Knowledge and Skills for Fine Arts for Texas — Grade 9


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117.302.b.1

These disciplines engage and motivate all students through active learning, critical thinking, and innovative problem solving. The fine arts develop cognitive functioning and increase student academic achievement, higher-order thinking, communication, and collaboration skills, making the fine arts applicable to college readiness, career opportunities, workplace environments, social skills, and everyday life. Students develop aesthetic and cultural awareness through exploration, leading to creative expression. Creativity, encouraged through the study of the fine arts, is essential to nurture and develop the whole child.

117.302.b.2

Each strand is of equal value and may be presented in any order throughout the year. Students rely on personal observations and perceptions, which are developed through increasing visual literacy and sensitivity to surroundings, communities, memories, imaginings, and life experiences as sources for thinking about, planning, and creating original artworks. Students communicate their thoughts and ideas with innovation and creativity. Through art, students challenge their imaginations, foster critical thinking, collaborate with others, and build reflective skills. While exercising meaningful problem-solving skills, students develop the lifelong ability to make informed judgments.

117.302.b.3

Statements that contain the word 'including' reference content that must be mastered, while those containing the phrase 'such as' are intended as possible illustrative examples.

117.302.c.1

The student develops and expands visual literacy skills using critical thinking, imagination, and the senses to observe and explore the world by learning about, understanding, and applying the elements of art, principles of design, and expressive qualities. The student uses what the student sees, knows, and has experienced as sources for examining, understanding, and creating original artwork. The student is expected to:

117.302.c.1.A

consider concepts and ideas from direct observation, original sources, experiences, and imagination for original artwork;

117.302.c.1.B

identify and understand the elements of art, including line, shape, color, texture, form, space, and value, as the fundamentals of art in personal artwork;

117.302.c.1.C

identify and understand the principles of design, including emphasis, repetition/pattern, movement/rhythm, contrast/variety, balance, proportion, and unity, in personal artwork; and

117.302.c.1.D

make judgments about the expressive properties such as content, meaning, message, and metaphor of artwork using art vocabulary accurately.

117.302.c.2

The student communicates ideas through original artwork using a variety of media with appropriate skills. The student expresses thoughts and ideas creatively while challenging the imagination, fostering reflective thinking, and developing disciplined effort and progressive problem-solving skills. The student is expected to:

117.302.c.2.A

use visual solutions to create original artwork by problem solving through direct observation, original sources, experiences, narrations, and imagination;

117.302.c.2.B

communicate a variety of applications for design solutions;

117.302.c.2.C

use an understanding of copyright and public domain to appropriate imagery constituting the main focal point of original artwork when working from images rather than direct observation or imagination;

117.302.c.2.D

create original artwork to communicate thoughts, feelings, ideas, or impressions;

117.302.c.2.E

collaborate to create original works of art; and

117.302.c.2.F

demonstrate effective use of art media and tools in drawing, painting, printmaking, sculpture, ceramics, fiber art, design, and digital art and media.

117.302.c.3

The student demonstrates an understanding of art history and culture by analyzing artistic styles, historical periods, and a variety of cultures. The student develops global awareness and respect for the traditions and contributions of diverse cultures. The student is expected to:

117.302.c.3.A

compare and contrast historical and contemporary styles while identifying general themes and trends;

117.302.c.3.B

describe general characteristics in artwork from a variety of cultures, which might also include personal identity and heritage;

117.302.c.3.C

collaborate on community-based art projects; and

117.302.c.3.D

compare and contrast career and avocational opportunities in art.

117.302.c.4

The student responds to and analyzes the artworks of self and others, contributing to the development of the lifelong skills of making informed judgments and reasoned evaluations. The student is expected to:

117.302.c.4.A

interpret, evaluate, and justify artistic decisions in artwork by self, peers, and other artists such as that in museums, local galleries, art exhibits, and websites;

117.302.c.4.B

evaluate and analyze artwork using a verbal or written method of critique such as describing the artwork, analyzing the way it is organized, interpreting the artist's intention, and evaluating the success of the artwork;

117.302.c.4.C

construct a physical or electronic portfolio by evaluating and analyzing personal original artwork to provide evidence of learning; and

117.302.c.4.D

select and analyze original artwork, portfolios, and exhibitions to form precise conclusions about formal qualities, historical and cultural contexts, intentions, and meanings.

117.303.b.1

These disciplines engage and motivate all students through active learning, critical thinking, and innovative problem solving. The fine arts develop cognitive functioning and increase student academic achievement, higher-order thinking, communication, and collaboration skills, making the fine arts applicable to college readiness, career opportunities, workplace environments, social skills, and everyday life. Students develop aesthetic and cultural awareness through exploration, leading to creative expression. Creativity, encouraged through the study of the fine arts, is essential to nurture and develop the whole child.

117.303.b.2

Each strand is of equal value and may be presented in any order throughout the year. Students rely on personal observations and perceptions, which are developed through increasing visual literacy and sensitivity to surroundings, communities, memories, imaginings, and life experiences as sources for thinking about, planning, and creating original artworks. Students communicate their thoughts and ideas with innovation and creativity. Through art, students challenge their imaginations, foster critical thinking, collaborate with others, and build reflective skills. While exercising meaningful problem-solving skills, students develop the lifelong ability to make informed judgments.

117.303.b.3

Statements that contain the word 'including' reference content that must be mastered, while those containing the phrase 'such as' are intended as possible illustrative examples.

117.303.c.1

The student develops and expands visual literacy skills using critical thinking, imagination, and the senses to observe and explore the world by learning about, understanding, and applying the elements of art, principles of design, and expressive qualities. The student uses what the student sees, knows, and has experienced as sources for examining, understanding, and creating original artworks. The student is expected to:

117.303.c.1.A

use visual comparisons to illustrate concepts and ideas from direct observation, original sources, experiences, narration, and imagination for original artworks;

117.303.c.1.B

identify and apply the elements of art, including line, shape, color, texture, form, space, and value, as the fundamentals of art in personal artworks;

117.303.c.1.C

identify and apply the principles of design, including emphasis, repetition/pattern, movement/rhythm, contrast/variety, balance, proportion, and unity in personal artworks; and

117.303.c.1.D

explore suitability of art media and processes to express specific ideas such as content, meaning, message, appropriation, and metaphor relating to visual themes of artworks using art vocabulary accurately.

117.303.c.2

The student communicates ideas through original artworks using a variety of media with appropriate skills. The student expresses thoughts and ideas creatively while challenging the imagination, fostering reflective thinking, and developing disciplined effort and progressive problem-solving skills. The student is expected to:

117.303.c.2.A

create original artwork using multiple solutions from direct observation, original sources, experiences, and imagination in order to expand personal themes that demonstrate artistic intent;

117.303.c.2.B

apply design skills in creating practical applications, clarifying presentations, and examining consumer choices in order to make successful design decisions;

117.303.c.2.C

use an understanding of copyright and public domain to appropriate imagery constituting the main focal point of original artwork when working from images rather than direct observation or imagination;

117.303.c.2.D

create original artwork to communicate thoughts, feelings, ideas, or impressions;

117.303.c.2.E

collaborate to create original works of art; and

117.303.c.2.F

select from a variety of art media and tools to communicate specific ideas in drawing, painting, printmaking, sculpture, ceramics, fiber art, jewelry, mixed media, photography, and digital art and media.

117.303.c.3

The student demonstrates an understanding of art history and culture by analyzing artistic styles, historical periods, and a variety of cultures. The student develops global awareness and respect for the traditions and contributions of diverse cultures. The student is expected to:

117.303.c.3.A

examine selected historical periods or styles of art to identify general themes and trends;

117.303.c.3.B

analyze specific characteristics in artwork from a variety of cultures;

117.303.c.3.C

collaborate on community-based art projects; and

117.303.c.3.D

examine and research career, entrepreneurial, and avocational opportunities in art.

117.303.c.4

The student responds to and analyzes the artworks of self and others, contributing to the development of the lifelong skills of making informed judgments and reasoned evaluations. The student is expected to:

117.303.c.4.A

interpret, evaluate, and justify artistic decisions in artwork by self, peers, and other artists such as that in museums, local galleries, art exhibits, and websites;

117.303.c.4.B

evaluate and analyze artwork using a method of critique such as describing the artwork, analyzing the way it is organized, interpreting the artist's intention, and evaluating the success of the artwork;

117.303.c.4.C

use responses to artwork critiques to make decisions about future directions in personal work;

117.303.c.4.D

construct a physical or electronic portfolio by evaluating and analyzing personal original artworks to provide evidence of learning; and

117.303.c.4.E

construct a physical or electronic portfolio by evaluating and analyzing personal original artworks to provide evidence of learning; and

117.304.b.1

These disciplines engage and motivate all students through active learning, critical thinking, and innovative problem solving. The fine arts develop cognitive functioning and increase student academic achievement, higher-order thinking, communication, and collaboration skills, making the fine arts applicable to college readiness, career opportunities, workplace environments, social skills, and everyday life. Students develop aesthetic and cultural awareness through exploration, leading to creative expression. Creativity, encouraged through the study of the fine arts, is essential to nurture and develop the whole child.

117.304.b.2

Each strand is of equal value and may be presented in any order throughout the year. Students rely on personal observations and perceptions, which are developed through increasing visual literacy and sensitivity to surroundings, communities, memories, imaginings, and life experiences as sources for thinking about, planning, and creating original artworks. Students communicate their thoughts and ideas with innovation and creativity. Through art, students challenge their imaginations, foster critical thinking, collaborate with others, and build reflective skills. While exercising meaningful problem-solving skills, students develop the lifelong ability to make informed judgments.

117.304.b.3

Statements that contain the word 'including' reference content that must be mastered, while those containing the phrase 'such as' are intended as possible illustrative examples.

117.304.c.1

The student develops and expands visual literacy skills using critical thinking, imagination, and the senses to observe and explore the world by learning about, understanding, and applying the elements of art, principles of design, and expressive qualities. The student uses what the student sees, knows, and has experienced as sources for examining, understanding, and creating original artwork. The student is expected to:

117.304.c.1.A

analyze visual characteristics of sources to illustrate concepts, demonstrate flexibility in solving problems, create multiple solutions, and think imaginatively;

117.304.c.1.B

compare and contrast the elements of art, including line, shape, color, texture, form, space, and value, as the fundamentals of art in personal artwork;

117.304.c.1.C

compare and contrast the principles of design, including emphasis, repetition/pattern, movement/rhythm, contrast/variety, balance, proportion, and unity, in personal artwork; and

117.304.c.1.D

explore the suitability of art media and processes and select those appropriate to express specific ideas such as content, meaning, message, and metaphor relating to visual themes to interpret the expressive qualities of artwork.

117.304.c.2

The student communicates ideas through original artwork using a variety of media with appropriate skills. The student expresses thoughts and ideas creatively while challenging the imagination, fostering reflective thinking, and developing disciplined effort and progressive problem-solving skills. The student is expected to:

117.304.c.2.A

create original artwork using multiple solutions from direct observation, original sources, experiences, and imagination in order to expand personal themes that demonstrate artistic intent;

117.304.c.2.B

solve visual problems and develop multiple solutions for designing ideas, creating practical applications, clarifying presentations, and evaluating consumer choices in order to make successful design decisions;

117.304.c.2.C

use an understanding of copyright and public domain to appropriate imagery constituting the main focal point of original artwork when working from images rather than direct observation or imagination;

117.304.c.2.D

create original artwork to communicate thoughts, feelings, ideas, or impressions;

117.304.c.2.E

collaborate to create original works of art; and

117.304.c.2.F

select from a variety of art media and tools to express intent in drawing, painting, printmaking, sculpture, ceramics, fiber art, design, digital art and media, photography, jewelry, and mixed media.

117.304.c.3

The student demonstrates an understanding of art history and culture by analyzing artistic styles, historical periods, and a variety of cultures. The student develops global awareness and respect for the traditions and contributions of diverse cultures. The student is expected to:

117.304.c.3.A

research selected historical periods, artists, general themes, trends, and styles of art;

117.304.c.3.B

distinguish the correlation between specific characteristics and influences of various cultures and contemporary artwork;

117.304.c.3.C

collaborate on community-based art projects; and

117.304.c.3.D

examine, research, and develop a plan of action for relevant career, entrepreneurial, and avocational art opportunities within a global economy.

117.304.c.4

The student responds to and analyzes the artworks of self and others, contributing to the development of the lifelong skills of making informed judgments and reasoned evaluations. The student is expected to:

117.304.c.4.A

interpret, evaluate, and justify artistic decisions in artwork such as that in museums, local galleries, art exhibits, and websites based on evaluation of developmental progress, competency in problem solving, and a variety of visual ideas;

117.304.c.4.B

evaluate and analyze artwork using a method of critique such as describing the artwork, analyzing the way it is organized, interpreting the artist's intention, and evaluating the success of the artwork;

117.304.c.4.C

analyze personal artwork in order to create a written response such as an artist's statement reflecting intent, inspiration, the elements of art and principles of design within the artwork, and measure of uniqueness;

117.304.c.4.D

use responses to artwork critiques to make decisions about future directions in personal work;

117.304.c.4.E

construct a physical or electronic portfolio by evaluating and analyzing personal original artwork to provide evidence of learning; and

117.304.c.4.F

select and analyze original artwork, portfolios, and exhibitions to demonstrate innovation and provide examples of in-depth exploration of qualities such as aesthetics; formal, historical, and cultural contexts; intentions; and meanings.

117.305.b.1

The fine arts incorporate the study of dance, music, theatre, and the visual arts to offer unique experiences and empower students to explore realities, relationships, and ideas

117.305.b.2

Each strand is of equal value and may be presented in any order throughout the year. Students rely on personal observations and perceptions, which are developed through increasing visual literacy and sensitivity to surroundings, communities, memories, imaginings, and life experiences as sources for thinking about, planning, and creating original artworks. Students communicate their thoughts and ideas with innovation and creativity. Through art, students challenge their imaginations, foster critical thinking, collaborate with others, and build reflective skills. While exercising meaningful problem-solving skills, students develop the lifelong ability to make informed judgments.

117.305.b.3

Statements that contain the word 'including' reference content that must be mastered, while those containing the phrase 'such as' are intended as possible illustrative examples.

117.305.c.1

The student develops and expands visual literacy skills using critical thinking, imagination, and the senses to observe and explore the world by learning about, understanding, and applying the elements of art, principles of design, and expressive qualities. The student uses what the student sees, knows, and has experienced as sources for examining, understanding, and creating original artwork. The student is expected to:

117.305.c.1.A

consider concepts and themes for personal artwork that integrate an extensive range of visual observations, experiences, and imagination;

117.305.c.1.B

compare and contrast the elements of art, including line, shape, color, texture, form, space, and value, as the fundamentals of art in personal artwork;

117.305.c.1.C

compare and contrast the principles of design, including emphasis, repetition/pattern, movement/rhythm, contrast/variety, balance, proportion, and unity, in personal artwork; and

117.305.c.1.D

discriminate between art media and processes to express complex visual relationships such as content, meaning, message, and metaphor using extensive art vocabulary.

