Nevada State Standards for Social Studies — Grade 7


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C13.[6-8].1

Explain the difference between the rule of law and the rule of man, i.e., divine right of monarchs, dictatorships.

C13.[6-8].2

Identify major conflicts in social, political, and economic life and analyze the role of compromise in the resolution of these issues.

C13.[6-8].3

Describe the significance of the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution as foundations of U.S. democracy.

C13.[6-8].4

Describe how the Nevada and U.S. Constitution serve as devices for preserving state and national principles and as vehicles for change, including the amendment process.

C13.[6-8].5

Explain the influence of ancient civilizations of the roles, rights, and responsibilities of citizens.

C13.[6-8].6

Explain the necessity of the protection of individual rights in a democratic society.

C13.[6-8].7

Define and explain popular sovereignty and the need for citizen involvement at all levels of U.S. government.

C13.[6-8].8

Identify and explain the rights, privileges, and responsibilities associated with Nevada and U.S. citizenship, including voting, holding office, jury duty, and military service, community service, and public service.

C13.[6-8].9

Explain the significance of mottoes and symbols to the cultural and political identity of various societies.

C14.[6-8].10

Describe the duties of the President and other executive officials.

C14.[6-8].11

Describe the function of the U.S. Supreme Court including judicial review using landmark court cases

C14.[6-8].12

Identify the state and local judicial processes, i.e., juvenile, civil, and criminal court systems.

C14.[6-8].2

Give examples of governmental powers, i.e., the power to tax, declare war, and issue drivers licenses, that are distributed between the national and state governments.

C14.[6-8].3

Explain how the supremacy clause of the U.S. Constitution defines the relationship between national and state governments.

C14.[6-8].4

Explain the purpose of a tribal government.

C14.[6-8].5

Explain the functions of the three branches of government (executive, legislative, and judicial) as found in the U.S. and Nevada Constitutions

C14.[6-8].6

Explain the system of checks and balances and the principle of limited powers in the design of the U.S. Constitution.

C14.[6-8].7

Explain the organization and function of State and local government.

C14.[6-8].8

Explain the historic compromises that created a two-house Congress and identify the responsibilities of each house.

C14.[6-8].9

Describe powers of the U.S. Congress.

C15.[6-8].1

Describe the election process.

C15.[6-8].2

Provide examples of how political parties have changed.

C15.[6-8].3

Identify the impact of interest groups and public opinion on the political process.

C15.[6-8].4

Identify the influence of the media in forming public opinion.

C15.[6-8].5

Identify propaganda and persuasion in political advertising and literature.

C15.[6-8].6

Provide examples of contemporary public issues that may require public solutions.

C16.[6-8].1

Define the characteristics of a country: Sovereignty Territory Population Organized government

C16.[6-8].2

Define the worlds major political systems: Monarchy Totalitarian dictatorship Democratic systems o presidential systems o parliamentary systems Socialism Communism

C16.[6-8].3

Identify nations that play a significant role in U.S. foreign policy.

C16.[6-8].4

Define foreign policy and describe ways nations interact diplomatically, i.e., treaties, trade, humanitarian aid, and military intervention.

C16.[6-8].5

List and describe international organizations, i.e., the United Nations, World Bank, Amnesty International, and the International Red Cross.

E10.[6-8].1

Describe the transition from the use of commodities as money to the use of modern forms of money

E10.[6-8].10

Determine per capita GDP using data on population and GDP for several countries then compare with the United States.

E10.[6-8].11

Explain gross domestic product (GDP) and how it is used to describe a countrys economic output.

E10.[6-8].12

Compare the buying power of the U.S. dollar in one year with its buying power in another year using the consumer price index (CPI).

E10.[6-8].13

Distinguish between a high rate and a low rate of unemployment for the U.S. economy over time.

E10.[6-8].14

Explain the purposes and functions of financial institutions by comparing and contrasting the services, and evaluate the risks and rewards to borrowers and savers.

E10.[6-8].2

Illustrate how prices stated in money terms help people compare the value of products.

E10.[6-8].3

Explain why riskier loans command higher interest rates than safer loans.

E10.[6-8].4

Identify the pros and cons of paying with cash versus using credit.

E10.[6-8].5

Compare the rewards and risks of saving money in financial institutions.

E10.[6-8].6

Explain the circular flow of economic activity.

E10.[6-8].7

Explain how the current utilization of a productive resource affects the availability of that resource in the future.

