# TEKS: Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources — Grade 10

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#### 130.10.c.1.A

demonstrate use of relational expressions in agribusiness, animal, environmental service, food products and processing, natural resources, plant, and power, structural, and technical systems such as equal to, not equal, greater than, and less than;

#### 130.10.c.1.B

apply statistical and data analysis to solve problems in agribusiness, animal, environmental service, food products and processing, natural resources, plant, or power, structural, and technical systems;

#### 130.10.c.1.C

analyze mathematical problem statements for missing or irrelevant data essential to agribusiness, animal, environmental service, food products and processing, natural resources, plant, and power, structural, and technical systems;

#### 130.10.c.1.D

construct and analyze charts, tables, and graphs from functions and data generated in agribusiness, animal, environmental service, food products and processing, natural resources, plant, and power, structural, and technical systems;

#### 130.10.c.1.E

analyze data using measures of central tendency when interpreting operational documents in agribusiness, animal, environmental service, food products and processing, natural resources, plant, and power, structural, and technical systems; and

#### 130.10.c.1.F

use mathematic operations and knowledge of relationships to solve problems inherent to systems of agriculture and agribusiness such as the calculation of gallons of water from inches of rain, acres of ground water, liquid and gaseous volumes, and conversion of units; calculation of caloric value, parts per million of restricted ingredients, conversion of measurements, and United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) grades; and estimation of wildlife populations, pulpwood yields, and calculation of mapping data.

#### 130.10.c.2

The student is expected to:

#### 130.10.c.2.A

use mathematic operations and knowledge of relationships to solve daily problems inherent to agribusiness systems such as record keeping, profit/loss statements, income statements, capital asset inventories, insurance, risk management, lease agreements, loan documentation, employee payroll, benefits, investments, tax documentation, and real estate contract documentation;

#### 130.10.c.2.B

demonstrate knowledge of algebraic applications linear and exponential functions related to agribusiness systems concepts such as simple interest, compound interest, maturity value, tax rates, depreciation, production analysis, market trends, investments, and price determination; and

#### 130.10.c.2.C

demonstrate use of statistical and data analysis for the evaluation of agribusiness systems such as the collection of demographic, production, consumption, weather, market data for analysis through counts, percentages, central tendency, and prediction. Data is to be reported numerically or graphically on concepts such as pricing, market trends, commodity prices, exports and imports, supply and demand, and production yields.

#### 130.10.c.3

The student is expected to:

#### 130.10.c.3.A

use mathematic operations and knowledge of relationships to solve problems inherent to animal systems such as the calculation of purchasing and marketing, housing requirements, conversion of units, average daily gain, topical and injectable medications, USDA grade calculation, feeding schedules, volumes, production cost, stocking rates, breeding, and gestation;

#### 130.10.c.3.B

demonstrate knowledge of algebraic applications related to animal systems concepts such as ration calculation using the Pearson Square, percent homozygosity, heritability, USDA grade calculation, gene frequency, cost per unit of nutrient, and weaning weight ratio;

#### 130.10.c.3.C

use geometric principles to solve problems inherent to animal systems such as square footage for housing requirements; acreage calculation for normal and irregular shaped pastures; the use of right triangles for perpendicular cross fencing; calculation of feed bin volume based upon shape such as cylinder, cone, cube, or pyramid; and housing volume calculations for ventilation; and

#### 130.10.c.3.D

demonstrate use of statistical and data analysis in animal systems such as the collection and analysis of production data to be reported numerically or graphically on concepts such as birth weight, weaning weights, days to market weight, expected progeny differences, feed efficiencies, birth type, litter size, presence or absence of genetic abnormality, milk production, sow productivity index, and veterinary costs or records.

