British Columbia Prescribed Learning Outcomes — Grade 12


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APH12.BI.1.1.

The body strives to maintain homeostasis.

APH12.BI.2.1.

All living things are made of cells, which contain DNA and cell structures that allow cells to survive and reproduce.

APH12.BI.3.1.

Organ systems have complex interrelationships to maintain homeostasis.

APH12.C.1.1.

Cellular compounds and biological molecules:

APH12.C.1.1.3.

Organic molecules: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acid, ATP

APH12.C.1.2.

Dehydration and synthesis reactions

APH12.C.1.3.

Enzymes and metabolic pathways:

APH12.C.1.3.1.

Models of enzymatic reactions

APH12.C.1.3.2.

Role of vitamins and coenzymes

APH12.C.1.3.3.

Effects on enzyme activity

APH12.C.1.4.

Feedback loops regulate the bodys internal environment:

APH12.C.1.5.

Structure of plasma membrane:

APH12.C.1.5.2.

Hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions

APH12.C.1.6.

Transport across a cell membrane:

APH12.C.1.6.2.

Factors that affect the rate of diffusion

APH12.C.1.7.

Surface-area-to-volume ratio

APH12.C.2.1.

Cell structures and functions

APH12.C.2.2.

Interrelationship of cell structures

APH12.C.2.3.

DNA carries the cells genetic information:

APH12.C.2.3.1.

Process of DNA replication

APH12.C.2.3.2.

Process of protein synthesis

APH12.C.2.3.5.

Biotechnology, cloning, and recombinant DNA

APH12.C.3.2.

Tissues are organized into four groups

APH12.C.3.3.

Organs within each of the systems are interconnected to maintain homeostasis:

APH12.C.3.3.2.

Cardiovascular and lymphatic system

APH12.C.3.4.

Functional interrelationships exist among body systems

APH12.C.3.5.

Nutrition and lifestyle differences affect human health

APH12.C.3.6.

First Peoples holistic approach to health

APH12.C.3.7.

Medical conditions may affect body systems

APH12.CC.1.

Questioning and predicting

APH12.CC.1.1.

Demonstrate a sustained intellectual curiosity about a scientific topic or problem of personal, local, or global interest

APH12.CC.1.2.

Make observations aimed at identifying their own questions, including increasingly abstract ones, about the natural world

APH12.CC.1.3.

Formulate multiple hypotheses and predict multiple outcomes Planning and conducting

APH12.CC.1.5.

Assess risks and address ethical, cultural, and/or environmental issues associated with their proposed methods

APH12.CC.1.6.

Use appropriate SI units and appropriate equipment, including digital technologies, to systematically and accurately collect and record data

APH12.CC.1.7.

Apply the concepts of accuracy and precision to experimental procedures and data:

APH12.CC.2.

Processing and analyzing data and information

APH12.CC.2.1.

Experience and interpret the local environment

APH12.CC.2.2.

Apply First Peoples perspectives and knowledge, other ways of knowing, and local knowledge as sources of information

APH12.CC.2.3.

Seek and analyze patterns, trends, and connections in data, including describing relationships between variables, performing calculations, and identifying inconsistencies

APH12.CC.2.4.

Construct, analyze, and interpret graphs, models, and/or diagrams

APH12.CC.2.6.

Analyze cause-and-effect relationships

APH12.CC.3.10.

Assess risks in the context of personal safety and social responsibility

APH12.CC.3.3.

Evaluate the validity and limitations of a model or analogy in relation to the phenomenon modelled

APH12.CC.3.5.

Consider the changes in knowledge over time as tools and technologies have developed

APH12.CC.3.6.

Connect scientific explorations to careers in science

APH12.CC.3.8.

Consider social, ethical, and environmental implications of the findings from their own and others investigations

APH12.CC.4.

Applying and innovating

APH12.CC.4.1.

Contribute to care for self, others, community, and world through individual or collaborative approaches

APH12.CC.4.3.

Contribute to finding solutions to problems at a local and/or global level through inquiry

APH12.CC.4.4.

Implement multiple strategies to solve problems in real-life, applied, and conceptual situations

APH12.CC.4.5.

Consider the role of scientists in innovation

APH12.CC.5.1.

Formulate physical or mental theoretical models to describe a phenomenon

APH12.CC.5.2.

Communicate scientific ideas, information, and perhaps a suggested course of action, for a specific purpose and audience, constructing evidence-based arguments and using appropriate scientific language, conventions, and representations

APH12.CC.5.3.

Express and reflect on a variety of experiences, perspectives, and worldviews through place

CHE12.BI.1.1.

Some chemical reactions are reversible and proceed to equilibrium.

CHE12.BI.1.2.

Dynamic equilibrium can be altered by changing the surrounding conditions.

CHE12.BI.2.1.

