Ohio Learning Standards for Science (2010) — Grade K

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Weather changes occur throughout the day and from day to day.


Air is a nonliving substance that surrounds Earth and wind is air that is moving.


Wind, temperature and precipitation can be used to document short-term weather changes that are observable.


Yearly weather changes (seasons) are observable patterns in the daily weather changes.


The moon, sun and stars are in different positions at different times of the day or night. Sometimes the moon is visible during the night, sometimes the moon is visible during the day and at other times, the moon is not visible at all. The observable shape of the moon changes in size very slowly throughout each day of every month. The sun is visible only during the day.


Living things include anything that is alive or has ever been alive. Living things have specific characteristics and traits. Living things grow and reproduce. Living things are found almost everywhere in the world. There are somewhat different kinds in different places.


Living things are made up of a variety of structures. Some of these structures and behaviors influence their survival.


Objects can be sorted and described by the properties of the materials from which they are made. Some of the properties can include color, size and texture.


Sound is produced by touching, blowing or tapping objects. The sounds that are produced vary depending on the properties of objects. Sound is produced when objects vibrate.