Quebec Education Program Progression of Learning — Grade 5


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4.1.a.

Defines the problem

4.1.b.

Draws on previous learning

4.1.c.

Considers research strategies that will lead to a solution

4.2.a.

Spontaneously frames questions

4.2.b.

Organizes question in categories

4.2.c.

Selects useful questions

4.3.c.

Chooses or creates data-gathering tools

4.4.b.

Sorts data into categories

4.4.c.

Distinguishes between facts and opinions

4.5.a.

Chooses a way to communicate information

4.5.c.

Identifies the essential elements of information

4.5.d.

Arranges data in tables, lists, diagrams or text

4.5.e.

Uses supporting documents

5-1.A.1.

Counts or recites counting rhymes involving natural numbers

5-1.A.1.a.

Writes sentences in an order that supports a main idea or story

5-1.A.1.b.

Counts forward or backward

5-1.A.1.b.i.

In simple sentences by using subject, verb, modifier

5-1.A.1.b.iii.

In compound sentences by using prepositions, conjunctions, interjections

5-1.A.1.b.iv.

In simple and compound sentences (i.e. varies types of sentences and uses transitional phrases)

5-1.A.1.c.

Skip counts (e.g. by twos)

5-1.A.1.d.

Distinguishes between translucent substances (transparent or coloured) and opaque substances

5-1.A.1.e.

Describes the shape, colour and texture of an object or a substance

5-1.A.1.f.

Distinguishes between the mass (quantity of matter) of an object and its weight (gravitational force acting on the mass)

5-1.A.1.g.

Classifies solids according to their density (identical volumes and different masses or identical masses and different volumes)

5-1.A.1.h.

Associates the buoyancy of a volume of liquid in an identical volume of a different liquid with the densities of these liquids (relative density)

5-1.A.1.i.

Explains the buoyancy of a substance in another substance, using their respective densities (relative density)

5-1.A.1.j.

Describes various other physical properties of an object, a substance or a material (e.g. elasticity, hardness, solubility)

5-1.A.1.k.

Recognizes the materials of which an object is made

5-1.A.10.

Locates natural numbers using different visual aids (e.g. hundreds chart, number strip, number line)

5-1.A.11.

Identifies properties of natural numbers

5-1.A.11.b.

Square, prime or composite numbers

5-1.A.12.

Classifies natural numbers in various ways, based on their properties (e.g. even numbers, composite numbers)

5-1.A.13.

Approximates a collection, using objects or drawings (e.g. estimate, round up/down to a given value)

5-1.A.14.

Represents the power of a natural number

5-1.A.2.

Counts collections (using objects or drawings)

5-1.A.2.a.

Uses vocabulary and/or terminology related to the type of writing

5-1.A.2.b.

Uses consistent verb tenses and correct pronoun references

5-1.A.2.c.

Counts a collection by grouping or regrouping

5-1.A.2.d.

Counts a pre-grouped collection

5-1.A.3.

Reads and writes any natural number

5-1.A.3.a.i.

Applies capitalization rules: the first word in a sentence, proper nouns

5-1.A.3.b.i.

Applies end punctuation rules: period, question mark, exclamation point

5-1.A.3.b.ii.

Applies rules for commas: items in a series, greetings

5-1.A.3.b.iii.

Uses apostrophes to punctuate contractions and singular possessive

5-1.A.3.b.iv.

Uses quotation marks to punctuate dialogue

5-1.A.3.c.iii.

Indicates words that are misspelled

5-1.A.3.c.iv.

Applies common spelling patterns/generalizations including: word families, regular plurals, prefixes, suffixes, irregular plurals, words ending in "y, doubling final consonant

5-1.A.3.c.v.

Uses resources to correct own spelling (e.g. environmental print, word lists, dictionaries, peers, spell check)

5-1.A.3.d.

Determines the state of various objects and substances in his/her environment (e.g. glass, air, milk, plastic)

5-1.A.4.

Represents natural numbers in different ways or associates a number with a set of objects or drawings

5-1.A.4.a.

Recognizes that the quantity of the matter remains the same once a change has occurred (e.g. 50 ml of water in a saucer or a glass, whole piece of chalk or ground chalk, flattened piece of modelling clay or a ball of modelling clay)

5-1.A.4.c.

Emphasis on place value in non-apparent, non-accessible groupings, using materials for which groupings are symbolic (e.g. abacus, money)

5-1.A.5.

Composes and decomposes a natural number in a variety of ways (e.g. 123 = 100 + 23;123 = 100 + 20 + 3; 123 = 50 + 50 + 20 + 3; 123 = 2 x 50 + 30 - 7; 123 = 2 x 60 + 3)

5-1.A.5.a.

Demonstrates that physical changes (e.g. deforming, breaking, grinding, phase changes) do not change the properties of matter

5-1.A.5.b.

Demonstrates that chemical changes (e.g. cooking, combustion, oxidation, acid-base reactions) change the properties of matter

5-1.A.5.c.

Explains how certain household products are made (e.g. soap, paper)

5-1.A.6.

Identifies equivalent expressions (e.g. 52 = 40 + 12, 25 + 27 = 40 + 12, 52 = 104 / 2)

5-1.A.6.a.

Associates the uses of certain household products with their properties (e.g. cleaning products remove grease, vinegar and lemon juice help preserve certain foods)

5-1.A.7.

Compares natural numbers

5-1.A.8.