Saturated solutions are systems in equilibrium.

CHE12.BI.3.1.

The strength of an acid or base depends on the degree of dissociation of its ions.

CHE12.BI.3.2.

Weak acids, weak bases, and buffers are systems in equilibrium.

CHE12.BI.4.1.

Reduction and oxidation are complementary processes that involve the gain or loss of electrons.

CHE12.BI.4.2.

Redox reactions have implications for resource development and for the environment.

CHE12.BI.5.1.

Reactants must collide to react.

CHE12.BI.5.2.

Conditions surrounding a reaction determine its rate.

CHE12.C.1.1.

Dynamic nature of chemical equilibrium

CHE12.C.1.2.1.

Effect of enthalpy and entropy on equilibrium

CHE12.C.1.2.2.

Application of Le Chteliers principle

CHE12.C.1.3.

Equilibrium constant, Keq

CHE12.C.1.4.

Quantitative problem solving:

CHE12.C.1.4.1.

To evaluate the changes in the value of Keq and in concentrations of substances

CHE12.C.1.4.2.

To determine if a system is at equilibrium and resultant shifts

CHE12.C.2.

Solubility Equilibrium

CHE12.C.2.1.

Saturated solutions as equilibrium systems

CHE12.C.2.2.

Equilibrium constant expression, Ksp, for a saturated solution

CHE12.C.2.3.

Quantitative problem solving involving solubility equilibrium concepts

CHE12.C.3.1.

Different types of acids and bases:

CHE12.C.3.1.1.

Arrhenius acids and bases

CHE12.C.3.1.2.

Brnsted-Lowry acids and bases

CHE12.C.3.10.

Write formulae, complete ionic equations, and net ionic equations for strong and weak acids and bases

CHE12.C.3.11.

Quantitative calculations involving titration, including concentration, volume, and pH

CHE12.C.3.14.

Applications of acid/base reactions

CHE12.C.3.15.

Hydrolysis of ions in salt solutions

CHE12.C.3.16.

Calculation of the pH of a salt solution from relevant data, assuming that the predominant hydrolysis reaction is the only reaction determining the pH

CHE12.C.3.19.

General environmental problems associated with non-metal oxides reacting with water

CHE12.C.3.3.

Equilibrium in weak acid or weak base systems

CHE12.C.3.5.

Equilibrium that exists in water and Kw

CHE12.C.4.1.

The oxidation-reduction process

CHE12.C.4.2.

Relative strength of oxidizing and reducing agents

CHE12.C.4.3.

Balancing redox reactions

CHE12.C.4.5.

Quantitative problem solving involving the concentration of a species in a redox titration from data (e.g., grams, moles, molarity)

CHE12.C.4.7.2.

Minimum voltage to operate

CHE12.C.5.2.

Factors that affect reaction rates

CHE12.C.5.5.

Chemical equations describing energy effects

CHE12.C.5.7.

Effect of a catalyst on a PE diagram

CHE12.C.5.8.

Applications of catalysts

CHE12.CC.1.

Questioning and predicting

CHE12.CC.1.1.

Demonstrate a sustained intellectual curiosity about a scientific topic or problem of personal, local, or global interest

CHE12.CC.2.

Planning and conducting

CHE12.CC.2.2.

Assess risks and address ethical, cultural, and/or environmental issues associated with their proposed methods

CHE12.CC.2.3.

Apply the concepts of accuracy and precision to experimental procedures and data:

CHE12.CC.3.

Processing and analyzing data and information

CHE12.CC.3.3.

Seek and analyze patterns, trends, and connections in data, including describing relationships between variables, performing calculations, and identifying inconsistencies

CHE12.CC.3.4.

Construct, analyze, and interpret graphs, models, and/or diagrams

CHE12.CC.3.5.

Use knowledge of scientific concepts to draw conclusions that are consistent with evidence

CHE12.CC.4.10.

Assess risks in the context of personal safety and social responsibility

CHE12.CC.4.3.

Evaluate the validity and limitations of a model or analogy in relation to the phenomenon modelled

CHE12.CC.4.5.

Consider the changes in knowledge over time as tools and technologies have developed

CHE12.CC.4.6.

Connect scientific explorations to careers in science

CHE12.CC.4.8.

Consider social, ethical, and environmental implications of the findings from their own and others investigations

CHE12.CC.5.

Applying and innovating

CHE12.CC.5.1.

Contribute to care for self, others, community, and world through individual or collaborative approaches

CHE12.CC.5.2.

Co-operatively design projects with local and/or global connections and applications

CHE12.CC.5.3.

Contribute to finding solutions to problems at a local and/or global level through inquiry

CHE12.CC.5.4.

Implement multiple strategies to solve problems in real-life, applied, and conceptual situations

CHE12.CC.5.5.