117.305.c.2

The student communicates ideas through original artworks using a variety of media with appropriate skills. The student expresses thoughts and ideas creatively while challenging the imagination, fostering reflective thinking, and developing disciplined effort and progressive problem-solving skills. The student is expected to:

117.305.c.2.A

produce an original body of artwork that integrates information from a variety of sources, including original sources, and demonstrates sustained self-directed investigations into specific themes such as a series or concentration of works;

117.305.c.2.B

evaluate and justify design ideas and concepts to create a body of personal artwork;

117.305.c.2.C

use an understanding of copyright and public domain to appropriate imagery constituting the main focal point of original artwork when working from images rather than direct observation or imagination;

117.305.c.2.D

create original artwork to communicate thoughts, feelings, ideas, or impressions;

117.305.c.2.E

collaborate to create original works of art; and

117.305.c.2.F

create artwork, singularly and in a series, by selecting from a variety of art materials and tools appropriate to course work in drawing, painting, printmaking, sculpture, ceramics, fiber art, design, digital art and media, photography, jewelry, and mixed media.

117.305.c.3

The student demonstrates an understanding of art history and culture by analyzing artistic styles, historical periods, and a variety of cultures. The student develops global awareness and respect for the traditions and contributions of diverse cultures. The student is expected to:

117.305.c.3.A

research and report on selected historical periods, artists, general themes, trends, and styles of art;

117.305.c.3.B

analyze and evaluate the influence of contemporary cultures on artwork;

117.305.c.3.C

collaborate on community-based art projects; and

117.305.c.3.D

examine, research, and develop a plan of action for relevant career or entrepreneurial art opportunities within a global economy, justifying the choice.

117.305.c.4

The student responds to and analyzes the artworks of self and others, contributing to the development of the lifelong skills of making informed judgments and reasoned evaluations. The student is expected to:

117.305.c.4.A

develop evaluative criteria to justify artistic decisions in artwork such as that in museums, local galleries, art exhibits, and websites based on a high level of creativity and expertise in one or more art areas;

117.305.c.4.B

evaluate and analyze artwork using a method of critique such as describing the artwork, analyzing the way it is organized, interpreting the artist's intention, and evaluating the success of the artwork;

117.305.c.4.C

analyze personal artwork in order to create a written response such as an artist's statement reflecting intent, inspiration, the elements of art and principles of design within the artwork, and the measure of uniqueness;

117.305.c.4.D

use responses to artwork critiques to make decisions about future directions in personal work;

117.305.c.4.E

construct a physical or electronic portfolio by evaluating and analyzing personal original artwork to provide evidence of learning; and

117.305.c.4.F

evaluate a wide range of artwork to form conclusions about formal qualities, aesthetics, historical and cultural contexts, intents, and meanings.

117.306.b.2

Dance students develop perceptual thinking and movement abilities in daily life, promoting an understanding of themselves and others. Students develop movement principles and technical skills and explore choreographic and performance qualities. Students develop self-discipline and healthy bodies that move expressively, efficiently, and safely through space and time with a sensitive kinesthetic awareness. Students recognize dance as a vehicle for understanding historical and cultural relevance, increasing an awareness of heritage and traditions of their own and others, and enabling them to participate in a diverse society. Evaluating and analyzing dance allows students to strengthen decision-making skills, develop critical and creative thinking, and develop artistic and creative processes. Students continue to explore technology and its application to dance and movement, enabling them to make informed decisions about dance.

117.306.b.3

Statements that contain the word 'including' reference content that must be mastered, while those containing the phrase 'such as' are intended as possible illustrative examples.

117.306.c.1

The student develops an awareness of the body's movement using sensory information while dancing. The student is expected to:

117.306.c.1.A

define basic kinesthetic and spatial awareness individually and in groups;

117.306.c.1.B

identify a comprehensive understanding of health, safety, and wellness for dancers;

117.306.c.1.C

recognize knowledge of dance genres, styles, and vocabulary; and

117.306.c.1.D

identify images found in the environment through movement.

117.306.c.2

The student develops knowledge and skills of dance elements, choreographic processes, and forms in a variety of dance genres and styles. The student is expected to:

117.306.c.2.A

explain basic principles of proper body alignment;

117.306.c.2.B

explore, improvise, and demonstrate original movement during the creative process;

117.306.c.2.C

express ideas and emotions through movement; and

117.306.c.2.D

create basic compositional forms using fundamental dance elements for choreographic processes.

117.306.c.3

The student demonstrates knowledge and execution of technical dance skills in a variety of dance genres and styles through performing. The student is expected to:

117.306.c.3.A

perform memorized movement sequences with rhythmical accuracy in dance genres and styles such as ballet, modern dance, tap, jazz, musical theatre dance, and world dance forms;

117.306.c.3.B

identify the effective use of dance elements in practice and performance;

117.306.c.3.C

perform basic compositional forms using fundamental choreographic processes; and

117.306.c.3.D

understand the principles of an effective warm-up and cool-down, implementing elements of proper conditioning for performing skills.

117.306.c.4

The student demonstrates an understanding of cultural, historical, and artistic diversity. The student is expected to:

117.306.c.4.A

perform the characteristics of dances from several diverse cultures or historical periods;

117.306.c.4.B

perform dance phrases or dances from several time periods with an understanding of historical and social contexts;

117.306.c.4.C

identify historical figures in dance history and their significance; and

117.306.c.4.D

identify dance in various media and content areas.

117.306.c.5

The student makes informed personal judgments about dance and the meaning and role of dance in society. The student is expected to:

117.306.c.5.A

incorporate appropriate movement vocabulary when identifying qualities and discussing meaning of performance or production in dance;

117.306.c.5.B

demonstrate appropriate audience behavior and etiquette in the classroom and at performances;

117.306.c.5.C

identify relationships between dance and other content areas; and

117.306.c.5.D

identify knowledge and skills of technology in dance.

117.307.b.1

These disciplines engage and motivate all students through active learning, critical thinking, and innovative problem solving. The fine arts develop cognitive functioning and increase student academic achievement, higher-order thinking, communication, and collaboration skills, making the fine arts applicable to college readiness, career opportunities, workplace environments, social skills, and everyday life. Students develop aesthetic and cultural awareness through exploration, leading to creative expression. Creativity, encouraged through the study of the fine arts, is essential to nurture and develop the whole child.

117.307.b.2

Dance students develop perceptual thinking and movement abilities in daily life, promoting an understanding of themselves and others. Students develop movement principles and technical skills and explore choreographic and performance qualities. Students develop self-discipline and healthy bodies that move expressively, efficiently, and safely through space and time with a sensitive kinesthetic awareness. Students recognize dance as a vehicle for understanding historical and cultural relevance, increasing an awareness of heritage and traditions of their own and others, and enabling them to participate in a diverse society. Evaluating and analyzing dance allows students to strengthen decision-making skills, develop critical and creative thinking, and develop artistic and creative processes. Students will continue to explore technology and its application to dance and movement, enabling them to make informed decisions about dance.

117.307.b.3

Statements that contain the word 'including' reference content that must be mastered, while those containing the phrase 'such as' are intended as possible illustrative examples.

117.307.c.1

The student develops an awareness of the body's movement using sensory information while dancing. The student is expected to:

117.307.c.1.A

demonstrate kinesthetic and spatial awareness individually and in groups;

117.307.c.1.B

expand a comprehensive understanding of health, safety, and wellness for dancers;

117.307.c.1.C

demonstrate effective knowledge of dance genres, styles, and vocabulary; and

117.307.c.1.D

interpret details in movement in natural and constructed environments.

117.307.c.2

The student develops knowledge and skills of dance elements, choreographic processes, and forms in a variety of dance genres and styles. The student is expected to:

117.307.c.2.A

expand a comprehensive understanding of principles of proper body alignment;

117.307.c.2.B

explore, improvise, and perform original movement during the creative process;

117.307.c.2.C

expand the expression of ideas and emotions through movement; and

117.307.c.2.D

create enhanced compositional forms using fundamental dance elements for choreographic processes.

117.307.c.3

The student demonstrates knowledge and execution of technical dance skills in a variety of dance genres and styles through performing. The student is expected to:

117.307.c.3.A

perform extended movement patterns with rhythmical accuracy in dance genres and styles such as ballet, modern dance, tap, jazz, musical theatre dance, and world dance forms;

117.307.c.3.B

demonstrate the elements of dance effectively;

117.307.c.3.C

perform enhanced compositional forms using sound choreographic processes; and

117.307.c.3.D

implement an effective warm-up and cool-down, implementing the elements of proper conditioning for performing skills.

117.307.c.4

The student demonstrates an understanding of cultural, historical, and artistic diversity. The student is expected to:

117.307.c.4.A

analyze dances of various cultures or historical periods;

117.307.c.4.B

choreograph short dance phrases that exhibit an understanding of various historical periods and social contexts;

117.307.c.4.C

perform dances in various media and content areas; and

117.307.c.4.D

interpret historical and cultural dance forms using technology.

117.307.c.5

The student makes informed personal judgments about dance and the meaning and role of dance in society. The student is expected to:

117.307.c.5.A

identify characteristics of a variety of dances;

117.307.c.5.B

analyze qualities of performance and proper etiquette in dance;

117.307.c.5.C

identify similarities of form and expression in dance and other content areas; and

117.307.c.5.D

apply knowledge and skills of technology in dance.

117.308.b.1

These disciplines engage and motivate all students through active learning, critical thinking, and innovative problem solving. The fine arts develop cognitive functioning and increase student academic achievement, higher-order thinking, communication, and collaboration skills, making the fine arts applicable to college readiness, career opportunities, workplace environments, social skills, and everyday life. Students develop aesthetic and cultural awareness through exploration, leading to creative expression. Creativity, encouraged through the study of the fine arts, is essential to nurture and develop the whole child.

117.308.b.2

Dance students develop perceptual thinking and movement abilities in daily life, promoting an understanding of themselves and others. Students develop movement principles and technical skills and explore choreographic and performance qualities. Students develop self-discipline and healthy bodies that move expressively, efficiently, and safely through space and time with a sensitive kinesthetic awareness. Students recognize dance as a vehicle for understanding historical and cultural relevance, increasing an awareness of heritage and traditions of their own and others, and enabling them to participate in a diverse society. Evaluating and analyzing dance allows students to strengthen decision-making skills, develop critical and creative thinking, and develop artistic and creative processes. Students continue to explore technology and its application to dance and movement, enabling them to make informed decisions about dance.

117.308.c.1

The student develops an awareness of the body's movement using sensory information while dancing. The student is expected to:

117.308.c.1.A

analyze kinesthetic and spatial awareness individually and in groups;

117.308.c.1.B

distinguish a comprehensive understanding of health, safety, and wellness for dancers;

117.308.c.1.C

compare knowledge and skills of dance genres, styles, and vocabulary; and

117.308.c.1.D

differentiate designs and images in natural and constructed environments.

117.308.c.2

The student develops knowledge and skills of dance elements, choreographic processes, and forms in a variety of dance genres and styles. The student is expected to:

117.308.c.2.A

create dance studies using original movement based on theme and variation;

117.308.c.2.B

experiment, improvise, and perform original movement during the creative process;

117.308.c.2.C

compare and contrast the expression of ideas and emotions through movement; and

117.308.c.2.D

differentiate compositional forms using intermediate dance elements for choreographic processes.

117.308.c.3

The student demonstrates knowledge and execution of technical dance skills in a variety of dance genres and styles through performing. The student is expected to:

117.308.c.3.A

perform and examine memorized complex movement sequences with rhythmical accuracy in dance genres and styles such as ballet, modern dance, tap, jazz, musical theatre dance, and world dance forms;

117.308.c.3.B

execute a wide range of dynamics in quality movement;

117.308.c.3.C

perform with projection, confidence, and expression when executing dance movements; and

117.308.c.3.D

distinguish an effective warm-up and cool-down, implementing the elements of proper conditioning for performing skills.

117.308.c.4

The student demonstrates an understanding of cultural, historical, and artistic diversity. The student is expected to:

117.308.c.4.A

compare similarities and differences in steps, styles, and traditions from various cultures or historical periods;

117.308.c.4.B

recognize and evaluate dances as they relate to various historical periods and social contexts;

117.308.c.4.C

create and experiment with dances in various media and content areas; and

117.308.c.4.D

research historical and cultural dance forms using technology.

117.308.c.5

The student makes informed personal judgments about dance and the meaning and role of dance in society. The student is expected to:

117.308.c.5.A

compare characteristics and qualities of a variety of dances;

117.308.c.5.B

analyze dance from a variety of perspectives such as those of dance critic, performer, choreographer, and audience member;

117.308.c.5.C

understand the relationship of dance performance skills and other content areas; and

117.308.c.5.D

experiment with knowledge and skills of technology through a dance portfolio.

117.309.b.1

These disciplines engage and motivate all students through active learning, critical thinking, and innovative problem solving. The fine arts develop cognitive functioning and increase student academic achievement, higher-order thinking, communication, and collaboration skills, making the fine arts applicable to college readiness, career opportunities, workplace environments, social skills, and everyday life. Students develop aesthetic and cultural awareness through exploration, leading to creative expression. Creativity, encouraged through the study of the fine arts, is essential to nurture and develop the whole child.

117.309.b.2

Dance students develop perceptual thinking and movement abilities in daily life, promoting an understanding of themselves and others. Students develop movement principles and technical skills and explore choreographic and performance qualities. Students develop self-discipline and healthy bodies that move expressively, efficiently, and safely through space and time with a sensitive kinesthetic awareness. Students recognize dance as a vehicle for understanding historical and cultural relevance, increasing an awareness of heritage and traditions of their own and others, and enabling them to participate in a diverse society. Evaluating and analyzing dance allows students to strengthen decision-making skills, develop critical and creative thinking, and develop artistic and creative processes. Students continue to explore technology and its application to dance and movement, enabling them to make informed decisions about dance.

117.309.c.1

The student develops an awareness of the body's movement using sensory information while dancing. The student is expected to:

117.309.c.1.A

evaluate kinesthetic and spatial awareness individually and in groups;

117.309.c.1.B

develop a working knowledge of health, safety, and wellness for dancers;

117.309.c.1.C

demonstrate and evaluate a working knowledge and skills of dance genres, styles, and vocabulary; and

117.309.c.1.D

create designs and images found in natural and constructed environments.

117.309.c.2

The student develops knowledge and skills of dance elements, choreographic processes, and forms in a variety of dance genres and styles. The student is expected to:

117.309.c.2.A

create and improvise dance studies using original movement based on theme and variation to successfully communicate an idea;

117.309.c.2.B

improvise, construct, and evaluate original movement studies;

117.309.c.2.C

evaluate the expression of ideas and emotions through movement; and

117.309.c.2.D

design compositional forms implementing advanced dance elements for choreographic processes.

117.309.c.3

The student demonstrates knowledge and execution of technical dance skills in a variety of dance genres and styles through performing. The student is expected to:

117.309.c.3.A

assess performance of memorized complex movement sequences with rhythmical accuracy in dance genres and styles such as ballet, modern dance, tap, jazz, musical theatre dance, and world dance forms;

117.309.c.3.B

perform dance movements with a refined sense of musicality and expressiveness and a wide range of spatial qualities;

117.309.c.3.C

evaluate the performance of projection, confidence, and expression in the movement; and

117.309.c.3.D

design an effective warm-up and cool-down, implementing the elements of proper conditioning for performing skills.

117.309.c.4

The student demonstrates an understanding of cultural, historical, and artistic diversity. The student is expected to:

117.309.c.4.A

evaluate choreography in dances from various cultures or historical periods;

117.309.c.4.B

research and create a project using technology to illustrate an understanding of significant dance events or historical figures in appropriate social, historical, and cultural contexts;

117.309.c.4.C

improvise and construct dances in various media and content areas; and

117.309.c.4.D

evaluate historical and cultural dance forms using technology.

