Washington State K-12 Social Studies Learning Standards — Grade 12


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12.1.1.1

Analyzes and evaluates the ways in which state and U.S. Constitutions and other fundamental documents promote key ideals and principles. Examples: Critiques how well Article I of the Constitution limits Congressional powers. Examines how the Preamble guides the application of the constitutional principles. Critiques how well the Boldt decision promotes the goal of justice. Examines how the Civil Rights Act sought to extend democratic ideals. Examines how the Twenty-sixth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution sought to extend democratic ideals. Examines how the Washington State Constitution promotes the ideal of popular sovereignty through the initiative and referendum processes. Suggested Unit: Civics OSPI-developed Assessment: Constitutional Issues

12.1.1.2

Evaluates how well federal, state, and local court decisions and government policies have upheld key ideals and principles in the United States. Examples: Critiques how courts and government policies have supported or failed to support civil rights. Critiques how courts and government policies have supported or failed to support the constitutional right to freedom of speech. Critiques how well the Supreme Court decision in Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School Dist. No. 1 upheld the right to equal protection. Page 108 Suggested Unit: Civics -- Our Foundations OSPI-developed Assessment: Constitutional Issues

12.1.2.2

Evaluates the effectiveness of federalism in promoting the common good and protecting individual rights, and the system of checks and balances during a particular administration, court, Congress, or legislature. Examples: Critiques the effectiveness of checks and balances during the Rehnquist Court (19862005). Critiques the Patriot Act as it relates to rights established in the U.S. Constitution. Critiques the actions of the federal government in protecting the Columbia River tribes fishing rights against state policies. Civics Government in Action and Human Rights OSPI-developed Assessment: Checks and Balances

12.1.2.3

Analyzes and evaluates the structures of state, tribal, and federal forms of governments by comparing them to those of other governments. Examples: Critiques the structure of the U.S. government by comparing it with that of a parliamentary government. Critiques the structure of the U.S. government by comparing it with that of a constitutional government with unlimited power. Examines the structure of a treaty tribes government by comparing it with that of an executive order tribe or federally unrecognized tribe. Suggested Unit: Civics Government in Action

12.1.2.4

Understands and evaluates how political systems in the United States operate. Examples: Evaluates the political system examining the role of the chair and the caucus in national and state legislative bodies. Explains the impact of third party candidates on U.S. elections. Evaluates how interest groups use money to promote their agendas and influence the political system. Evaluates the effectiveness of current campaign finance laws. Explains how local tribal governments operate and interact within local, state, and federal governments on issues of environmental and conservation initiatives. Suggested Unit: Civics Government in Action OSPI-developed Assessment: Government Revenue and Responsibility

12.1.3.1

Evaluates the impact of international agreements on contemporary world issues. Examples: Critiques the advantages and disadvantages of belonging to international organizations, such as the United Nations, or adhering to international agreements, such as the North American Free Trade Agreement. Judges how the ruling in California v. Cabazon Band of Mission Indians (1987) has affected tribal sovereignty. Suggested Unit: CWPGlobalization and the Economy

12.1.4.1

Analyzes and evaluates ways of influencing local, state, and national governments and international organizations to establish or preserve individual rights and/or promote the common good. Examples: Using examples of different groups of people in China, examines instances in which individual rights were denied and the struggles that ensued to establish those rights. Critiques how private corporations in Africa affect the establishment of individual rights and preservation of the common good. Critiques the effectiveness of what different groups did to stop the violence in East Timor in the 1990s. Evaluates the effectiveness of states initiative processes in preserving individual rights and promoting the common good. Suggested Unit: CWPHuman Rights and Civics Government in Action OSPI-developed Assessment: Constitutional Issues

12.2.1.1

Analyzes how economic choices made by groups and individuals in the global economy can impose costs and provide benefits. Examples: Examines how choices made by businesses in China to produce low-price consumer goods affect economic opportunities in Washington State. Examines the costs and benefits of Boeings decision to produce the Dreamliner. Examines the costs and benefits of the outsourcing of steel production for residents in the United States. Page 110 Examines the costs to and benefits for U.S. residents on Intels decision to outsource the production of computer chips to China. Evaluates the costs and benefits of individuals decisions to buy a hybrid automobile, boycott Nike, or purchase only shade-grown coffee. Suggested Unit: CWPGlobalization and the Economy OSPI-developed Assessment: You and the Economy