Arranges natural numbers in increasing or decreasing order

5-1.A.9.

Describes number patterns, using his/her own words and appropriate mathematical vocabulary (e.g. even numbers, odd numbers, square numbers, triangular numbers, prime numbers, composite numbers)

5-1.B.1.

Images (in photographs, drawings and illustrations):

5-1.B.1.a.

Uses and interprets the visual element of color (e.g. dark reds and blacks in a picture book to show anger or fear)

5-1.B.1.b.

Uses and interprets the visual element of perspective in illustrations or drawings (e.g. to connote a viewpoint, as in a faded, distant image that evokes a memory)

5-1.B.1.c.

Uses and interprets camera techniques, such as camera distance (e.g. long and medium shots, close-ups)

5-1.B.10.

Orders fractions with the same denominator

5-1.B.11.

Orders fractions where one denominator is a multiple of the other(s)

5-1.B.12.

Orders fractions with the same numerator

5-1.B.13.

Locates fractions on a number line

5-1.B.2.

Represents a fraction in a variety of ways, based on a whole or a collection of objects

5-1.B.2.a.

Distinguishes between substances that are thermal conductors and those that are thermal insulators

5-1.B.2.b.

Distinguishes between substances that are electrical conductors and those that are electrical insulators

5-1.B.2.c.

Identifies the components of a simple electric circuit (wire, source, light bulb, switch)

5-1.B.2.d.

Describes the functions of the components of a simple electric circuit (conductor, insulator, energy source, light bulb, switch)

5-1.B.2.e.

Identifies the characteristics of a sound wave (e.g. volume, timbre, echo)

5-1.B.2.f.

Describes the behaviour of light rays (reflection, refraction)

5-1.B.2.g.

Explains the motion of convection in liquids and gases (e.g. boiling water)

5-1.B.3.

Matches a fraction to part of a whole (congruent or equivalent parts) or part of a group of objects, and vice versa

5-1.B.3.a.

Describes situations in which human beings consume energy (e.g. heating, transportation, food consumption, recreation)

5-1.B.3.b.

Names means used by human beings to limit their energy consumption (e.g. fluorescent light bulbs, timers) and to conserve energy (e.g. insulation)

5-1.B.3.c.

Explains the insulating properties of various substances (e.g. polystyrene, mineral wool, straw)

5-1.B.3.d.

Describes the transformations of energy from one form to another

5-1.B.3.e.

Recognizes the transformations of energy from one form to another in various devices (e.g. flashlight: chemical to light; electric kettle: electrical to heat)

5-1.B.4.

Identifies the different meanings of fractions (sharing, division, ratio)

5-1.B.5.

Distinguishes a numerator from a denominator

5-1.B.6.

Reads and writes a fraction

5-1.B.7.

Compares a fraction to 0, 1/2 or 1

5-1.B.8.

Verifies whether two fractions are equivalent

5-1.B.9.

Matches a decimal or percentage to a fraction

5-1.C.1.

Represents decimals in a variety of ways (using objects or drawings)

5-1.C.1.a.

Describes the effect of electrostatic attraction (e.g. paper attracted by a charged object)

5-1.C.10.

Arranges decimals in increasing or decreasing order

5-1.C.11.a.

A fraction to its decimal

5-1.C.11.b.

A fraction or percentage to its decimal

5-1.C.2.

Identifies equivalent representations (using objects or drawings)

5-1.C.2.a.

Recognizes the effects of magnetism on magnets (attraction and repulsion)

5-1.C.2.b.

Identifies situations in which magnets are used

5-1.C.2.c.

Distinguishes between a magnet and an electromagnet

5-1.C.2.d.

Identifies objects that use the principles of electromagnetism (e.g. electromagnetic crane, fire door)

5-1.C.3.

Reads and writes numbers written in decimal notation

5-1.C.3.a.

Describes the effect of gravitational attraction on an object (e.g. free fall)

5-1.C.4.a.

Recognizes various manifestations of pressure (e.g. inflatable balloon, atmospheric pressure, airplane wing)

5-1.C.4.b.

Describes the effects of pressure on an object (e.g. compression, displacement, increase in temperature)

5-1.C.5.

Composes and decomposes a decimal written in decimal notation

5-1.C.5.a.

Describes the characteristics of motion (e.g. direction, speed)

5-1.C.6.

Recognizes equivalent expressions (e.g. 12 tenths is equivalent to 1 unit and 2 tenths; 0.5 is equivalent to 0.50)

5-1.C.6.a.

Identifies situations involving the force of friction (pushing on an object, sliding an object, rolling an object)

5-1.C.6.b.

Identifies examples of a force (e.g. pulling, pushing, throwing, squeezing, stretching)

5-1.C.6.c.

Describes the effects of a force on an object (e.g. Sets it in motion, changes its motion, stops it)

5-1.C.6.d.

Describes the effects of a force on a material or structure

5-1.C.7.

Locates decimals on a number line

5-1.C.7.a.

Between two consecutive natural numbers

5-1.C.8.

Compares two decimals

5-1.C.9.

Approximates (e.g. estimates, rounds to a given value, truncates decimal places)

5-1.D.1.

Represents integers in a variety of ways (using objects or drawings) (e.g. tokens in two different colours, number line, thermometer, football field, elevator, hot air balloon)

5-1.D.1.a.

Describes the parts and mechanisms that make up an object

5-1.D.1.b.