Consider the role of scientists in innovation

CHE12.CC.6.1.

Formulate physical or mental theoretical models to describe a phenomenon

CHE12.CC.6.2.

Communicate scientific ideas, information, and perhaps a suggested course of action, for a specific purpose and audience, constructing evidence-based arguments and using appropriate scientific language, conventions, and representations

CHE12.CC.6.3.

Express and reflect on a variety of experiences, perspectives, and worldviews through place

CIS12.BI.1.

The identities, worldviews, and language of indigenous peoples are renewed, sustained, and transformed through the connection to the land.

CIS12.BI.2.

Indigenous peoples are reclaiming mental, emotional, physical, and spiritual well-being despite the continuing effects of colonialism.

CIS12.BI.3.

Indigenous peoples continue to advocate and assert rights to self-determination.

CIS12.BI.4.

Reconciliation requires all colonial societies to work together to foster healing and address injustices.

CIS12.C.1.

The varied identities and worldviews of indigenous peoples, and the importance of the interconnection of family, relationships, language, culture, and the land

CIS12.C.2.

Factors that sustain and challenge the identities and worldviews of indigenous peoples

CIS12.C.3.

The resilience and survival of indigenous peoples in the face of colonialism

CIS12.C.4.

Community development, partnerships, and control of economic opportunities

CIS12.C.5.

Responses to inequities in the relationships of indigenous peoples with governments in Canada and around the world

CIS12.C.6.

Restoring balance through truth, healing, and reconciliation in Canada and around the world

CIS12.CC.

Curricular Competencies

CIS12.CC.1.

Use Social Studies inquiry processes and skills to ask questions; listen to the oral tradition of Elders and other local knowledge holders; gather, interpret, and analyze ideas; and communicate findings and decisions

CIS12.CC.10.

Recognize and understand that some knowledge is considered sacred and only shared with permission, and/or in certain situations, with certain people (ethical judgment)

CIS12.CC.11.

Make reasoned ethical claims about actions in the past and present after considering the context and values of the times (ethical judgment)

CIS12.CC.3.

Recognize the consequences of our actions (cause and consequence)

CIS12.CC.4.

Assess and compare the significance of the interconnections between people, places, events, and developments at a particular time and place, and determine what they reveal about issues in the past and present (significance)

CIS12.CC.5.

Ask questions and corroborate inferences of Elders and other local knowledge keepers through oral traditions, indigenous knowledge, memory, history, and story (evidence)

CIS12.CC.6.

Compare and contrast continuities and changes for different groups in different time periods and places (continuity and change)

CIS12.CC.7.

Determine and assess the long- and short-term causes and consequences, and the intended and unintended consequences of an event, decision, or development (cause and consequence)

CIS12.CC.8.

Explain different perspectives on past or present people, places, issues, and events, and distinguish between worldviews of today and the past (perspective)

CIS12.CC.9.

Recognize implicit and explicit ethical claims in a variety of sources (ethical judgment)

CWR12.BI.1.

Religious belief, across time and place, is a common aspect of many human societies.

CWR12.BI.2.

Religion can powerfully shape social, political, legal, and environmental values

CWR12.BI.3.

Comparing beliefs provides insights and understanding of diverse global cultures and peoples.

CWR12.BI.4.

An individual's search for existential insight and transcendence can be shaped by a variety of different religious, spiritual, or philosophical traditions.

CWR12.C.1.

Characteristics of religion, mythology, and spirituality

CWR12.C.2.

Core beliefs, practices, and ethics of world religions, including spirituality in First Peoples cultures

CWR12.C.3.

Approaches to doctrines or belief systems

CWR12.C.4.

Institutional and social structures

CWR12.C.5.

Sacred texts, traditions, and narratives

CWR12.C.6.

Art, architecture, narratives, and other forms of expression

CWR12.C.7.

Relationship between religion and government at different times and places

CWR12.CC.

Curricular Competencies

CWR12.CC.1.

Use Social Studies inquiry processes and skills to ask questions; gather, interpret, and analyze ideas; and communicate findings and decisions

CWR12.CC.2.

Explain the significance of texts, philosophies, events, or developments at particular times and places within various belief systems (significance)

CWR12.CC.3.

Compare and evaluate artifacts as evidence of the cultural influence of religion (evidence)

CWR12.CC.4.

Compare the growth and decline of religions over time, and determine the extent of continuity and changes in core beliefs and practices (continuity and change)

CWR12.CC.5.

Assess origins and influences of religious movements and groups (cause and consequence)

CWR12.CC.6.

Explain different religious perspectives on past or present people, places, issues, or events (perspective)

ECO12.BI.1.

Contemporary economic theory, practice, and terminology are grounded in centuries of economic theory.

ECO12.BI.2.