#### 130.10.c.4

The student is expected to:

#### 130.10.c.4.A

demonstrate knowledge of algebraic applications to create solutions to problems related to environmental service systems concepts such as the calculation of acre feet of water, water volume in ponds, water well volume, water pressure friction loss, flow rate, total head pressure, pump efficiency, soil solids volume, and soil degree of saturation;

#### 130.10.c.4.B

use geometric principles to solve problems inherent to environmental service systems such as acreage calculation for normal and irregular shaped pastures, calculating slope of land, planning runoff drainage structures, and applying differential leveling techniques; and

#### 130.10.c.4.C

demonstrate use of statistical and data analysis in environmental service systems such as the collection and analysis of environmental data to be reported numerically or graphically on concepts such as rainfall, soil classifications, groundwater levels, recycling activities, and pollution rates.

#### 130.10.c.5

The student is expected to:

#### 130.10.c.5.A

demonstrate knowledge of algebraic applications related to food products and processing systems concepts such as the calculation of exponential growth of bacteria, contribution margin in processing, percentage of weight loss in packaged food, percentage of water absorption in packaged food, and microbe analysis following pasteurization;

#### 130.10.c.5.B

use geometric principles to solve problems inherent to food products and processing systems such as the calculation of packaging requirements, construction of food storage structures and containers, liquid transfer materials, and vessels design and volume; and

#### 130.10.c.5.C

demonstrate use of statistical and data analysis in food products and processing systems data to be reported numerically or graphically on concepts such as governmental regulations, hazard analysis, critical control points data, taste tests, quality assurance data, and industry packing practices.

#### 130.10.c.6

The student is expected to:

#### 130.10.c.6.A

demonstrate knowledge of algebraic applications related to natural resource systems concepts such as the calculation of mean harvest area, calibration of pesticides, and the Doyle Log Rule;

#### 130.10.c.6.B

use geometric principles to solve problems inherent to natural resource systems such as planning and construction of structures related to wildlife and fisheries management, determination of lumber volume in given tree stock, and calculation of tank volume for chemical application; and

#### 130.10.c.6.C

demonstrate use of statistical and data analysis for the evaluation of natural resource systems data to be reported numerically or graphically for resource data analysis, analysis of Geographic Information Systems and Global Positioning Systems data, analysis of weather-related data, and analysis of data related to wildlife and habitat.

#### 130.10.c.7

The student is expected to:

#### 130.10.c.7.A

use mathematic operations and knowledge of relationships to solve problems inherent to plant systems such as the calculation of crop yields, crop loss, grain drying requirements, grain weight shrinkage, germination rates, greenhouse heating, and cooling and fertilizer application rates;

#### 130.10.c.7.B

demonstrate knowledge of algebraic applications related to plant systems concepts such as the calculation of grain handling efficiency, harvesting capacity, crop rotation, seeding rates, fertilizer nutrient requirements, and greenhouse ventilation;

#### 130.10.c.7.C

use geometric principles for the analysis of problems inherent to plant systems such as plan grain storage structures, volume of grain storage vessels, grain handling volume, greenhouse capacity, and regular and irregular shaped planting bed size; and

#### 130.10.c.7.D

demonstrate use of statistical and data analysis in plant systems such as crop yields, Global Information Systems data, plant growth data, and climate data.

#### 130.10.c.8

The student is expected to:

#### 130.10.c.8.A

use mathematic operations and knowledge of relationships to solve problems inherent to power, structural, and technical systems such as the calculation of gear ratio, fuel efficiency, construction costs, project layout, energy costs, unit conversions, bid preparation, and labor-related calculations;

#### 130.10.c.8.B

demonstrate knowledge of algebraic applications related to power, structural, and technical systems concepts such as the calculation of strength of magnetism, chain or belt tension, horsepower, Ohm's Law, hydraulic multiplication of force, and Mohr's Circle tensile strength test;

#### 130.10.c.8.C

use geometric principles for the evaluation of problems inherent to power, structural, and technical systems such as rafter length, land measurement, differential leveling, concrete volume, heating, ventilating, and air conditioning requirements and creation of structural drawings;

#### 130.10.c.8.D

use statistical and data analysis to evaluate power, structural, and technical systems problems such as construction cost data; equipment maintenance; heating, ventilating, and air conditioning efficiencies; engine performance; and labor costs; and

#### 130.10.c.8.E

use geometry concepts to develop and implement a plan for construction of a project such as a trailer, an agricultural structure, a storage facility, or a fence.