Identifies the needs that an object was originally designed to meet

5-1.D.2.

Reads and writes integers

5-1.D.2.a.

Recognizes simple machines (lever, inclined plane, screw, pulley, winch, wheel) used in an object (e.g. lever in seesaw, inclined plane for an access ramp)

5-1.D.2.b.

Describes the uses of certain simple machines (to adjust the force required)

5-1.D.3.

Locates integers on a number line or Cartesian plane

5-1.D.3.a.

Identifies the main function of some complex machines (e.g. cart, waterwheel, wind turbine)

5-1.D.4.a.

Identifies the mechanical parts (e.g. gears, cams, springs, simple machines, connecting rods)

5-1.D.4.b.

Recognizes two types of motion (rotation and translation)

5-1.D.4.c.

Describes a simple sequence of mechanical parts in motion

5-1.D.5.

Arranges integers in increasing or decreasing order

5-1.D.5.a.

Recognizes robotic structures that use a servomechanism

5-1.D.6.a.

Recognizes the influence and impact of transportation technology on peoples way of life and surroundings

5-1.D.7.a.

Recognizes the influence and the impact of electric appliances on peoples way of life and surroundings (e.g. telephone, radio, television, computer)

5-1.E.1.a.

Appropriately uses simple measuring instruments (rulers, dropper, graduated cylinder, balance, thermometer, chronometer)

5-1.E.2.a.

Appropriately uses simple machines (lever, inclined plane, screw, pulley, winch, wheel)

5-1.E.3.a.

Appropriately and safely uses tools (e.g. pliers, screwdriver, hammer, wrench, simple template)

5-1.E.4.a.

Knows the symbols associated with types of motion, electrical components and mechanical parts

5-1.E.4.b.

Interprets a diagram or a plan containing symbols

5-1.E.4.c.

Uses symbols associated with mechanical parts and electrical components in a diagram or drawing

5-1.E.4.d.

Draws and cuts parts out of various materials using appropriate tools

5-1.E.4.e.

Uses appropriate assembling methods (e.g. screws, glue, nails, tacks, nuts)

5-1.E.4.f.

Uses appropriate tools for proper finishing work

5-1.E.4.g.

Uses simple machines, mechanisms or electrical components to design or make an object

5-1.F.1.a.

Appropriately uses terminology related to the material world

5-1.F.1.b.

Distinguishes between the meaning of a term used in a scientific or technological context and its meaning in everyday language (e.g. source, matter, body, energy, machine)

5-1.F.2.a.

Communicates using appropriate types of representations that reflect the rules and conventions of science and technology (e.g. symbols, graphs, tables, drawings, sketches, norms and standardization)

5-2.A.1.a.

Understands the purpose for reading, listening to and/or viewing (e.g. for enjoyment, to learn something, to escape to new places, for instructions).

5-2.A.1.b.

Uses prior knowledge (e.g. what s/he already knows about the topic, author, genre/text type)

5-2.A.1.c.

Previews the text (e.g. attends to the cover, dedication, title page and author's notes for clues that will add to understanding or enjoyment of the text)

5-2.A.1.d.

Uses knowledge of the genre/text type to be viewed/read: immersion into models of the text type to determine important structures and features of the text type, and how these contribute to meaning in the text (e.g. understands the structure and features of familiar text types such as main character, sequence of events in narratives [stories]; visual features in information-based texts)

5-2.A.1.e.

Builds needed background knowledge and experiences (e.g. of content, setting and/or author, in a variety of ways such as watching a documentary on a related topic, reading a picture book on a similar theme before reading a chapter book, using the Internet)

5-2.A.2.

Uses objects, diagrams or equations to represent a situation and conversely, describes a situation represented by objects, diagrams or equations (use of different meanings of addition and subtraction)

5-2.A.2.a.

Transformation (adding, taking away), uniting, comparing

5-2.A.2.b.

Composition of transformations: positive, negative

5-2.A.2.c.

Composition of mixed transformations

5-2.A.2.d.

Relies on common structures and features of literary, popular and information-based texts to construct meaning (e.g. narrative structure: beginning, middle, end; or a feature such as dialogue)

5-2.A.2.e.

Relies on common structures and features of media texts to construct meaning

5-2.A.2.f.

Recognizes the most common rhetorical conventions of information-based texts to build meaning, namely:

5-2.A.2.f.i.

Description of ideas and concepts

5-2.A.2.g.

Uses the purpose for reading and clues in the text to determine important aspects of a text (e.g. nonfiction features that signal importance such as boldface print, italics)

5-2.A.3.

Uses objects, diagrams or equations to represent a situation and conversely, describes a situation represented by objects, diagrams or equations (use of different meanings of multiplication and division)

5-2.A.3.a.

Rectangular arrays, repeated addition, Cartesian product, sharing, and number of times x goes into y(using objects and diagrams)

5-2.A.3.b.

Rectangular arrays, repeated addition, Cartesian product, area, volume, repeated subtraction, sharing, number of times x goes into y, and comparisons (using objects, diagrams or equations)

5-2.A.3.c.

Integrates new information with what is already known to construct meaning

5-2.A.3.d.

Uses evidence to distinguish between own thinking, values and beliefs and those presented in the text (e.g. figures out what values are important to a character)

5-2.A.3.e.

Uses other readers' interpretations to clarify and extend own ideas (e.g. discusses information, ideas and new insights with peers)

5-2.A.3.g.