117.309.c.5

The student makes informed personal judgments about dance and the meaning and role of dance in society. The student is expected to:

117.309.c.5.A

evaluate personal dance compositions and the work of others;

117.309.c.5.B

create and reconstruct a choreographic study using varied media and environments;

117.309.c.5.C

create a portfolio based on personal artistic works, performance works, or research; and

117.309.c.5.D

perform and evaluate a choreographic study using varied media and environments.

117.310.b.1

These disciplines engage and motivate all students through active learning, critical thinking, and innovative problem solving. The fine arts develop cognitive functioning and increase student academic achievement, higher-order thinking, communication, and collaboration skills, making the fine arts applicable to college readiness, career opportunities, workplace environments, social skills, and everyday life. Students develop aesthetic and cultural awareness through exploration, leading to creative expression. Creativity, encouraged through the study of the fine arts, is essential to nurture and develop the whole child.

117.310.b.2

The foundation of music literacy is fostered through reading, writing, reproducing, and creating music, thus developing a student's intellect. Through creative expression, students apply their music literacy and the critical-thinking skills of music to sing, play, read, write, and/or move. By experiencing musical periods and styles, students will understand the relevance of music to history, culture, and the world, including the relationship of music to other academic disciplines and the vocational possibilities offered. Through critical listening, students analyze, evaluate, and respond to music, developing criteria for making critical judgments and informed choices.

117.310.b.3

Statements that contain the word 'including' reference content that must be mastered, while those containing the phrase 'such as' are intended as possible illustrative examples.

117.310.c.1

The student describes and analyzes music and musical sounds. The student develops organizational skills, engages in problem solving, and explores the properties and capabilities of various musical idioms. The student is expected to:

117.310.c.1.A

experience and explore exemplary musical examples using technology and available live performances;

117.310.c.1.B

identify and describe melodic and harmonic parts when listening to and performing music using a melodic reading system such as solfge, numbers, letter names, note names, or scale degrees;

117.310.c.1.C

define concepts of music notation, intervals, and chord structure using appropriate terminology;

117.310.c.1.D

define concepts of rhythm and meter using appropriate terminology and counting system;

117.310.c.1.E

explore elements of music such as rhythm, meter, melody, harmony, key, expression markings, texture, form, dynamics, and timbre through literature selected for performance; and

117.310.c.1.F

apply health and wellness concepts related to music practice such as body mechanics, hearing protection, vocal health, hydration, and appropriate hygienic practices.

117.310.c.2

The student reads and writes music notation using an appropriate notation system. The student is expected to:

117.310.c.2.A

read and notate music that incorporates rhythmic patterns in simple, compound, and asymmetric meters; and

117.310.c.2.B

interpret music symbols and expressive terms referring to dynamics, tempo, and articulation.

117.310.c.3

The student demonstrates musical artistry by singing or playing an instrument individually and in groups. The student performs music in a variety of genres at an appropriate level of difficulty. The student performs from notation and by memory as appropriate. The student develops cognitive and psychomotor skills. The student is expected to:

117.310.c.3.A

demonstrate mature, characteristic sound appropriate for the genre;

117.310.c.3.B

demonstrate psychomotor and kinesthetic skills such as appropriate posture, breathing, text, diction, articulation, vibrato, bowings, fingerings, phrasing, independent manual dexterities, and percussion techniques;

117.310.c.3.C

demonstrate rhythmic accuracy using appropriate tempo;

117.310.c.3.D

demonstrate observance of key signature and modalities;

117.310.c.3.E

demonstrate correct intonation, appropriate phrasing, and appropriate dynamics; and

117.310.c.3.F

demonstrate correct intonation, appropriate phrasing, and appropriate dynamics; and

117.310.c.4

The student sight reads, individually and in groups, by singing or playing an instrument. The student reads from notation at an appropriate level of difficulty in a variety of styles. The student is expected to:

117.310.c.4.A

demonstrate mature, characteristic sound appropriate for the genre while sight reading;

117.310.c.4.B

demonstrate psychomotor and kinesthetic skills such as use of appropriate posture, breathing, text, diction, articulation, vibrato, bowings, fingerings, phrasing, independent manual dexterities, and percussion techniques while sight reading;

117.310.c.4.C

demonstrate rhythmic accuracy while sight reading using a counting system within an appropriate tempo;

117.310.c.4.D

demonstrate observance of key signature and modalities while sight reading;

117.310.c.4.E

demonstrate use of a melodic reading system such as solfge, numbers, letter names, note names, or scale degrees while sight reading; and

117.310.c.4.F

demonstrate correct intonation, appropriate phrasing, and appropriate dynamics while sight reading.

117.310.c.5

The student relates music to history, culture, and the world. The student is expected to:

117.310.c.5.A

compare and contrast music by genre, style, culture, and historical period;

117.310.c.5.B

identify music-related vocations and avocations;

117.310.c.5.C

identify and describe the uses of music in societies and cultures;

117.310.c.5.D

identify and explore the relationship between music and other academic disciplines;

117.310.c.5.E

identify and explore the impact of technologies, ethical issues, and economic factors on music, performers, and performances; and

117.310.c.5.F

identify and explore tools for college and career preparation such as social media applications, repertoire lists, auditions, and interview techniques.

117.310.c.6

The student listens to, responds to, and evaluates music and musical performance in both formal and informal settings. The student is expected to:

117.310.c.6.A

practice informed concert etiquette as a performer and as an audience member during live and recorded performances in a variety of settings;

117.310.c.6.B

design and apply criteria for making informed judgments regarding the quality and effectiveness of musical performances;

117.310.c.6.C

develop processes for self-evaluation and select tools for personal artistic improvement; and

117.310.c.6.D

evaluate musical performances by comparing them to exemplary models.

117.311.b.1

These disciplines engage and motivate all students through active learning, critical thinking, and innovative problem solving. The fine arts develop cognitive functioning and increase student academic achievement, higher-order thinking, communication, and collaboration skills, making the fine arts applicable to college readiness, career opportunities, workplace environments, social skills, and everyday life. Students develop aesthetic and cultural awareness through exploration, leading to creative expression. Creativity, encouraged through the study of the fine arts, is essential to nurture and develop the whole child.

117.311.b.2

The foundation of music literacy is fostered through reading, writing, reproducing, and creating music, thus developing a student's intellect. Through creative expression, students apply their music literacy and the critical-thinking skills of music to sing, play, read, write, and/or move. By experiencing musical periods and styles, students will understand the relevance of music to history, culture, and the world, including the relationship of music to other academic disciplines and the vocational possibilities offered. Through critical listening, students analyze, evaluate, and respond to music, developing criteria for making critical judgments and informed choices.

117.311.c.1

Foundations: music literacy

117.311.c.1.A

compare and contrast exemplary musical examples using technology and available live performances;

117.311.c.1.B

compare and contrast melodic and harmonic parts using a melodic reading system such as solfge, numbers, letter names, note names, or scale degrees;

117.311.c.1.C

compare and contrast concepts of music notation, intervals, and chord structure using appropriate terminology;

117.311.c.1.D

compare and contrast concepts of rhythm and meter using appropriate terminology and counting system;

117.311.c.1.E

compare and contrast musical forms such as song, binary, ternary, and rondo selected for performance and listening;

117.311.c.1.F

compare and contrast concepts of balance and blend using appropriate terminology;

117.311.c.1.G

compare and contrast concepts of music such as rhythm, meter, melody, harmony, key, expression markings, dynamics, and timbre; and

117.311.c.1.H

apply health and wellness concepts related to music practice such as body mechanics, hearing protection, vocal health, hydration, and appropriate hygienic practices.

117.311.c.2

The student reads and notates music using an appropriate notation system. The student is expected to:

117.311.c.2.A

read and notate music that incorporates rhythmic patterns in simple, compound, and asymmetric meters; and

117.311.c.2.B

interpret music symbols and expressive terms referring to dynamics, tempo, and articulation.

117.311.c.3

The student demonstrates musical artistry by singing or playing an instrument individually and in groups. The student performs music in a variety of genres at an increasing level of difficulty. The student performs from notation and by memory as appropriate. The student develops cognitive, affective, and psychomotor skills. The student is expected to:

117.311.c.3.A

demonstrate increasingly mature, characteristic sound appropriate for the genre;

117.311.c.3.B

refine and apply psychomotor and kinesthetic skills such as appropriate posture, breathing, text, diction, articulation, vibrato, bowings, fingerings, phrasing, independent manual dexterities, and percussion techniques;

117.311.c.3.C

demonstrate rhythmic accuracy using appropriate tempo;

117.311.c.3.D

demonstrate observance of key signatures and modalities;

117.311.c.3.E

demonstrate correct intonation, appropriate phrasing, and appropriate dynamics; and

117.311.c.3.F

create and notate or record original musical phrases at an appropriate level of difficulty.

117.311.c.4

The student sight reads, individually and in groups, by singing or playing an instrument. The student reads from notation at an increasing level of difficulty in a variety of styles. The student is expected to:

117.311.c.4.A

exhibit increasingly mature, characteristic sound appropriate for the genre while sight reading;

117.311.c.4.B

demonstrate, refine, and apply psychomotor and kinesthetic skills such as appropriate posture, breathing, text, diction, articulation, vibrato, bowings, fingerings, phrasing, independent manual dexterities, and percussion techniques while sight reading;

117.311.c.4.C

demonstrate correct articulation and rhythmic accuracy while sight reading using a counting system within an appropriate tempo;

117.311.c.4.D

demonstrate observance of multiple key signatures and changing modalities while sight reading;

117.311.c.4.E

demonstrate use of a melodic reading system such as solfge, numbers, letter names, note names, or scale degrees while sight reading;

117.311.c.4.F

demonstrate application of dynamics and phrasing while sight reading; and

117.311.c.4.G

demonstrate accurate intonation while sight reading using concepts such as vowel shapes, ensemble blend, and just intonation.

117.311.c.5

The student relates music to history, culture, and the world. The student is expected to:

117.311.c.5.A

compare and contrast music by genre, style, culture, and historical period;

117.311.c.5.B

define uses of music in societies and cultures;

117.311.c.5.C

identify and explore the relationships between music and other academic disciplines;

117.311.c.5.D

identify music-related vocations and avocations;

117.311.c.5.E

identify and explore the impact of technologies, ethical issues, and economic factors on music, musicians, and performances; and

117.311.c.5.F

identify and explore tools for college and career preparation such as personal performance recordings, social media applications, repertoire lists, auditions, and interview techniques.

117.311.c.6

The student listens to, responds to, and evaluates music and musical performance in formal and informal settings. The student is expected to:

117.311.c.6.A

exhibit informed concert etiquette as a performer and as an audience member during live and recorded performances in a variety of settings;

117.311.c.6.B

design and apply criteria for making informed judgments regarding the quality and effectiveness of musical performances;

117.311.c.6.C

develop processes for self-evaluation and select tools for personal artistic improvement; and

117.311.c.6.D

evaluate musical performances by comparing them to exemplary models.

117.312.b.2

The foundation of music literacy is fostered through reading, writing, reproducing, and creating music, thus developing a student's intellect. Through creative expression, students apply their music literacy and the critical-thinking skills of music to sing, play, read, write, and/or move. By experiencing musical periods and styles, students will understand the relevance of music to history, culture, and the world, including the relationship of music to other academic disciplines and the vocational possibilities offered. Through critical listening, students analyze, evaluate, and respond to music, developing criteria for making critical judgments and informed choices.

117.312.c.1

The student describes and analyzes music and musical sounds. The student develops organizational skills, engages in problem solving, and explores the properties and capabilities of various musical idioms. The student is expected to:

117.312.c.1.A

evaluate exemplary musical examples using technology and available live performances;

117.312.c.1.B

explore musical textures such as monophony, homophony, and polyphony while using a melodic reading system;

117.312.c.1.C

compare and contrast concepts of music notation, intervals, and chord structure using appropriate terminology;

117.312.c.1.D

compare and contrast concepts of rhythm and meter using appropriate terminology and counting system;

117.312.c.1.E

compare and contrast musical forms such as song, binary, ternary, rondo, and sonata-allegro selected for performance and listening;

117.312.c.1.F

compare and contrast concepts of balance and blend using appropriate terminology;

117.312.c.1.G

compare and contrast musical styles and genres such as cantata, opera, zydeco, motet, hip-hop, symphony, anthem, march, beats, musical theatre, gospel jazz, and spirituals;

117.312.c.1.H

compare and contrast concepts of music such as rhythm, meter, melody, harmony, texture, key, expression markings, dynamics, and timbre using literature selected for performance; and

117.312.c.1.I

apply health and wellness concepts related to music practice such as body mechanics, hearing protection, vocal health, hydration, and appropriate hygienic practices.

117.312.c.2

The student reads and notates music using an appropriate notation system. The student is expected to:

117.312.c.2.A

read and notate music that incorporates melody and rhythm; and

117.312.c.2.B

interpret music symbols and expressive terms referring to style, dynamics, tempo, and articulation.

117.312.c.3

The student demonstrates musical artistry by singing or playing an instrument individually and in groups. The student performs music in a variety of genres at an increasing level of difficulty. The student performs from notation and by memory as appropriate. The student develops cognitive, affective, and psychomotor skills. The student is expected to:

117.312.c.3.A

demonstrate mature, characteristic sound appropriate for the genre;

117.312.c.3.B

refine and apply psychomotor and kinesthetic skills such as appropriate posture, breathing, text, diction, articulation, vibrato, bowings, fingerings, phrasing, independent manual dexterities, and percussion techniques;

117.312.c.3.C

demonstrate rhythmic accuracy using appropriate tempo;

117.312.c.3.D

demonstrate observance of key signatures and modalities;

117.312.c.3.E

demonstrate correct intonation, appropriate phrasing, and appropriate dynamics; and

117.312.c.3.F

create and notate or record original musical phrases at an appropriate level of difficulty.

117.312.c.4

The student sight reads, individually and in groups, by singing or playing an instrument. The student reads from notation at an increasing level of difficulty in a variety of styles. The student is expected to:

117.312.c.4.A

exhibit mature, characteristic sound appropriate for the genre while sight reading;

117.312.c.4.B

refine and apply psychomotor and kinesthetic skills such as appropriate posture, breathing, text, diction, articulation, vibrato, bowings, fingerings, phrasing, independent manual dexterities, and percussion techniques while sight reading;

117.312.c.4.C

demonstrate correct articulation and rhythmic accuracy while sight reading using a counting system within an appropriate tempo;

117.312.c.4.D

demonstrate observance of multiple key signatures and changing modalities while sight reading;

117.312.c.4.E

demonstrate use of a melodic reading system such as solfge, numbers, letter names, note names, or scale degrees while sight reading;

117.312.c.4.F

demonstrate application of dynamics and phrasing while sight reading; and

117.312.c.4.G

demonstrate accurate intonation while sight reading using concepts such as vowel shapes, ensemble blend, and just intonation.

117.312.c.5

The student relates music to history, culture, and the world. The student is expected to:

117.312.c.5.A

classify representative examples of music by genre, style, culture, and historical period;

117.312.c.5.B

explore the relevance of music to societies and cultures;

117.312.c.5.C

define the relationships between music content and concepts and other academic disciplines;

117.312.c.5.D

analyze music-related career options;

117.312.c.5.E

analyze and evaluate the impact of technologies, ethical issues, and economic factors on music, performers, and performances; and

117.312.c.5.F

generate tools for college and career preparation such as electronic portfolios, personal resource lists, performance recordings, social media applications, repertoire lists, auditions, and interview techniques.