Observing, interpreting, and judging past economic conditions from different perspectives and worldviews gave rise to competing theoretical approaches.

ECO12.BI.3.

The implementation of economic theories has profound effects on social and political decision making and movements.

ECO12.BI.4.

Economic systems have underlying and often opposing ethical standards and implications.

ECO12.C.2.

Classical theories of value, growth, and distribution

ECO12.C.3.

Classical economic thought on money, banking, and policy

ECO12.C.5.

Neoclassical economics and the role of markets

ECO12.C.6.

Keynesian theory of money, investment, and cycles

ECO12.C.7.

Neoclassical synthesis

ECO12.C.8.

Contemporary economic thought

ECO12.CC.

Curricular Competencies

ECO12.CC.2.

Assess the significance of theoretical developments at particular times and places (significance)

ECO12.CC.3.

Assess the justification for competing economic approaches and theories after investigating the adequacy of facts, interpretation, and evidence (evidence)

ECO12.CC.4.

Compare and contrast continuities and changes within and between economic approaches and theories (continuity and change)

ECO12.CC.5.

Assess how historical conditions influenced the development of economic approaches and theories (cause and consequence)

ECO12.CC.6.

Assess how economic approaches and theories affected social and political change (cause and consequence)

ECO12.CC.7.

Explain different perspectives on past and present social and economic systems by considering prevailing norms, values, worldviews, and beliefs (perspective)

ECO12.CC.8.

Recognize implicit and explicit ethical judgments in the development and application of various economic approaches and theories (ethical judgment)

ECO12.CC.9.

Make reasoned ethical judgments about the past and present application of economic approaches and theories in economic, social, and political policy and decision making (ethical judgment)

ENS12.BI.1.1.

Human actions affect the quality of water and its ability to sustain life.

ENS12.BI.2.

Global Warming and Climate Change

ENS12.BI.2.1.

Human activities have caused changes in the global climate system.

ENS12.BI.3.

Land Use and Sustainability

ENS12.BI.3.1.

Sustainable land use and food production will meet the needs of a growing population.

ENS12.BI.4.

Global Environmental Changes

ENS12.BI.4.1.

Living sustainably supports the well-being of self, community, and Earth.

ENS12.C.1.1.1.

Chemical and physical parameters

ENS12.C.1.1.2.

Bio-indicators and indices

ENS12.C.1.2.

Availability and water use

ENS12.C.1.3.

Conservation and personal choices

ENS12.C.2.

Global Warming and Climate Change

ENS12.C.2.1.

Global changes to Earths climate system:

ENS12.C.2.1.1.

Greenhouse gases and Earth's energy balance

ENS12.C.2.3.

Mitigation and personal choices

ENS12.C.3.

Land Use and Sustainability

ENS12.C.3.3.

Global food security and technologies

ENS12.C.3.4.

Land management and personal choices

ENS12.C.4.

Global Environmental Changes

ENS12.C.4.1.

Human health and environmental impacts of population growth

ENS12.C.4.3.

First Peoples perspectives, philosophies, and responsibilities

ENS12.CC.2.

Planning and conducting

ENS12.CC.2.2.

Assess risks and address ethical, cultural, and/or environmental issues associated with their proposed methods

ENS12.CC.2.3.

Use appropriate SI units and appropriate equipment, including digital technologies, to systematically and accurately collect and record data

ENS12.CC.2.4.

Apply the concepts of accuracy and precision to experimental procedures and data:

ENS12.CC.3.

Processing and analyzing data and information

ENS12.CC.3.4.

Construct, analyze, and interpret graphs, models, and/or diagrams

ENS12.CC.3.6.

Analyze cause-and-effect relationships

ENS12.CC.4.5.

Consider the changes in knowledge over time as tools and technologies have developed

ENS12.CC.4.6.

Connect scientific explorations to careers in science

ENS12.CC.4.8.

Consider social, ethical, and environmental implications of the findings from their own and others investigations

ENS12.CC.5.

Applying and innovating

ENS12.CC.5.1.

Contribute to care for self, others, community, and world through individual or collaborative approaches

ENS12.CC.5.3.

Contribute to finding solutions to problems at a local and/or global level through inquiry

ENS12.CC.5.4.

Implement multiple strategies to solve problems in real-life, applied, and conceptual situations

ENS12.CC.5.5.

Consider the role of scientists in innovation

GEO12.BI.1.1.

Minerals and rocks are the foundation of the rock cycle and can be used as resources that drive industry and global economies.

GEO12.BI.2.1.

Geologic time is preserved in Earths rock record as fossils and reflects profound changes in the history of life on Earth.

GEO12.BI.3.1.

Tectonic plates are in constant motion and their interactions produce earthquakes, volcanoes, and characteristic landforms on the Earths surface.

GEO12.BI.4.