Understands that texts must be questioned, since they are constructed by people with specific purposes in mind:

5-2.A.3.g.ii.

Identifies and locates information about who wrote the text (i.e. its writer/producer) and why (i.e. the purpose)

5-2.A.3.g.iii.

Examines how the message attracts and holds the reader's/viewer's attention

5-2.A.3.g.v.

Considers who/what has been left out of the text and why this might be

5-2.A.4.

n numerical expressions (e.g. 3 + 2 = 6 - 1)

5-2.A.5.

Determines numerical equivalencies using relationships between

5-2.A.5.c.

Operations (the four operations), the commutative property of addition and multiplication, the associative property and the distributive property of multiplication over addition or subtraction

5-2.A.6.

Translates a situation using a series of operations in accordance with the order of operations

5-2.B.1.

Uses objects, diagrams or equations to represent a situation and conversely, describes a situation represented by objects, diagrams or equations (use of different meanings of addition and subtraction)

5-2.B.1.a.

Transformation (adding, taking away), uniting, comparing

5-2.B.1.b.

Identifies natural sources of energy (sun, moving water, wind)

5-2.B.1.c.

Composition of mixed transformations

5-2.B.2.

Uses objects, diagrams or equations to represent a situation and conversely, describes a situation represented by objects, diagrams or equations (use of different meanings of multiplication and division: rectangular arrays, Cartesian product, area, volume, sharing, number of times x goes into y, and comparisons)

5-2.B.2.a.

Describes methods for transmitting thermal energy (e.g. radiation, convection, conduction)

5-2.B.2.c.

Uses a structure that fits the type of writing (e.g. letter format, narrative)

5-2.B.2.d.

Adjusts writing decisions to purpose and audience (e.g. the register and syntax of a postcard, flyer and letter are different)

5-2.B.2.e.

Connects needs and expectations of a specific audience to writing decisions (e.g. provides additional details or information, sequences events or information to enhance reader's comprehension)

5-2.B.3.

Determines numerical equivalencies using

5-2.B.3.a.

Describes what renewable energy is

5-2.B.3.b.

Relationships between operations (the four operations), the commutative property of addition and multiplication, the associative property and the distributive property of multiplication over addition or subtraction

5-2.B.3.c.

Describes the methods invented by humans to transform renewable sources of energy into electricity (hydroelectric dam, wind turbine, solar panels)

5-2.B.3.d.

Describes what nonrenewable energy is

5-2.B.3.e.

Explains that fossil fuels are nonrenewable sources of energy

5-2.B.3.f.

Names fuels derived from petroleum (e.g. gasoline, propane, butane, fuel oil, natural gas)

5-2.B.4.

Translates a situation into a series of operations in accordance with the order of operations

5-2.B.4.a.

Checks for spelling, punctuation and capitalization

5-2.C.1.

Uses objects, diagrams or equations to represent a situation and conversely, describes a situation represented by objects, diagrams or equations (use of different meanings of addition, subtraction and multiplication by a natural number)

5-2.C.1.a.

Associates the cycle of day and night with the rotation of the Earth

5-2.C.1.c.

Examines models of text type to be produced through immersion into the type (e.g. unique features of a text, target audience, how message/meaning is communicated)

5-2.C.2.a.

Describes the ebb and flow of the tides (rise and fall of sea levels)

5-2.D.1.a.

Describes the influence of the apparent position of the sun on the length of shadows

5-2.D.2.a.

Associates the sun with the idea of a star, the Earth with the idea of a planet and the moon with the idea a natural satellite

5-2.D.2.b.

Describes the rotational and revolutionary motion of the Earth and the moon

5-2.D.2.c.

Illustrates the phases of the lunar cycle (full moon, new moon, first and last quarters)

5-2.D.2.d.

Illustrates the formation of eclipses (lunar, solar)

5-2.D.3.a.

Recognizes the main components of the solar system (sun, planets, natural satellites)

5-2.D.3.b.

Describes the characteristics of the main components of the solar system (e.g. composition, size, orbit, temperature)

5-2.D.4.a.

Describes the changes to the environment throughout the seasons (temperature, amount of daylight, type of precipitation)

5-2.D.4.b.

Explains the sensations experienced (hot, cold, comfortable) with regard to temperature measurements

5-2.D.4.c.

Associates the changing of the seasons with the revolution and tilt of the Earth

5-2.D.5.a.

Recognizes the stars and the constellations on a map of the stars

5-2.D.5.b.

Distinguishes between stars, constellations and galaxies

5-2.D.6.a.

Makes connections between weather conditions and the types of clouds in the sky

5-2.D.6.b.

Associates the average amount of precipitation with the climate of a region (dry, humid)

5-2.D.6.c.

Associates the average temperature with the climate of a region (polar, cold, temperate, mild, hot)

5-2.D.7.a.

Recognizes the influence and the impact of technologies related to the Earth, the atmosphere and outer space on peoples way of life and surroundings (e.g. prospecting equipment, meteorological instruments, seismograph, telescope, satellite, space station)

5-2.E.1.a.

Appropriately uses simple observational instruments (e.g. magnifying glass, binoculars)

5-2.E.2.a.

Appropriately uses simple measuring instruments (e.g. rulers, dropper, graduated cylinder, balance, thermometer, wind vane, barometer, anemometer, hygrometer)

5-2.E.3.a.

