Alberta Programs of Study — Grade K


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K-1.1.1.

Express ideas and develop understanding: Share personal experiences prompted by oral, print and other media texts.

K-1.1.2.

Express ideas and develop understanding: Talk about ideas, experiences and familiar events.

K-1.1.3.

Experiment with language and forms: Talk and represent to explore, express and share stories, ideas and experiences.

K-1.1.4.

Express preferences: Talk about favourite oral, print and other media texts.

K-1.1.5.

Set goals: Talk about own reading and writing experiences.

K-1.2.1.

Consider others' ideas: Listen to experiences and feelings shared by others.

K-1.2.2.

Combine ideas: Connect related ideas and information.

K-1.2.3.

Extend understanding: Express interest in new ideas and experiences.

K-10.1.

Identify each of the senses, and explain how we use our senses in interpreting the world.

K-10.2.

Identify ways that our senses contribute to our safety and quality of life.

K-10.3.

Apply particular senses to identify and describe objects or materials provided and to describe living things and environments. Students meeting this expectation will be able to describe characteristics, such as colour, shape, size, texture, smell and sound.

K-10.4.

Recognize the limitations of our senses, and identify situations where our senses can mislead us; e.g., feeling hot or cold, optical illusions, tasting with a plugged nose.

K-10.5.

Recognize that other living things have senses, and identify ways that various animals use their senses; e.g., sensing danger, finding food, recognizing their own young, recognizing a potential mate.

K-10.7.

Describe ways to take care of our sensory organs, in particular, our eyes and ears.

K-11.1.

Observe, describe and compare living things.

K-11.10.

Give examples of ways in which animals depend on plants and ways in which plants depend on animals; e.g., particular plants may serve as a source of food and shelter, animals may help spread pollen and seeds.

K-11.2.

Contrast living and nonliving things.

K-11.3.

Identify ways in which living things are valued; e.g., as part of a community of living things; as sources of food, clothing or shelter.

K-11.4.

Classify some common local plants and animals into groups on the basis of visible characteristics; e.g., adaptations for survival, such as claws, beaks, prickles.

K-11.5.

Identify examples of plants and animals that are normally under human care (domesticated) and those that are normally independent of human care (wild).

K-11.6.

Identify the requirements of animals to maintain life; i.e., air, food, water, shelter, space; and recognize that we must provide these for animals in our care.

K-11.7.

Identify the requirements of plants to maintain life; i.e., air, light, suitable temperature, water, growing medium, space; and recognize that we must provide these for plants in our care.

K-11.8.

Identify ways that land plants depend on soil.

K-11.9.

Recognize that some plants and animals must adapt to extreme conditions to meet their basic needs; e.g., arctic and desert plants and animals.

K-2.1.10.

Use textual cues: Begin to identify some individual words in texts that have been read aloud.

K-2.1.11.

Use phonics and structural analysis: Begin to make connections among sounds, letters, words, pictures and meaning.

K-2.1.12.

Use phonics and structural analysis: Identify and generate rhyming words in oral language.

K-2.1.13.

Use phonics and structural analysis: Hear and identify sounds in words.

K-2.1.14.

Use phonics and structural analysis: Associate sounds with consonants that appear at the beginning of personally significant words.

K-2.1.15.

Use references: Recite the letters of the alphabet in order.

K-2.1.16.

Use references: Copy scribed words and print texts to assist with writing.

K-2.1.2.

Use prior knowledge: Understand that stories, information and personal experiences can be recorded in pictures and print and can be listened to, read or viewed.

K-2.1.3.

Use prior knowledge: Expect print and pictures to have meaning and to be related to each other in print and other media texts.

K-2.1.4.

Use prior knowledge: Understand that print and books are organized in predictable ways.

K-2.1.6.

Use comprehension strategies: Ask questions and make comments during listening and reading activities.

K-2.1.7.

Use comprehension strategies: Recall events and characters in familiar stories read aloud by others.

K-2.1.8.

Use comprehension strategies: Recall own first name, environmental print and symbols, words that have personal significance and some words in texts.

K-2.1.9.

Use textual cues: Attend to print cues when stories are read aloud.

K-2.2.

Focus: Students will predict what they think will happen or what they might find.

K-2.2.1.