#### 130.10.c.9

The student is expected to:

#### 130.10.c.9.A

plan, propose, conduct, and evaluate entrepreneurship; placement; exploratory; research, either experimental or analytical; improvement; supplementary; laboratory-based; or other identified, supervised agricultural experience as an experiential learning activity;

#### 130.10.c.9.B

apply proper record-keeping skills as they relate to a supervised experience;

#### 130.10.c.9.C

design and use a customized record-keeping system for the individual supervised experience;

#### 130.10.c.9.D

participate in youth leadership opportunities to create a well-rounded experience program in agriculture; and

#### 130.10.c.9.E

produce a challenging approach for a local program of activities in agriculture.

#### 130.11.c.1

The student is expected to:

#### 130.11.c.1.A

plan, propose, conduct, and evaluate entrepreneurship; placement; exploratory; research, either experimental or analytical; improvement; supplementary; laboratory-based; or other identified, supervised agricultural experience as an experiential learning activity;

#### 130.11.c.1.B

apply proper record-keeping skills as they relate to a supervised experience;

#### 130.11.c.1.C

apply proper record-keeping skills as they relate to a supervised experience;

#### 130.11.c.1.D

participate in youth leadership opportunities to create a well-rounded experience program in agriculture; and

#### 130.11.c.1.E

produce a challenging approach for a local program of activities in agriculture.

#### 130.11.c.10

The student is expected to:

#### 130.11.c.10.A

identify sources of energy production that can contribute to soil erosion;

#### 130.11.c.10.B

illustrate harmful effects of soil erosion;

#### 130.11.c.10.C

discuss legal aspects of soil erosion; and

#### 130.11.c.10.D

list soil erosion control methods and programs.

#### 130.11.c.11

The student is expected to:

#### 130.11.c.11.A

identify types of waste and hazardous materials;

#### 130.11.c.11.B

research legislation related to waste and hazardous materials;

#### 130.11.c.11.C

identify entities responsible for waste and hazardous material management; and

#### 130.11.c.11.D

describe safe handling, storing, and disposal of waste materials, including composting and recycling.

#### 130.11.c.12

The student is expected to:

#### 130.11.c.12.A

identify agricultural and silvicultural crops and bi-products suitable for renewable energy production;

#### 130.11.c.12.B

identify agricultural and silvicultural crops and bi-products suitable for renewable energy production;

#### 130.11.c.12.C

describe the fundamentals for oil, gas, and coal recovery;

#### 130.11.c.12.D

compare and contrast oil and gas drilling methods and the environmental considerations associated with each, including environmentally friendly alternatives;

#### 130.11.c.12.E

compare and contrast coal mining methods and the environmental considerations associated with each;

#### 130.11.c.12.G

identify public policy considerations associated with transmission line construction to move wind-generated energy;

#### 130.11.c.12.H

locate areas in the state that have geothermal energy production potential;

#### 130.11.c.12.I

explain the benefits of geothermal energy;

#### 130.11.c.12.J

identify solar energy systems and describe the function of each; and

#### 130.11.c.12.K

identify the environmental considerations associated with biofuels and wind energy.

#### 130.11.c.2

The student is expected to:

#### 130.11.c.2.A

demonstrate safe practices during field and laboratory investigations in a documented supervised experience; and

#### 130.11.c.2.B

use accepted procedures for the use and conservation of resources and for the safe handling of materials.