Designs and manufactures measuring instruments and prototypes

5-2.F.1.a.

Appropriately uses terminology related to an understanding of the Earth and the universe

5-2.F.1.b.

Distinguishes between the meaning of a term used in a scientific or technological context and its meaning in everyday language (e.g. space, revolution)

5-2.F.2.a.

Communicates using appropriate types of representations that reflect the rules and conventions of science and technology (e.g. symbols, graphs, tables, drawings, sketches)

5-3.A.1.

Approximates the result of

5-3.A.1.a.

An addition or subtraction involving natural numbers

5-3.A.1.b.

Any of the four operations involving natural numbers

5-3.A.1.b.v.

Poetry of different kinds written by and for children (e.g. free verse, list poems, rap, shape poems, free verse)

5-3.A.1.c.

Distinguishes among the different types of embryonic development (viviparous for the majority of mammals, oviparous or ovoviviparous for the rest)

5-3.A.1.d.

Describes the types of sexual reproduction in animals (roles of the male and the female)

5-3.A.1.f.

Describes types of asexual reproduction in plants (e.g. budding, propagation by cuttings, formation of rootstocks and tubers)

5-3.A.10.

Calculates the power of a number

5-3.A.11.

Determines the divisibility of a number by 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10

5-3.A.12.

Performs a series of operations in accordance with the order of operations

5-3.A.13.

Using his/her own words and mathematical language that is at an appropriate level for the cycle, describes

5-3.A.13.a.

Non-numerical patterns (e.g. series of colours, shapes, sounds, gestures)

5-3.A.13.b.

Numerical patterns (e.g. number rhymes, tables and charts)

5-3.A.13.c.

Series of numbers and family of operations

5-3.A.14.

Adds new terms to a series when the first three terms or more are given

5-3.A.15.

Uses a calculator and

5-3.A.15.a.

Becomes familiar with its basic functions (+, -, =, 0 to 9 number keys, all clear, clear)

5-3.A.15.b.

Becomes familiar with its X and / functions

5-3.A.15.c.

Becomes familiar with memory keys and change of sign keys (+/-)

5-3.A.2.

Builds a repertoire of memorized addition and subtraction facts

5-3.A.2.a.

Reading, Writing and Media Production

5-3.A.2.a.ii.

Relevant details such as time, place and location in an invitation

5-3.A.2.a.iv.

Images (photo or drawing) to respond to the reader's expectations and/or needs (e.g. the illustration on a thank-you note or invitation)

5-3.A.2.a.v.

Self expressive language to relate ideas, feelings, experiences (e.g. in own poetry)

5-3.A.2.a.vi.

Self-expressive language in poetry: line breaks or stanzas, images, figurative language to create vivid pictures

5-3.A.2.b.

Develops various strategies that promote mastery of number facts and relates them to the properties of addition

5-3.A.2.c.

Masters all addition facts (0 + 0 to 10 + 10) and the corresponding subtraction facts

5-3.A.2.d.

Lists animals according to their classification (mammals, reptiles, birds, fish, amphibians)

5-3.A.2.e.

Describes the anatomy of plants (roots, stems, leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds)

5-3.A.2.f.

Associates the parts of a plant with their general functions (roots, stems, leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds)

5-3.A.2.g.

Associates the parts and systems of the anatomy of animals with their general functions

5-3.A.2.h.

Explains the sensorial functions of certain parts of the anatomy (skin, eyes, mouth, ears, nose)

5-3.A.2.i.

Describes the anatomy and the function of the main organs of the female and male reproductive systems

5-3.A.3.

Develops processes for mental computation

5-3.A.3.a.

Uses his/her own processes to determine the sum or difference of two natural numbers

5-3.A.3.b.

Uses his/her own processes to determine the product or quotient of two natural numbers

5-3.A.3.c.

Describes the growth stages of various animals

5-3.A.3.d.

Describes the changes in appearance of animals that undergo a metamorphosis (e.g. butterfly, frog)

5-3.A.3.e.

Explains the stages of growth and development in humans

5-3.A.3.f.

Describes the physical changes that take place during puberty

5-3.A.3.g.

Describes the main stages of the evolution of life forms

5-3.A.4.

Develops processes for written computation (addition and subtraction)

5-3.A.4.b.

Uses conventional processes to determine the sum of two natural numbers of up to four digits

5-3.A.4.c.

Uses conventional processes to determine the difference between two natural numbers of up to four digits whose result is greater than 0

5-3.A.5.

Determines the missing term in an equation (relationships between operations): a + b = , a + = c, + b = c, a b = , a = c, b = c

5-3.A.6.

Builds a repertoire of memorized multiplication and division facts

5-3.A.6.b.

Develops various strategies that promote mastery of number facts and relate them to the properties of multiplication

5-3.A.6.c.

Masters all multiplication facts (0 x 0 to 10 x 10) and the corresponding division facts

5-3.A.7.

Develops processes for written computation (multiplication and division)

5-3.A.7.b.

Uses conventional processes to determine the product of a three-digit natural number and a two-digit natural number

5-3.A.7.c.

Uses conventional processes to determine the quotient of a four-digit natural number and a two-digit natural number, expresses the remainder of a division as a decimal that does not go beyond the second decimal place

5-3.A.8.

Determines the missing term in an equation (relationships between operations): a b = , a = c, b = c, a b = , a = c, b = c

5-3.A.9.