Experience various texts: Participate in shared listening, reading and viewing experiences, using oral, print and other media texts from a variety of cultural traditions and genres, such as picture books, fairy tales, rhymes, stories, photographs, illustrations and video programs.

K-2.2.2.

Experience various texts: Listen and view attentively.

K-2.2.3.

Experience various texts: Identify favourite stories and books.

K-2.2.4.

Construct meaning from texts: Relate aspects of oral, print and other media texts to personal feelings and experiences.

K-2.2.5.

Construct meaning from texts: Talk about and represent the actions of characters portrayed in oral, print and other media texts.

K-2.2.6.

Construct meaning from texts: Talk about experiences similar or related to those in oral, print and other media texts.

K-2.2.7.

Appreciate the artistry of texts: Experiment with sounds, words, word patterns, rhymes and rhythms.

K-2.3.

Explore and Investigate: Students will manipulate materials and make observations that are relevant to questions asked.

K-2.3.1.

Understand forms and genres: Experience a variety of oral, print and other media texts.

K-2.3.2.

Understand techniques and elements: Develop a sense of story through reading, listening and viewing experiences.

K-2.3.3.

Understand techniques and elements: Identify the main characters in a variety of oral, print and other media texts.

K-2.3.4.

Experiment with language: Appreciate the sounds and rhythms of language in shared language experiences, such as nursery rhymes and personal songs.

K-2.4.1.

Generate ideas: Contribute ideas and answer questions related to experiences and familiar oral, print and other media texts.

K-2.4.2.

Elaborate on the expression of ideas: Listen to and recite short poems, songs and rhymes, and engage in word play and action songs.

K-2.4.3.

Structure texts: Draw, record or tell about ideas and experiences.

K-2.5.

Explore and Investigate: Students will recognize and describe steps followed, based on independent activity, on directed activity and on observing the activity of others.

K-2.6.

Reflect and Interpret: Students will describe what was observed, using pictures and oral language.

K-3.1.1.

Focus attention: Attend to oral, print and other media texts on topics of interest.

K-3.1.2.

Focus attention: Make statements about topics under discussion.

K-3.1.3.

Determine information needs: Ask questions to satisfy personal curiosity.

K-3.2.1.

Use a variety of sources: Seek information from a variety of sources, such as people at school, at home, in the community, picture books, photographs and videos.

K-3.2.2.

Access information: Use illustrations, photographs, video programs, objects and auditory cues, to access information.

K-3.2.3.

Evaluate sources: Ask questions to make sense of information.

K-3.3.1.

Organize information: Categorize objects and pictures according to visual similarities and differences.

K-3.3.2.

Record information: Represent and talk about ideas and information; dictate to a scribe.

K-3.3.3.

Evaluate information: Share new learnings with others.

K-3.4.

Explore and Investigate: Students will identify materials used.

K-3.4.1.

Share ideas and information: Share ideas and information about topics of interest.

K-3.5.

Explore and Investigate: Students will recognize and describe steps followed, based on independent activity, on directed activity and on observing the activity of others.

K-3.6.

Reflect and Interpret: Students will describe the product of the activity, using pictures and oral language.

K-3.7.

Reflect and Interpret: Students will identify processes by which the product was made.

K-3.8.

Reflect and Interpret: Students will identify how the product might be used.

K-4.1.

Students will show growth in acquiring and applying curiosity.

K-4.1.2.

Revise and edit: Retell ideas to clarify meaning in response to questions or comments.

K-4.1.3.

Enhance legibility: Form recognizable letters by holding a pen or pencil in an appropriate and comfortable manner.

K-4.1.5.

Expand knowledge of language: Explore and experiment with new words and terms associated with topics of interest.

K-4.1.6.

Expand knowledge of language: Experiment with rhymes and rhythms of language to learn new words.

K-4.2.

Students will show growth in acquiring and applying confidence in personal ability to explore materials and learn by direct study.

K-4.2.1.

Attend to grammar and usage: Develop a sense of sentence.

K-4.2.2.

Attend to spelling: Hear and identify dominant sounds in spoken words.

K-4.2.3.

Attend to spelling: Demonstrate curiosity about visual features of letters and words with personal significance.

K-4.2.4.

Attend to spelling: Connect letters with sounds in words.