E10.[6-8].8

Explain how inflation affects individuals as they use their incomes to buy goods and services.

E10.[6-8].9

Identify factors that can affect an individuals likelihood of being unemployed, and give examples of the costs of unemployment to the economy as a whole.

E11.[6-8].1

Describe for-profit and not-for-profit organizations and explain why not-for-profit organizations are tax exempt.

E11.[6-8].10

Explain how consumer and producer reactions to price changes affect resource allocation.

E11.[6-8].2

Explain how investment in either physical capital or human capital improves standards of living by increasing productivity.

E11.[6-8].3

Determine the advantages and disadvantages of being an entrepreneur.

E11.[6-8].4

Give examples of how specialization is facilitated by trade.

E11.[6-8].5

Illustrate how competition among sellers decreases prices, while competition among buyers increases prices.

E11.[6-8].6

Identify the role of government in a market economy regarding: Public goods Externalities Monopoly power Redistribution of income Definition and protection of property rights

E11.[6-8].7

Discuss the rise of the merchant class, the development of mercantilism and the move toward industrialization.

E11.[6-8].8

Define stereotypical economic systems by contrasting: capitalism and socialism command economy and market economy

E11.[6-8].9

Explain ways in which households, schools, or community groups allocate resources.

E12.[6-8].1

Describe how the exchange of goods and services around the world creates interdependence among people in different countries and effects standards of living.

E12.[6-8].2

Explain how a change in the exchange rate affects purchasing power.

E12.[6-8].3

Describe the rise of international economies, the emergence of capitalism and free markets around the world.

E12.[6-8].4

Explain how governments use tariffs or quotas to restrict trade.

E9.[6-8].1

Discuss choices made by individuals including the concepts of opportunity cost and total benefit.

E9.[6-8].2

Identify factors that affect purchasing decisions such as: Price Income Availability of substitutes Self interest

E9.[6-8].3

Identify factors that affect producers decisions to supply goods such as: Output prices Input prices Technology

E9.[6-8].4

Discuss career paths considering: Specific skills required Wages Impact of skills on wages

E9.[6-8].5

Demonstrate and explain an understanding of supply and demand in a market, i.e., law of supply and law of demand.

G5.[6-8].1

Use map elements, including scale, to identify and locate physical and human features in the United States and the world.

G5.[6-8].2

Compare characteristics and purposes of several types of maps, map projections, and other geographic representations.

G5.[6-8].3

Make and defend a spatial decision using basic geographic vocabulary, tools, and concepts.

G5.[6-8].4

Construct mental maps from memory, i.e., sketch a map.

G5.[6-8].5

Create and compare maps of human and physical features around the world for purpose, accuracy, content, form, and design.

G5.[6-8].6

Provide oral directions in order to move from one location to another.

G5.[6-8].7

Compare Earths physical and human features using maps, fieldwork, graphic representations, aerial photographs, satellite images, and technological resources.

G6.[6-8].1

Describe physical and human features, i.e., cultural characteristics, of places and regions in Nevada, the United States, and the world.

G6.[6-8].2

Locate major civilizations, ancient through current, and describe how and why these regions changed over time.

G6.[6-8].3

Illustrate the relationship between the physical and cultural characteristics of a region.

G6.[6-8].4

Evaluate the role regions have played in historical events.

G6.[6-8].5

Define physical geographic terms, i.e., archipelago, gulf, basin, tundra.

G6.[6-8].6

Describe relationships between regions and belief systems and tell how these are important to cultural identity

G6.[6-8].7

Compare how cultural characteristics affect different points of view with regard to places and regions.

G6.[6-8].8

Compare the uses of technology across world cultures.

G6.[6-8].9

Use absolute and relative location (including latitude and longitude) to locate prominent countries, cities, and physical features in different regions of the world.

G7.[6-8].1

Describe characteristics of developing and developed countries using demographic concepts.

G7.[6-8].2

Describe how movements of people, goods, ideas, and resources have affected events and conditions in the past and present.

G7.[6-8].3

Identify the conditions necessary for the development of civilizations and the cultural, political, and economic characteristics resulting from the growth of civilizations

G7.[6-8].4

Identify patterns of rural and urban settlements in developing and developed countries.

G7.[6-8].5

Identify a regional or international economic issue and explain it from a spatial perspective.

G7.[6-8].6

Explain how the physical and human geography of regions influences their allocation of resources.

G7.[6-8].7

Compare cultural, political, and economic organizations in the United States.