117.312.c.6

The student responds to and evaluates written music and musical performance in formal and informal settings. The student is expected to:

117.312.c.6.A

exhibit informed concert etiquette as a performer and an audience member during live and recorded performances in a variety of settings;

117.312.c.6.B

create and apply specific criteria for evaluating performances of various musical styles;

117.312.c.6.C

create and apply specific criteria for offering constructive feedback using a variety of music performances;

117.312.c.6.D

develop processes for self-evaluation and select tools for personal artistic improvement such as critical listening and individual and group performance recordings; and

117.312.c.6.E

evaluate musical performances by comparing them to similar or exemplary models and offering constructive suggestions for improvement.

117.313.b.1

These disciplines engage and motivate all students through active learning, critical thinking, and innovative problem solving. The fine arts develop cognitive functioning and increase student academic achievement, higher-order thinking, communication, and collaboration skills, making the fine arts applicable to college readiness, career opportunities, workplace environments, social skills, and everyday life. Students develop aesthetic and cultural awareness through exploration, leading to creative expression. Creativity, encouraged through the study of the fine arts, is essential to nurture and develop the whole child.

117.313.b.2

The foundation of music literacy is fostered through reading, writing, reproducing, and creating music, thus developing a student's intellect. Through creative expression, students apply their music literacy and the critical-thinking skills of music to sing, play, read, write, and/or move. By experiencing musical periods and styles, students will understand the relevance of music to history, culture, and the world, including the relationship of music to other academic disciplines and the vocational possibilities offered. Through critical listening, students analyze, evaluate, and respond to music, developing criteria for making critical judgments and informed choices.

117.313.c.1

The student describes and analyzes music and musical sounds. The student develops organizational skills, engages in problem solving, and explores the properties and capabilities of various musical idioms. The student is expected to:

117.313.c.1.A

evaluate exemplary musical examples using technology and available live performances;

117.313.c.1.B

analyze advanced musical textures while using a melodic reading system;

117.313.c.1.C

analyze concepts of music notation, intervals, and chord structure using appropriate terminology;

117.313.c.1.D

analyze concepts of rhythm and meter using appropriate terminology and counting system;

117.313.c.1.E

analyze musical forms in music selected for performance and listening;

117.313.c.1.F

analyze concepts of balance and blend using appropriate terminology;

117.313.c.1.G

analyze musical styles and genres such as cantata, opera, zydeco, motet, hip-hop, symphony, anthem, march, beats, musical theatre, gospel jazz, and spirituals;

117.313.c.1.H

analyze concepts of music such as rhythm, meter, melody, harmony, texture, key, expression markings, dynamics, and timbre using literature selected for performance; and

117.313.c.1.I

analyze and apply health and wellness concepts related to music practice such as body mechanics, repetitive motion injury prevention, first-aid training, hearing protection, vocal health, hydration, and appropriate hygienic practices.

117.313.c.2

The student reads and notates music using an appropriate notation system. The student is expected to:

117.313.c.2.A

read and notate music that incorporates advanced melodies and rhythms; and

117.313.c.2.B

interpret music symbols and expressive terms.

117.313.c.3

The student demonstrates musical artistry by singing or playing an instrument individually and in groups. The student performs music in a variety of genres at an increasing level of difficulty. The student performs from notation and by memory as appropriate. The student develops cognitive, affective, and psychomotor skills. The student is expected to:

117.313.c.3.A

demonstrate mature, characteristic sound appropriate for the genre;

117.313.c.3.B

analyze and apply psychomotor and kinesthetic skills such as appropriate posture, breathing, text, diction, articulation, vibrato, bowings, fingerings, phrasing, independent manual dexterities, and percussion techniques;

117.313.c.3.C

demonstrate rhythmic accuracy using complex patterns at an appropriate tempo;

117.313.c.3.D

demonstrate observance of key signatures and modalities;

117.313.c.3.E

demonstrate correct intonation, appropriate phrasing, and appropriate dynamics; and

117.313.c.3.F

create and notate or record original musical phrases at an increasing level of difficulty.

117.313.c.4

The student sight reads, individually and in groups, by singing or playing an instrument. The student reads from notation at an increasing level of difficulty in a variety of styles. The student is expected to:

117.313.c.4.A

exhibit mature, characteristic sound appropriate for the genre while sight reading;

117.313.c.4.B

refine and apply psychomotor and kinesthetic skills such as appropriate posture, breathing, text, diction, articulation, vibrato, bowings, fingerings, phrasing, independent manual dexterities, and percussion techniques while sight reading;

117.313.c.4.C

demonstrate correct articulation and rhythmic accuracy while sight reading using a counting system within an appropriate tempo;

117.313.c.4.D

demonstrate observance of multiple key signatures and changing modalities while sight reading;

117.313.c.4.E

demonstrate use of a melodic reading system such as solfge, numbers, letter names, note names, or scale degrees while sight reading;

117.313.c.4.F

demonstrate application of dynamics and phrasing while sight reading; and

117.313.c.4.G

demonstrate accurate intonation while sight reading using concepts such as vowel shapes, ensemble blend, and just intonation.

117.313.c.5

The student relates music to history, culture, and the world. The student is expected to:

117.313.c.5.A

discriminate representative examples of music by genre, style, culture, and historical period;

117.313.c.5.B

evaluate the relevance of music to societies and cultures;

117.313.c.5.C

define the relationships between music content and concepts and other academic disciplines;

117.313.c.5.D

explain a variety of music and music-related career options;

117.313.c.5.E

analyze and evaluate the impact of technologies, ethical issues, and economic factors on music, performers, and performances; and

117.313.c.5.F

generate tools for college and career preparation such as curricula vitae, electronic portfolios, personal resource lists, performance recordings, social media applications, repertoire lists, and audition and interview techniques.

117.313.c.6

The student responds to and evaluates written music and musical performance in formal and informal settings. The student is expected to:

117.313.c.6.A

exhibit informed concert etiquette as a performer and an audience member during live and recorded performances in a variety of settings;

117.313.c.6.B

create and apply specific criteria for evaluating performances of various musical styles;

117.313.c.6.C

create and apply specific criteria for offering constructive feedback using a variety of musical performances;

117.313.c.6.D

develop processes for self-evaluation and select tools for personal artistic improvement; and

117.313.c.6.E

evaluate musical performances and compositions by comparing them to similar or exemplary models and offering constructive suggestions for improvement.

117.314.b.1

These disciplines engage and motivate all students through active learning, critical thinking, and innovative problem solving. The fine arts develop cognitive functioning and increase student academic achievement, higher-order thinking, communication, and collaboration skills, making the fine arts applicable to college readiness, career opportunities, workplace environments, social skills, and everyday life. Students develop aesthetic and cultural awareness through exploration, leading to creative expression. Creativity, encouraged through the study of the fine arts, is essential to nurture and develop the whole child.

117.314.b.2

The foundation of music literacy is fostered through reading, writing, reproducing, and creating music, thus developing a student's intellect. Through creative expression, students apply their music literacy and the critical-thinking skills of music to read, write, create, and/or move. By experiencing musical periods and styles, students will understand the relevance of music to history, culture, and the world, including the relationship of music to other academic disciplines and the vocational possibilities offered. Through critical listening, students analyze, evaluate, and respond to music, developing criteria for making critical judgments and informed choices.

117.314.c.1

The student describes and analyzes music and musical sounds. The student develops organizational skills, engages in problem solving, and explores the properties and capabilities of various musical idioms. The student is expected to:

117.314.c.1.A

experience and explore exemplary musical examples using technology and available live performances;

117.314.c.1.B

identify and describe melodic and harmonic parts when listening to and performing music using a melodic reading system such as solfge, numbers, letter names, note names, or scale degrees;

117.314.c.1.C

define concepts of music notation, intervals, and chord structure using appropriate terminology;

117.314.c.1.D

define concepts of rhythm and meter using appropriate terminology and counting system;

117.314.c.1.E

explore elements of music such as rhythm, meter, melody, harmony, key, expression markings, texture, form, dynamics, and timbre through literature selected for performance; and

117.314.c.1.F

apply health and wellness concepts related to music practice such as body mechanics, hearing protection, vocal health, hydration, and appropriate hygienic practices.

117.314.c.2

The student reads and notates music using an appropriate notation system. The student is expected to:

117.314.c.2.A

read notation systems or manipulate sounds as appropriate to the course of study;

117.314.c.2.B

read and notate or record and produce music that incorporates rhythmic patterns in simple, compound, and asymmetric meters as appropriate;

117.314.c.2.C

interpret music symbols and expressive terms referring to concepts such as dynamics, tempo, and articulation as appropriate;

117.314.c.2.D

demonstrate cognitive skills, including observance of key signature and modalities, while studying or producing music at an appropriate level of difficulty; and

117.314.c.2.E

demonstrate music-making skills such as appropriate use of technology in recording, notating, editing, manipulating, arranging, Standard Motion Picture Time Encryption (SMPT), and emergent technologies.

117.314.c.3

The student, individually and in groups, makes music of an appropriate level of difficulty in a variety of genres from notation, recording, or by memory as appropriate. The student is expected to:

117.314.c.3.A

demonstrate, create, or apply characteristic sounds appropriate for the genre;

117.314.c.3.B

create, examine, or perform a repertoire of music representing a variety of styles, including those from diverse cultures;

117.314.c.3.C

demonstrate understanding of correct articulation and rhythmic accuracy;

117.314.c.3.D

demonstrate understanding of correct dynamics and phrasing;

117.314.c.3.E

demonstrate understanding of correct intonation; and

117.314.c.3.F

exhibit and explain appropriate performance techniques for formal and informal concerts or recording sessions.

117.314.c.4

The student creates original music within specified guidelines. The student is expected to:

117.314.c.4.A

create original musical phrases; and

117.314.c.4.B

notate or record original musical phrases.

117.314.c.5

The student relates music to history, culture, and the world. The student is expected to:

117.314.c.5.A

compare and contrast music by genre, style, culture, and historical period;

117.314.c.5.B

identify music-related vocations and avocations;

117.314.c.5.C

identify and describe the uses of music in societies and cultures;

117.314.c.5.D

identify and explore the relationship between music and other academic disciplines;

117.314.c.5.E

identify and explore the impact of technologies, ethical issues, and economic factors on music, musicians, and performances; and

117.314.c.5.F

identify and explore tools for college and career preparation such as social media applications, repertoire lists, and audition and interview techniques.

117.314.c.6

The student listens to, responds to, and evaluates music and musical performance in formal and informal settings. The student is expected to:

117.314.c.6.A

practice informed concert etiquette as a performer and an audience member during live and recorded performances in a variety of settings;

117.314.c.6.B

design and apply criteria for making informed judgments regarding the quality and effectiveness of musical performances;

117.314.c.6.C

develop processes for self-evaluation and select tools for personal artistic improvement such as critical listening and individual and group performance recordings; and

117.314.c.6.D

evaluate musical performances by comparing them to exemplary models.

117.315.b.1

These disciplines engage and motivate all students through active learning, critical thinking, and innovative problem solving. The fine arts develop cognitive functioning and increase student academic achievement, higher-order thinking, communication, and collaboration skills, making the fine arts applicable to college readiness, career opportunities, workplace environments, social skills, and everyday life. Students develop aesthetic and cultural awareness through exploration, leading to creative expression. Creativity, encouraged through the study of the fine arts, is essential to nurture and develop the whole child.

117.315.b.2

Through the foundations: inquiry and understanding strand, students develop a perception of self, human relationships, and the world using elements of drama and conventions of theatre. Through the creative expression strand, students communicate in a dramatic form, engage in artistic thinking, build positive self-concepts, relate interpersonally and integrate knowledge with other content areas in a relevant manner. Through the historical and cultural relevance strand, students increase their understanding of heritage and traditions in theatre and the diversity of world cultures as expressed in theatre. Through the critical evaluation and response strand, students engage in inquiry and dialogue, accept constructive criticism, revise personal views to promote creative and critical thinking, and develop the ability to appreciate and evaluate live theatre.

117.315.b.3

Participation and evaluation in a variety of theatrical experiences will afford students opportunities to develop an understanding of self and their role in the world.

117.315.c.1

The student develops concepts about self, human relationships, and the environment using elements of drama and conventions of theatre. The student is expected to:

117.315.c.1.A

understand the value and purpose of using listening, observation, concentration, cooperation, and emotional and sensory recall;

117.315.c.1.B

develop and practice theatre preparation and warm-up techniques;

117.315.c.1.C

develop and practice stage movement techniques such as mime, pantomime, stage combat, Laban, Lecoq, or Viewpoints consistently to express thoughts, feelings, and actions non-verbally;

117.315.c.1.D

develop and practice effective voice and diction to express thoughts and feelings;

117.315.c.1.E

analyze characters by describing attributes such as physical, intellectual, emotional, and social dimensions through reading scripts of published plays;

117.315.c.1.F

demonstrate a working knowledge of the language of theatre such as stage terminology, elements of theatre, or theatrical conventions;

117.315.c.1.G

analyze and describe the interdependence of all theatrical elements;

117.315.c.1.H

define the roles of and appreciate the collaborative relationships between all artistic partners such as playwrights, composers, directors, actors, designers, technicians, and audience;

117.315.c.1.I

identify and practice memorization skills;

117.315.c.1.J

identify the principles of improvisation; and

117.315.c.1.K

identify and recognize the importance of safe theatre practices.

117.315.c.2

The student interprets characters using the voice and body expressively and creates dramatizations. The student is expected to:

117.315.c.2.A

demonstrate safe use of the voice and body;

117.315.c.2.B

define creativity as it relates to personal expression;

117.315.c.2.C

employ effective voice and diction to express thoughts and feelings;

117.315.c.2.D

use physical, intellectual, emotional, and social awareness to portray believable characters and convey a story when applying acting concepts, skills, and techniques;

117.315.c.2.E

employ physical techniques consistently to express thoughts, feelings, and actions non-verbally; and

117.315.c.2.F

create, write, and refine original monologues, improvisations, scenes, or vignettes that reflect dramatic structure to convey meaning to the audience through live performance or media forms.

117.315.c.3

The student applies design, directing, and theatre production concepts and skills. The student is expected to:

117.315.c.3.A

develop and practice technical theatre skills;

117.315.c.3.B

apply technical knowledge and skills safely to create or operate theatrical elements such as scenery, properties, lighting, sound, costumes, makeup, current technology, or publicity;

117.315.c.3.C

perform a role such as actor, director, designer, technician, or editor in production decision making and collaborate with others in a production role to tell a story through live theatre or media performance; and

117.315.c.3.D

demonstrate responsibility, artistic discipline, and creative problem solving by concentrating in one or more areas of theatre production such as acting, technical theatre, or theatre management.

117.315.c.4

The student relates theatre to history, society, and culture. The student is expected to:

117.315.c.4.A

portray theatre as a reflection of life in particular times, places, and cultures;

117.315.c.4.B

relate historical and cultural influences on theatre;

117.315.c.4.C

identify the impact of live theatre, film, television, and electronic media on contemporary society;

117.315.c.4.D

appreciate the cultural heritages of world drama and theatre and identify key figures, works, and trends in dramatic literature;

117.315.c.4.E

appreciate the multicultural heritage of United States drama and theatre and identify key figures, works, and trends in dramatic literature; and

117.315.c.4.F

identify and appreciate the innovations and contributions of the United States to the performing arts such as theatre, melodrama, musical theatre, radio, film, television, technology, or electronic media.