Decomposes a number into prime factors

5-3.B.1.

Generates a set of equivalent fractions

5-3.B.1.a.

Compares the nutrition of domestic animals with that of wild animals

5-3.B.1.b.

Explains the nutritional needs common to all animals (water, sugars, lipids, proteins, vitamins, minerals)

5-3.B.1.c.

Associates familiar animals with their diet (carnivorous, herbivorous, omnivorous)

5-3.B.1.d.

Describes how photosynthesis works

5-3.B.1.e.

Distinguishes between photosynthesis and respiration

5-3.B.1.f.

Explains how water, light, mineral salts and carbon dioxide are essential to plants

5-3.B.1.g.

Describes agricultural and food technologies (e.g. crossbreeding of plants and their propagation by cuttings, selection and breeding of animals, food production, pasteurization)

5-3.B.2.

Reduces a fraction to its simplest form (lowest terms)

5-3.B.2.a.

Writing and Media Production

5-3.B.2.a.ii.

Word choice to indicate a specific time frame (e.g. past tense to indicate a memory)

5-3.B.2.b.

Describes an ecological pyramid of a given environment

5-3.B.3.

Adds and subtracts fractions when the denominator of one fraction is a multiple of the other fraction(s)

5-3.B.4.

Multiplies a natural number by a fraction

5-3.C.1.

Approximates the result of

5-3.C.1.a.

An addition or a subtraction

5-3.C.1.b.

A multiplication or division

5-3.C.2.

Develops processes for mental computation

5-3.C.2.a.

Adds and subtracts decimals

5-3.C.2.b.

Performs operations involving decimals (multiplication, division by a natural number)

5-3.C.2.c.

Multiplies and divides by 10, 100, 1000

5-3.C.3.

Develops processes for written computation

5-3.C.3.a.

Adds and subtracts decimals whose result does not go beyond the second decimal place

5-3.C.3.b.

Multiplies decimals whose product does not go beyond the second decimal place

5-3.C.3.c.

Divides a decimal by a natural number less than 11

5-3.D.1.

Expresses a decimal as a fraction, and vice versa

5-3.D.1.a.

Describes the physical characteristics that demonstrate how animals adapt to their environment

5-3.D.1.b.

Describes the behaviours of familiar animals that enable them to adapt to their environment

5-3.D.1.c.

Identifies habitats and the animal and plant populations found in them

5-3.D.1.d.

Describes how animals meet their basic needs within their habitat

5-3.D.1.e.

Describes relationships between living things (parasitism, predation)

5-3.D.1.f.

Explains how animals and plants adapt to increase their chances of survival (e.g. mimicry, camouflage)

5-3.D.2.

Expresses a decimal as a percentage, and vice versa

5-3.D.2.a.

Provides examples of how living things are used (e.g. meat, vegetable, wood, leather)

5-3.D.3.

Expresses a fraction as a percentage, and vice versa

5-3.D.3.a.

Describes the impact of human activity on the environment (e.g. use of resources, pollution, waste management, land use, urbanization, agriculture)

5-3.D.4.a.

Describes the main steps in the production of various basic foods (e.g. making butter, bread, yogurt)

5-3.D.5.a.

Explains the scientific and technological concepts associated with recycling and composting (e.g. properties of matter, phase changes, physical changes, chemical changes, food chain, energy)

5-3.E.1.a.

Appropriately uses simple observational instruments (e.g. magnifying glass, binoculars)

5-3.F.1.a.

Appropriately uses terminology related to an understanding of living things

5-3.F.1.b.

Distinguishes between the meaning of a term used in a scientific or technological context and its meaning in everyday language (e.g. habitat, metamorphosis)

5-3.F.2.a.

Communicates using appropriate types of representations that reflect the rules and conventions of science and technology (e.g. symbols, graphs, tables, drawings, sketches)

5-4.A.1.b.

Reading and Listening (written and media texts)

5-4.A.1.b.i.3.

Children's literature: Illustrated wordless and picture books written for older children with more sophisticated concepts, language, issues, characterization, etc.

5-4.A.1.b.i.4.

Children's literature: Poetry

5-4.A.1.b.i.5.

Children's literature: Classic and modern fairy tales

5-4.A.1.b.i.6.

Children's literature: Early/beginning chapter books

5-4.A.1.b.ii.1.

Young adult literature: Age appropriate popular, contemporary fiction (e.g. novels, poetry, graphic novels)

5-4.A.1.b.iii.2.

Media texts: Stories in children's magazines, illustrated picture books, online talking books (i.e. that combine spoken word and print)

5-4.A.1.b.iii.3.

Media texts: Age appropriate films, video clips, animation

5-4.A.1.b.iv.1.

Nonfiction (written and media): Biographical picture books of increasing sophistication

5-4.A.1.b.iv.2.

Nonfiction (written and media): Articles in children's magazines or online Web page (e.g. about a sport star, civil rights activist)

5-4.A.1.c.

Writing and Media Production

5-4.A.1.c.i.

Stories based on ideas, experiences and events

5-4.A.1.c.ii.

Illustrated narrative in comic strip using own drawings, images or photos

5-4.A.1.c.iii.

Illustrated picture books using drawings and/or images and/or photos

5-4.A.1.c.iv.

Photo stories (e.g. sequencing photos and/or images to create a scene from a story)

5-4.A.2.

Structures and Features: The student understands the purpose of the following structures and features and uses this knowledge to construct meaning when reading, listening to and producing spoken and written texts.