K-4.2.5.

Attend to spelling: Print own name, and copy environmental print and words with personal significance.

K-4.2.6.

Attend to capitalization and punctuation: Recognize capital letters and periods in print texts.

K-4.2.7.

Attend to capitalization and punctuation: Recognize capitalize first letter of own name.

K-4.3.

Students will show growth in acquiring and applying inventiveness.

K-4.3.3.

Use effective oral and visual communication: Speak in a clear voice to share ideas and information.

K-4.3.4.

Demonstrate attentive listening and viewing: Follow one- or two-step instructions.

K-4.3.5.

Demonstrate attentive listening and viewing: Make comments that relate to the topic being discussed.

K-4.4.

Students will show growth in acquiring and applying perseverance: staying with an investigation over a sustained period of time.

K-4.5.

Students will show growth in acquiring and applying appreciation of the value of experience and careful observation.

K-4.8.

Students will show growth in acquiring and applying respect for living things and environments, and commitment for their care.

K-5.1.

Identify colours in a variety of natural and manufactured objects.

K-5.1.1.

Appreciate diversity: Explore personal experiences and family traditions related to oral, print and other media texts.

K-5.1.2.

Relate texts to culture: Explore oral, print and other media texts from various communities.

K-5.1.3.

Celebrate accomplishments and events: Share stories using rhymes, rhythms, symbols, pictures and drama to celebrate individual and class accomplishments.

K-5.1.4.

Use language to show respect: Use appropriate words, phrases and statements with adults and peers when speaking and listening, sharing and taking turns.

K-5.10.

Demonstrate at least one way to separate sunlight into component colours.

K-5.2.

Compare and contrast colours, using terms such as lighter than, darker than, more blue, brighter than.

K-5.2.3.

Work in groups: Ask and answer questions to determine what the class knows about a topic.

K-5.2.5.

Evaluate group process: Respond to questions about personal contributions to group process.

K-5.3.

Order a group of coloured objects, based on a given colour criterion.

K-5.4.

Predict and describe changes in colour that result from the mixing of primary colours and from mixing a primary colour with white or with black.

K-5.5.

Create a colour that matches a given sample, by mixing the appropriate amounts of two primary colours.

K-5.6.

Distinguish colours that are transparent from those that are not. Students should recognize that some coloured liquids and gels can be seen through and are thus transparent and that other colours are opaque.

K-5.9.

Demonstrate that colour can sometimes be extracted from one material and applied to another; e.g., by extracting a vegetable dye and applying it to a cloth, by dissolving and transferring a water-soluble paint.

K-6.1.

Describe the regular and predictable cycle of seasonal changes: changes in sunlight and changes in weather.

K-6.2.

Identify and describe examples of plant and animal changes that occur on a seasonal basis: changes in form and appearance, changes in location of living things, changes in activity; e.g., students should recognize that many living things go into a dormant period during winter and survive under a blanket of snow as a seed, egg or hibernating animal and production of young on a seasonal basis.

K-6.3.

Identify human preparations for seasonal change and identify activities that are done on a seasonal basis.

K-6.4.

Record observable seasonal changes over a period of time.

K-8.1.

Select appropriate materials, such as papers, plastics, woods; and design and build objects, based on the following kinds of construction tasks: construct model buildings; e.g., homes (human, animal, from other cultures), garages, schools; construct model objects; e.g., furniture, equipment, boats, vehicles; construct toys; e.g., pop-ups, figures; create wind- and water-related artifacts; e.g., dams, water wheels, boats.

K-8.3.

Compare two objects that have been constructed for the same purpose, identify parts in one object that correspond to parts in another, and identify similarities and differences between these parts.

K-8.4.

Recognize that products are often developed for specific purposes, and identify the overall purpose for each model and artifact constructed.

K.[CN]

Connections: Students are expected to connect mathematical ideas to other concepts in mathematics, to everyday experiences and to other disciplines

K.[PS]

Problem Solving: Students are expected to develop and apply new mathematical knowledge through problem solving

K.[R]

Reasoning: Students are expected to develop mathematical reasoning

K.[T]

Technology: Students are expected to select and use technologies as tools for learning and for solving problems

K.[V]

Visualization: Students are expected to develop visualization skills to assist in processing information, making connections and solving problems.