117.315.c.5

The student responds to and evaluates theatre and theatrical performances. The student is expected to:

117.315.c.5.A

analyze and apply appropriate behavior at various types of live performances;

117.315.c.5.B

recognize theatre as an art form and evaluate self as a creative being;

117.315.c.5.C

offer and receive constructive criticism of peer performances;

117.315.c.5.D

evaluate live theatre in written and oral form with precise and specific observations using appropriate evaluative theatre vocabulary such as intent, structure, effectiveness, and value;

117.315.c.5.E

evaluate film, television, or other media in written or oral form with precise and specific observations using appropriate evaluative theatre vocabulary such as intent, structure, effectiveness, and value;

117.315.c.5.F

explore career and avocational opportunities such as theatre education, arts administration, performance, design, management, and playwriting in theatre or media and evaluate the training, skills, self-discipline, and artistic discipline needed to pursue such opportunities;

117.315.c.5.G

use technology such as electronic portfolios, research projects, and journals to document and present information in a clear and coherent manner; and

117.315.c.5.H

connect theatre skills and experiences to higher education and careers outside of the theatre.

117.316.b.2

Through the foundations: inquiry and understanding strand, students develop a perception of self, human relationships, and the world using elements of drama and conventions of theatre. Through the creative expression strand, students communicate in a dramatic form, engage in artistic thinking, build positive self-concepts, relate interpersonally, and integrate knowledge with other content areas in a relevant manner. Through the historical and cultural relevance strand, students increase their understanding of heritage and traditions in theatre and the diversity of world cultures as expressed in theatre. Through the critical evaluation and response strand, students engage in inquiry and dialogue, accept constructive criticism, revise personal views to promote creative and critical thinking, and develop the ability to appreciate and evaluate live theatre.

117.316.b.3

Participation and evaluation in a variety of theatrical experiences will afford students opportunities to develop an understanding of self and their role in the world.

117.316.c.1

The student develops concepts about self, human relationships, and the environment using elements of drama and conventions of theatre. The student is expected to:

117.316.c.1.A

develop and practice theatre warm-up techniques;

117.316.c.1.B

develop and practice stage movement techniques consistently to express thoughts, feelings, and actions non-verbally;

117.316.c.1.C

demonstrate effective voice and diction;

117.316.c.1.D

analyze dramatic structure and genre;

117.316.c.1.E

identify examples of theatrical conventions in theatre, film, television, and electronic media;

117.316.c.1.F

relate the interdependence of all theatrical elements; and

117.316.c.1.G

develop and practice memorization skills.

117.316.c.2

The student interprets characters using the voice and body expressively and creates dramatizations. The student is expected to:

117.316.c.2.A

model safe, appropriate techniques to allow for physical, vocal, and emotional expression;

117.316.c.2.B

explore creativity as it relates to self and ensemble;

117.316.c.2.C

demonstrate effective voice and diction to express thoughts and feelings;

117.316.c.2.D

apply physical, intellectual, emotional, and social interactions to portray believable characters and convey a story when applying acting concepts, skills, and techniques;

117.316.c.2.E

develop physical techniques consistently to express thoughts, feelings, and actions non-verbally; and

117.316.c.2.F

create, write, devise, and refine original monologues, improvisations, scenes, or vignettes to convey meaning to the audience through live performance or media forms.

117.316.c.3

The student applies design, directing, and theatre production concepts and skills. The student is expected to:

117.316.c.3.A

develop and practice safe and effective stagecraft skills;

117.316.c.3.B

read and analyze cultural, social, and political aspects of a script to determine technical elements;

117.316.c.3.C

analyze characters, themes, duties, and elements of a script to determine artistic roles and technical assignments;

117.316.c.3.D

perform a role such as actor, director, designer, technician, or editor in production decision making and collaborate with others to tell a story through live theatre or media performance; and

117.316.c.3.E

develop responsibility, artistic discipline, and creative problem solving by concentrating in one or more areas of theatre production such as acting, technical theatre, or theatre management.

117.316.c.4

The student relates theatre to history, society, and culture. The student is expected to:

117.316.c.4.A

analyze historical and cultural influences on theatre;

117.316.c.4.B

analyze ways in which theatre, television, and film play a role in our daily lives and influence our values and behaviors;

117.316.c.4.C

analyze and evaluate the impact of live theatre, film, television, and electronic media in contemporary society;

117.316.c.4.D

research the influences of world drama and theatre and identify key figures, works, and trends in dramatic literature;

117.316.c.4.E

research the influences of the multicultural heritage of drama and theatre in the United States and identify key figures, works, and trends in dramatic literature; and

117.316.c.4.F

identify and appreciate the innovations and contributions of the United States to the performing arts such as theatre, melodrama, musical theatre, radio, film, television, technology, or electronic media.

117.316.c.5

The student responds to and evaluates theatre and theatrical performances. The student is expected to:

117.316.c.5.A

evaluate and apply appropriate audience etiquette at various types of performances;

117.316.c.5.B

analyze theatre as an art form and evaluate self as a creative being;

117.316.c.5.C

offer and receive constructive criticism of peer performances;

117.316.c.5.D

evaluate the treatment of artistic elements such as theme, character, setting, and action in theatre, musical theatre, dance, art, music, or other media and integrate more than one art form in informal presentations;

117.316.c.5.E

examine career and avocational opportunities such as theatre education, arts administration, performance, design, management, and playwriting in theatre or other media and evaluate the training, skills, self-discipline, and artistic discipline needed to pursue such opportunities;

117.316.c.5.F

use technology such as portfolios, research projects, and journals to document and present information in a clear and coherent manner; and

117.316.c.5.G

connect theatre skills and experiences to higher education and careers outside of the theatre.

117.317.b.1

These disciplines engage and motivate all students through active learning, critical thinking, and innovative problem solving. The fine arts develop cognitive functioning and increase student academic achievement, higher-order thinking, communication, and collaboration skills, making the fine arts applicable to college readiness, career opportunities, workplace environments, social skills, and everyday life. Students develop aesthetic and cultural awareness through exploration, leading to creative expression. Creativity, encouraged through the study of the fine arts, is essential to nurture and develop the whole child.

117.317.b.2

Through the foundations: inquiry and understanding strand, students develop a perception of self, human relationships, and the world using elements of drama and conventions of theatre. Through the creative expression strand, students communicate in a dramatic form, engage in artistic thinking, build positive self-concepts, relate interpersonally, and integrate knowledge with other content areas in a relevant manner. Through the historical and cultural relevance strand, students increase their understanding of heritage and traditions in theatre and the diversity of world cultures as expressed in theatre. Through the critical evaluation and response strand, students engage in inquiry and dialogue, accept constructive criticism, revise personal views to promote creative and critical thinking, and develop the ability to appreciate and evaluate live theatre.

117.317.b.3

Participation and evaluation in a variety of theatrical experiences will afford students opportunities to develop an understanding of self and their role in the world.

117.317.b.4

Statements that contain the word 'including' reference content that must be mastered, while those containing the phrase 'such as' are intended as possible illustrative examples.

117.317.c.1

The student develops concepts about self, human relationships, and the environment using elements of drama and conventions of theatre. The student is expected to:

117.317.c.1.A

apply theatre preparation and warm-up techniques effectively;

117.317.c.1.B

experiment with stage movement;

117.317.c.1.C

distinguish the proper techniques such as diction, inflection, and projection in the use of voice;

117.317.c.1.D

analyze and evaluate dramatic structure and genre;

117.317.c.1.E

distinguish between the theatrical conventions of theatre, film, television, and other media;

117.317.c.1.F

evaluate the interdependence of all theatrical elements; and

117.317.c.1.G

develop and practice memorization skills.

117.317.c.2

The student interprets characters using the voice and body expressively and creates dramatizations. The student is expected to:

117.317.c.2.A

employ safe, appropriate techniques to allow for physical, vocal, and emotional expression;

117.317.c.2.B

analyze creativity as it relates to self and ensemble and its effect on audience;

117.317.c.2.C

analyze characters from various genres and styles, describing physical, intellectual, emotional, and social dimensions;

117.317.c.2.D

experiment with improvisation and scripted scenes of various styles to portray believable characters;

117.317.c.2.E

write dialogue that reveals character motivation, advances plot, provides exposition, and reveals theme; and

117.317.c.2.F

integrate two or more art or media forms in a performance.

117.317.c.3

. The student applies design, directing, and theatre production concepts and skills. The student is expected to:

117.317.c.3.A

experiment with technical elements of theatre safely and effectively in improvisation or scripted scenes or plays;

117.317.c.3.B

analyze and evaluate dramatic texts as a basis for technical discussions, considering themes, settings, times, literary styles, genres, and characters;

117.317.c.3.C

cast and direct duet scenes;

117.317.c.3.D

perform a role such as actor, director, designer, technician, or editor in production decision making and collaborate with others to tell a story through live theatre or media performance; and

117.317.c.3.E

perform the role of actor, director, or technician, demonstrating responsibility, artistic discipline, and creative problem solving.

117.317.c.4

The student relates theatre to history, society, and culture. The student is expected to:

117.317.c.4.A

evaluate historical and cultural influences on theatre;

117.317.c.4.B

analyze ways in which theatre, television, and film play a role in our daily lives and influence our values and behaviors;

117.317.c.4.C

employ and evaluate the impact of live theatre, film, television, and other media in contemporary society;

117.317.c.4.D

research the influences of world drama and theatre and identify key figures, works, and trends in dramatic literature;

117.317.c.4.E

research the influences of the multicultural heritage of drama and theatre in the United States and identify key figures, works, and trends in dramatic literature; and

117.317.c.4.F

identify and appreciate the innovations and contributions of the United States to the performing arts such as theatre, melodrama, musical theatre, radio, film, television, technology, or electronic media.

117.317.c.5

The student responds to and evaluates theatre and theatrical performances. The student is expected to:

117.317.c.5.A

compare behavior at various types of performances and practice appropriate audience etiquette;

117.317.c.5.B

recognize theatre as an art form and evaluate self as a creative being;

117.317.c.5.C

apply the concepts of evaluation to performances and evaluate theatre, film, television, and other media with depth and complexity using appropriate vocabulary;

117.317.c.5.D

compare communication methods of theatre with those of art, music, dance, and other media;

117.317.c.5.E

make judgments about selected career and avocational opportunities such as theatre education, arts administration, performance, design, management, and playwriting in theatre, film, television, and other media and analyze the training, skills, self-discipline, and artistic discipline needed to pursue such opportunities;

117.317.c.5.F

use technology such as portfolios, research projects, and journals to document and present information in a clear and coherent manner;

117.317.c.5.G

relate theatre skills and experiences to higher education and careers outside of the theatre; and

117.317.c.5.H

create a personal resume or portfolio of theatrical experience.

117.318.b.1

These disciplines engage and motivate all students through active learning, critical thinking, and innovative problem solving. The fine arts develop cognitive functioning and increase student academic achievement, higher-order thinking, communication, and collaboration skills, making the fine arts applicable to college readiness, career opportunities, workplace environments, social skills, and everyday life. Students develop aesthetic and cultural awareness through exploration, leading to creative expression. Creativity, encouraged through the study of the fine arts, is essential to nurture and develop the whole child.

117.318.b.2

Through the foundations: inquiry and understanding strand, students develop a perception of self, human relationships, and the world using elements of drama and conventions of theatre. Through the creative expression strand, students communicate in a dramatic form, engage in artistic thinking, build positive self-concepts, relate interpersonally, and integrate knowledge with other content areas in a relevant manner. Through the historical and cultural relevance strand, students increase their understanding of heritage and traditions in theatre and the diversity of world cultures as expressed in theatre. Through the critical evaluation and response strand, students engage in inquiry and dialogue, accept constructive criticism, revise personal views to promote creative and critical thinking, and develop the ability to appreciate and evaluate live theatre.

117.318.b.3

Participation and evaluation in a variety of theatrical experiences will afford students opportunities to develop an understanding of self and their role in the world.

117.318.b.4

Statements that contain the word 'including' reference content that must be mastered, while those containing the phrase 'such as' are intended as possible illustrative examples.

117.318.c.1

The student develops concepts about self, human relationships, and the environment using elements of drama and conventions of theatre. The student is expected to:

117.318.c.1.A

create and demonstrate theatre preparation and warm-up techniques;

117.318.c.1.B

devise and model stage movement;

117.318.c.1.C

model proper techniques such as diction, inflection, and projection in the use of effective voice;

117.318.c.1.D

compare the structure of theatre to that of film, television, and other media;

117.318.c.1.E

evaluate theatrical conventions of various cultural and historical periods;

117.318.c.1.F

evaluate the interdependence of all theatrical elements; and

117.318.c.1.G

develop and model memorization skills.

117.318.c.2

The student interprets characters using the voice and body expressively and creates dramatizations. The student is expected to:

117.318.c.2.A

model safe, appropriate techniques to allow for physical, vocal, and emotional expression;

117.318.c.2.B

demonstrate creativity as it relates to self and ensemble and its effect on audience;

117.318.c.2.C

analyze and interpret characters from various genres and styles, describing physical, intellectual, emotional, and social dimensions;

117.318.c.2.D

interpret scripted scenes of various styles to portray believable characters; and

117.318.c.2.E

create individually or devise collaboratively imaginative scripts and scenarios.

117.318.c.3

The student applies design, directing, and theatre production concepts and skills. The student is expected to:

117.318.c.3.A

experiment with the technical elements of theatre safely and effectively in improvisation or scripted scenes or plays;

117.318.c.3.B

analyze and evaluate dramatic texts and direct brief scenes;

117.318.c.3.C

demonstrate understanding of a director's responsibility to the author's intent, script, actors, designers, technicians, and audience;

117.318.c.3.D

analyze production plans that include research, rehearsal plans, technical designs, and blocking;

117.318.c.3.E

demonstrate leadership by casting and directing a long scene or a short play, producing a unified theatrical production; and

117.318.c.3.F

apply expertise in one or more areas of theatre production, demonstrating responsibility, artistic discipline, and creative problem solving.

117.318.c.4

The student relates theatre to history, society, and culture. The student is expected to:

117.318.c.4.A

evaluate historical and cultural influences on theatre;

117.318.c.4.B

analyze ways in which theatre, television, and film play a role in our daily lives and influence our values and behaviors

117.318.c.4.C

employ and evaluate the impact of live theatre, film, television, and other media in contemporary society;

117.318.c.4.D

research the influences of world drama and theatre and identify key figures, works, and trends in dramatic literature;

117.318.c.4.E

research the influences of the multicultural heritage of drama and theatre in the United States and identify key figures, works, and trends in dramatic literature; and

117.318.c.4.F

identify and appreciate the innovations and contributions of the United States to the performing arts such as theatre, melodrama, musical theatre, radio, film, television, technology or electronic media.