5-4.A.2.a.

Spoken and Written Texts

5-4.A.2.a.i.1.

Plot structures and features: Predictable story patterns

5-4.A.2.a.i.2.

Plot structures and features: Sequence of events

5-4.A.2.a.i.3.

Plot structures and features: Incidents (e.g. actions that take place in the story usually related to the main conflict)

5-4.A.2.a.i.6.

Plot structures and features: Episodes, e.g. typically the subject of a chapter (Reading only)

5-4.A.2.a.i.7.

Plot structures and features: Conflict, i.e. central problem around which a story is typically organized. Examples would include man against man, man against nature, issues involving what is right or wrong, etc.

5-4.A.2.a.i.8.

Plot structures and features: Resolution of conflict

5-4.A.2.a.i.9.

Plot structures and features: Theme, i.e. the central or underlying meaning or dominant idea(s) that structures a narrative. It should be noted, however, that theme is not a textual structure that every reader interprets in exactly the same way.

5-4.A.2.a.ii.1.

Characterization: Main character in a story

5-4.A.2.a.ii.2.

Characterization: Stock and/or flat characters, i.e. characters with only one or two qualities or traits. Stereotypes, such as the mean stepmother, are examples of flat characters.

5-4.A.2.a.iv.1.

Other features of narrative: Literary conventions (e.g. "Once upon a time" in a fairy tale, moral in a fable)

5-4.A.2.a.iv.3.

Other features of narrative: Dialogue, e.g. to reveal character

5-4.A.2.a.iv.4.

Other features of narrative: Point of view, i.e. narrative voice in first or third person

5-4.A.2.a.iv.5.

Other features of narrative: Attitude of author to the material, i.e. writer's position (Reading only)

5-4.A.2.b.

Media texts: All of the structures and features of written narrative (above) also apply to narratives in the media. In addition, the student understands the purpose of the following structures and features and uses this knowledge to construct meaning when viewing and producing media texts.

5-4.A.2.b.i.1.

Plot structure and features: Use of images (photos or drawings) to extend the story and to provide story details

5-4.A.2.b.i.2.

Plot structure and features: Use of music and/or sound to create suspense, mood, humor, conflict, etc. (Viewing only)

5-4.A.2.b.i.3.

Plot structure and features: Use of colour to suggest emotion, to create mood, etc.

5-4.A.2.b.i.4.

Plot structure and features: Use of different scenes or episodes to move the story forward (Viewing only)

5-4.A.2.b.ii.1.

Characterization: Surface appearance of a character (e.g. clothing, physical attributes)

5-4.A.2.b.ii.2.

Characterization: Use of details to convey an imaginary character (e.g. wings, exaggerated or invented facial features)

5-4.A.2.b.ii.3.

Characterization: Use of explanation marks and speech bubbles to show thought and dialogue, e.g. in comic books or some animation films

5-4.A.2.b.ii.5.

Characterization: Use of music and/or sound to signal or stress some aspect of character, e.g. music to signal the reappearance of a character such as Tinkerbell or Captain Hook in Peter Pan (Viewing only)

5-4.A.2.b.ii.6.

Characterization: Use of camera angle (e.g. use of low angle to make someone look stronger or like a bully, high angle to make someone look weaker or vulnerable)

5-4.A.2.b.ii.7.

Characterization: Stereotypes of individuals and groups (e.g. perceptions about gender in comics and picture books) (Viewing only)

5-4.A.2.b.iii.1.

Setting: Repetition of symbols, or motifs, to create mood, suspense, sense of continuity (e.g. scenes of the ocean in a story that takes place in Cape Breton) (Viewing only)

5-4.A.2.b.iii.2.

Setting: Use of light and dark (e.g. to create a sense of foreboding, to change time frame) (Viewing only)

5-4.A.4.

Locates points in a Cartesian plane

5-4.B.1.

Compares objects or parts of objects in the environment with solids (e.g. spheres, cones, cubes, cylinders, prisms, pyramids)

5-4.B.3.

Identifies the main solids (e.g. spheres, cones, cubes, cylinders, prisms, pyramids)

5-4.B.4.

Identifies and represents the different faces of a prism or pyramid

5-4.B.5.

Describes prisms and pyramids in terms of faces, vertices and edges

5-4.B.6.

Classifies prisms and pyramids

5-4.B.7.

Constructs a net of a prism or pyramid

5-4.B.8.c.

A convex polyhedron to the corresponding convex polyhedron

5-4.B.9.

Tests Euler's theorem on convex polyhedrons

5-4.C.2.

Identifies plane figures (square, rectangle, triangle, rhombus and circle)

5-4.C.3.

Describes plane figures (square, rectangle, triangle and rhombus)

5-4.C.4.

Describes convex and nonconvex polygons

5-4.C.5.

Identifies and constructs parallel lines and perpendicular lines

5-4.C.6.

Describes quadrilaterals (e.g. parallel segments, perpendicular segments, right angles, acute angles, obtuse angles)

5-4.C.7.

Classifies quadrilaterals

5-4.C.8.

Describes triangles: scalene triangles, right triangles, isosceles triangles, equilateral triangles

5-4.D.1.

Identifies congruent figures

5-4.D.3.

Observes and produces frieze patterns and tessellations

5-5.A.1.a.

Speaking and Listening

5-5.A.1.a.ii.