12.2.2.1

Analyzes and evaluates the advantages and disadvantages of different economic systems for countries and groups of people. Examples: Weighs the positive and negative consequences of Chinas transformation from a planned economy to a mixed economy. Evaluates the effects of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) on the economies of the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Evaluates the effects of changing to money-based economies on African societies. Examines the role of economic systems in comparing the economic success of Uyghurs living in China with that of Uyghurs living in Turkey. Examines how global competition in agriculture has affected wages for farm workers. Examines how global demand for technology has affected wages for technologically skilled engineers. Suggested Unit: CWPGlobalization and the Economy OSPI-developed Assessments: Cultural Interactions; You and the Economy

12.2.2.2

Analyzes and evaluates the effects of specialization on global trade. Examples: Judges the effects of an oil-based economy on the members of OPEC. Examines how specialization affected New Balances decision to keep shoe manufacturing in the United States. Analyzes how Russias decision to specialize in aluminum production led to the demise of Washington States aluminum industry. Suggested Unit: CWPGlobalization and the Economy

12.2.3.1

Evaluates the costs and benefits of governmental fiscal and monetary policies. Examples: Weighs the effects of the Federal Reserves contraction of the money supply on the economy. Weighs the effects of fiscal policies on unemployment and inflation. Judges who pays for and who benefits from the collection of revenue and expenditures related to Medicare. Page 111 Critiques the costs and benefits of the World Health Organizations response to the AIDS crisis. Critiques the effects of loans from the International Monetary Fund on developing countries. Suggested Unit: Civics Government in Action OSPI-developed Assessment: Government Revenue and Responsibility

12.2.4.1

Analyzes and evaluates how individuals affect and are affected by the distribution of resources and sustainability. Examples: Examines how a students career choices will affect the local, national, and/or global economy. Examines the role of gender discrimination in differing wages of middle management employees. Weighs the impact consumers choices can have on how companies pay their workers. Suggested Unit: CWPGlobalization and the Economy OSPI-developed Assessment: You and the Economy

12.3.1.1

Analyzes information from geographic tools, including computer-based mapping systems, to draw conclusions on an issue or event. Examples: Considers the potential for peace in the Middle East using historical and current maps of Israel and Palestine. Examines the causes of mass killings and genocide in Bosnia using historical and current maps. Suggested Unit: CWPHuman Rights

12.3.1.2

Evaluates the complexities of regions and the challenges involved in defining those regions. Page 112 Examples: Examines the difficulties of establishing borders in the Middle East based on an explanation of historical, colonial, religious, and political structures. Examines the difficulties in defining the Latin American region. Creates a map of new world regions based on cultural and environmental factors. Examines why some regions of the US are considered politically liberal whereas others are considered politically conservative. Suggested Unit: CWPEnvironmental Issues and Civics Government in Action

12.3.2.1

Evaluates how human interaction with the environment has affected economic growth and sustainability. Examples: Critiques the positive benefits and negative consequences of breaching the Columbia River dams. Critiques the consequences of deforestation and coffee production in Colombia. Critiques the impact of the Brendale decision on the use of Yakama reservation land. Critiques the impact of the Cushman case on the health of the Skokomish River. Critiques the efforts of the Peruvian experiment with Incan farming techniques. Suggested Unit: CWPEnvironmental Issues

12.3.2.2

Analyzes and evaluates the social and political factors affecting cultural interactions. Examples: Compares and critiques the political status of Kurds in Iraq to that of Kurds in Turkey. Compares and critiques the social conditions of Romani in Germany to Romani in the United Kingdom. Examines the role of ethnocentrism in determining how recent Chinese migrants fare in Vancouver, B.C., and San Francisco. Suggested Unit: CWPGlobalization and the Economy OSPI-developed Assessment: Cultural Interactions

12.3.2.3

Analyzes and evaluates current opportunities and obstacles connected with international migration. Examples: Weighs the challenges a present-day migrant faces when attempting to enter the United States. Examines how opportunities in the developed world stimulate international migration. Examines and compares U.S. policies toward immigrants from Europe versus developing nations. Examines the impact of Iraqis, Afghans, and Kurds migration in times of conflict. Suggested Unit: CWPEnvironmental Issues

12.3.3.1

Analyzes how the geography of globalization affects local diversity. Examples: Examines how the diffusion of fast food chains from the United States has affected local cultures worldwide. Examines how internet access in China reflects economic disparity between coastal regions and the interior. Suggested Unit: CWPEnvironmental Issues

12.4.1.1

This component is addressed in grades K 2, and 4 11.