117.318.c.5

The student responds to and evaluates theatre and theatrical performances. The student is expected to:

117.318.c.5.A

evaluate and practice appropriate audience behavior at various types of performances;

117.318.c.5.B

defend theatre as an art form and value self as a creative being;

117.318.c.5.C

apply evaluation concepts to performances, and compare and contrast literary and dramatic criticism of theatre, film, television, or other media;

117.318.c.5.D

compare and contrast the elements and communication methods of theatre, film, music, art, dance, or other media in a specific culture or historical period;

117.318.c.5.E

evaluate selected career and avocational opportunities such as theatre education, arts administration, performance, design, management, playwriting, and dramatic criticism in theatre, film, television, and other media and analyze the training, skills, self-discipline, and artistic discipline needed to pursue such opportunities;

117.318.c.5.F

employ technology such as portfolios, research projects, and journals to communicate and present findings in a clear and coherent manner;

117.318.c.5.G

appraise personal theatre skills and experiences to opportunities in higher education and careers outside of the theatre; and

117.318.c.5.H

create a personal resume or portfolio of theatrical experience.

117.319.b.1

These disciplines engage and motivate all students through active learning, critical thinking, and innovative problem solving. The fine arts develop cognitive functioning and increase student academic achievement, higher-order thinking, communication, and collaboration skills, making the fine arts applicable to college readiness, career opportunities, workplace environments, social skills, and everyday life. Students develop aesthetic and cultural awareness through exploration, leading to creative expression. Creativity, encouraged through the study of the fine arts, is essential to nurture and develop the whole child.

117.319.b.2

Through the foundations: inquiry and understanding strand, students develop a perception of self, human relationships, and the world using elements of drama and conventions of theatre. Through the creative expression strand, students communicate in a dramatic form, engage in artistic thinking, build positive self-concepts, relate interpersonally, and integrate knowledge with other content areas in a relevant manner. Through the historical and cultural relevance strand, students increase their understanding of heritage and traditions in theatre and the diversity of world cultures as expressed in theatre. Through the critical evaluation and response strand, students engage in inquiry and dialogue, accept constructive criticism, revise personal views to promote creative and critical thinking, and develop the ability to appreciate and evaluate live theatre.

117.319.b.3

The course will also provide an atmosphere in which students benefit from a teaching and learning experience in these performance disciplines of musical theatre. Students will receive comprehensive and rigorous instruction so that they may make informed choices about the craft, college, and the profession. The course will enhance and cultivate the creative gifts of each student while encouraging a sense of self-confidence. The course will enable students to study and perform the varied styles of musical theatre with special attention to the principles of stage movement, stage vocal technique, stage choreography, acting, characterization, and other aspects of a musical production.

117.319.b.4

Statements that contain the word 'including' reference content that must be mastered, while those containing the phrase 'such as' are intended as possible illustrative examples.

117.319.c.1

The student develops concepts about self, human relationships, and the environment using elements of drama, dance, music, and the conventions of musical theatre. The student is expected to:

117.319.c.1.A

develop and practice theatrical, dance, and vocal music preparation and warm-up techniques;

117.319.c.1.B

recognize stage movement, pantomime, and dance skills in various genres such as ballet, tap, jazz, ballroom, and Broadway;

117.319.c.1.C

identify acting techniques in song, dance, and spoken dialogue;

117.319.c.1.D

recognize the professional audition process;

117.319.c.1.E

compare the dramatic structure of musical theatre to musical film and musical television productions;

117.319.c.1.F

define and give examples of the language of musical theatre such as stage terminology, elements of musical theatre, or theatrical conventions; and

117.319.c.1.G

describe the interdependence of all theatrical elements.

117.319.c.2

The student interprets characters through acting, singing, and dance using voice and body expressively and creates dramatizations called for in a musical script. The student is expected to:

117.319.c.2.A

identify appropriate safety measures in vocalization, dance movement, and theatrical movement;

117.319.c.2.B

define creativity as it relates to personal expression in musical theatre;

117.319.c.2.C

recognize characterization in musical theatre and scripts of various genres and styles;

117.319.c.2.D

identify proper voice usage and correct vocal production skills such as vocal placement, vocal phrasing, vocal tone production, and vocal consistency in a performance situation; and

117.319.c.2.E

interpret lyrics for characterization, vocalization, and dance.

117.319.c.3

The student applies design, directing, choreography, and musical theatre production concepts and skills. The student is expected to:

117.319.c.3.A

recognize safe and effective use of technical elements of musical theatre;

117.319.c.3.B

identify the responsibilities of the director, musical director, and choreographer to the composer and librettist's intent;

117.319.c.3.C

recognize musical production plans such as rehearsal plans, technical designs, blocking, choreography, and solo and ensemble musical numbers; and

117.319.c.3.D

perform a role and collaborate with others to tell a story through live musical theatre or media performance.

117.319.c.4

The student relates musical theatre to history, society, and culture. The student is expected to:

117.319.c.4.A

study historical and cultural influences on musical theatre;

117.319.c.4.B

identify the historical development of musical theatre as a uniquely American art form;

117.319.c.4.C

identify historical and cultural developments in musical theatre;

117.319.c.4.D

identify the contemporary development of musical theatre as an international art form such as new composers and their composition styles, multicultural influences, practices and principles of contemporary musical theatre, advances in the creation of contemporary or popular musical theatre, and impact of musical theatre on the world's economic and performing arts scene;

117.319.c.4.E

articulate the influences of musical theatre forms such as theatre, television, and film on past and present society.

117.319.c.5

The student responds to and evaluates musical theatre performances. The student is expected to:

117.319.c.5.A

model appropriate audience behavior at various types of performances;

117.319.c.5.B

defend musical theatre as a creative art form and evaluate self as a creative being;

117.319.c.5.C

evaluate the interdependence of all musical theatre elements such as dramatic spoken text, vocalized text, dance, costuming, set design, lighting, and sound;

117.319.c.5.D

evaluate self and peer performance using constructive criticism;

117.319.c.5.E

discuss musical theatre, musical film, or other musical media using precise musical theatre vocabulary;

117.319.c.5.F

experiment with a career opportunity in musical theatre, musical film, or other musical media and analyze the training, skills, self-discipline, and artistic discipline needed for personal success;

117.319.c.5.G

relate musical theatre skills and experiences to higher education and careers outside of the theatre; and

117.319.c.5.H

document and present information in a clear and coherent manner using technology in a resume or portfolio format.

117.320.b.1

These disciplines engage and motivate all students through active learning, critical thinking, and innovative problem solving. The fine arts develop cognitive functioning and increase student academic achievement, higher-order thinking, communication, and collaboration skills, making the fine arts applicable to college readiness, career opportunities, workplace environments, social skills, and everyday life. Students develop aesthetic and cultural awareness through exploration, leading to creative expression. Creativity, encouraged through the study of the fine arts, is essential to nurture and develop the whole child.

117.320.b.2

Through the foundations: inquiry and understanding strand, students develop a perception of self, human relationships, and the world using elements of drama and conventions of theatre. Through the creative expression strand, students communicate in a dramatic form, engage in artistic thinking, build positive self-concepts, relate interpersonally, and integrate knowledge with other content areas in a relevant manner. Through the historical and cultural relevance strand, students increase their understanding of heritage and traditions in theatre and the diversity of world cultures as expressed in theatre. Through the critical evaluation and response strand, students engage in inquiry and dialogue, accept constructive criticism, revise personal views to promote creative and critical thinking, and develop the ability to appreciate and evaluate live theatre.

117.320.b.3

The course will also provide an atmosphere in which students benefit from a teaching and learning experience in these performance disciplines of musical theatre. Students will receive comprehensive and rigorous instruction so that they may make informed choices about the craft, college, and the profession. The course will enhance and cultivate the creative gifts of each student while encouraging a sense of self-confidence. The course will enable students to study and perform the varied styles of musical theatre with special attention to the principles of stage movement, stage vocal technique, stage choreography, acting, characterization, and other aspects of a musical production.

117.320.b.4

Statements that contain the word 'including' reference content that must be mastered, while those containing the phrase 'such as' are intended as possible illustrative examples.

117.320.c.1

The student develops concepts about self, human relationships, and the environment using elements of drama, dance, music, and the conventions of musical theatre. The student is expected to:

117.320.c.1.A

create and lead theatrical, dance, and vocal music preparation and warm-up techniques;

117.320.c.1.B

arrange stage movement in a musical theatre performance;

117.320.c.1.C

choreograph various dance genres such as ballet, tap, jazz, ballroom, and Broadway in a musical theatre performance;

117.320.c.1.D

develop effective use of voice and diction in spoken dialogue to effectively express thoughts, feelings, and actions;

117.320.c.1.E

develop appropriate singing technique in vocalized solo and ensemble repertoire to effectively express thoughts, feelings, and actions;

117.320.c.1.F

model professional audition techniques such as musical selection, monologue performance, dance and movement, and the relationship between accompanist and performer;

117.320.c.1.G

perform a multi-dimensional character from a musical incorporating singing, dancing, and acting; and

117.320.c.1.H

collaborate effectively with all artistic partners in a musical theatre production.

117.320.c.2

The student interprets characters through acting, singing, and dance using voice and body expressively and creates dramatizations called for in a musical script. The student is expected to:

117.320.c.2.A

model appropriate safety measures in vocalization, dance movement, and theatrical movement;

117.320.c.2.B

defend creativity as it relates to self and ensemble in musical theatre;

117.320.c.2.C

analyze characterization in musical theatre styles;

117.320.c.2.D

model proper voice usage and correct vocal production skills such as vocal placement, vocal phrasing, vocal tone production, and vocal consistency in a performance situation;

117.320.c.2.E

analyze lyrics of a song as a monologue, dialogue, or ensemble scene for interpretation, characterization, and physicalization;

117.320.c.2.F

create and sustain believable characters through acting, singing, and dancing; and

117.320.c.2.G

collaborate to produce material related to musical theatre such as monologues, scenes, lyrics, or choreography to convey meaning to the audience through live performance or other media forms.

117.320.c.3

The student applies design, directing, choreography, and musical theatre production concepts and skills. The student is expected to:

117.320.c.3.A

apply safe and effective use of technical elements of musical theatre;

117.320.c.3.B

analyze the responsibilities of the director, musical director, and choreographer to the composer and librettist's intent;

117.320.c.3.C

analyze musical production plans such as research, rehearsal plans, technical designs, blocking, choreography, and solo and ensemble musical numbers;

117.320.c.3.D

demonstrate responsibility and creative problem solving in one or more areas of musical theatre production such as acting, technical theatre, and theatre management; and

117.320.c.3.E

collaborate with others to perform a role such as actor, director, designer, technician, and editor in a musical theatre or musical media production.

117.320.c.4

The student relates musical theatre to history, society, and culture. The student is expected to:

117.320.c.4.A

analyze historical and cultural influences on musical theatre;

117.320.c.4.B

investigate the historical development of musical theatre as a uniquely American art form;

117.320.c.4.C

investigate historical and cultural developments in musical theatre;

117.320.c.4.D

investigate the contemporary development of musical theatre such as new composers and their composition styles, multicultural influences, practices and principles of contemporary musical theatre, advances in the creation of contemporary or popular musical theatre, and impact of musical theatre on the world's economic and performing arts scene as an international art form;

117.320.c.4.E

depict musical theatre as a reflection of life in particular times, places, and cultures; and

117.320.c.4.F

relate the influences of musical theatre forms such as theatre, television, and film on past and present society.

117.320.c.5

The student responds to and evaluates musical theatre performances. The student is expected to:

117.320.c.5.A

evaluate and practice appropriate audience behavior at various types of performances;

117.320.c.5.B

describe musical theatre as an art form and evaluate self as a creative being;

117.320.c.5.C

appraise self and peer performance with constructive criticism;

117.320.c.5.D

evaluate musical theatre in written and oral form with precise and specific observations on intent, structure, effectiveness, and value using appropriate evaluative theatre vocabulary;

117.320.c.5.E

evaluate the interdependence of all musical theatre elements such as dramatic spoken text, vocalized text, dance, costuming, set design, lighting, and sound;

117.320.c.5.F

evaluate career and avocational opportunities in musical theatre, musical film, and musical television, justifying choice(s), and analyze the training, skills, self-discipline, and artistic discipline needed for success;

117.320.c.5.G

relate musical theatre skills and experiences to higher education and careers outside of the theatre; and

117.320.c.5.H

document and present information in a clear and coherent manner using technology in a resume or portfolio format.

117.321.b.1

These disciplines engage and motivate all students through active learning, critical thinking, and innovative problem solving. The fine arts develop cognitive functioning and increase student academic achievement, higher-order thinking, communication, and collaboration skills, making the fine arts applicable to college readiness, career opportunities, workplace environments, social skills, and everyday life. Students develop aesthetic and cultural awareness through exploration, leading to creative expression. Creativity, encouraged through the study of the fine arts, is essential to nurture and develop the whole child.

117.321.b.2

Through the foundations: inquiry and understanding strand, students develop a perception of self, human relationships, and the world using elements of drama and conventions of theatre. Through the creative expression strand, students communicate in a dramatic form, engage in artistic thinking, build positive self-concepts, relate interpersonally, and integrate knowledge with other content areas in a relevant manner. Through the historical and cultural relevance strand, students increase their understanding of heritage and traditions in theatre and the diversity of world cultures as expressed in theatre. Through the critical evaluation and response strand, students engage in inquiry and dialogue, accept constructive criticism, revise personal views to promote creative and critical thinking, and develop the ability to appreciate and evaluate live theatre.

117.321.b.3

The course will also provide an atmosphere in which students benefit from a teaching and learning experience in these performance disciplines of musical theatre. Students will receive comprehensive and rigorous instruction so that they may make informed choices about the craft, college, and the profession. The course will enhance and cultivate the creative gifts of each student while encouraging a sense of self-confidence. The course will enable students to study and perform the varied styles of musical theatre with special attention to the principles of stage movement, stage vocal technique, stage choreography, acting, characterization, and other aspects of a musical production.

117.321.b.4

Statements that contain the word 'including' reference content that must be mastered, while those containing the phrase 'such as' are intended as possible illustrative examples.

117.321.c.1

Foundations: inquiry and understanding

117.321.c.1.A

create theatrical, dance, and vocal music preparation and warm-up techniques;

117.321.c.1.B

develop stage movement, pantomime, and dance skills in various genres such as ballet, tap, jazz, ballroom, and Broadway;

117.321.c.1.C

develop acting techniques in song, dance, and spoken dialogue;

117.321.c.1.D

model professional audition techniques such as musical selection, monologue performance, dance and movement, and the relationship between accompanist and performer;

117.321.c.1.E

analyze the dramatic structure of musical theatre;

117.321.c.1.F

perform a character from a musical incorporating physical, intellectual, and emotional dimensions;

117.321.c.1.G

collaborate effectively with all artistic partners in a musical theatre production; and

117.321.c.1.H

employ the language of musical theatre such as stage terminology, elements of musical theatre, or theatrical conventions.

117.321.c.2

The student interprets characters through acting, singing, and dance using voice and body expressively and creates dramatizations called for in a musical script. The student is expected to:

117.321.c.2.A

apply appropriate safety measures in vocalization, dance movement, and theatrical movement;

117.321.c.2.B

appraise creativity as it relates to self and ensemble in musical theatre;

117.321.c.2.C

create and sustain believable characters through acting, singing, and dancing;

117.321.c.2.D

model proper voice usage and correct vocal production skills such as vocal placement, vocal phrasing, vocal tone production, and vocal consistency in a performance situation;

117.321.c.2.E

analyze lyrics of a song as a monologue, dialogue, or ensemble scene for interpretation, characterization, vocalization, and dance; and

117.321.c.2.F

collaborate to produce material related to musical theatre such as monologues, scenes, lyrics, or choreography to convey meaning to the audience through live performance or other media forms.

