make an evidence-based explanation of how young plants and animals are like, but not exactly like, their parents

1.PS.1

Plan and conduct investigations to provide evidence that vibrating materials can make sound and that sound can cause materials to vibrate

1.PS.2

Make observations to construct an evidence-based explanation that objects can be seen only when illuminated

1.PS.3

Plan and conduct an investigation to determine the effect of placing objects made with different materials in the path of a beam of light

1.PS.4

Design a solution or build a device that facilitates communication over distance using light or sound