Deformation and Mapping

GEO12.BI.4.1.

Geological maps and models are tools used to represent surface features and subsurface structures.

GEO12.BI.5.

Surface Processes and the Hydrosphere

GEO12.BI.5.1.

Weathering and erosion processes shape landscapes through the interaction of the geosphere and hydrosphere.

GEO12.C.1.1.

Minerals can be classified and grouped based on their properties and composition

GEO12.C.1.2.

Rocks can be compared and classified based on their properties and processes of formation:

GEO12.C.1.3.

Resource deposits within BC and globally:

GEO12.C.1.3.2.

Economic, environmental, and First Peoples considerations

GEO12.C.2.1.

The geologic time scale sequences the major events in Earths history

GEO12.C.2.2.2.

Methods of fossil formation

GEO12.C.2.2.4.

First Peoples perspective on the fossil record

GEO12.C.2.3.

Dating methods of rocks and events:

GEO12.C.2.4.

Earths past can be reconstructed by correlating fossils and rock strata

GEO12.C.3.1.

Earthquakes are a result of plate motion:

GEO12.C.3.2.

The origins of magma and volcanism are related to plate tectonic theory:

GEO12.C.3.4.

Various sources of evidence support a layered model of Earth

GEO12.C.4.

Deformation and Mapping

GEO12.C.4.1.

Rock strata can behave in a plastic or brittle manner, depending on internal and external influences

GEO12.C.4.2.

Faulting and folding are characteristic of specific tectonic environments and forces:

GEO12.C.4.3.

Geologic maps, cross-sections, and block diagrams can be used to represent surface and subsurface structures:

GEO12.C.5.

Surface Processes and the Hydrosphere

GEO12.C.5.1.

Weathering and erosional processes modify the Earths surface and produce characteristic features

GEO12.C.5.2.

Periods of glaciation produce characteristic erosional and depositional features and landforms:

GEO12.C.5.2.2.

Local landscapes within BC

GEO12.C.5.3.

Running water (streams and rivers) produces characteristic erosional and depositional features and landforms

GEO12.C.5.4.

Groundwater is a renewable resource whose quality and quantity are affected by human activities locally and globally

GEO12.C.5.5.

Causes and controls of mass wasting

GEO12.CC.1.

Questioning and predicting

GEO12.CC.1.1.

Demonstrate a sustained intellectual curiosity about a scientific topic or problem of personal, local, or global interest

GEO12.CC.1.2.

Make observations aimed at identifying their own questions, including increasingly abstract ones, about the natural world

GEO12.CC.2.

Planning and conducting

GEO12.CC.2.2.

Assess risks and address ethical, cultural, and/or environmental issues associated with their proposed methods

GEO12.CC.2.3.

Use appropriate SI units and appropriate equipment, including digital technologies, to systematically and accurately collect and record data

GEO12.CC.2.4.

Apply the concepts of accuracy and precision to experimental procedures and data:

GEO12.CC.3.

Processing and analyzing data and information

GEO12.CC.3.1.

Experience and interpret the local environment

GEO12.CC.3.2.

Apply First Peoples perspectives and knowledge, other ways of knowing, and local knowledge as sources of information

GEO12.CC.3.3.

Seek and analyze patterns, trends, and connections in data, including describing relationships between variables, performing calculations, and identifying inconsistencies

GEO12.CC.3.4.

Construct, analyze, and interpret graphs, models, and/or diagrams

GEO12.CC.3.6.

Analyze cause-and-effect relationships

GEO12.CC.4.10.

Assess risks in the context of personal safety and social responsibility

GEO12.CC.4.3.

Evaluate the validity and limitations of a model or analogy in relation to the phenomenon modelled

GEO12.CC.4.5.

Consider the changes in knowledge over time as tools and technologies have developed

GEO12.CC.4.6.

Connect scientific explorations to careers in science

GEO12.CC.4.8.

Consider social, ethical, and environmental implications of the findings from their own and others investigations

GEO12.CC.5.

Applying and innovating

GEO12.CC.5.1.

Contribute to care for self, others, community, and world through individual or collaborative approaches

GEO12.CC.5.3.

Contribute to finding solutions to problems at a local and/or global level through inquiry

GEO12.CC.5.4.

Implement multiple strategies to solve problems in real-life, applied, and conceptual situations

GEO12.CC.5.5.

Consider the role of scientists in innovation

GEO12.CC.6.1.

Formulate physical or mental theoretical models to describe a phenomenon

GEO12.CC.6.2.

Communicate scientific ideas, information, and perhaps a suggested course of action, for a specific purpose and audience, constructing evidence-based arguments and using appropriate scientific language, conventions, and representations

GEO12.CC.6.3.

Express and reflect on a variety of experiences, perspectives, and worldviews through place

GNS12.BI.1.