117.321.c.3

The student applies design, directing, choreography, and musical theatre production concepts and skills. The student is expected to:

117.321.c.3.A

model safe and effective use of technical elements of musical theatre;

117.321.c.3.B

create musical production plans such as rehearsal plans, technical designs, blocking, choreography, and solo and ensemble musical numbers;

117.321.c.3.C

demonstrate responsibility and creative problem solving as a leader in one or more areas of musical theatre or musical media production such as actor, director, choreographer, and musical director; and

117.321.c.3.D

collaborate with others to perform a role such as actor, director, choreographer, designer, technician, and editor in a musical theatre or musical media production.

117.321.c.4

The student relates musical theatre to history, society, and culture. The student is expected to:

117.321.c.4.A

articulate historical and cultural influences and developments on musical theatre;

117.321.c.4.B

examine the historical development of musical theatre as a uniquely American art form;

117.321.c.4.C

experiment with contemporary forms of musical theatre such as new composers and their composition styles, multicultural styles, practices and principles of contemporary musical theatre, and popular musical theatre;

117.321.c.4.D

defend musical theatre as a reflection of life in particular times, places, and cultures; and

117.321.c.4.E

articulate the influences of musical theatre forms such as theatre, television, and film on past and present society.

117.321.c.5

The student responds to and evaluates musical theatre performances. The student is expected to:

117.321.c.5.A

model appropriate audience behavior at various types of performances;

117.321.c.5.B

defend musical theatre as a creative art form and evaluate self as a creative being;

117.321.c.5.C

evaluate the interdependence of all musical theatre elements such as dramatic spoken text, vocalized text, dance, costuming, set design, lighting, and sound;

117.321.c.5.D

evaluate self and peer performance using constructive criticism;

117.321.c.5.E

discuss musical theatre, musical film, or other musical media using precise musical theatre vocabulary;

117.321.c.5.F

experiment with a career opportunity in musical theatre, musical film, or other musical media and analyze the training, skills, self-discipline, and artistic discipline needed for personal success;

117.321.c.5.G

relate musical theatre skills and experiences to higher education and careers outside of the theatre; and

117.321.c.5.H

document and present information in a clear and coherent manner using technology in a resume or portfolio format.

117.322.b.1

These disciplines engage and motivate all students through active learning, critical thinking, and innovative problem solving. The fine arts develop cognitive functioning and increase student academic achievement, higher-order thinking, communication, and collaboration skills, making the fine arts applicable to college readiness, career opportunities, workplace environments, social skills, and everyday life. Students develop aesthetic and cultural awareness through exploration, leading to creative expression. Creativity, encouraged through the study of the fine arts, is essential to nurture and develop the whole child.

117.322.b.2

Through the foundations: inquiry and understanding strand, students develop a perception of self, human relationships, and the world using elements of drama and conventions of theatre. Through the creative expression strand, students communicate in a dramatic form, engage in artistic thinking, build positive self-concepts, relate interpersonally, and integrate knowledge with other content areas in a relevant manner. Through the historical and cultural relevance strand, students increase their understanding of heritage and traditions in theatre and the diversity of world cultures as expressed in theatre. Through the critical evaluation and response strand, students engage in inquiry and dialogue, accept constructive criticism, revise personal views to promote creative and critical thinking, and develop the ability to appreciate and evaluate live theatre.

117.322.b.3

The course will also provide an atmosphere in which students benefit from a teaching and learning experience in these performance disciplines of musical theatre. Students will receive comprehensive and rigorous instruction so that they may make informed choices about the craft, college, and the profession. The course will enhance and cultivate the creative gifts of each student while encouraging a sense of self-confidence. The course will enable students to study and perform the varied styles of musical theatre with special attention to the principles of stage movement, stage vocal technique, stage choreography, acting, characterization, and other aspects of a musical production.

117.322.b.4

Statements that contain the word 'including' reference content that must be mastered, while those containing the phrase 'such as' are intended as possible illustrative examples.

117.322.c.1

The student develops concepts about self, human relationships, and the environment using elements of drama, dance, music, and the conventions of musical theatre. The student is expected to:

117.322.c.1.A

create and lead theatrical, dance, and vocal music preparation and warm-up techniques;

117.322.c.1.B

arrange stage movement in a musical theatre performance;

117.322.c.1.C

choreograph various dance genres such as ballet, tap, jazz, ballroom, and Broadway in a musical theatre performance;

117.322.c.1.D

develop effective use of voice and diction in spoken dialogue to effectively express thoughts, feelings, and actions;

117.322.c.1.E

develop appropriate singing technique in vocalized solo and ensemble repertoire to effectively express thoughts, feelings, and actions;

117.322.c.1.F

model professional audition techniques such as musical selection, monologue performance, dance and movement, and the relationship between accompanist and performer;

117.322.c.1.G

perform a multi-dimensional character from a musical incorporating singing, dancing, and acting; and

117.322.c.1.H

collaborate effectively with all artistic partners in a musical theatre production.

117.322.c.2

The student interprets characters through acting, singing, and dance using voice and body expressively and creates dramatizations called for in a musical script. The student is expected to:

117.322.c.2.A

model appropriate safety measures in vocalization, dance movement, and theatrical movement;

117.322.c.2.B

defend creativity as it relates to self and ensemble in musical theatre;

117.322.c.2.C

analyze characterization in musical theatre styles;

117.322.c.2.D

model proper voice usage and correct vocal production skills such as vocal placement, vocal phrasing, vocal tone production, and vocal consistency in a performance situation;

117.322.c.2.E

analyze lyrics of a song as a monologue, dialogue, or ensemble scene for interpretation, characterization, and physicalization;

117.322.c.2.F

create and sustain believable characters through acting, singing, and dancing; and

117.322.c.2.G

collaborate to produce material related to musical theatre such as monologues, scenes, lyrics, or choreography to convey meaning to the audience through live performance or other media forms.

117.322.c.3

The student applies design, directing, choreography, and musical theatre production concepts and skills. The student is expected to:

117.322.c.3.A

model safe and effective use of technical elements of musical theatre;

117.322.c.3.B

create musical production plans such as research, rehearsal plans, technical designs, blocking, choreography, and solo and ensemble musical numbers; and

117.322.c.3.C

cast and direct a musical theatre or musical media production.

117.322.c.4

The student relates musical theatre to history, society, and culture. The student is expected to:

117.322.c.4.A

conduct concentrated studies on historical and cultural influences on and developments in musical theatre;

117.322.c.4.B

justify musical theatre as an original American art form;

117.322.c.4.C

depict musical theatre as a reflection of life in particular times, places, and cultures; and

117.322.c.4.D

defend the influences of musical theatre forms such as theatre, television, and film on past and present society.

117.322.c.5

The student responds to and evaluates musical theatre performances. The student is expected to:

117.322.c.5.A

evaluate and practice appropriate audience behavior at various types of performances;

117.322.c.5.B

defend musical theatre as a creative art form;

117.322.c.5.C

compare the nature of musical theatre elements to other musical media;

117.322.c.5.D

appraise self and peer performance using constructive criticism;

117.322.c.5.E

evaluate musical theatre, musical film, or other musical media using precise musical theatre vocabulary;

117.322.c.5.F

experiment with a career opportunity in musical theatre, musical film, or other musical media and analyze the training, skills, self-discipline, and artistic discipline needed for personal success;

117.322.c.5.G

elate musical theatre skills and experiences to higher education and careers outside of the theatre; and

117.322.c.5.H

document and present information in a clear and coherent manner using technology to build a resume or portfolio.

117.323.b.1

These disciplines engage and motivate all students through active learning, critical thinking, and innovative problem solving. The fine arts develop cognitive functioning and increase student academic achievement, higher-order thinking, communication, and collaboration skills, making the fine arts applicable to college readiness, career opportunities, workplace environments, social skills, and everyday life. Students develop aesthetic and cultural awareness through exploration, leading to creative expression. Creativity, encouraged through the study of the fine arts, is essential to nurture and develop the whole child.

117.323.b.2

Through the foundations: inquiry and understanding strand, students develop a perception of self, human relationships, and the world using elements of drama and conventions of theatre. Through the creative expression strand, students communicate in a dramatic form, engage in artistic thinking, build positive self-concepts, relate interpersonally, and integrate knowledge with other content areas in a relevant manner. Through the historical and cultural relevance strand, students increase their understanding of heritage and traditions in theatre and the diversity of world cultures as expressed in theatre. Through the critical evaluation and response strand, students engage in inquiry and dialogue, accept constructive criticism, revise personal views to promote creative and critical thinking, and develop the ability to appreciate and evaluate live theatre.

117.323.b.3

Participation and evaluation in a variety of theatrical experiences will afford students opportunities to develop an understanding of self and their role in the world.

117.323.b.4

Statements that contain the word 'including' reference content that must be mastered, while those containing the phrase 'such as' are intended as possible illustrative examples.

117.323.c.1

The student develops concepts about self, human relationships, and the environment using elements of drama and conventions of theatre. The student is expected to:

117.323.c.1.A

define standard vocabulary in costumes, lights, makeup, theatre management, properties, scenery, and sound;

117.323.c.1.B

recognize the technical elements of theatre such as types of stages, stage areas, fly systems, curtains, front of house, dressing rooms, and storage;

117.323.c.1.C

recognize theatre systems such as the production calendar, tech rehearsals, and production staff roles;

117.323.c.1.D

recognize safe theatre practices such as personal safety, fire safety, tool safety, shop safety, and handling emergencies in the theatre; and

117.323.c.1.E

read scripts and apply basic script analysis techniques to technical theatre elements.

117.323.c.2

The student develops and demonstrates technical theatre skills through the pre-production processes from concept (script or original idea) to performance. The student is expected to:

117.323.c.2.A

recognize the function of technical elements in various theatrical styles and genres;

117.323.c.2.B

recognize the design process of analysis, research, incubation/selection, implementation, and evaluation to a theatrical product such as a rendering, model, and sketch;

117.323.c.2.C

identify the production team such as designers, director, crew members, playwright, and stage manager and their duties;

117.323.c.2.D

articulate the importance of collaboration and leadership skills;

117.323.c.2.E

define creativity as it relates to personal expression in technical theatre and design;

117.323.c.2.F

recognize communication methods between directors and designers such as prompt book, costume plot, light plot, makeup, theatre management, property list, design renderings, and models; and

117.323.c.2.G

apply the basic skills of measurement in construction.

117.323.c.3

The student applies design, directing, and theatre production concepts and skills. The student is expected to:

117.323.c.3.A

identify the safe use of tools and materials in scenery and property construction;

117.323.c.3.B

identify the safe use of lighting equipment such as instruments, dimmers, and controllers;

117.323.c.3.C

identify the safe use of the basic techniques of costume construction and make-up application;

117.323.c.3.D

identify the safe use of sound equipment; and

117.323.c.3.E

recognize the roles of theatre management such as house management and stage management.

117.323.c.4

The student relates theatre to history, society, and culture. The student is expected to:

117.323.c.4.A

conduct research to establish historical and cultural accuracy in theatrical design;

117.323.c.4.B

identify the impact of live theatre, film, television, and electronic media on contemporary society;

117.323.c.4.C

understand the cultural heritage of world drama and theatre and identify key figures, works, and trends in dramatic literature; and

117.323.c.4.D

identify and understand the innovations and contributions of the United States to the performing arts such as theatre, melodrama, musical theatre, radio, film, television, technology, or electronic media.

117.323.c.5

The student responds to and evaluates theatre and theatrical performances. The student is expected to:

117.323.c.5.A

understand the use of resumes and portfolios in technical theatre;

117.323.c.5.B

recognize appropriate behavior at various types of live performances;

117.323.c.5.C

recognize the design and technical elements of theatre as an art form and evaluate self as a creative being;

117.323.c.5.D

evaluate live theatre in written and oral form with precise and specific observations of technical elements using appropriate vocabulary;

117.323.c.5.E

evaluate film, television, or other media in written or oral form with precise and specific observations of technical elements using appropriate vocabulary;

117.323.c.5.F

connect theatre skills and experiences to higher education and careers; and

117.323.c.5.G

use technology to communicate and present findings in a clear and coherent manner.

117.324.a

Students may fulfill fine arts and elective requirements for graduation by successfully completing one or more of the following theatre courses: Technical Theatre, Level II (one credit), Lighting and Sound (one-half to one credit), Stagecraft, Costume Construction (one-half to one credit), Makeup for the Theatre (one-half to one credit), Design for the Theatre (one-half to one credit), and Theatre Management (one-half to one credit). Technical Theatre, Level I is suggested as a prerequisite for Technical Theatre, Level II courses.

117.324.b

Critical evaluation and response

117.324.b.1

These disciplines engage and motivate all students through active learning, critical thinking, and innovative problem solving. The fine arts develop cognitive functioning and increase student academic achievement, higher-order thinking, communication, and collaboration skills, making the fine arts applicable to college readiness, career opportunities, workplace environments, social skills, and everyday life. Students develop aesthetic and cultural awareness through exploration, leading to creative expression. Creativity, encouraged through the study of the fine arts, is essential to nurture and develop the whole child.

117.324.b.2

Through the foundations: inquiry and understanding strand, students develop a perception of self, human relationships, and the world using elements of drama and conventions of theatre. Through the creative expression strand, students communicate in a dramatic form, engage in artistic thinking, build positive self-concepts, relate interpersonally, and integrate knowledge with other content areas in a relevant manner. Through the historical and cultural relevance strand, students increase their understanding of heritage and traditions in theatre and the diversity of world cultures as expressed in theatre. Through the critical evaluation and response strand, students engage in inquiry and dialogue, accept constructive criticism, revise personal views to promote creative and critical thinking, and develop the ability to appreciate and evaluate live theatre.

117.324.b.3

Students explore and apply a myriad of technical theatre concepts and skills. Students will exercise and develop creativity, intellectual curiosity, critical thinking, problem solving, and collaborative skills. Participation and evaluation in a variety of theatrical experiences will afford students opportunities to develop an understanding of self and their role in the world.

117.324.b.4

Statements that contain the word 'including' reference content that must be mastered, while those containing the phrase 'such as' are intended as possible illustrative examples.

117.324.c.1

The student develops concepts about self, human relationships, and the world using elements of drama and conventions of theatre. The student is expected to:

117.324.c.1.A

demonstrate proper use of standard vocabulary in costumes, lights, makeup, theatre management, properties, scenery, and sound;

117.324.c.1.B

identify the technical elements of theatre such as types of stages, stage areas, fly systems, curtains, front of house, dressing rooms, and storage;

117.324.c.1.C

use established theatre systems such as the production calendar, tech rehearsals, and production staff roles;

117.324.c.1.D

use safe theatre practices such as personal safety, fire safety, tool safety, shop safety, and handling emergencies in the theatre; and

117.324.c.1.E

read and analyze scripts to determine technical theatre elements.

117.324.c.2

The student develops and demonstrates technical theatre skills through the pre-production processes from concept (script or original idea) to performance. The student is expected to:

117.324.c.2.A

identify and use technical elements in various theatrical styles and genres;

117.324.c.2.B

apply the design process, including analysis, research, incubation/selection, implementation, and evaluation, to a theatrical product such as a rendering, model, and sketch;

117.324.c.2.C

recognize the principles of design, including lines, shape, mass, measure, position, color, and texture;

117.324.c.2.D

recognize the principles of composition, including unity, harmony, contrast, variation, balance, proportion, and emphasis;

117.324.c.2.E

recognize the elements of color in design such as color theory, the science of color and light, and the color palette;

117.324.c.2.F

demonstrate understanding of communication methods between directors and designers such as prompt book, costume plot, light plot, makeup, theatre management, property list, design renderings, and models; and

117.324.c.2.G

practice proper measurement and scale as applied to design or construction.