12.4.2.1

Evaluates how individuals and movements have shaped contemporary world issues. Examples: Evaluates the impact the founders and shapers of Microsoft have had on international corporations throughout the world. Evaluates the influence of Nelson Mandela on the African National Congress efforts to end apartheid in South Africa. Evaluates the efforts of Russell Means and the American Indian Movement regarding the honoring of treaty rights in the United States. Suggested Unit: CWPHuman Rights

12.4.2.2

Analyzes how cultural identity can promote unity and division. Examples: Examines how ethnic and cultural groups align themselves with particular political candidates and parties in the United States. Examines how multicultural societies have responded to the challenge of creating unified nations that recognize the diversity of their citizens and embrace a set of shared values and goals. Suggested Unit: CWPHuman Rights

12.4.2.3

Evaluates the ethics of current and future uses of technology based on how technology has shaped history. Page 114 Examples: Critiques an environmental policy based on the effects of human energy consumption on the global climate. Critiques the actions of the World Trade Organization based on the effects of globalization on developing economies. Suggested Unit: CWPEnvironmental Issues

12.4.3.1

Analyzes the motives and interests behind an interpretation of a recent local, state, national, or international event. Examples: Examines the motives and interests behind different interpretations of the Makahs right to hunt whales. Examines the motives and interests behind different interpretations of the distribution of AIDS treatment drugs in Africa. Examines the motives and interests behind different interpretations of the effects of NAFTA on the North American economies. Suggested Unit: CWPGlobalization and the Economy and Civics Government in Action

12.4.3.2

Evaluates the ramifications of mono-causal explanations of contemporary events in the world. Examples: Weighs the validity of the attacks on 9/11 being the sole cause of the War on Terror. Weighs the validity of oil as the sole cause of conflicts in the Middle East. Evaluates arguments attributing the responsibility of the economic recession in the early 1990s solely to George H. W. Bush. Evaluates the acceptance of diversity as the sole solution to bigotry and racism. Suggested Unit: CWPGlobalization and the Economy

12.4.4.1

Evaluates positions on a current issue based on an analysis of history. Examples: Critiques different positions on the Patriot Act based on an analysis of the effects of the Alien and Sedition Acts. Critiques different positions on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict based on an analysis of the effects of the mandates from World War I. Critiques different positions on the Boldt decision based on an analysis of the Stevens treaties. Suggested Unit: Civics Government in Action

12.5.1.1

Analyzes the short-term and long-term implications of decisions affecting the global community. Examples: Examines the short-term and long-term implications that consumers choices of cars can have on automobile designs. Examines the short-term and long-term implications that individuals career choices have for their local community and the world. Suggested Unit: CWPGlobalization and the Economy OSPI-developed Assessment: You and the Economy

12.5.1.2

Evaluates the plausibility of an analysis of decisions affecting the global community. Examples: Critiques whether an analysis of the long-term implications of consumers choices for automobile design is realistic. Critiques whether an analysis of the long-term implications of individuals career choices for their local community is realistic. Suggested Unit: CWPGlobalization and the Economy

12.5.2.2

Evaluates the breadth of research to determine the need for new or additional investigation when researching an issue or event. Examples: Upon concluding a research paper on the fairness of welfare reform, critiques the ways in which the research could be enhanced with additional investigation. Upon concluding a research paper on the fairness of the governments farm subsidies, critiques the ways in which the research could be enhanced with additional investigation. Suggested Unit: Civics Government in Action OSPI-developed Assessments: Cultural Interactions; Government Revenue and Responsibility; You and the Economy

12.5.3.1

Evaluates how the discussion and the proposed alternative resolutions changed or solidified ones own position on public issues. Page 116 Examples: Evaluates how classroom discussions and possible alternative resolutions changed or solidified ones own position on whether the events in Darfur should be classified as genocide. Evaluates how classroom discussions and proposed alternative resolutions changed or solidified ones own position on the constitutionality of the Patriot Act. Suggested Unit: CWPGlobalization and the Economy OSPI-developed Assessment: Government Revenue and Responsibility

12.5.4.1

Evaluates positions and evidence to make ones own decisions in a paper or presentation. Examples: Weighs positions and evidence to determine how the Kurdish people have fared in different parts of the world. Weighs positions and evidence to determine ones own political affiliation. Weighs positions and evidence to determine ones own stance on the war in Iraq. Suggested Unit: Civics Government in Action OSPI-developed Assessments: Cultural Interactions; Government Revenue and Responsibility; You and the Economy