The intentional destruction of peoples and their cultures Is not inevitable, and attempts can be disrupted and resisted.

GNS12.BI.2.

The use of the term of ''genocide" to describe atrocities has political, legal, social, and cultural ramifications.

GNS12.BI.3.

Despite international commitments to prohibit genocide, violence targeted against groups of people or minorities has continued to challenge global peace and prosperity.

GNS12.BI.4.

While genocides are caused by and carried out for different reasons, all genocides share similarities in progression and scope.

GNS12.C.1.

Origins and development of the term "genocide"

GNS12.C.10.

International law and enforcement

GNS12.C.2.

Economic, political, social, and cultural conditions of genocide

GNS12.C.3.

Characteristics and stages of genocide

GNS12.C.4.

Acts of mass violence and atrocities in different global regions

GNS12.C.5.

Strategies used to commit genocide

GNS12.C.6.

Uses of technology in promoting and carrying out genocide

GNS12.C.7.

Recognition of and responses to genocides

GNS12.C.8.

Movements that deny the existence of or minimize the scope of genocides

GNS12.C.9.

Evidence used to demonstrate the scale and nature of genocides

GNS12.CC.

Curricular Competencies

GNS12.CC.1.

Use Social Studies inquiry processes and skills to ask questions; gather, interpret, and analyze ideas; and communicate findings and decisions

GNS12.CC.2.

Assess the significance of people, locations, events, or developments, and compare varying perspectives on their significance at particular times and places, and from group to group (significance)

GNS12.CC.3.

Assess the credibility of and justification for evidence after investigating the reliability of sources and data, the adequacy of evidence, and the bias of accounts and claims (evidence)

GNS12.CC.4.

Compare and contrast continuities and changes for different groups, at different times and places (continuity and change)

GNS12.CC.5.

Assess how prevailing conditions and the actions of individuals or groups influence events, places, decisions, or developments (cause and consequence)

GNS12.CC.6.

Explain and infer different perspectives on past or present people, places, issues, or events by considering prevailing norms, values, worldviews, and beliefs (perspective)

GNS12.CC.7.

Recognize implicit and explicit ethical judgments in a variety of sources (ethical judgment)

GNS12.CC.8.

Make reasoned ethical judgments about actions and assess varying responses to events in the past or present (ethical judgment)

LAW12.BI.1.

Understanding legal rights and responsibilities allows citizens to participate more fully in society.

LAW12.BI.2.

Laws can maintain the status quo and can also be a force for change.

LAW12.BI.3.

A society's laws and legal framework affects many aspects of people's daily lives.

LAW12.BI.4.

Laws are interpreted and these interpretations many evolve over time as a society's values and worldviews change.

LAW12.C.1.

Key areas of law such as criminal law, civil law, and family law

LAW12.C.10.

Structures and roles of global dispute resolution agencies

LAW12.C.2.

Foundations of Canadian law

LAW12.C.3.

Structures and powers of the federal and provincial courts and administrative tribunals

LAW12.C.4.

The Constitution of Canada and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms

LAW12.C.5.

Legislation concerning First Peoples

LAW12.C.6.

Role of the judiciary as a constitutional check on legislative power

LAW12.C.7.

Canada's correctional system

LAW12.C.8.

Legislation concerning children and youth

LAW12.C.9.

Legal resources and services, both online and in the community

LAW12.CC.

Curricular Competencies

LAW12.CC.1.

Use Social Studies inquiry processes and skills to ask questions; gather, interpret, and analyze legal concepts, issues, and procedures; and communicate findings and decisions

LAW12.CC.2.

Assess and compare the significance and impact of legal systems and codes (significance)

LAW12.CC.3.

Assess the justification for differing legal perspectives after investigating points of contention, reliability of sources, and adequacy of evidence (evidence)

LAW12.CC.4.

Analyze continuities and changes in legal systems and thought during different time periods and across jurisdictions (continuity and change)

LAW12.CC.5.

Assess the development and impact of legal systems and ideas of justice (cause and consequence)

LAW12.CC.6.

Explain different perspectives on past or present people, places, issues, and events by considering prevailing norms, values, worldviews, and beliefs (perspective)

LAW12.CC.7.

Recognize implicit and explicit ethical judgments in a variety of sources (ethical judgment)

LAW12.CC.8.

Make reasoned ethical judgments about controversial decisions, legislation, or policy (ethical judgment)

PHI12.BI.1.

Philosophy is a discipline that examines the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence.

PHI12.BI.2.

Philosophy provides tools for investigating meaning and fostering understanding of different ways of thinking.

PHI12.BI.3.

Examining questions in philosophy allows people to question their assumptions and better understand their own beliefs.

PHI12.BI.4.