117.324.c.3

The student focuses on a specific area of technical theatre production concepts and skills. The student demonstrates an understanding of and skills in scenery, props, lighting, costumes and makeup, sound, or theatre management. The student is expected to:

117.324.c.3.A

identify and safely use technical theatre tools, equipment, and materials;

117.324.c.3.B

develop theatre production skills by:

117.324.c.3.B.i

building scenery such as two-dimensional flats and three-dimensional stairs;

117.324.c.3.B.ii

building or pulling and altering costumes using safe costume construction techniques;

117.324.c.3.B.iii

designing lighting and using electrical theory and practice as it applies to theatrical lighting;

117.324.c.3.B.iv

demonstrating an understanding of the physics of acoustics and sound through the design of sound;

117.324.c.3.B.ix

identifying and applying stage properties practices such as buy, borrow, build, and organize; and

117.324.c.3.B.v

designing marketing products for theatrical productions;

117.324.c.3.B.vi

demonstrating stage management techniques such as build a promptbook, call cues, and record blocking;

117.324.c.3.B.vii

implementing and refining scenic painting techniques; or

117.324.c.3.B.viii

designing stage properties;

117.324.c.3.C

read and interpret technical theatre documents such as light plots, costume plots, renderings, ground plans, and cue sheets.

117.324.c.4

The student relates theatre to history, society, and culture. The student is expected to:

117.324.c.4.A

apply historical or cultural accuracy from research in theatrical design;

117.324.c.4.B

analyze the impact of live theatre, film, television, and electronic media on contemporary society;

117.324.c.4.C

analyze the cultural heritages of world drama and theatre and identify key figures, works, and trends in technical theatre;

117.324.c.4.D

explain the historical development, discoveries, and periods in theatre architecture and stage technology influences such as Latin American marionettes, Greek amphitheater, Asian Noh and Kabuki theatre, Italian Renaissance innovation, and Indian puppet theatre and their influences on modern theatre;

117.324.c.4.E

illustrate how technology has changed theatre such as how stage lighting has progressed from limelight to digital light;

117.324.c.4.F

understand the multicultural heritage of United States drama and theatre and identify key figures, works, and trends in technical theatre; and

117.324.c.4.G

identify and understand the innovations and contributions of the United States to the performing arts such as theatre, melodrama, musical theatre, radio, film, television, technology, or electronic media.

117.324.c.5

The student responds to and evaluates theatre and theatrical performances. The student is expected to:

117.324.c.5.A

compile materials to construct a resume and portfolio of works created in technical theatre;

117.324.c.5.B

analyze and apply appropriate behavior of technical staff at various types of live performances;

117.324.c.5.C

recognize the design and technical elements of theatre as an art form and evaluate self as a creative being;

117.324.c.5.D

offer and receive constructive criticism of designs or construction projects by peers and self;

117.324.c.5.E

evaluate live theatre in written and oral form with precise and specific observations of technical elements using appropriate vocabulary;

117.324.c.5.F

evaluate film, television, or other media in written or oral form with precise and specific observations of technical elements using appropriate vocabulary;

117.324.c.5.G

explore career and avocational opportunities in theatre, television, film, or industries such as design, construction, management, theatre education, and arts administration and evaluate the training, skills, self-discipline, and artistic discipline needed to pursue such opportunities;

117.324.c.5.H

connect theatre skills and experiences to higher education and careers outside of the theatre; and

117.324.c.5.I

use technology to communicate and present findings in a clear and coherent manner.

117.325.b.1

These disciplines engage and motivate all students through active learning, critical thinking, and innovative problem solving. The fine arts develop cognitive functioning and increase student academic achievement, higher-order thinking, communication, and collaboration skills, making the fine arts applicable to college readiness, career opportunities, workplace environments, social skills, and everyday life. Students develop aesthetic and cultural awareness through exploration, leading to creative expression. Creativity, encouraged through the study of the fine arts, is essential to nurture and develop the whole child.

117.325.b.2

Through the foundations: inquiry and understanding strand, students develop a perception of self, human relationships, and the world using elements of drama and conventions of theatre. Through the creative expression strand, students communicate in a dramatic form, engage in artistic thinking, build positive self-concepts, relate interpersonally, and integrate knowledge with other content areas in a relevant manner. Through the historical and cultural relevance strand, students increase their understanding of heritage and traditions in theatre and the diversity of world cultures as expressed in theatre. Through the critical evaluation and response strand, students engage in inquiry and dialogue, accept constructive criticism, revise personal views to promote creative and critical thinking, and develop the ability to appreciate and evaluate live theatre.

117.325.b.3

Students explore and apply a myriad of technical theatre concepts and skills. Students will exercise and develop creativity, intellectual curiosity, critical thinking, problem solving, and collaborative skills. Participation and evaluation in a variety of theatrical experiences will afford students opportunities to develop an understanding of self and their role in the world.

117.325.b.4

Statements that contain the word 'including' reference content that must be mastered, while those containing the phrase 'such as' are intended as possible illustrative examples.

117.325.c.1

The student develops concepts about self, human relationships, and the world using elements of drama and conventions of theatre. The student is expected to:

117.325.c.1.A

demonstrate proper use of standard vocabulary in costumes, lights, makeup, theatre management, properties, scenery, and sound;

117.325.c.1.B

demonstrate a working knowledge of the technical elements of theatre such as types of stages, stage areas, fly systems, curtains, front of house, dressing rooms, and storage;

117.325.c.1.C

create and use established theatre systems such as the production calendar, tech rehearsals, and production staff roles;

117.325.c.1.D

use and model safe theatre practices such as personal safety, fire safety, tool safety, shop safety, and handling emergencies in the theatre; and

117.325.c.1.E

read scripts and apply basic script analysis techniques to technical theatre elements.

117.325.c.2

The student develops and demonstrates technical theatre skills through the pre-production processes from concept (script or original idea) to performance. The student is expected to:

117.325.c.2.A

identify and use technical elements in various theatrical styles and genres;

117.325.c.2.B

apply the design process, including analysis, research, incubation/selection, implementation, and evaluation, to a theatrical product such as a rendering, model, or sketch;

117.325.c.2.C

apply the principles of design, including lines, shape, mass, measure, position, color, and texture;

117.325.c.2.D

apply the principles of composition, including unity, harmony, contrast, variation, balance, proportion, and emphasis;

117.325.c.2.E

apply the elements of color in design such as color theory, the science of color and light, and the color palette;

117.325.c.2.F

manage and work collaboratively with the production team such as designers, director, crew members, playwright, and stage manager;

117.325.c.2.G

defend the importance of collaboration and leadership skills;

117.325.c.2.H

develop creativity as it relates to personal expression in technical theatre and design;

117.325.c.2.I

interpret technical theatre documents used by directors and designers to communicate such as costume plot, light plot, makeup chart, prompt book, property list, design renderings, and models; and

117.325.c.2.J

practice the basics of measurement and scale applied to drafting, design, or construction.

117.325.c.3

Creative expression: production

117.325.c.3.A

identify and safely use specialized tools and materials in technical theatre;

117.325.c.3.B

identify and safely use specialized tools and materials in technical theatre;

117.325.c.3.C

identify various production roles in all technical areas such as designer, master carpenter, draper, cutter, and master electrician; and

117.325.c.3.D

create and interpret technical theatre documents such as light plots, costume plots, renderings, ground plans, and cue sheets.

117.325.c.4

The student relates theatre to history, society, and culture. The student is expected to:

117.325.c.4.A

demonstrate a working knowledge of historical or cultural accuracy from research in theatrical design;

117.325.c.4.B

synthesize the impact of live theatre, film, television, and electronic media on contemporary society;

117.325.c.4.C

synthesize the cultural heritages of world drama and theatre and identify key figures, works, and trends in dramatic literature;

117.325.c.4.D

demonstrate a working knowledge of the historical development, discoveries, and periods in theatre architecture and stage technology such as Latin American marionettes, Greek amphitheater, Asian Noh and Kabuki theatre, Italian Renaissance innovation, and Indian puppet theatre and their influences on modern theatre;

117.325.c.4.E

illustrate how technology has changed theatre such as how stage lighting has progressed from limelight to digital light;

117.325.c.4.F

analyze the multicultural heritage of United States drama and theatre and identify key figures, works, and trends in dramatic literature; and

117.325.c.4.G

demonstrate a working knowledge of the innovations and contributions of the United States to the performing arts such as theatre, melodrama, musical theatre, radio, film, television, technology, or electronic media.

117.325.c.5

The student responds to and evaluates theatre and theatrical performances. The student is expected to:

117.325.c.5.A

construct a resume and portfolio of works created in technical theatre;

117.325.c.5.B

demonstrate appropriate behavior of technical staff at various types of live performances;

117.325.c.5.C

apply the design and technical elements of theatre as an art form and evaluate self as a creative being;

117.325.c.5.D

offer and receive constructive criticism of designs or construction projects by peers and self;

117.325.c.5.E

evaluate live theatre in written and oral form with precise and specific observations of technical elements using appropriate vocabulary;

117.325.c.5.F

evaluate film, television, or other media in written or oral form with precise and specific observations of technical elements using appropriate vocabulary;

117.325.c.5.G

articulate career and avocational opportunities in theatre, television, film, or industries such as design, construction, management, theatre education, and arts administration and evaluate the training, skills, self-discipline, and artistic discipline needed to pursue such opportunities;

117.325.c.5.H

articulate connections in theatre skills and experiences to higher education and careers outside of the theatre; and

117.325.c.5.I

use technology to communicate and present findings in a clear and coherent manner.

117.326.b.1

These disciplines engage and motivate all students through active learning, critical thinking, and innovative problem solving. The fine arts develop cognitive functioning and increase student academic achievement, higher-order thinking, communication, and collaboration skills, making the fine arts applicable to college readiness, career opportunities, workplace environments, social skills, and everyday life. Students develop aesthetic and cultural awareness through exploration, leading to creative expression. Creativity, encouraged through the study of the fine arts, is essential to nurture and develop the whole child.

117.326.b.2

Through the foundations: inquiry and understanding strand, students develop a perception of self, human relationships, and the world using elements of drama and conventions of theatre. Through the creative expression strand, students communicate in a dramatic form, engage in artistic thinking, build positive self-concepts, relate interpersonally, and integrate knowledge with other content areas in a relevant manner. Through the historical and cultural relevance strand, students increase their understanding of heritage and traditions in theatre and the diversity of world cultures as expressed in theatre. Through the critical evaluation and response strand, students engage in inquiry and dialogue, accept constructive criticism, revise personal views to promote creative and critical thinking, and develop the ability to appreciate and evaluate live theatre.

117.326.b.3

Through more independent study and increased production responsibilities, study in Technical Theatre IV involves the application of expertise prepared for and acquired in previous theatre art studies. Students explore and apply a myriad of technical theatre concepts and skills. Students will exercise and develop creativity, intellectual curiosity, critical thinking, problem solving, and collaborative skills. Participation and evaluation in a variety of theatrical experiences will afford students opportunities to develop an understanding of self and their role in the world.

117.326.b.4

Statements that contain the word 'including' reference content that must be mastered, while those containing the phrase 'such as' are intended as possible illustrative examples.

117.326.c.1

The student develops concepts about self, human relationships, and the environment using elements of drama and conventions of theatre. The student is expected to:

117.326.c.1.A

demonstrate proper and regular use of standard vocabulary in costumes, lights, makeup, theatre management, properties, scenery, and sound;

117.326.c.1.B

demonstrate a working knowledge of the technical elements of theatre such as types of stages, stage areas, fly systems, curtains, front of house, dressing rooms, and storage;

117.326.c.1.C

use and create established theatre systems such as the production calendar, tech rehearsals, and production staff roles;

117.326.c.1.D

use and model safe theatre practices such as personal safety, fire safety, tool safety, shop safety, and handling emergencies in the theatre; and

117.326.c.1.E

read scripts and apply basic script analysis techniques to technical theatre elements.

117.326.c.2

The student develops and demonstrates technical theatre skills through the pre-production processes from concept (script or original idea) to performance. The student is expected to:

117.326.c.2.A

analyze technical elements in various theatrical styles and genres;

117.326.c.2.B

demonstrate creativity in the design of a theatrical product;

117.326.c.2.C

demonstrate leadership skills in an area of the production team;

117.326.c.2.D

model collaboration and leadership skills;

117.326.c.2.E

model creativity as it relates to personal expression in technical theatre and design; and

117.326.c.2.F

model communication methods between directors and designers such as prompt book, costume plot, light plot, makeup, theatre management, property list, design renderings, and models.

117.326.c.3

The student focuses on a specific area of technical theatre production concepts and skills. The student is expected to demonstrate an understanding of and skills in scenery, props, lighting, costumes and makeup, sound, or theatre management. The student is expected to:

117.326.c.3.A

model effective and safe use of tools and materials in scenery and property construction;

117.326.c.3.B

develop skills to supervise safe construction of scenery;

117.326.c.3.C

develop skills to supervise safe use of the basic techniques of costume construction and make-up application;

117.326.c.3.D

develop skills to supervise safe use of lighting equipment such as instruments, dimmers, and controllers;

117.326.c.3.E

develop skills to supervise safe use of sound equipment; and

117.326.c.3.F

demonstrate an understanding of management skills in a theatre production such as house manager, stage manager, marketing manager, or producer.

117.326.c.4

The student relates theatre to history, society, and culture. The student is expected to:

117.326.c.4.A

defend historical or cultural accuracy in theatrical design;

117.326.c.4.B

articulate the impact of live theatre, film, television, and electronic media on contemporary society;

117.326.c.4.C

articulate the impact of cultural heritages of world drama and theatre and identify key figures, works, and trends in technical theatre;

117.326.c.4.D

articulate the impact of multicultural heritage of United States drama and theatre and identify key figures, works, and trends in technical theatre; and

117.326.c.4.E

predict future innovations and contributions of the United States to the performing arts.

117.326.c.5

The student responds to and evaluates theatre and theatrical performances. The student is expected to:

117.326.c.5.A

use a resume and portfolio of works created in technical theatre;

117.326.c.5.B

model appropriate behavior of technical staff at various types of live performances;

117.326.c.5.C

defend the design and technical elements of theatre as an art form and evaluate self as a creative being;

117.326.c.5.D

offer and receive constructive criticism of designs or construction projects by peers and self;

117.326.c.5.E

evaluate live theatre in written and oral form with precise and specific observations of technical elements using appropriate vocabulary;

117.326.c.5.F

evaluate film, television, or other media in written or oral form with precise and specific observations of technical elements using appropriate vocabulary;

117.326.c.5.G

articulate career and avocational opportunities in theatre, television, film, or industries such as design, construction, management, theatre education, and arts administration and evaluate the training, skills, self-discipline, and artistic discipline needed to pursue such opportunities;

117.326.c.5.H

articulate connections in theatre skills and experiences to higher education and careers outside of the theatre; and

117.326.c.5.I

use technology to communicate and present findings in a clear and coherent manner.