G8.[6-8].1

Describe and predict the regional and global impact of changes in the physical environment.

G8.[6-8].2

Evaluate the role of technology in the human modification of the physical environment.

G8.[6-8].3

Describe the changes that result from human modification of the physical environment.

G8.[6-8].4

Discuss the impact of natural hazards on the use and distribution of resources.

G8.[6-8].5

Research a specific natural hazard and document its effects on human systems.

G8.[6-8].6

Define renewable, nonrenewable, and human resources.

G8.[6-8].7

Categorize and locate examples of renewable, nonrenewable, and human resources.

G8.[6-8].8

Evaluate different viewpoints regarding a resource.

H.4.[6-8].8

Discuss the effects of World War II on American economic and political policies.

H.4.[6-8].9

Identify the motivations for groups coming to the United States and discuss U.S political policies towards immigration.

H1.[6-8].1

Describe the cultural contributions of Native Americans in Nevada and in the United States

H1.[6-8].10

Describe the role of farming, railroads, and mining in the settlement of the West.

H1.[6-8].11

Explain the effects of WWI and WWII on social and cultural life in Nevada and the United States.

H1.[6-8].12

Identify and describe the characteristics of preagricultural societies.

H1.[6-8].13

Identify and describe the technological innovations of early agrarian societies.

H1.[6-8].14

Identify the characteristics of pre-Columbian civilizations in South America that became part of American culture.

H1.[6-8].15

Evaluate factors that contributed to the fall of preColumbian civilizations.

H1.[6-8].16

Identify the characteristics of a civilization

H1.[6-8].17

Explain how a civilizations geographic location influenced its development.

H1.[6-8].18

Describe the achievements of ancient and classical civilizations.

H1.[6-8].19

Locate ancient, classical, and regional civilizations and describe their contributions of social structure, religion, and political systems.

H1.[6-8].2

Investigate ways in which Native Americans and immigrants helped create North American culture.

H1.[6-8].20

Describe the origin, traditions, customs, and spread of the five major world religions (Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism and Buddhism).

H1.[6-8].21

Describe the cultural achievements of societies in the Middle East, Far East, the Americas, Africa, South Asia, and Europe.

H1.[6-8].22

Identify contributions of individuals around the world during the Middle Ages.

H1.[6-8].23

Explain the impact of the Crusades, trade, and the Plague on society during the Middle Ages.

H1.[6-8].3

Describe the interactions among Native Americans, Europeans, and Africans.

H1.[6-8].4

Compare lifestyles in the New England, Middle, and Southern colonies as determined by race, class, and gender.

H1.[6-8].5

Identify American industrialists and discuss their contributions to the social, economic, and political way of life.

H1.[6-8].6

Explain how literature, music, architecture, and visual arts were a reflection of each time period.

H1.[6-8].7

Explore the lure of the West and the reality of life on the frontier as it relates to communication, farming and water issues, mining, and ranching.

H1.[6-8].8

Describe the contributions of immigrant groups to the emerging American culture.

H1.[6-8].9

Discuss the characteristics of American culture

H2.[6-8].1

Summarize the contributions of the diverse populations of Nevadas early settlers.

H2.[6-8].10

Explain how the failures of the Articles of Confederation led to the creation of the Constitution.

H2.[6-8].11

Explain the issues involved in the creation and ratification of the U.S. Constitution and the new government it established.

H2.[6-8].12

Identify the individual and states rights protected by the Bill of Rights and their continuing significance.

H2.[6-8].13

Evaluate the influence of individuals in the building of a national identity, i.e., Pontiac, George Washington, and Abigail Adams.

H2.[6-8].14

Describe contributing factors in the development of a national identity following the War of 1812.

H2.[6-8].15

Describe the colonization, immigration, and settlement patterns of the American people, i.e., the role of economic incentives, the effects of physical/political geography, and transportation systems.

H2.[6-8].16

Define the concept of Manifest Destiny and explain the events that led to the expansion of the United States.

H2.[6-8].17

Discuss and analyze the interactions between pioneers and Native Americans during the westward expansion.

H2.[6-8].18

Describe the institutionalization of slavery in America, the resistance of the enslaved, and the ongoing struggle between proponents and opponents of slavery.

H2.[6-8].19

Identify and describe the causes, key people, and events of the Civil War.

H2.[6-8].2

Explain the events that led to Nevadas statehood.