While philosophical questions often examine issues with no definitive answers, logic and reasoned arguments can show which answers have more or less value.

PHI12.C.1.

Methods of reasoning and argument in philosophy

PHI12.C.2.

Metaphysical theories about the nature of reality

PHI12.C.3.

Ontological theories of being

PHI12.C.4.

Epistemological theories about knowledge and truth

PHI12.C.5.

Theories of justice and freedom

PHI12.C.6.

Theories of morality and ethics

PHI12.CC.

Curricular Competencies

PHI12.CC.1.

Use philosophical inquiry processes and reasoning skills to respond to arguments and questions related to major issues in philosophy

PHI12.CC.2.

Analyze philosophical ideas and assess their significance (significance)

PHI12.CC.3.

Compare the justification for different philosophical perspectives after investigating points of contention and the strengths and weakness of various arguments (evidence)

PHI12.CC.4.

Compare and contrast continuity, change, and contrast between ideas, disciplines, and schools of thought (continuity and change)

PHI12.CC.5.

Assess the development and impact of diverse ideas and systems of thought (cause and consequence)

PHI12.CC.6.

Explain different philosophical perspectives by considering the norms, values, worldviews, and beliefs of the philosophers who developed them (perspective)

PHY12.BI.1.1.

Kinematics allows us to predict, describe, and analyze an objects motion.

PHY12.BI.2.1.

Forces influence the motion of an object.

PHY12.BI.3.1.

Momentum and energy are conserved within a closed system.

PHY12.BI.4.1.

Electric fields and forces describe how charges interact.

PHY12.BI.5.

Electromagnetic Forces and Induction

PHY12.BI.5.1.

The electromagnetic force produces both electricity and magnetism

PHY12.BI.6.1.

An object in equilibrium is subject to zero net force and zero net torque.

PHY12.BI.7.

Circular Motion and Gravitation

PHY12.BI.7.1.

Circular motion occurs as a result of a centre seeking force and can be used to describe and predict the motion of objects on Earth and in the universe.

PHY12.BI.7.2.

Gravitational forces and fields describe how masses interact.

PHY12.C.1.5.

The relationship between variables

PHY12.C.2.1.

Applications of Newtons laws:

PHY12.C.2.1.1.

Inertial mass versus gravitational mass

PHY12.C.2.2.

Applications of dynamics:

PHY12.C.2.3.

The relationship between variables

PHY12.C.3.

2D Momentum and Energy

PHY12.C.3.2.

The law of conservation of momentum

PHY12.C.3.3.

The law of conservation of energy

PHY12.C.3.5.

Applications of conservation laws

PHY12.C.3.6.

The relationship between variables

PHY12.C.4.4.

Electric potential energy

PHY12.C.4.6.

Applications of electrostatics

PHY12.C.4.7.

The relationship between variables

PHY12.C.5.

Electromagnetic Forces and Induction

PHY12.C.5.1.

Properties of magnetism

PHY12.C.5.3.

Electromagnetic induction:

PHY12.C.5.4.

Applications of electromagnetic induction

PHY12.C.5.5.

The relationship between variables

PHY12.C.6.1.

Translational equilibrium

PHY12.C.6.2.

Rotational equilibrium:

PHY12.C.6.2.2.

Lever, the fulcrum, and lever arm

PHY12.C.6.4.

The relationship between variables

PHY12.C.7.

Circular Motion and Gravitation

PHY12.C.7.1.

Uniform circular motion:

PHY12.C.7.2.

Newtons law of universal gravitation

PHY12.C.7.3.

Gravitational field strength

PHY12.C.7.4.

Law of conservation of energy applications:

PHY12.C.7.4.1.

Gravitational potential energy

PHY12.C.7.5.

The relationship between variables

PHY12.CC.1.

Questioning and predicting

PHY12.CC.1.1.

Demonstrate a sustained intellectual curiosity about a scientific topic or problem of personal, local, or global interest

PHY12.CC.1.2.

Make observations aimed at identifying their own questions, including increasingly abstract ones, about the natural world

PHY12.CC.1.3.

Formulate multiple hypotheses and predict multiple outcomes

PHY12.CC.2.

Planning and conducting

PHY12.CC.2.1.

Collaboratively and individually plan, select, and use appropriate investigation methods, including field work and lab experiments, to collect reliable data (qualitative and quantitative)

PHY12.CC.2.2.

Assess risks and address ethical, cultural, and/or environmental issues associated with their proposed methods

PHY12.CC.2.3.

Use appropriate SI units and appropriate equipment, including digital technologies, to systematically and accurately collect and record data

PHY12.CC.2.4.

Apply the concepts of accuracy and precision to experimental procedures and data:

PHY12.CC.3.

Processing and analyzing data and information

PHY12.CC.3.1.