Understands the use of talk to clarify the steps in a procedure or an organizational plan (e.g. brainstorming, pulling ideas together, asking pertinent questions)

5-5.A.4.

Estimates and measures the dimensions of an object using conventional units

5-5.A.4.c.

Metre, decimetre, centimetre, millimetre and kilometer

5-5.A.5.

Establishes relationships between units of measure for length

5-5.A.5.b.

Metre, decimetre, centimetre, millimetre and kilometer

5-5.A.6.

Calculates the perimeter of plane figures

5-5.B.1.

Estimates and measures surface area

5-5.B.1.b.

Using conventional units

5-5.B.1.b.ii.

Illustrated and multimedia how-to books

5-5.B.1.b.iii.

Texts that explain how or why something happens using a narrative structure (e.g. picture books such as The Magic School Bus, magazine articles)

5-5.B.1.b.v.

Web sites (Reading and Viewing only)

5-5.B.2.

Structures and Features: The student understands the purpose of the following structures and features and uses this knowledge when speaking, reading, writing and producing texts.

5-5.B.2.a.

Spoken, Written and Media texts

5-5.B.2.a.iv.

Images (photo or drawing) and text features that provide additional information or contribute to the organization of information

5-5.C.1.

Estimates and measures volume

5-5.C.1.b.

Using conventional units

5-5.C.1.b.i.

Nonfiction that describes and reports details about a topic (e.g. simple science trade books written for children)

5-5.C.1.b.ii.

Articles in children's magazines that report (e.g. on a topic, event)

5-5.C.1.b.iv.

Local and national newspaper articles that are appropriate and accessible to children

5-5.C.1.b.vi.

Web pages, blogs and Internet sites appropriate and accessible to children (e.g., short video clips)

5-5.C.1.c.

Writing and Media Production

5-5.C.1.c.ii.

Reports on topics/subjects of personal interest (e.g. short nonfiction texts, magazine articles)

5-5.C.1.c.iii.

Reports about their classroom or local community (e.g. in a class or school newspaper, on a class Web site or in a class blog)

5-5.C.2.

Structures and Features: The student understands the purpose of the following structures and features and uses this knowledge when reading, writing and producing descriptive reports.

5-5.C.2.b.ii.

Images/visuals to contribute to description of events, details, or impressions (e.g. in a nonfiction article on plant-eating dinosaurs, a brochure describing the school community, a blog about puppy mills)

5-5.C.2.b.iii.

Images/visuals to classify and sequence details, recounts, events and information (e.g. in a photo essay, in a local news story, on a website)

5-5.D.1.b.

Reading and Listening (written and media texts): The student reads/views persuasive texts that encourage people to purchase something, partake in a special activity or adopt a particular viewpoint, specifically:

5-5.D.1.b.i.

Popular signs and symbols, such as logos of popular food chains, clothing

5-5.D.1.b.ii.

Packaging for popular products aimed at children (e.g. cereal boxes, toys, clothing)

5-5.D.1.b.iv.

TV commercials aimed at children

5-5.D.1.b.v.

Magazine and newspaper advertisements (i.e. in children's magazines)

5-5.D.1.b.vi.

TV and/or movie reviews aimed at children (e.g. a movie trailer for a popular film or a TV show)

5-5.D.1.c.

Writing and Media Production: The student writes/produces persuasive texts that promote a product, event or service aimed at children, specifically:

5-5.D.1.c.iv.

TV and/or movie reviews for peers or younger children

5-5.D.2.

Estimates and determines the degree measurement of angles

5-5.D.2.a.

Written and Media Texts

5-5.D.2.a.i.

Use of persuasive images, words or phrases to promote a product and/or some aspect of consumerism (e.g. on product packaging, in magazine ads, on a Web site for a popular toy such as Barbie, in a popular logo)

5-5.D.2.a.ii.

Strategic placement of images (photo or drawing) to attract the attention of reader/viewer (e.g. as in a poster, in a magazine ad)

5-5.D.2.a.iii.

Music/sound to promote a product and/or appeal to the viewer to take action (e.g. in a TV commercial) (Viewing only)

5-5.E.1.

Estimates and measures capacity using unconventional units

5-5.E.2.

Estimates and measures capacity using conventional units

5-5.E.3.

Establishes relationships between units of measure (e.g. : 1 L = 1000 mL, 1/2 L = 500 mL)

5-5.F.1.

Estimates and measures mass using unconventional units

5-5.F.2.

Estimates and measures mass using conventional units

5-5.F.3.

Establishes relationships between units of measure (e.g. : 1 kg = 1000 g, 1/2 kg = 500 g)

5-5.G.1.

Estimates and measures time using conventional units

5-5.G.2.

Establishes relationships between units of measure

5-5.H.1.

Estimates and measures temperature using conventional units

5-6.3.c.

A table, a bar graph, a pictograph, a broken-line graph and a circle graph

5-7.5.a.

Certain, possible or impossible outcome

5-7.5.b.

More likely, just as likely, less likely event

5.1.d.

Uses the points of the compass

5.1.e.

Uses spatial reference points

5.3.b.

Decodes the chronological scale

5.3.c.

Uses chronological reference points

5.3.d.

Finds information: places, actors, circumstances

5.4.a.

Determines the nature of the document

5.4.b.

Locates the source and date

5.4.e.

Determines places, actors, circumstances

5.5.d.

Identifies the nature of the information