Kentucky Learning Standards for Social Studies — Grade K

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Students understand the democratic principles of justice, equality, responsibility, and freedom and apply them to real-life situations.


Students can accurately describe various forms of government and analyze issues that relate to the rights and responsibilities of citizens in a democracy.


demonstrate (e.g., speak, draw, write) an understanding of the nature of government:


explain basic functions (to establish order, to provide security and accomplish common goals)


explore and give examples of the services (e.g., police and fire protection, maintenance of roads, snow removal, garbage pick-up)


investigate how the local government pays for services (by collecting taxes from people who live there)


explain the reasons for rules in the home and at school; and compare rules (e.g., home, school) and laws in the local community


investigate the importance of rules and laws and give examples of what life would be like without rules and laws (home, school, community)


explore personal rights and responsibilities:


explain, demonstrate, give examples of ways to show good citizenship at school and in the community (e.g., recycling, picking up trash)


describe the importance of civic participation and locate examples (e.g., donating canned food to a class food drive) in current events/news


use a variety of print and non-print sources (e.g., stories, books, interviews, observations) to identify and describe basic democratic ideas (e.g., liberty, justice, equality, rights, responsibility)


Students observe, analyze, and interpret human behaviors, social groupings, and institutions to better understand people and the relationships among individuals and among groups


Students interact effectively and work cooperatively with the many ethnic and cultural groups of our nation and world.


culture is a system of beliefs, knowledge, institutions, customs/traditions, languages and skills shared by a group of people


cultures develop social institutions (e.g., government, economy, education, religion, family) to structure society, influence behavior, and respond to human needs.


interactions among individuals and groups assume various forms (e.g., compromise, cooperation, conflict, competition)


a variety of factors promote cultural diversity in a community.


an understanding and appreciation of the diverse complexity of cultures is essential to interact effectively and work cooperatively with the many diverse ethnic and cultural groups of today


Students understand economic principles and are able to make economic decisions that have consequences in daily living.


the basic economic problem confronting individuals and groups in our community today is scarcity; as a result of scarcity economic choices and decisions must be made.


a variety of fundamental economic concepts (e.g., supply and demand, opportunity cost) impact individuals, groups and businesses in the community today.


economic institutions are created to help individuals, groups and businesses in the community accomplish common goals.


markets enable buyers and sellers to exchange goods and services.


production, distribution and consumption of goods and services in the community have changed over time


individuals, groups and businesses in the community demonstrate interdependence as they make economic decisions about the use of resources (e.g., natural, human, capital) in the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.


Students recognize and understand the relationship between people and geography and apply their knowledge in real-life situations.


the use of geographic tools (e.g., maps, globes, charts, graphs) and mental maps help to locate places, recognize patterns and identify geographic features.


patterns emerge as humans move, settle and interact on Earths surface and can be identified by examining the location of physical and human characteristics, how they are arranged and why they are in particular locations.


people depend on, adapt to, and/or modify the environment to meet basic needs. Human actions modify the physical environment and in turn, the physical environment limits and/or promotes human activities.


Students understand, analyze, and interpret historical events, conditions, trends, and issues to develop historical perspective.


history is an account of human activities that is interpretive in nature. A variety of tools (e.g., primary and secondary sources) are needed to understand historical events.


history is a series of connected events shaped by multiple cause-effect relationships, tying past to present


history has been impacted by significant individuals and groups.