Kentucky Learning Standards for Social Studies — Grade 5

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Students understand the democratic principles of justice, equality, responsibility, and freedom and apply them to real-life situations.


Students can accurately describe various forms of government and analyze issues that relate to the rights and responsibilities of citizens in a democracy


the government of the United States was developed from a colonial base of representative democracy by people who envisioned an independent country and new purposes for the government.


the United States Government was formed to establish order, provide security and accomplish common goals.


the fundamental values and principles (e.g., liberty, justice, individual human dignity) of American representative democracy are expressed in historical documents (e.g., the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution of the United States, including the Preamble and the Bill of Rights).


the Constitution of the United States establishes a government of limited powers that are shared among different levels and branches


as members of a democratic society, all citizens of the United States have certain rights and responsibilities, including civic participation.


Students observe, analyze, and interpret human behaviors, social groupings, and institutions to better understand people and the relationships among individuals and among groups.


Students interact effectively and work cooperatively with the many ethnic and cultural groups of our nation and world.


culture is a system of beliefs, knowledge, institutions, customs/traditions, languages and skills shared by a group of people. Through a societys culture, individuals learn the relationships, structures, patterns and processes to be members of the society.


cultures develop social institutions (e.g., government, economy, education, religion, family) to structure society, influence behavior and respond to human needs


interactions among individuals and groups assume various forms (e.g., compromise, cooperation, conflict, competition) and are influenced by culture


a variety of factors promote cultural diversity in a society, nation and world.


an understanding and appreciation of the diverse complexity of cultures is essential to interact effectively and work cooperatively with the many diverse ethnic and cultural groups of today.


Students understand economic principles and are able to make economic decisions that have consequences in daily living.


the basic economic problem confronting individuals, groups and businesses in the United States today is scarcity: as a result of scarcity, economic choices and decisions must be made


a variety of fundamental economic concepts (e.g., supply and demand, opportunity cost) impact individuals, groups and businesses in the United States today.


economic institutions are created to help individuals, groups and businesses accomplish common goals.


markets enable buyers and sellers to exchange goods and services


production, distribution and consumption of goods and services have changed over time in the United States


individuals, groups and businesses in the United States demonstrate interdependence as they make economic decisions about the use of resources (e.g., natural, human, capital) in the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.


Students recognize and understand the relationship between people and geography and apply their knowledge in real-life situations.


the use of geographic tools (e.g., maps, globes, charts, graphs) and mental maps help interpret information, understand and analyze patterns, spatial data and geographic issues.


patterns emerge as humans move, settle and interact on Earths surface and can be identified by examining the location of physical and human characteristics, how they are arranged and why they are in particular locations. Economic, political, cultural and social processes interact to shape patterns of human populations, interdependence, cooperation and conflict.


regions help us to see Earth as an integrated system of places and features organized by such principles as landform types, political units, economic patterns and cultural groups.


people depend on, adapt to, and/or modify the environment to meet basic needs. Human actions modified the physical environment and in turn, the physical environment limited and/or promoted human activities in the settlement of the United States.


Students understand, analyze, and interpret historical events, conditions, trends, and issues to develop historical perspective.


history is an account of human activities that is interpretive in nature. A variety of tools (e.g., primary and secondary sources) are needed to understand and analyze historical events.


the history of the United States can be analyzed by examining significant eras (Colonization and Settlement, Revolution and a New Nation, Expansion and Conflict, Industrialization and Immigration and the Twentieth Century) to develop a chronological understanding and recognize cause and effect relationships and multiple causation, tying past to present


the history of the United States has been impacted by significant individuals, groups and advances in technology.


geography, culture, and economics have a significant impact on historical perspectives and events.