H2.[6-8].20

Identify and discuss the immediate outcomes and long term effects of the Civil War

H2.[6-8].21

Summarize the successes and failures of Reconstruction

H2.[6-8].22

Describe the effects of industrialization and new technologies on the development of the United States.

H2.[6-8].23

Explain the causes of the Great Depression and the impact the Great Depression had on society and its effect on U.S. political policy.

H2.[6-8].24

Identify the characteristics that led to the emergence and decline of empires around the world.

H2.[6-8].25

Identify the characteristics of various political systems of ancient civilizations.

H2.[6-8].26

Explain how feudal relationships provided a foundation for political order in Europe and Japan.

H2.[6-8].27

Determine the causes and consequences of political revolutions.

H2.[6-8].28

Define nation states and explain their political development.

H2.[6-8].29

Define mercantilism and explain how it influenced patterns of economic activity.

H2.[6-8].3

Describe how compromise and conflict among peoples contributed to political, economic, and cultural divisions.

H2.[6-8].30

Explore how a desire for foreign goods led to an increase of economic and cultural diversity.

H2.[6-8].4

Identify and explain the importance of immigrant and native groups to mining, ranching, railroads, and commerce in Nevada and the United States.

H2.[6-8].5

Describe the impact of the United States military and atomic testing on Nevada.

H2.[6-8].6

Describe the effects of tourism and gaming on Nevada

H2.[6-8].7

Describe the goals and accomplishments of labor unions in Nevada.

H2.[6-8].8

Determine the significance of the first and second Continental Congress and the Committees of Correspondence.

H2.[6-8].9

Describe the events, course, and results of the American Revolution, including the contributions of women, African Americans, and Native Americans.

H3.[6-8].1

Describe the similarities and differences of European colonial communities in North America in terms of politics, religion, language, economics, and social customs.

H3.[6-8].10

Identify the Black Codes and Jim Crow Laws and explain how they reflected attitudes about race.

H3.[6-8].11

Discuss the rise of the Populist and Progressive Movements and explain how they reflected social change.

H3.[6-8].12

Explain the major social, technological, and cultural developments of the 1920s.

H3.[6-8].13

Explain how democratic principles introduced by the Greeks and Romans developed the concept of social responsibility.

H3.[6-8].14

Analyze the social impact of technology, i.e., ships, iron, water delivery systems, wheel, and the printing press.

H3.[6-8].15

Explain the spread of the five major world religions and their impact on society.

H3.[6-8].16

Identify institutions of social responsibility and explain their impact on society, i.e., church, government, family.

H3.[6-8].17

Compare the economic and social importance of slavery with other forms of coerced labor from ancient times to the present.

H3.[6-8].18

Explain how civilizations create order through social groupings, i.e., caste system, class system, feudalism.

H3.[6-8].2

Explain the political and economic causes and effects of the American Revolution.

H3.[6-8].3

Describe key political ideas that influenced the American Revolution and the formation of the United States.

H3.[6-8].4

Explain the major ideas expressed in the Declaration of Independence

H3.[6-8].5

Describe the social reform and religious movements of antebellum America.

H3.[6-8].6

Define abolition and identify key people and events of the movement.

H3.[6-8].7

Explain the struggle between states rights and federalism, and the impact on the national identity in the United States.

H3.[6-8].8

Explore the causes, events, major inventions, and technologies of the Industrial Revolution and explain their impact on the way of life in Nevada and the United States.

H3.[6-8].9

dentify the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the Constitution and explain their impact on the expansion of human rights.

H4.[6-8].1

Describe major local, national, and world issues; and explain their impact on international relations.

H4.[6-8].10

Examine how the Crusades led to a diffusion of ideas throughout Europe and Asia.

H4.[6-8].11

Examine how decisions made in the settlement of the West affected modern foreign commerce, i.e., energy, mining, and multinational corporations.

H4.[6-8].12

Explain the significance of major news events Nevada and at the national and world levels.

H4.[6-8].2

Describe the causes and effects of the French and Indian War on U.S. political policy and the expansion of U.S. territory.

H4.[6-8].3

Describe the influence of the American Revolution on Europe and the Americas.

H4.[6-8].4

Describe the contributions of foreign individuals and nations to the outcome of the American Revolution.

H4.[6-8].5

Examine U.S. involvement in World War I.

H4.[6-8].6

Explain the political and economic effects of World War I on the United States.

H4.[6-8].7

Identify the causes of World War II and the reasons for U.S. entry into the war.