#### 130.11.c.3

The student is expected to:

#### 130.11.c.3.A

identify career development and entrepreneurship opportunities in the fields of energy and natural resources;

#### 130.11.c.3.B

apply competencies related to resources, information, interpersonal skills, and systems of operation in energy and natural resources;

#### 130.11.c.3.C

demonstrate knowledge of personal and occupational health and safety practices in the workplace;

#### 130.11.c.3.D

identify employers' expectations, including appropriate work habits, ethical conduct, legal responsibilities, and good citizenship skills; and

#### 130.11.c.3.E

demonstrate leadership skills to accomplish organizational goals and objectives.

#### 130.11.c.4

The student determines the importance and scope of energy and natural resources. The student is expected to:

#### 130.11.c.4.A

identify various types of natural resources;

#### 130.11.c.4.B

discuss renewable, non-renewable, and sustainable energy resources and their availability;

#### 130.11.c.4.C

define the impacts of energy production on natural resources and the effect on the agricultural economy; and

#### 130.11.c.4.D

analyze the geographic and demographic distribution of natural resources.

#### 130.11.c.5

The student is expected to:

#### 130.11.c.5.A

compile examples of different lease agreements used for leasing minerals and natural resources;

#### 130.11.c.5.B

understand landowner and leasing company relationships;

#### 130.11.c.5.C

review public interest in natural resource management; and

#### 130.11.c.5.D

understand the impacts of natural resource management on the landowner.

#### 130.11.c.6

The student is expected to:

#### 130.11.c.6.A

identify policy affecting the use of natural resources;

#### 130.11.c.6.B

identify policy affecting energy production;

#### 130.11.c.6.C

research ecological controls of natural resources;

#### 130.11.c.6.D

identify state and federal agencies that have natural resource management responsibilities; and

#### 130.11.c.6.E

define the roles of government, society, and property owners in the development of energy and natural resource policy.

#### 130.11.c.7

The student is expected to:

#### 130.11.c.7.A

identify the major categories of land use;

#### 130.11.c.7.B

evaluate considerations for land use planning, including ecological benefits;

#### 130.11.c.7.D

compare and contrast land use policy trends within the state; and

#### 130.11.c.7.E

discuss the advantages and disadvantages of land use planning for energy production.

#### 130.11.c.8

The student is expected to:

#### 130.11.c.8.A

identify municipal, industrial, and agricultural uses of water, including recycling opportunities;

#### 130.11.c.8.B

discuss how different types of water uses pollute water resources;

#### 130.11.c.8.C

define point source and non-point source pollution;

#### 130.11.c.8.D

identify sources of point source and non-point source pollution associated with municipal, industrial, and agricultural uses;

#### 130.11.c.8.E

describe effective management practices commonly used to abate point and non-point sources of pollution;

#### 130.11.c.8.F

discuss how the different types of water uses impact water availability;

#### 130.11.c.8.G

research water use legislation;

#### 130.11.c.8.H

review water quality policy, including the agricultural storm water exclusion, and how it affects the decisions made in agricultural production; and

#### 130.11.c.8.I

discuss the potential impacts of energy production on water resources.

#### 130.11.c.9

The student is expected to:

#### 130.11.c.9.B

research air quality legislation;

#### 130.11.c.9.C

identify sources and effects of air pollution from energy production;

#### 130.11.c.9.D

discuss different emission management strategies; and

#### 130.11.c.9.E

identify air pollution controls used in energy production.

#### 130.12.b.1

To be prepared for careers in environmental service systems, students need to attain academic skills and knowledge, acquire advanced technical knowledge and skills related to environmental service systems and the workplace, and develop knowledge and skills regarding career opportunities, entry requirements, and industry expectations. To prepare for success, students need opportunities to learn, reinforce, apply, and transfer their knowledge and skills and technologies in a variety of settings. This course examines the interrelatedness of environmental issues and production agriculture. Students evaluate sustainable resources and green technologies which will provide environmental benefits. Instruction is designed to allow for the application of science and technology to measure environmental impacts resulting from production agriculture through field and laboratory experiences.