K.1.1.

Say the number sequence 1 to 10 by 1s, starting anywhere from 1 to 10 and from 10 to 1. [C, CN, V]

K.1.2.

Subitize (recognize at a glance) and name familiar arrangements of 1 to 5 objects or dots. [C, CN, ME, V]

K.1.2.1.

Appreciate feelings, ideas, stories and experiences shared by others (C, I)

K.1.3.

Relate a numeral, 1 to 10, to its respective quantity. [CN, R, V]

K.1.3.1.

What are my gifts, interests, talents and characteristics? (I)

K.1.3.2.

How do my gifts, interests, talents and characteristics make me a unique individual? (I)

K.1.4.

Represent and describe numbers 2 to 10, concretely and pictorially. [C, CN, ME, R, V]

K.1.4.2.

How can we show interest and sensitivity toward social, physical, cultural and linguistic diversity in the school, groups and communities? (CC, I)

K.1.4.4.

How can we show respect and acceptance of people as they are? (C, I)

K.1.5.

Compare quantities 1 to 10, using one-to-one correspondence. [C, CN, V]

K.2.1.

Demonstrate an understanding of repeating patterns (two or three elements) by: identifying; reproducing; extending; creating; patterns using manipulatives, sounds and actions. [C, CN, PS, V] [ICT: P2-1.1]

K.2.2.

Sort a set of objects based on a single attribute, and explain the sorting rule. [C, CN, PS, R, V]

K.2.2.1.

Appreciate the important contributions of individuals at home, at school and in the community (C, CC)

K.2.3.

Students will appreciate how their participation in their communities affects their sense of belonging (CC, I)

K.2.3.1.

Develop an awareness of the importance of sharing the responsibility for caring for the environment (C, LPP)

K.2.3.2.

Appreciate the impact that group members have on each other (C, CC)

K.2.3.3.

Demonstrate respect for the diverse ways individuals cooperate, work and play together (C, PADM)

K.2.3.4.

Assume responsibility for personal actions, words and choices (C)

K.2.4.

Students will examine the characteristics and interests that bring people together in groups by exploring and reflecting upon the following questions for inquiry:

K.2.4.1.

What brings people together in a group? (CC)

K.2.4.2.

What might we share with people in other groups? (CC)

K.2.4.3.

Can we belong to several groups at one time? (I, GC)

K.2.4.4.

How do we know that we belong to groups or communities? (CC, I)

K.2.4.5.

Does everyone belong to a group or a community? (CC)

K.2.4.6.

How does living and participating in your community affect your sense of belonging? (CC, I)

K.2.5.

Students will examine ways in which people create a climate of cooperation by exploring and reflecting upon the following questions for inquiry:

K.2.5.1.

What are the rules at home, at school and in the community? (PADM)

K.2.5.2.

Are there similar rules at home, at school and in the community? (PADM)

K.2.5.5.

In what ways can people contribute to a group or community? (CC)

K.2.5.6.

What actions show care and concern for the environment? (C, LPP)

K.3.1.

Use direct comparison to compare two objects based on a single attribute, such as length (height), mass (weight) and volume (capacity). [C, CN, PS, R, V]

K.3.2.

Sort 3-D objects, using a single attribute. [C, CN, PS, R, V]

K.S.1.1.

Consider ideas and information from varied sources

K.S.1.2.

Compare and contrast information provided

K.S.2.1.

Recognize that some activities or events occur at particular times of the day or year

K.S.2.2.

Differentiate between events and activities that occurred recently and long ago

K.S.3.1.

Recognize familiar places or points of reference in their surroundings

K.S.3.2.

Ask geographic questions, such as asking for directions

K.S.4.1.

Provide ideas and strategies to contribute to decision making and problem solving

K.S.5.1.

Consider the needs of others

K.S.5.2.

Work and play in harmony with others to create a safe and caring environment

K.S.5.3.

Demonstrate a willingness to share space and resources

K.S.6.1.

Being a classroom helper

K.S.7.1.

Ask questions to make meaning of a topic

K.S.7.2.

Gather information on a particular topic from a variety of sources, e.g., illustrations, photographs, videos, objects, auditory cues

K.S.8.1.

Listen to others in a socially appropriate manner