Experience and interpret the local environment

PHY12.CC.3.2.

Apply First Peoples perspectives and knowledge, other ways of knowing, and local knowledge as sources of information

PHY12.CC.3.3.

Seek and analyze patterns, trends, and connections in data, including describing relationships between variables, performing calculations, and identifying inconsistencies

PHY12.CC.3.4.

Construct, analyze, and interpret graphs, models, and/or diagrams

PHY12.CC.3.5.

Use knowledge of scientific concepts to draw conclusions that are consistent with evidence

PHY12.CC.3.6.

Analyze cause-and-effect relationships

PHY12.CC.4.1.

Evaluate their methods and experimental conditions, including identifying sources of error or uncertainty, confounding variables, and possible alternative explanations and conclusions

PHY12.CC.4.10.

Assess risks in the context of personal safety and social responsibility

PHY12.CC.4.2.

Describe specific ways to improve their investigation methods and the quality of the data

PHY12.CC.4.3.

Evaluate the validity and limitations of a model or analogy in relation to the phenomenon modelled

PHY12.CC.4.4.

Demonstrate an awareness of assumptions, question information given, and identify bias in their own work and in primary and secondary sources

PHY12.CC.4.5.

Consider the changes in knowledge over time as tools and technologies have developed

PHY12.CC.4.6.

Connect scientific explorations to careers in science

PHY12.CC.4.7.

Exercise a healthy, informed skepticism and use scientific knowledge and findings to form their own investigations to evaluate claims in primary and secondary sources

PHY12.CC.4.8.

Consider social, ethical, and environmental implications of the findings from their own and others investigations

PHY12.CC.4.9.

Critically analyze the validity of information in primary and secondary sources and evaluate the approaches used to solve problems

PHY12.CC.5.

Applying and innovating

PHY12.CC.5.1.

Contribute to care for self, others, community, and world through individual or collaborative approaches

PHY12.CC.5.2.

Co-operatively design projects with local and/or global connections and applications

PHY12.CC.5.3.

Contribute to finding solutions to problems at a local and/or global level through inquiry

PHY12.CC.5.4.

Implement multiple strategies to solve problems in real-life, applied, and conceptual situations

PHY12.CC.5.5.

Consider the role of scientists in innovation

PHY12.CC.6.1.

Formulate physical or mental theoretical models to describe a phenomenon

PHY12.CC.6.2.

Communicate scientific ideas, information, and perhaps a suggested course of action, for a specific purpose and audience, constructing evidence-based arguments and using appropriate scientific language, conventions, and representations

PHY12.CC.6.3.

Express and reflect on a variety of experiences, perspectives, and worldviews through place

SCJ12.BI.3.

The causes of social injustice are complex and have lasting impacts on society.

SCJ12.C.4.

Past and present social injustices in Canada and in the world, their possible causes, and their lasting impact on individuals, groups, and society

SCJ12.C.5.

Roles of governmental and non-governmental organizations in issues of social justice and injustice

UBS12.BI.1.

Urbanization is a critical force that shapes both human life and the planet.

UBS12.BI.2.

The historical development of cities has been shaped by geographic, economic, political, and social factors.

UBS12.BI.3.

Decision making in urban and regional planning requires balancing political, economic, social, and environmental factors.

UBS12.BI.4.

Urban planning decisions and other government policies can dramatically affect the overall quality of life within cities.

UBS12.C.1.

Urbanization as a global phenomenon

UBS12.C.2.

Historic settlement patterns in urban centres

UBS12.C.3.

Local and regional governance in BC and relationships with other levels of government

UBS12.C.4.

Functions of local and regional government

UBS12.C.5.

Urban planning and urban design

UBS12.C.6.

Decision making in the planning of cities and regions

UBS12.C.7.

Contemporary issues in Urban Studies

UBS12.CC.

Curricular Competencies

UBS12.CC.1.

Use Social Studies inquiry processes and skills to ask questions; gather, interpret, and analyze ideas; and communicate findings and decisions

UBS12.CC.2.

Assess and compare the significance of past and present factors that influence urbanization (significance)

UBS12.CC.3.

Ask questions and corroborate inferences about the content, origins, purposes, and context of multiple sources (evidence)

UBS12.CC.4.

Identify continuity and change in the development of urban spaces (continuity and change)

UBS12.CC.5.

Determine and assess the long- and short-term causes and consequences, and the intended and unintended consequences, of public policy decisions related to urban places (cause and consequence)

UBS12.CC.6.

Explain and identify the forces that shape opinions and decision making on current issues related to urban studies (perspective)

UBS12.CC.7.

Recognize implicit and explicit ethical judgments in a variety of sources (ethical judgment)

UBS12.CC.8.

Make reasoned ethical judgments about current and past issues after considering the context and standards of right and wrong (ethical judgment)